Premium Essay

Advocating Proper Implications of the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act.

In: Social Issues

Submitted By yatski
Words 675
Pages 3
Thesis Title:
Creating an advertisement campaign for Humanitarian Legal Assistance Foundation (HLAF) in supporting and protecting the rights of persons in detention especially of children;
Advocating proper implications of the juvenile justice and welfare act.

Introduction: Children are not criminal; however they become one if they are in an area where they do not meet their basic needs for food, water, shelter, health care, education and sanitation. They are strip of their rights to develop and maintain a life of dignity to mature uneducated and unemployed. Rose from desperation and destitution these children are becoming criminals. Our country where majority of underprivileged remains unaddressed, many become breeding grounds for young offenders. The main alibi is their poverty and some are forced to break the law primarily to survive. These children accused of criminal acts are housed at Center for Restorative Activities Development and Learning Experiences (CRADEL) runs by Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and The Bureau of Jail Management and Penology. The Humanitarian Legal Assistance Foundation, Inc. (HLAF) is a non-government and a non-profit organization registered with the Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Founded in 2001, HLAF envisions a world order founded on the universal respect for human rights, especially for the right and freedom against arbitrary and unjust imprisonment, in all its forms. HLAF specifically focuses on the protection of the rights of persons deprived of liberty especially those who are most vulnerable such as the children, the elderly, the women, the sick and the differently-abled. HLAF also advocates and works for the proper implementation of the juvenile justice and welfare act.

Currently, HLAF has three main programs namely, the HLAF Jail Decongestion (JD) Program…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...The juvenile justice system and parents across America struggle on a day-to-day basis with their children and substance abuse. It is stated that four out of every five children arrested within the system are under the influence of a substance (alcohol or drugs) when committing the crimes that forced them to be detained and arrested (Alcoholism.about.com, 2010). It is reported within the textbook that seventy-three percent of high school seniors had used alcohol within the past year, which makes the possibility of teenagers entering the juvenile justice system even higher (Siegel & Welsh, 2009). It is also believed that we as a society, does not provide the adequate support to those youth that are using controlled substances; which could in turn result in a more positive outcome, versus a decline in their behavior from initial arrest (Alcholism.about.com, 2010). This is a very true statement because in 2009, the SAMSHA reported that 374,000 citizens were treated for substance abuse between the ages of eighteen to twenty-four; that does not include the amount of individuals who did not seek help and those that were even younger. It also does not tell the story about how many of those individuals started using controlled substances at an earlier age as a juvenile (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, n.d.). According to Joseph Califano, Jr., we are writing of the younger Americans by releasing them back into society without attending to their......

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice System in the New Era

...JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE NEW ERA S.No | Description | Page No. | 1. | Introduction | 3 | 2. | Historical background | 4 | 3. | Evolution of juvenile justice system I. Several unique feature characterized in early juvenile court II. English idea of providing separate system for juvenile offender III. The Reformatory schools | 5 | 4. | International concern I. Relevant Article from UN convention II. Movement of Juvenile justice in India | 7 | 5. | Indian legal Provision I. Constitution provision II. Penal provision III. Juvenile justices provision a. Reformatory school Act-1876 b. Children Act-1960 c. Juvenile justice Act-1986 IV. Juvenile justice(Protection and Care) Act-2000 | 10 | 6. | An Analysis I. Who is a juvenile in conflict with law II. Age of criminal responsibility and determination of juvenility III. Present conflict about the age | 14 | 7. | Indian Reformatory approach I. The Child Welfare Committee(CWC) II. The juvenile justices board III. Police IV. Probation Officer V. State government | 16 | 8. | At present- Extent of delinquency in India-NCRB Report | 18 | 9. | Root causation of increasing number of juvenile | 23 | 10. | Role of the society | 26 | 11. | Judicial efforts | 27 | 12. | Recommendation | 28 | 13. | Conclusion | 30 | Introduction 42% of our population is children; the problem of juvenile delinquency is not new but this seek our attention recently very much......

Words: 10255 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...addressed to the programs designed to reintegrate juvenile delinquents into civilized society has focused and spread, and the cause of the Youth has become news. The diversity in the origin of the problem has made a uniform system of rehabilitation a very difficult venture. Being a member of the “troubled youth” begins with a small issue, such as a family problem, mental health disorder, or substance abuse, one that should be addressed before the evolution of the crime, and then the justice system. The division of juvenile and adult court systems is a relatively recent aspect of criminal justice, and has yet to be perfected. The incarceration of children into restrictive, punitive environments expected for overage criminals limits the development of an adolescent, and limits the possibility of divining the roots of the negativity. How can we determine the extent of flexibility that should be allowed? How can the system work to prevent delinquency in youth while working with them? There are several points addressed with heavy intention when it comes to the reorganization of the juvenile justice system. The placement of juveniles within the system is guided by the severity of the criminal act the child is being tried for, with some offending youths sent back into their home space and provided services through community-based programs with little funding and less resources. Others are confined to under staffed and overcrowded juvenile detention facilities, where the......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...The article Abolish the Juvenile Court: Youthfulness, Criminal Responsibility and Sentencing Policy by Barry Fields is power packed with his research, his opinions on the Juvenile Justice System. There is no question why he has reached the conclusions that he has because his research backs him. One of the points that he makes is that the criminal justice system for juveniles is more like a social welfare agency than a punitive system. What Mr. Barry Fields feels is that there should be one court for juveniles and adults. He made some interesting points when he stated that because legislative amendments has changed the court’s atmosphere and now instead of justice being served by the juveniles for the crimes that they commit the court employs a more scientific and psychological approach for these juveniles. Mr. Fields submits that to provide shorter sentencing for the juvenile offender does not need a different court system. What there should be is one court for the juvenile as well as the adult. The judge should be well versed with the law of the state that they are presiding or sitting and should have the ability to reign over both. Again there should be no separate courts. It was in the nineteenth century that they had the formation to juvenile court reform. Then crime was not at an all-time high as it is now. They made the provisions to have a separate system so that they could address the needs of the individuals. This is when they became more social then......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Advocating for the Juvenile Diabetic

...Running head: ADVOCATING FOR THE JUVENILE DIABETIC Advocating for the Juvenile Diabetic Jennifer McMullen Waynesburg University Clinical Prevention and Health Population II NUR 422 Kristen Faust March 05, 2012 Advocating for the Juvenile Diabetic Juvenile diabetes, or type I diabetes, is a rapidly growing problem in this country. The name can be deceptive. Once thought to only affect children, type I diabetes can affect any age, race, or gender. The exact cause is unknown and there is no known cure. Type I diabetes is a lifelong condition that requires constant medical management and a personal commitment to health. There is a stigma surrounding diabetes and specifically type I that decreases a person’s ability or motivation to monitor their disease. This is decreasing as research finds easier methods of management. This advocacy plan will discuss way to continue the “bad taste” associated with type I diabetes. Total prevalence of diabetes Total: 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people Prediabetes: 79 million people* New Cases: 1.9 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older in 2010. (American Diabetes Association). The above chart shows the prevalence for all types of diabetes, including the most recently added prediabetes condition. Type I diabetes is......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Future of the Juvenile Justice System

...Future of the Juvenile Justice System The future of the juvenile justice system is uncertain. There is a struggle to try a find a way to serve the needs of the juvenile delinquents and issue them a punishment for violating the law. In order to improve the direction of the juvenile justice system, recommendations are needed regarding community involvement, law enforcement, courts, corrections, and the private sector. These recommendations address issues that the system is currently facing and offers solutions for the future. A justification of the system is also offered based on the histories, trends and causation theories. Community Involvement Community involvement is an important aspect of the juvenile justice system. Police form communities ties through their involvement and contact with those in the community. Juvenile attitudes and perceptions of police are based on several issues. Weakened community ties, fear of crime, and higher levels of strain contribute and create negative juvenile attitudes towards law enforcement. Individuals that do not have contact with the police tend to have the highest perception of law enforcement. In an analysis of juvenile attitudes, it was found that juveniles that had contact with police through prevention programs had similar attitudes towards the police as those that had no contact with law enforcement (Brick, Taylor, & Esbensen, 2009, p. 493). Adjudicated youth with disabilities transitioning back into the community are......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice Case Law

...Running Head: Juvenile Justice Juvenile Justice Case Law Capella University PSF5372 - History of the Juvenile Justice System Introduction Approximately 12, 8-10 year old children commit suicide every year because they are victims of bullying, whereas 1.3 million children a year bully others. Recent incidents of school violence have brought bullying to the nation’s attention in a dramatic way. Research shows that approximately 30% of teens in the United States either bully, are targets of bullying, or both (National Youth, n.d.). Some bullies attack their targets physically, which can mean anything from shoving or tripping to punching or hitting, or even sexual assault. Others use psychological control or verbal insults to put themselves in charge (Hurst, 2005). Two of the main reasons people are bullied are because of appearance and social status. Bullies pick on the people they think don't fit in, maybe because of how they look, how they act (for example, kids who are shy and withdrawn), their race or religion, or because the bullies think their target may be gay or lesbian. One of the cases associated with bullying is that of Megan Taylor Meier (November 6, 1992 – October 17, 2006) an American teenager from Dardenne Prairie, Missouri, who had committed suicide by hanging three weeks before her fourteenth birthday. Meier attended Immaculate Conception Catholic School in Dardenne Prairie, with a uniform and policy against makeup and jewelry that the......

Words: 1290 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections Cheryl Cooper CJA/374 July 8, 2014 University of Phoenix Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections Case Study A youth on parole in Louisiana, Mychal Bell, 17, was ordered back to prison for 18 months following numerous parole violations. He had been placed on probation on four previous occasions for violent incidents. Bell was a former member of the “Jena 6,” a group of six black teens who had beaten a white student, Justin Barker, in December 2006. The incident was a culmination of a fight between blacks and whites. Various religious leaders, including Rev. Al Sharpton, called Bell’s re-imprisonment “revenge” by the judge and called upon the governor, Kathleen Bianco, to intervene (Champion, D. J., 2010). Brief Corrections Plan Mychal Bell will be ordered back to prison for 18 months for parole violations. Upon his release, he will be required to attend and complete an Anger Management class. The extra 18 months complete the original sentence, so any new crimes committed by Mr. Bell will bring new charges. Mr. Bell will be an adult upon release, so no communication is necessary with Child Protective Services or school. Juvenile Justice Process in Ohio Juveniles’ first encounter with the juvenile justice process is usually his or her arrest by a law enforcement official. Other ways that youth enter the system include "referrals" by parents and schools, delinquency victims, and probation officers. A decision is......

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act

...Introduction The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) is the principal federal program through which the federal government sets standards for juvenile justice systems at the state and local levels. It provides direct funding for states, research, training, and technical assistance, and evaluation. The JJDPA was originally enacted in 1974 and even though the JJDPA has been revised several times over the past 30 years, its basic composition has remained the same. Since the act was passed in 1974, the JJDPA focused solitary on preventing juvenile delinquency and on rehabilitating juvenile offenders. Since the original enactment of the JJDPA in 1974, the periodic reauthorizations have been controversial, as the Act's opponents have sought to weaken its protections for youth, reduce prevention resources, and encourage the transfer of youth to the adult criminal justice system. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act follow a series of federal protections, known as the "core protections," on the care and treatment of youth in the justice system. The four "core protections" of the act are, the Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO), Sight and Sound separation, Jail Removal, and Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC). The "DSO" and "Sight and Sound" protections were part of the original law in 1974. The "Jail Removal" provision was added in 1980 in response to finding youth incarcerated in adult facilities resulted in "a high......

Words: 6750 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Juvenile Justice

...them. Without realizing malice is being nurtured in the darkest corner of their thoughts, inevitably teens like this that go on without help will likely turn to crimes. Some of these teens commit horrendous crimes and the question is, what should the justice system do? Some individuals will suggest treating them as adults since they were aware of their crime but is that the right punishment? Should society just disregard humanity and lock these teens up for the good of everyone else? While I believe teens that commit heinous crimes should be punished I also strongly believe their age should be put into account when deciding their punishment. Teens although they’re aware of their actions are still lacking growth in their brain. “Frontal lobes, which inhibit our violent passions, rash actions, and regulate our emotions, are vastly immature throughout teenage years.”(Thompson, Paul 7). The study that Thompson’s research group conducted gives some insights as to what happens to the brain during teenage years, teens like this might make conscious mistakes that they will regret later. Even though heinous can not be justified by this research, it truly is important to understand that teenagers that are emotionally stressed might act out without having enough willpower to hold back. Who will stand up for these teens? Not many people want to be on the side of saving a youth that took the life of another. Have the legal system ever stopped and tried to understand the teen......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Juvenile Implications

...The Implications of Juvenile Criminal Statistics Chanel Walker 11/2/2015 David Purdy Crj/374 University of Phoenix The Implications of Juvenile Criminal Statistics Juvenile Delinquent (n): a minor who cannot be controlled by parental authority and commits antisocial or criminal acts,as vandalism or violence. Any person under the age of 18 is considered to be a juvenile. Fbi uniform crime reporting program is the basis of how data crime statistics are reported, tracked, and observed. Based on the data, the FBI prepares its annual Crime in the United States statistical compilation, which summarizes crimes known to the police and arrests made during the reporting calendar year. This information is used to describe the extent and nature of juvenile crime that comes to the attention of the justice system according to (Charles Puzzanchera,2009) (p.1). This report will summarize the juvenile crime statistics for the year of 2008. This report summarizes the overall decrease in juvenile arrests, and will also discuss the rise and fall of arrests in male, females, and minorities. In addition the assessment of tracking juvenile arrests, as a method of measuring the amount of juvenile crime and trends will be discussed. So strap in your seat belt and be prepared for a plethora of shocking discovery. Federal Bureau of investigations monitors four trend offenses reported by law enforcement agencies which are murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...Running Head: Review Review [Name of the Writer] [Name of the Institution] Review Introduction The NSW Government greets the Noetic Group’s tactical appraisal of the New South Wales Juvenile Justice organization. The Government admits the Report’s judgment that the figure of young citizens in protection is increasing, it is essential for the demonstration of Aboriginal young community in safe keeping and those additional successful choices might be accessible to decrease recidivism surrounded by immature people. As the account notes, efficiently dropping juvenile offense is a multifaceted responsibility want a strategic move toward and synchronized action across government organizations, non-government organizations, and the society. Recommendations Reply to Report Recommendations proof- based advanced Efforts to decrease juvenile wrong should have their foundation on the obtainable embodiment. The Government powerfully sustains this approach. The Report submits to a broad variety of national as well as worldwide research on policies to decrease juvenile offending behavior and plans to sketch together the available body of confirmation on answers to the minor offense. The Government looks for out evidence on active young fairness practice from many sources counting interior research as well as reviews, other jurisdictions – national and international, academic, non-government associations and the Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR). The confirmation......

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...Juvenile Justice System There are many aspects that go into the juvenile justice system. Dealing with juveniles is a much more sensitive matter than that with adults. Some of the aspects of the juvenile justice system include the historical development of the system, the predominant philosophy, key differences between the juvenile and adult systems, distinguishing between dependency and delinquency, and the reason behind the importance of confidentiality in juvenile court. After reading the class material and reviewing case laws and legislations, we can have a further understanding of the aforementioned keys. Historically, the juvenile justice system dates back to England in the 1600s. Chancellors were appointed to make decisions, which were in the best interest of the juvenile. In 1839 there was the case of Ex Parte Crouse, which dealt with a father attempting to release his daughter, Mary Anne Crouse, from the Philadelphia House of Refuge. The girl was not given a trial and the courts rejected the father’s claims. The state made decisions on behalf of the child and other states decided to do the same. In the case of Reform Schools and People ex rel. O’Connell v. Turner in 1870, courts were confining juveniles in reform schools. Many children in Illinois were getting put in reform schools for simply loitering or playing in the streets. Many parents began complaining of the unjust rulings. Later on the courts ruled juvenile delinquents would be placed under......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Juvenile Justice

...Juvenile Justice CRJ 301 David MacKusick January 17, 2011 Juvenile Justice The juvenile justice system is much different from the adults, or at least that was the original intent. This paper is going to outline juvenile delinquency, discuss the strategies, the juvenile process and the intervention programs we can use to stop juvenile delinquency in the future. The Cook County Juvenile Court was established in 1899 on an informal basis. The parens patriae doctrine, which permitted the court to take charge of children in need. Children were not adults and should not be treated as such their problems could be discovered and treated; therefore, the courts develop a different system. This was not actual courtroom, it was a table and chairs where the judge could sit with the parents and discuss the matter at hand. Children could be brought to the court based on complaints. These hearings were not public and the records were kept confidential because the children were not considered criminal. Lawyers were not required and the same rules that applied in adult court were missing in juvenile court (Bartollas & Miller, 2011). This system was so attractive that most states adopted the same system. The criminal justice system is definitely a complex one and there is no exception when it comes to juveniles. The juvenile justice system however is based on the philosophy that children need to be protected and corrected, not necessarily punished. These are......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Welfare Act

...The Welfare Reform Act of 1996 on Medicaid Angie Madrigal Lisa Johnson June 24, 2012 The Welfare Reform Act of 1996 had three main purposes and several different opinions on whether they were going to work or not. The main purposes of the Welfare Reform Act were to reduce welfare dependence and increase employment, to reduce child poverty, and to reduce illegitimacy and strengthen marriage (Rector, R., & Fagan, P. F., February 6, 2003). In the 90s many States in the United States used waivers to reform their aid to families also known as AFDC programs. AFDC programs provide cash grants to low income families also known as TANF this key element of the United States economic safety net to help families with children. There is negative and positive implication of the Welfare Reform Act on Medicaid. Throughout the rest of the paper you will learn about these negative and positive implications of the Welfare Reform Act of 1996 on the Medicaid Program.  There are many positive and negative implications when it concerns “The Welfare Reform Act” that came about in 1996. Welfare has been many debates dealing with this issue since the 1960s, and continues to be a contentious issue for many years to come. In the late 1980s, some communities were calling for a reform of the Welfare because their concerns for the personal responsibility. Then Welfare and Opportunity Reconciliation Act also known as PRWORA came into effect. Bill Clinton signed a personal responsibility and work......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3