Premium Essay

A Case of Poverty in Kenya

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Analyser
Words 3040
Pages 13
A CASE OF POVERTY IN KENYA
INTRODUCTION
MEANING OF POVERTY
The synonyms of poverty can be said to be beggary, indigence, neediness, hardship, a state of being extremely poor inferior in quality and in amount or the scarcity and deficiency, shortages, absence or lack more in amount. Therefore is a condition where people’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter are not being met. Poverty is generally of two types i.e. absolute and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occur when people cannot obtain adequate resources (measured in terms of calories or nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health. It also includes deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. The graph below shows the proportion of the world population in extreme poverty between 1981-2008 according to the World Bank

.
Relative poverty occur when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by the government (enjoyed by the bulk of the population that vary from country to country or within the same country.
1964, in a joint committee, economic presidents’ report in US, Republicans endorsed the concept of relative poverty, ‘no objective definition of poverty exists… The definition varies from place to place and time to time.
Different people and organizations view poverty differently. For example, Adam Smith in 1776 in Wealth of Nations argued that poverty is the inability to afford, “not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for life support but whatever the country’s custom renders it indecent for credible people even of the lowest order to be without”. Therefor he views that not only lacking basic needs shows that one person is poor but it is what the government renders for people.
According to…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Care Kenya

...CARE Kenya Providing New Opportunities Through Empowering Individuals and Communities CARE International is a non-political, non-religious global network of humanitarian organizations with a goal to reduce poverty. It was founded in 1946 with a mission to help individuals and families living in the poorest communities in the world get out of poverty. According to Tom Ewart (2005), CARE also helps to promote innovative solutions and lasting change by strengthening capacity for self-help, providing economic opportunities, and delivering relief in emergencies to more than 45 million people every year. Some of the countries that CARE operates projects in are Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. According to Ewart’s 2005 case study, in 2003 CARE’s budget was $1.08 million. Most money came from federal governments, multilateral institutions such as the World Bank, the United Nations, and the International Fund for Agriculture and Developments (IFAD). One of the countries in Africa that CARE has managed to develop their project in is Kenya. CARE Kenya is one of CARE International’s branches in Africa managing developments and humanitarian organizations. The largest goal of CARE Kenya is to reduce poverty at a household level and to provide relief in emergencies. In 2004, CARE Kenya employed about 300 people and had a budget of nearly $1.04 million (Ewart, 2005). Currently, CARE Kenya carries out significant initiatives in Health and HIV/AIDS, water and environmental......

Words: 4032 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Poverty and Pollution Case Study

...Poverty and Pollution Case Study Pollution is an issue that has been discussed for at least 40 years at summits with the United Nations. The response has been slow in the past. This year he summit will be called “What We Want”. The past 4 decades the U.N. has been concerned for the “green” issues. They have moved closer to the fashionable concerns of rich Westerners and away from the legitimate concerns of the majority of Earths People. (Lomborg News Week Magazine) Signs of global warming becoming prominent; with waste and pollution over the top, there is a great need for more stringent laws. It is the responsibility of every person on earth to do what is necessary to keep our environment clean. Pollution is more commonly known from factories. Factories, which pollute our air and streams of what was clean, water. Corporations produce chemicals that are too dangerous to produce in First World find a market in Third World Countries. There are no regulations in Third World Countries. Most of the time Third World countries have to decide on food or a clean environment. Their government cannot restrict or have regulations because it would be too costly to their country more specifically their people trying to make a living. Now we are dealing with pollution from other things such as computers. Computers that people were once owners of are being dumped in third world countries because they have given them to companies to properly get rid of them. Those companies......

Words: 2006 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Kenya Report

...An Evaluation of Micro-Finance Programmes in Kenya as Supported through the Dutch Co-Financing Programme With a focus on KWFT Otto Hospes Muli Musinga Milcah Ong’ayo November 2002 Study commissioned by: Steering Committee for the Evaluation of the Netherlands’ Co-financing Programme 3 Contents List of contributors List of abbreviations Acknowledgements 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 2 Introduction Background and objectives Legitimization and overall objective of Dutch CFAs to support micro-finance programmes Partners of Dutch CFAs operating in the micro-finance market of Kenya Central questions Organization and methodology Process implementation and limitations of the study Structure of the report A brief description of micro-finance in Kenya and agencies as supported by Dutch CFAs Micro-finance in Kenya 2.1.1 The emergence of micro-finance as an industry 2.1.2 Types of micro-finance agencies in Kenya 2.1.3 Service delivery approaches 2.1.3.1 Savings services 2.1.3.2 Loan products 2.1.4 Outreach 2.1.4.1 Banks 2.1.4.2 NGO-MFAs 2.1.4.3 Savings and Credit Co-operatives (SACCOs) 2.1.4.4 ROSCAs and ASCRAs A profile of micro-finance agencies and schemes as supported by Dutch CFAs 2.2.1 General profile 2.2.2 Specific profiles 2.2.2.1 K-REP Development Agency (KDA) 2.2.2.2 Kenya Women Finance Trust (KWFT) 2.2.2.3 Jitegemea Credit Scheme (JCS) 2.2.2.4 PRIDE Africa – Sunlink Some conclusions 7 9 11 13 13 15 16 17 17 18 19 21 21 21 23 25 26 28 28 31 33 35 35 36......

Words: 76935 - Pages: 308

Free Essay

Poverty and Pollution Case Study

...Assignment 2: Poverty and Pollution Case Study Mustafa Ismail Professor Jane Osburn BUS 309-Business Ethics March 05, 2013 The paper will explore the issues that are associated with poverty and pollution. The first section of the paper will explain the ethical implications of businesses polluting in third world countries. The second portion discusses why businesses disregard standards of pollution control while conducting operations in third world countries. The middle portion will explain how pollution is the price of progress and why human beings have the moral right to a livable environment. The final sections will explain why wealthy nations should not have the obligation to provide poorer nations with greener industries and the sources of energy and propose a plan for uniform global pollution control standards. Determine the ethical implications of businesses polluting in a third world country. Explain. First let’s give the definition of ethics. According to Lamb, Hair & McDaniel (2013) “ethics refers to the moral principles or values that generally govern the conduct of an individual or group” (p. 35). The ethical implications of businesses polluting in third world countries is whether to obey the moral laws that a person knows is right or to make money. Some businesses would rather act unethically and make money than to take responsibility for damaging people, land, animals, and other things. Another ethical implication is abide by the rule that......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Public Service Reforms in Kenya: a Case Study of the E-Government

...Interview/Focus Discussion Guide Topic: Public Service Reforms in Kenya: A Case Study of the E-government INSTRUCTIONS: This tool seeks to obtain data on e-government in Kenya. The quality and effectiveness of this information is vital for the study. All information given will be treated with strict confidence. 1. The government of Kenya introduced the e-government program in June 2004, what would you describe as some of the key achievements over this past 10 years? 2. Based on your experience, would you say the government has done enough to leverage on ICT to improve service delivery? Explain 3. Implementation of e-government is thought to go through the following 4 stages: I) Catalogue stage (Online presence with a website, basic information and downloadable forms) II) Transaction stage (the public can make requests, process applications, make returns etc and get feedback from the government online) III) Vertical integration stage (services provision at different functional levels are linked through a shared database) IV) Horizontal integration (One –Stop –Shop, service delivery arms of government are connected to a shared database through computer interphases). From these four stages, where will you place our current e-government platform? Explain why 4. a) What would you say have been the main challenges in implementing the e-government program over the past 10 years? b) Any proposals on how......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Poverty

....orruption is both a major cause and a result of poverty around the world. It occurs at all levels of society, from local and national governments, civil society, judiciary functions, large and small businesses, military and other services and so on.corruption undermines political development, democracy, economic development, the environment, people’s health and more. The Dark Side of Social Evolution (London: Anthem Press, 2002), “Rich countries and their agencies … commonly have been and are accomplices in corruption abroad, encouraging it by their actions rather than impeding it… · The impact of Cold War corruption (supporting dictatorships, destabilizing democracies, funding opposition, etc); · Firms from rich countries bribing rulers and officials from developing countries to gain export contracts, particularly in the arms trade and in construction (even justifying it by suggesting bribery is “customary” in those countries, so they need to do it to, in order to compete); · The “corruption-inducing effects of the purchase, by the rich countries and their international corporations, of concessions in Third World countries to exploit natural deposits of oil, copper, gold, diamonds and the like.” Payments made to rulers often violate local (and Western) rules, keeping corrupt rulers in power, who also embezzle a lot of money away. · The drug trade. Neild suggests that international law and national laws in rich countries that prohibit drugs may serve to “produce a......

Words: 1356 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Poverty and Pollution Case Study

...STUDENT NAME: | POVERTY AND POLLUTION CASE STUDY | BUS 309 | | | | | Determine the ethical implications of business polluting in a third world. The third world countries are the biggest victims of environment inequality. Rich western countries course a lot of environmental problems by taking advantage of lack of environmental regulations in the third worlds countries. They dump garbage and hazardous waste, use chemicals that pollute air and water and poison the environment. The companies are aware of how harmful this can be to this people, but as usual is more about money then lives and the environment. Some of the nations that are solely depending on their farming cannot use the water to water their plants, because of the chemical that end up in the water, people in this countries also become sick, lose their children due to long-term fluoride poisoning. Toxic waste is not properly disposed and the factories responsible are not held accountable. As a result of poverty this country are forced to choose food than having a clean environment. The scheme that has been set up to save the planet from global warming exposed a series of major failings and loopholes in the scheme; it seems that they use this opportunity to get rich themselves and not really standing for what they should. This is a very immoral and unethical to knowingly endanger humans and nature for the love of money. In addition to problems created by development and industrialization,......

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Poverty and Pollution Case Study

...Poverty and Pollution Case Study Business 309   We are fortunate in that we live in one of the greatest and wealthiest countries in the world. Along with great economic wealth the United States (US) has developed over the years to become one of the leaders in environmental conservation as well as one of the foremost advocates for the fair and ethical treatment of all people around the world. Unfortunately this is not true for a large number of countries that do not have the Protection and safe guards in place to ensure that they are being protected from harsh environmental conditions and unfair treatment. Companies that operate in the US must adhere to strict regulations and guidelines on the emissions and waste that is a result of the manufacturing and processing goods. The concern for protection and preservation of the environment differs from wealthy and poor nations with richer nations concerned about the protection of endangered Species and preserving biological systems to poor nations not worried about it all. Poor and impoverished countries do not have these safeguards in place to ensure the Protection of the people or the environment. Companies can operate with little oversight allowing them to produce more at less cost. The true cost may never be known. The cost is the long term damage to not only the people, but the destruction of the environment. With a large portion of the population......

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Kenya

...right number of children. Perhaps the most enduring move was the requirement that all workers save a minimum of 25 per cent of their salaries. They would claim the money only after the age of 55. This formed one of the secrets behind Singapore’s incredible economic growth. The money would go into a Central Provident Fund, with which the government built roads, schools, hospitals and housing. Yew’s administration saw 74 per cent of families owning their homes. His goal, however, was 100 per cent. It is hard to define Singapore. This is a dictatorship nation blended with free flow of information. Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/lifestyle/article/2000087837/why-kenya-should-follow-in-singapore-s-footsteps-to-tackle-rising-unemployment These tremendous developments have successfully kicked poverty out of Singapore. Currently, the percentage of unemployed people above the age 15 is two per cent, the highest employment rate internationally. The Ministry of Manpower says the impressive employment level is due to unrelenting emphasis and investment in education. Social cohesion and paths to self-betterment. Cohesion: tolerance across vertical and horizontal divides Access to political representation and dispute resolution Policing and security of property, tenure and person. Access to and equality before the law Access to education and information Access to work, security in work, transitions between work Management of the extremes of......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Kenya

...KENYA GENERAL INFORMATION Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a sovereign state in Africa.  Its capital and largest city is Nairobi.  Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the south-east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) and has a population of about 44 million in July 2012. The country named after Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa. The country has a warm and humid climate along its Indian Ocean coastline, with wildlife-rich savannah grasslands inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. Further inland there is a warm and humid climate around Lake Victoria, and temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region. The northeastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Lake Victoria, the world's second largest fresh-water lake and the world's largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya is famous for its safaris and diverse wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. There are several world heritage sites such as Lamu, and world renowned beaches such as Kilifi where......

Words: 12708 - Pages: 51

Free Essay

A Study on Commercial Banks in Kenya, Case Study Cooperative Bank of Kenya

...History OF COOP BANK 2013: Coop Bank is recognized as the Most Green Bank at the 2013 Energy Management Awards for achieving the fastest turnaround time for renewable energy and energy efficiency financing for SMEs and Large Enterprises, actively promoting “Green Financing” among clients and for being the bank with the largest pipeline of projects seeking green energy financing. 2011:  For a second year in a row the bank wins Best Bank in Kenya award of the Financial Times of London. The bank also wins Best in Corporate Governance Award at the Annual Financial Reporting (FiRe) awards. 2010:  The bank is recognised as Best Bank in Kenya in the Banker magazine awards of the Financial Times of London. 2009: The Bank is included by the Nairobi Stock Exchange as one of the stocks that constitute the 20 stocks used in the computation of the NSE 20-Share Index. 2009: The Bank undertakes the most rapid expansion of service outlets by opening an additional 22 branches within one year to close 2009 with 74 branches up from 52 as at the close of 2008.   2009: The Bank records a most phenomenal increase in customer accounts from just over 700,000 as at the close of 2008 to over 1.1 million at the close of 2009 driven by MD Liability Campaign launched by the CEO that requires staff to open a minimum of 5 accounts per month. 2008: The bank lists on the Nairobi Stock Exchange on December 22. The listing follows a public offer of 701.3 million shares at Kshs 9.50 which achieves an......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Inequality in Kenya

...INEQUALITY IN KENYA INTRODUCTION After independence, the few educated Kenyans easily acquired wealth, without competition, and major changes since then has spawned few rich people because this group perfected ways of ensuring that wealth does not leak out, including marrying among themselves. Distribution of benefits of economic growth has been one of Kenya’s biggest challenges in its quest for long term prosperity and stability putting the suitability of the trickle-down economics that Presidents use after coming to power under intense scrutiny. Recent events in Kenya have cast a disturbing light on the depth and complexity of social distress in the country. The conflict arising from the disputed presidential elections has roots in inequality, poverty, poor governance and a host of other issues. However the major underlying issue is clearly the perception of deliberate unfairness and inequality in the distribution of national resources. However it can also be argued that beyond the real biases in resource allocation is the widespread failure of the State due to deliberate policies of retreat compounded by unchecked corruption. Poverty has progressively deepened as the state has reduced its provisioning of social services. This retreat of the state has been coincident with the slow and persistent decline that characterized the country’s economic performance from the 1980’s until the turn of the century. Thus narrowing economic perspectives due to declining economic......

Words: 2511 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Impact of Poverty on Namibian Economy, Case Study in Katutura

... : B.TECH. ECONOMICS CONTACT NUMBER : 0813230120 SUPERVISOR : MR. E. TATE SHIPANGA TOPIC: THE IMPACT OF POVERTY ON NAMIBIAN ECONOMY, CASE STUDY IN KATUTURA | DECLARATION After completing this project I Johanna Jepekano Nekwaya, I am declaring that this project its my own work except chapter 2 which is the review of the previous study. No part of this publication may be reproduced, mechanical photocopying, recordings or otherwise, without prior permission of the author. Signature Date …………………….. ……………… DEDICATION This project is lovely dedicated to my mother Olivia Haipinge who has been my constant source of inspirations. She has given me the drive and discipline to tackle any task with enthusiasm and determination. Without her love and support this project would not been made possible. APPROVAL Author : ………………………….. Date ………………................ Supervisor : ………………………….. Date ……………………….... Moderator : ………………………….. Date ………………………… HOD : ………………………….. Date ………………………… ACKNWLEDGEMENT First of all I want to thank God the Almighty for bringing me this far. I would also like to express my gratitude to Mr. Eden Tate Shipanga for guidance, advice, and for kindly using his time to make this project a reality, to Dr. Cyril A Ogkobor and Mr. Ben Obabueki for your encouragement and support, may God bless you all. ABSTRACT Poverty is multi-dimensional. It is characterized by lack of purchasing power, exposure to risk, malnutrition, high......

Words: 9242 - Pages: 37

Free Essay

Kenya

...Rafaella Rusmigo Erasmus Student MUP 12/7/2015 Kenya Abstract Throughout time, we have seen countries evolve from many different circumstances, most of which circumstances were from colonial exploitation. European colonialism dates back to the age of exploration and the discoveries that were found overseas from the mainland of Europe. The colonists were brutal to the natives called savages, ruthless to the innocent, and exploiters of the native people and their native lands. In Africa, the Europeans had penetrated it in the 1600-1700’s. In the 1800’s the entire continent did not have a single free independent nation state, all of Africa belonged to the Europeans. Kenya was significantly impact by the imperialists. The historical evidence of Kenya’s economy, culture, and social standards comes from the British rule from 1888-1963. The main purpose of this document is to understand the fundamentals of British colonialism and the British conquest in Kenya. Through examining important points in the history of Kenya, we will found out what are the legacies of the colonial period for Kenya and if they are still relevant to the country today. Republic of Kenya Kenya is a country in East Africa with its territory lying on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the......

Words: 4755 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Poverty Case Outline

...Poverty debate outline I. Introduction a. On balance- we’re beating poverty i. On paper, the sheer amount of capital expended on social programs since their inception is a testament to their success – we wouldn’t be spending if they weren’t working I. Once these programs are taken into account, the data show a significant decline in poverty, and a much larger decline in extreme poverty II. Explanation of relevance b. The battle for economic equality between the have and the have-nots has been fought ever since animals started having connections to possessions. c. Because of this, groups of people have always been fighting to level the playing field using either violent or peaceful means III. Thesis statement d. America’s war on domestic and international poverty has not only been successful but has exceeded expectations in how successful it would be. ii. Expanded thesis statement II. Capital expended III. Wide range of successful programs IV. Unsuccessful programs have been culled or overhauled V. Statistical decrease in poverty level as qualifications for “poverty” have remained consistent IV. Arguments: Each of your main arguments can either argue a point that supports your position, or argue against something you believe is wrong. e. iii. iv. f. v. vi. g. ......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2