Premium Essay

Adolescent Substance Abuse

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kindlemac
Words 3108
Pages 13
Adolescent Substance Abuse
Isaiah.R
3/27/14

In society today, a common problem among teenagers is the use of drugs. Teen age years are probably the most challenging periods of life. It is a stage of finding yourself versus confusion of knowing oneself. Belonging and being accepted in a group seems to be very important, as well as being “cool”. Troubled, teens turn to things such as drugs to help Suppress or ease the emotional/mental pain of things such as the common rejection.

During these years of maturing, teenagers encounter their share of positive and negative experiences. Peer pressure, curiosity, and the availability of drugs are some of the factors that youthful and vulnerable teenagers have to cope with in their young lives.

One of the significant reasons for teenage drug use is peer pressure, particularly from the influences among friends, acquaintances, school, and the media. If a teenager’s main social group is using drugs, then there is a strong pressure due to the fact that drugs are present and can easily be offered. Also, the person might get convinced to think that there is nothing wrong with trying drugs because “everybody else is doing it.” In the effect that teenagers will try drugs just to fit in the social norms, they might do it to impress their buddies to be considered “cool” as part of being in the group and gain acceptance by friends.

The issue of using drugs is everywhere in this country and around the world. It’s available and accessible for anyone who knows where to get it or who to talk to about it. The interest in such will develop in a matter of time. For example, if one teenager hears about a drug experience from another student in school, the person may become curious and try to have a connection. Most teenagers today believe that the first use of drugs is safe. Although there is no instant addiction with the first try,…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Substance Abuse and Psychosis in Adolescents

...Substance Abuse and Psychosis in Adolescents Over the past several decades, the U.S. population has grown significantly and continues to do so at a rapid pace. The most recent U.S. Census Bureau figures estimate that the population in the United States is currently nearing 304,800,000. Of this tremendous number, approximately one quarter are children under that age of eighteen years and over 40 million are adolescents (U.S. Census Bureau, 2001a). For the purpose of this examination, we will define adolescents as individuals between the ages of ten and eighteen years, although it is important to keep in mind that there are many different definitions and understandings of adolescents, most of which are not as directly related to chronological age (Santrock, 2001). Adolescents are a very special population because these are often the years in which childhood and adulthood become blurred, roles, expectations and needs change, as well as significant physical and psychological growth. As we also know, experimentation is often characteristic of adolescence and this experimentation can be physical, sexual or philosophical; all of which may possibly lead to drug use. This paper seeks to examine the question of whether or not drug abuse is related to psychosis in adolescents. Literature Review Adolescent Drug Use According to a national study in 2006, over 60 percent of reported that drugs were used, kept and sold on their school campuses on a regular basis. ...

Words: 2009 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse Among American Adolescents

...Substance Abuse among American Adolescents Control substance abuse is an excessive consumption or a disorder use of substances especially drugs or alcohol that is associated with significant problems. Substance abuse is a disease that commonly appears among adolescents. According to Kerby Anderson1, “93% percent of all teenagers have some experience with alcohol by the end of their senior year of high school. Almost two-thirds of all American young people try illicit drugs before they finish high school.” If substance abuse is left untreated, it will cause violence in streets, such as crimes, kidnaping. Also, it will cause domestic violence. For example, many babies are born with drug dependency. There are many basic factors that lead to the use of control substances among American adolescents, how these factors affect our community, and what are the methods used to minimize them. Adolescence is a sensitive period for young people. They are encountered by many basic factors. First of all, family factors, which have the strongest impact on adolescent development, play a part in the influence to try control substances. For example, parents who provide low levels of support, or are not as close to their children, and use bad parenting judgment have children who are more likely to be drug abusers. “The parents are the biggest factor in the choice to drink or drug” (Stephen Artrburn24). Other factors are the social pressure, such as friends and school these......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse in Childhood and Adolescents

...following special health concerns for childhood and adolescence: eating disorders, substance abuse, sexual activity, depression. Your essay should include a description of the concern, incidence, causes, and effects of the concern, as well as implications for educators. ( 5 pts) While most substance abuse is on the decline, it still poses a problem. Alcohol, Cigarette and marijuana use are most common. In one study in 1991, 51% of high school students drank at least once a week. Other studies have shown that one in four high school students smoke cigarettes and one in five have smoked marijuana. There are numerous and varying causes of substance abuse in children and adolescents, including inadequate parental supervision, peer pressure, and poor self-esteem. It can cause poor school performance, long-term health problems, and of course, accidents. For teachers, this means being very aware of any change in student behavior that may be attributed to substance abuse. It means being vigilant about any drug use or selling that may be occurring in the school. It could (and should) also mean incorporating education about the dangers of substance abuse in the classroom.   Design a classroom that is appropriate for children and adolescents, keeping their physical development in mind. What kinds of school and classroom practices would also meet the physical developmental needs of children and adolescents? How did your own school perform in this regard? A classroom with......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

... | |Substance Abuse | |Final Research Paper Substance abuse is characterized as a social problem in numerous parts of America. Substance abuse is defined as a pattern of harmful use of substances for mood-altering purposes (“Drug Abuse”). Drug abuse is the use of illicit drugs or abuse of prescription or over the counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or in a manner or in qualities other than directed (“Drug Abuse”). Many people believe that substance abusers, drugs abusers, and addicts should be able to stop taking these substances and drugs if they are willing to change their behavior. What many people do not understand is that substance and drug abuse is a problem that needs to be addressed. It is not as easy as some people think to stop using these substances and drugs. There are several causes for substance abuse. Substance abuse ranges in many different ages from teenagers to elderly. This social problem can affect families and many different individuals. 50% of Americans have a beloved one who is suffering from a substance or drug abuse problem at any given......

Words: 2860 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

...Delinquency and Substance Abuse Delinquency is a term that is used to describe illegal or antisocial behaviors and activities. Delinquent behavior may include drug use, underage drinking, violence, sex crimes or property crimes. Individuals who are delinquent typically express antisocial opinions, are involved in activities that are dangerous, harmful and wrong and are often outspoken in their rejection of punishments associated with their crimes. In some cases, there is a strong link between delinquent behavior and substance abuse. Many delinquents will seek out activities that are considered criminal or wrong. In this case, drug use is both criminal and socially unacceptable in most cases. A delinquent person may be under the influence of alcohol and or drugs when they commit a crime, or they may be committing a crime such as theft to get funds to support their drug and alcohol use. Delinquency is considered a serious issue, with several different theories relating to its cause. Some theorists suggest that delinquency is the result of psychological health. Particular behavior or mood disorders may be associated with the involvement in delinquent activities, including substance abuse. Antisocial personality disorder is one condition that is closely linked with delinquent behavior. This condition is typically associated with abnormal or destructive thinking, perception and relationships with others. In other words, a delinquent does not have any regard for right and wrong,...

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Adolescent Substance Abuse

...get money to keep getting these drugs, which is fairly dangerous. When things become out of control and a stage of serious hopelessness sets in, problems may seem inescapable, in other words “hitting rock bottom.” According to a previous study, persons who are feeling hopeless and lonely with no prospects for improvement may lead to depression, which can further lead to anything from attempted suicide to self-incarceration. Many studies have found that drugs are a contributing factor to suicide because drugs can inhibit or impair judgment; thereby, affecting the brain and a person’s thinking. In short, the cause of using drugs can have a great effect on the person and in the society. Depression and suicide, mainly from substance abuse, are now the common problems among the younger population....

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Substance Use, Abuse, and the Adolescent

...Substance Use, Abuse, and the Adolescent January 9, 2014 Walden University Axis I Axis I holds descriptions of clinical symptoms. These symptoms can lead to significant impairment. Adjustment impairment is one of these disorders. Hopelessness, feeling sad and stress are among the symptoms of impaired adjustment. The patient is clearly suffering from impaired judgement. This is evident where he says that he is stupid. For him to think he is stupid, he must be feeling hopeless. Otherwise he would not conclude on being stupid and instead would hold a belief of self improvement. The patient’s sadness is also depicted when he comments that his mother hates his friends. He clearly suffers from social problems. That is probably why he would rather spend most of his time playing video games and listening to music. It is probably the only way he can momentary escape his loneliness. Axis II Mental and personality retardation in Axis II describes situations that are applicable to the subject’s situation. In this description, some issues which are overlooked in the Axis I develop into more serious conditions which are long term. One symptom from this axis that is evident in the patient is the tendency to be antisocial. This disorder is illuminated when the mother points out that he spends m much time playing his video games. This game ensures that the better time of his day is spent indoors and in the loneliness. When playing these games, he does not involve himself in social talks...

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

...Substance Abuse Just like many disease or mental illness, substance abuse does not discriminate. Substance abuse can result from sociocultural, due to stress of environmental factors, social economics and unemployment’s. The use of substance abuse whether it is alcohol, prescription drugs, or other method it is a stress reliever for the abuser, helping them escape. The addiction to substance abuse makes it hard to function and work in the real world because the abuser becomes dependent and develop higher tolerance. Those suffering from substance abuse may have genetic been given through it through an addict mother, or suffering through a life crises of depression, stress and anxiety. Psychological Factors There is several reason one would try drugs that may turn into substance abuse, it could be the mere fact of stress and unemployment, abusing alcohol or substance abuse allows the person to be able to relieve the stress and feel at peace. Substance abuse can result from social economics and surrounds, whether it is something we see on television or dealing with peer pressures of friends, family and coworkers. The void drugs fill in your life will take part of you life making it hard to accomplish any tasks. Effects The effect of substance abuse can result in changes in the brain interfering with the ability to think clearly, exercise good judgment, controlling our behavior, and this results in poor work performance. You frequently call out of work, running late,......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Adolescent Substance Abuse

...Running Header: Substance Abuse Adolescent Substance Abuse Dana Sweitzer Liberty University Abstract Adolescent substance abuse is a major problem in society. There are many risk factors that can contribute to adolescent substance abuse. One of the main risk factors is peer pressure. When adolescents start at a young age there is an increase in health problems, addiction, and over all poor social outcomes. Parental influence has substantial effect on adolescents because the adolescent sees their parents and they learn by their example. Media plays a role in the use of drug and alcohol use among young people. Many school systems have implemented programs that teach adolescents about the problems of substance abuse that is funded by the government. The community health nurse helps provide education in the community. The cost for substance abuse can be astronomic. Emergency room visits, treatment programs and even court costs lead to billions of dollars annually. The key to prevention is education. Adolescent Substance Abuse In society today adolescent substance abuse is a growing problem. There are many risk factors that can lead to substance abuse. It is important to understand the reasons behind why the adolescent begins the experimentation of drugs and alcohol. Media plays a role in adolescent substance abuse. Many times advertisement and movies betray alcohol or drug use as fun and not addictive. Many times the people are happy and having a good time. This......

Words: 1655 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

... Substance Abuse in Adolescents Jasmine Bobbitt Liberty University Substance Abuse and Addiction during Adolescence Adolescent drinking is one of the biggest social issues amongst teenagers in the United States today in the twenty-first century. More than three-fourths of college students drink on the regular basis; the issue is that they are not aware of the effects on the brain (Feldman, 2014). Adolescents start to drink for many reasons, mainly for acceptance (Feldman, 2014). Alcohol is in wine, beer, and hard liquors mixed with soft drinks. Being an adolescent is tremendously difficult in the twenty-first century. When adolescent are between the ages of thirteen and nineteen, they face great deal of peer pressure and obstacles (Anthony, 2014). When being a teenager all these problems arise along with the challenges of adulthood. One of the biggest challenges that teenagers face is peer pressure to drink alcohol (PhD, T., 1987). Peer pressure can be a positive influence to help or motivate people to do their best, but it can also be a bad influence when it comes to doing stuff that may be wrong. Peer pressure usually influence adolescents to do something that they would not be able to do. Teenagers often follow other teenagers for a sense of belonging to a certain clique (Feldman, 2014). All adolescents want to be accepted by a particular group or by their peers. Alcohol and adolescent peer pressure does increase with age as teenagers tussle with trying to find a sense......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

...Substance abuse The 5th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) combines substance abuse and substance dependence to mean the same thing (American Psychiatric association, 2013). Substance abuse refers to the habitual non-medical substance seeking, and the substance taking behavior which is suppression or resistance through its pharmacological consequences. Substance abuse may therefore include the use of alcohol, abuse of cigarettes, food, sniffing of solvents or even the abuse of nicotine and caffeine (Nordegren, 2002). Substance abuse has been taken to generally refer to the use of hard drugs such as cocaine and marijuana. Every year, United States spends billions of dollars on increased health care cost, low productivity and increase in crimes. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, substance abuse costs United States 524 billion dollars a year of which 181 billion dollars is as a result of illicit drugs. Given the huge expense, there is therefore a need to understand the physical, social and psychological effects that substance abuse presents, analyze the factors contributing to substance abuse, examine the range of interventions used, and examine how managing substance abuse is influenced by cultural, legal, as well as political issues. Though at times substance abuse is completely something that an individual may pick from nowhere, there are some risk factors which may play a significant role in an individual’s substance......

Words: 3417 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Substance Abuse

...Inhalant Abuse The National Survey states there are 217 million Americans aged 12 years and older that have used inhalants at least once (National Institute). Inhaling a substance means that you are purposely breathing in or sniffing a substance to get high. This is a highly dangerous way of using and abusing substances. What makes inhalant abuse more dangerous is the fact that most inhalants that are used and abused are common household items. Items that are used for potential inhalant abuse are glues, plastics, cements, cleaning solutions, nail polish removers, lighter fluid, paint sprays, paint thinners, paint removers, correction fluid, hair sprays, deodorants, air fresheners, whipped cream propellants, and computer duster (Levinthal, pg. 329). Single dosing of inhaling a substance can be damaging. Inhalant abuse ranks 4th highest in drug experimentation among 11 to 13 years of age (National Institute). Inhaling a substance is frequently the 1st experience with a psychoactive drug, especially among the children and adolescent, this is why it is also known as a gateway drug. If an individual starts abusing inhalants, it could create the disastrous pathway of the individual abusing other drugs (National Institute). There are at least 90% of parents that are blind to the fact that their child is actually abusing or inhaling chemicals (Alliance). At www.peopleagaininhalants.com, this website suggests some signs for parents to watch for in regards to......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Adolescent Substance Abuse

...History of, and Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse Substance abuse is no stranger to today’s society. In fact, substance abuse has been an issue for many, many years now. A somewhat recent issue with substance abuse is that adolescents are becoming more involved. Teenagers, in particular, are more vulnerable to experiment with drugs and alcohol. With adolescents being introduced to such harmful substances it can lead to many problems. Not only does substance abuse pose issues with social problems, it also poses issues with educational issues, and it may even lead to death. While there are many problems with adolescent substance abuse, there are ways to solve this prevailing issue. Toddlers and young children are completely dependent on their parents while teenagers are going through different phases in which they are trying to transition into adulthood. Often detrimental stimuli are being introduced and adolescents are more prone to be susceptible to give in peer pressure because the judging process within the brain is not fully developed. (Kirst-Ashman, 2013). With this being said, the actions of teenagers are mainly based on the people that they hang out with. Therefore, if teenagers are around other teenagers that are smoking, drinking, or using other substances then they are more likely to try those substances as well. While a teenager’s peers have a lot to do with the actions they take other factors can lead to substance abuse too. Gangs have......

Words: 2904 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

...Substance Abuse Treatment Substance abuse is considered a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested in a twelve month period by at least one of four criteria: (1) recurrent substance use resulting in failure to fulfill major obligations at work, school or home (e.g., poor performance at school or work, neglect of children or younger siblings); (2) recurrent substance use in hazardous situations (e.g., driving while intoxicated); (3) recurrent substance-related legal problems (e.g., DUIs); and (4) continued substance use despite having recurrent interpersonal problems related to substance abuse (e.g., arguments with family members about consequences of intoxication) (Sussman, Skara, Ames, 2008). The most commonly abused substances include alcohol, tobacco, and illegal and prescription drugs. Often times, a user will develop an addiction to one of these substances. When an individual abuses a substance or develops an addiction, and require the use of a rehabilitation service, he or she may either be voluntarily or involuntarily admitted, such as through the Department of Corrections or drug courts. Substance abuse treatment has proven to be a successful rehabilitation tool. Empirical evidence has shown that substance abuse treatment is a cost effective method for addressing substance abuse and that treatment is effective in limiting substance abuse, criminal activity, and improving quality of life......

Words: 2476 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Substance Abuse

...Substance Abuse Theresa Hicks HCA/ 250 February 3,2012 Susan Hudson Substance Abuse There has been a number of studies done to understand why individuals turn to substance abuse but there has not any success in the studies. There are some studies that say that it is a personality issue that leads to substance abuse which has not been proven. Personality research continues to be a factor in the study of alcoholics and drug abusers. The results suggest that such use is more common among adolescents who show pre-drug use signs of one or more of the following: rebelliousness, other adjustment problems, depression, sensation seeking (Kandel& Yamaguchi, 1985;Stein et al., 1987; Shelder & Block, 1990). None of these factors have been proven to account for the abuse of drugs and alcohol. Studies have had the evidence to show that pre-drinking personality traits are in those that have had a drinking problem since an early age. Evidence also suggest that such people have a genetically determined brain disorder involving the prefrontal lobes (Tarter et al., 1988). These disturbances lead to deficit disorders, pre-alcoholic essential tremor, emotional instability, and aggressiveness not excluding others. When dealing with substance abuse in the workplace individuals do not leave these problems at home. Of the 17.2 million illicit drug users aged 18 or older in 2005, 12.9 million (74.8 percent) were employed either full or part time (OSHA). There has been many who have......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3