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Acl Rupture in Sports

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ACL Rupture in Sports PETH 197 Jacquelyn Holguin, Roy Ramirez, Audrey Beltran
Seen more commonly in athletes, an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament can be a debilitating musculoskeletal injury to the knee. The most common cause of ACL injuries are Non-contact tears and ruptures. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a significant ligament for proper movement. An ACL injury causes knee instability that causes injury to other knee ligaments. Injuries of the ACL range from mild, such as small tears, to severe when the ligament is completely torn.
There are several ways the ACL can be torn; the ligament tears due to it being overstretched. The movements of the knee that can result in a tear are when the knee is straightened more than 10 degrees beyond its normal maximal position. Hyperextension occurs when the lower leg is forced forward in relation to the upper leg. It can happen from a rotational injury, the knee twists when the rest of the body is moving straight. Tears in the anterior cruciate ligament often take place when the knee receives a direct impact while the leg is in a stable position, for example a standing football player is tackled sideways when his feet are firmly planted.
Torn ACLs are more than often connected to high impact sports or when the knee is forced to stop suddenly at high speed and when the tibia moves forward in relation to the femur. Such types of injuries are dominant in alpine skiing, American football, basketball, rugby, professional wrestling, martial arts, and artistic gymnastics. Research has shown that women involved in sports are more likely to have ACL injuries than men. ACL tears occur also in older individuals due to slips and falls which are seen mostly in people over 40 due to wear and tear of the ligaments.
An ACL tear usually is diagnosed by a popping sound heard after impact, anterior knee instability,…...

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