Premium Essay

A Summary of Kristin Linklater`S `Freeing the Natural Voice`

In: Other Topics

Submitted By alltoohuman
Words 2055
Pages 9
In ‘Freeing the Natural Voice’, Kristin Linklater, attempts to shed light on how to improve vocal awareness through the development of a deeper and more concretized contact between the voice and, what she calls, ‘emotional impulse’ that is not inhibited but, supported and shaped by the intellect. Her book is structured in such a way that the reader is invited to experiment with a number of different exercises that are designed, in part one; to free the voice from certain inhibiting factors that have accumulated overtime (mostly through habit), in part two, (here on working with a ‘liberated’ voice); to go through a developmental process which focuses on range and power (viz. the ‘resonating ladder’), in part three; to turn focus to the breathing apparatus and thereby develop an awareness and sensitivity to different ‘areas of breath’ in the body and, in part four; to bridge the connection of this work to text and acting. Through this approach, Linklater states that the general aim of the book is to “present a lucid view of the voice in the general context of human communication and to provide a series of exercises to free, develop and strengthen the voice – first as a human instrument, then as the human actor’s instrument” (Linklater, p 1). This essay will summarize some of the major points of the book, offer briefs descriptions of some of the exercises and determine whether this book could be useful to the aspiring actor who is interested in learning more about the craft of voice and speech. Linklater claims that the particular approach of this book is something that has evolved over a number of years and is largely the result of the work of Iris Warren; a pioneer in the science of voice production because of his emphasis on turning the focus of voice work from external physiological knowledge to internal psychological understanding. Though heavily…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Voice over Internet Protocol

...Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a technology that allows you to make voice calls using a broadband Internet connection instead of a regular phone line. The technology was introduced in 1995, and has developed into an enormous enterprise since then. I will be presenting an overview of the technologies that brought VoIP to fruition, the methods of connecting, benefits, and drawbacks. VoIP is a general term for a family of transmission technologies for voice communications over the internet. Other terms associated with VoIP are; IP telephony, internet telephony, Voice over Broadband (VoBB), broadband telephony, and broadband phone. All of these terms mean essentially the same thing: voice communications that are sent over the internet instead of through the Public Switched Telephone Network. The technical mechanisms that allow this to happen will be explained in detail later. In 1995, VocalTec released the first commercial internet phone software (Wikipedia, 2010). Called “Internet Phone”, the application was designed to function on a home based computer system similar to how PC phones are used today. Mike Anderson says, “Although many people took a liking to the concept, there were major drawbacks in terms of quality and overall efficiency. At the time, the use of dial-up modems and lack of broadband availability resulted in poor voice quality when compared to the typical analog phone call. Despite the issue of quality, Vocaltec’s achievement is still viewed......

Words: 1761 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

W. S. Summary

...In the very beginning of the given extract, Walter Streeter, the main character, gets the postcard from Forfar. The sender, W.S., asks whether he really thinks that he is really gets to grips with people. Walter’s correspondent’s criticism lingered in his mind. About ten days later comes another postcard, this time from Berwick-on-Tweed. It says that the writer is on the border and that some people call his stories otherworldly. Walter Streeter ponders over this and begins to wonder about the sender – whether it is a man or a woman, why does he or she call it otherworldly. He tries to write, but the words come haltingly, as though contending with an extra-strong barrier of self-criticism. As the days pass, his works are no longer homogeneous. The third postcard shows the picture of York Minster and the sender asks whether Walter Streeter is writing something or looking round for ideas. For the First time it strikes him that the initials are his own and he wonders: what if he is writing postcards to himself. He also mentions that the handwriting is the resemblance to his own. He shows letter to his friend who says that the sender is a lunatic woman who fell in love with him and tries to make him interested in her. He feels reassured for some time but the he thinks what if he is a lunatic himself. He now has to admit to himself that the postcard business has become a leading factor in his life. The next postcard is from Coventry Walter mentions a striking fact that each......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Voice support programs. New Zealand New Zealand may not be a socialist country, but the welfare system in the country is very wide ranging, offering support for housing, unemployment, health, child care, and education as well. Therefore, New Zealand has many of the characteristics of a socialist country, even while remaining officially free market. Belgium Lastly, Belgium has most of the same social security benefits that New Zealand offers, including invalid and old age pensions. The welfare system causes much of the country’s budget deficit though, and so is considered by some to be a burden on society. List of Socialist Countries with Individual Details Z. Perry, Yahoo! Contributor Network Sep 1, 2006 "Share your voice on Yahoo! websites. Start Here." MORE:Socialists FlagPost a comment People often make lists of different types of countries in the world on the basis of their official names, ruling parties, or other indefinitive characteristics. The most realistic way to devise a list of Socialist countries is to base it upon which nations have substantial amounts of state-run industry, numerous govt. social programs, or other traits which make them actually Socialist. The following is a list of such countries with reasons for including them. Keep in mind that this information is as of 2006, some countries may eventually need to be added or removed from the list. Cuba: Cuba is one of the most Socialist nations, as it has a mostly state-run......

Words: 3736 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Linklater Synopsis

...Linklater begins by talking about how to measure property. In the beginning, land boundary is set by how it meets another set of boundaries or visible objects, i.e. “metes and bounds.” The idea of land as private property possibly came about in 1538, ignited by an idea that land can be measured and mapped instead of feudally owned. This development then brought about the idea of rent and residents started getting evicted if they couldn’t pay. This new sense of ownership then required an exact measurement of the area of the land in order to put a monetary value on it. Edmund Gunter was a math enthusiast, particularly in trigonometry, which allowed surveyors to find out the distance between two objects without having to use a rope and walk between them. The Dutch mathematician Frisius showed this knowledge to land measurers. However, instruments were needed for measuring angles etc e.g. quadrants and sector that Gunter was passionate about. He later landed a job with Edmund Spenser, and published a book that was translated from Latin to English for use by surveyors and sailors, and a chain of 22 yards for measurement. Previously, the math used came from the Greeks, but the method was imperfect. Gunther’s chain provided a means of making private property and establishing a market for land due to its consistency in results. Linklator goes on to talk about land in the U.S during the early days of its conception. A large sum of John Jacob Astor’s came from the property he......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Legal Research Record Summary of Problem(S)

...Legal Research Record Summary of problem(s) Design and Dress Limited (DDL) has experienced problems due to the alleged harassment of one of their employees, Susie Baker, by another employee, Stephen Harding which, despite internal investigation, has now lead to a formal police report. Can DDL be held be liable for damages in respect of a possible civil claim for harassment; if so on what legal basis and to what degree. Key words or phrases Harassment Protection from harassment Employer’s liability Vicarious liability Damages/sanctions in harassment cases Obvious sources/areas of law Halsbury’s Laws Practitioner texts Statutes Statutory Instruments Case law Client objective(s) To ascertain whether DDL can be held liable for any damages in respect of civil proceedings concerning the harassment alleged, notwithstanding that Oxbridge Essays their internal complaints procedure was complied with. If so, to what degree is there anything they can do to placate the issue, and are there any steps they should be taking now. Record of research undertaken SECONDARY SOURCES Hard Copy Sources Practioner’s Texts I looked in a text called Smith and Wood’s “Employment Law”, 9th Edition. → index – looked up “vicarious liability”, specifically relating to discrimination → pp 282 – 285 This reference related to sexual discrimination, not relevant in this search but noted that s 41(1) of the Sexual Discrimination Act makes the......

Words: 2952 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Voice, Video, Network

... VOICE, VIDEO, AND DATA NETWORK CONVERGENCE VOICE, VIDEO, AND DATA NETWORK CONVERGENCE ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN, FROM VOIP TO WIRELESS JUANITA ELLIS CHARLES PURSELL JOY RAHMAN Amsterdam Boston London New York Oxford San Francisco Singapore Sydney Tokyo Paris San Diego This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright 2003, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science & Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (+44) 1865 843830, fax: (+44) 1865 853333, e-mail: You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier Science homepage (, by selecting “Customer Support” and then “Obtaining Permissions.” Explicit permission from Academic Press is not required to reproduce a maximum of two figures or tables from an Academic Press chapter in another scientific or research publication provided that the material has not been credited to another source and that full credit to the Academic Press chapter is given. Academic Press An imprint of Elsevier Science 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, California 92101-4495, USA Academic Press 84 Theobald’s Road, London WC1X......

Words: 125371 - Pages: 502

Premium Essay

Executive Summary: Ecco a/S

...ECCO A/S GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN MANAGEMENT Executive Summary: ECCO A/S is one of the most prominent player in the global shoe industry and is also one of the leading footwear manufacturer in the world. Since its inception in 1963 it aspires to produce top quality, casual comfort shoes with a perfect fit which are pleasant to wear in all weather conditions. The company s USP is top quality of its product with a coupled production of, manual and machine. The production of their leather was in-house and they had a unique direct injection technology. ECCO is a financially strong family owned enterprise and as corporation they focus on constant innovation and high quality products. They started it operations from Denmark, and in a continuous pursuit to gain a global foothold and to optimize its value chain, they have expanded their operations in Portugal, Slovakia, Indonesia and Thailand. They soon plan to invest heavily in China, to setup up a world class manufacturing unit which will cater to at least 25% of its forecasted global demand. ECCO, being a successful and closely knit family owned enterprise had a strong culture of bonding and attachment and it percolated down in the management strategies as well. They strongly encouraged that at least 80% of company s leader should come from inside the company. They were conscious of the fact that in their journey to be global leader, employees were their biggest asset and thus they invested heavily on employee trainings and career......

Words: 2073 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Natural L Anguage P Rocessing (a Lmost ) from S Cratch

...Research 12 (2011) 2493-2537 Submitted 1/10; Revised 11/10; Published 8/11 Natural Language Processing (Almost) from Scratch Ronan Collobert∗ Jason Weston† L´ on Bottou‡ e Michael Karlen Koray Kavukcuoglu§ Pavel Kuksa¶ RONAN @ COLLOBERT. COM JWESTON @ GOOGLE . COM LEON @ BOTTOU . ORG MICHAEL . KARLEN @ GMAIL . COM KORAY @ CS . NYU . EDU PKUKSA @ CS . RUTGERS . EDU NEC Laboratories America 4 Independence Way Princeton, NJ 08540 Editor: Michael Collins Abstract We propose a unified neural network architecture and learning algorithm that can be applied to various natural language processing tasks including part-of-speech tagging, chunking, named entity recognition, and semantic role labeling. This versatility is achieved by trying to avoid task-specific engineering and therefore disregarding a lot of prior knowledge. Instead of exploiting man-made input features carefully optimized for each task, our system learns internal representations on the basis of vast amounts of mostly unlabeled training data. This work is then used as a basis for building a freely available tagging system with good performance and minimal computational requirements. Keywords: natural language processing, neural networks 1. Introduction Will a computer program ever be able to convert a piece of English text into a programmer friendly data structure that describes the meaning of the natural language text? Unfortunately, no consensus has emerged about the form or......

Words: 4649 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

The Social Events of the 1950's, 60's, 70's, 80's, and 90's

...The Social Events of the 1950's, 60's, 70's, 80's, and 90s Introduction Over the past 50 years, there have been many changes within the social movement in the United States. Some of these changes have been for the better and some not so great. These changes were made with the hopes and dreams of making life better for all cultures, species, families, and environment. Now the question is, how did these change come about, and what were these changes about? Social Life of the 1950's In the early 1950's was a new beginning for the United States. With the end of the Great Depression and World War II, people felt that they could start living, and have things they thought they would never have, like a home, cars, a wife or husband, and children. With the new beginning, families started moving from large city life to the suburbs, for the reason that life in the suburbs was considerable less hectic and peaceful than what city life was like. Due to the Great Depression, many men and women put off getting married or starting families for the reason of lack of money or homes, and with the War, many were afraid they might not come home. However, with the new feeling of security and peace couples were able start the family they always wanted and so began the Baby Boom years. People moving to the suburbs......

Words: 2021 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Complaint of a Lowell Factory Female Worker (1845) Source: Factory Tracts Number One. Factory Life As It Is (Lowell, 1845). Voices of Freedom, Vol. I, 3rd Ed., by Eric Foner. The early industrial revolution centered on factories producing cotton textiles with water-powered spinning and weaving machinery. In the 1820s, a group of merchants created a new factory town near Boston, incorporated as the city of Lowell in 1836. Here, they built a group of modern textile factories that brought together all phases of production from the spinning of thread to the weaving and finishing of cloth. By 1850, Lowell’s fifty-two mills employed more than 10,000 workers. At Lowell, young unmarried women from Yankee farm families dominated the workforce that tended the spinning machines. Competition among the mills led to a deterioration in working conditions and, beginning in the 1830s, protests among the workers. They engaged in strikes or “turn-out,” and petitioned the legislature to limit their hours of labor. Founded in 1845, the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association published a series of Factory Tracts to expose conditions in the mills. Frequently, as in this account by an unnamed worker, they drew an analogy between their conditions and those of southern slaves. Reading Questions: 1. Why does the female factory worker compare her conditions with those of slaves? 2. Why does she doubt the sincerity of the Christian beliefs of the factory owners? Philanthropists of the......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Executive Summary - No Passive Voice

...Executive  Summary:  Financial  Analysis     Nominal  Performance:         An  investment  in   Delta  shares  five  years   ago  yielded  a  26.44%   annual  return,   significantly  more  than   the  10.17%  the  S&P  500   returned  annually  over   that  same  period.     Delta’s  stock  price   moved  with  the  industry   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 average  over  the  past  five  years,  varying  at  most  by  a  7.02%  difference  in  price.   American  Airline  Group  Inc.  stocks  are  trading  at  the  highest  price  because  the   company  elected  not  to  use  fuel  hedging  and  as  a  result  benefited  financially  from   the  drop  of  oil  prices  in  mid  2014.       Absolute  Performance:       Delta  shares  outperformed  the  market,  with  a  geometric  annual  return  of  18.62%   while  the  S&P  500  returned  5.67%  on  an  annualized  basis.  Average  arithmetic   returns  show  that  Delta  is  the  second  best  among  the  largest  competitors,  by   earning  29.77%  on  an  annual  basis, ...

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Facial and Voice Attractiveness

...Introduction Voice is produced by breath, vibrating the vocal folds in the larynx. It is one of the most important components of a person’s identity. Every person has different voice quality. As defined by Trask(1996), voice quality is the characteristic auditory coloring of an individual's voice, derived from a variety of laryngeal and supra laryngeal features and running continuously through the individual's speech. The natural and distinctive tone of speech sounds produced by a particular person yields a particular voice. Various studies said that voice gives clues to physical characteristics and listeners might be better at relating the two traits than they think they are. A 2002 study showed that people are able to match a speaker’s voice with a photograph over 75 percent of the time and that those people with symmetrical traits (a sign of genetic fitness) were rated as having more attractive voices. Research has also shown that listeners can detect people’s socioeconomic status, personality, and emotional/mental state from their voice, and that they can estimate age, height, and weight about as accurately from voice clips as they can from photographs. Chris Brooke and Markus Koppensteiner (2015) studied on The sound of beauty: Men can tell if a woman is attractive simply by listening to her voice. Researchers photographed the faces and recorded the voices of 42 women with an average age of 24. They found out that those who are rated highly for looks often......

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Natural or Not

...Dyshea Shelley Natural or Not? Breastfeeding is one of the most important decisions a parent must make for their child. Breastfeeding is when the mother feeds the child milk from her breast (Breastfeeding). Over the last few years, there has been so much controversy in the media whether women should be allowed to breastfeed in public. Despite the controversy, women should be able to breastfeed in public because it improves infant health, it has psychological benefits, and it makes women feel less ashamed and embarrassed. Many medical and public health organizations support breastfeeding and say it improves an infant’s heath significantly. Breast milk is a rich, creamy liquid that is high in protein and low in fat (“History of Breastfeeding”). It contains the protein, vitamins, and fat an infant needs. Breast milk contains antibodies that help fight infection and it’s easier to digest. It also reduces the chances of allergies, asthma, respiratory illnesses, and overweight issues in the future. Some studies also suggest that breastfeeding lowers the risk of certain cancers and diabetes. Children that were breastfed have even been proven to have higher IQ scores. However, breastfeeding doesn’t only benefit the child. Studies show that women who breastfeed have a smaller chance of having ovarian and breast cancer (“Biology of Breastfeeding”). Besides the physical benefits of breastfeeding, breastfeeding also has many psychological benefits. Researchers say breastfeeding......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Voice Technology

...I have chosen Baker & Taylor Marketing Services for the implementation of voice technology through Oracle. I have been working for this company since May of 2004 and using oracle to run queries since 2006. What I’ve noticed is the definite need for an upgrade to the system. After researching ways to do this, I ran across software that works with Oracle which allows product to be entered through verbally. Baker & Taylor began binding and publishing books in 1828. They made sure their books made it onto library and store shelves and into readers' hands. Baker & Taylor has been in business for over 180 years and is the world's largest distributor of books and entertainment. They are a well known supplier of paper and digital books to libraries and they primarily serve two types of markets. The first market involves the core business of distributing books, videos, and music, as well as providing value services to thousands of school, public, and specialty libraries worldwide. The second market is the firm's retail unit supplies storefront and Internet book and music retailers, as well as independent booksellers, with a million book titles and about 385,000 DVD and CD titles. Voice technology also answers the need to increase worker productivity. This technology—in which a computer is able to identify speech as well as give "spoken" instructions—is muscling its way into the warehouse because it frees up workers' hands so their workflow is uninterrupted while they......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Voice

...Valeria Arón The Voice The Voice is a very private poem, written when the author was feeling very lonely because of his wife´s death. His desperation over her death is evident in this poem, through every line he is begging her to return. As we said before he is tormenting himself, he misses his wife. “How you call to me, call to me”, the echoing on those phrases give us a feeling that he is crying for help, in order to be together again, to join her. The author uses the technique of repeating the same phrase several times in order to make it more painful. Therefore we can see how lonely he feels. We can say that he is completely alone because he refers to she as “the one who was all to me”, the author is telling us that she was everything for him. It could be due to Hardy´s treatment towards his wife during the last months of their marriage. Maybe he regrets of something or his behavior towards her. He is filled with guilt inside him, now he implores Emma to appear to him. The author even takes a risks as describes the exactly way in which he would like so her “Let me view you then, standing as when I drew near to the town”. As a conclusion of the first verse we can say that the author is trying to express how his wife changed. He hears her saying that she has changed from who she was before, “you are not as you were “, “when you had changed” the second quote is even more clear because he specific uses the word itself. The author writes the poem using the...

Words: 591 - Pages: 3