Free Essay

Are We All Middle Class

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Sintorian8
Words 2036
Pages 9
Name: | Martin Broom | Degree programme: | BSc Social Sciences | Year of study: | Year One | Module code: | SO326 | Module name: | Introduction to Contemporary Britain | Module leader: | Dr Mark Hurst | Seminar leader: | Dr Mark Hurst | Assignment title: | Are we all middle class? | Word count: | 2000 |

Assignment template

-------------------------------------------------
Assignment title: Are we all middle class?

Middle class on the whole is too broad a subject to look at, so how would you be best at approaching the subject of class? To try to understand the core subject one would be best to look at a set time of change said in the post-war era of 1945-2000. The argument of social classes has been debated to include that of intelligence and wealth for decades in differing fashions. This essay will look at the concept that social mobility really has not changed owing to the idea that not everyone will achieve middle class status, even in modern terms.
To assure yourself the higher ground you need a few key indicators for social acceptability, one is that of knowing people in higher ranking jobs, two is the fact that of economic abilities to function with the said others. There is little to do with just owning your own property on its own. Although it may mean that you have money, but without the connections to climb the proverbial, ‘social ladder’, you tend to stay where you are in the hierarchical sphere of life itself.
Education has been debated, and Acts of parliament have been added to the question, is it found to be of high significance in attaining middle class status, or could it be that the level of education one needs to achieve this has to be of high importance to both the parent and child. For instance if the child sees that the school is not for them, then the parent may not put that much emphasis on that child, owing to have more than one child for example. Then the children become severely malnourished in the educational field, additionally hampers the child’s progress in attaining a relatively well paid job in the future. Before the introduction of the (Education Act of 1944), introduced by Butler, there was a stark fact that before, relatively few children received enough education to sustain any work above that of working class. Carnevali and Strange stated in their book. 20th Century Britain, Economic, Cultural and Social Change, that in 1938, ‘88 percent of children educated in the maintained sector in England and Wales were still being taught in elementary schools and very few achieved formal qualifications or had any real opportunity to remain in education beyond 14’. (Carnevali, 2007, p. 354). Inevitably showing that the primary purpose of the (1944 Education Act) was brought about by way of detailing compulsory attendance and so forth. It also gave rise to court proceedings within the line of care and protection for the child in order to continuance of schooling. If a parent were imprisoned, these children inevitably will lose out in the job’s market as most employers would not want the child of a criminal. By the time the (1967 Education Act) had been enacted, more of the recommendations were aimed at the child, in Chapter 5 of the Act, section 174, the point was made of looking at the children who were deprived by their home life. It follows the point then that if indeed all people are middle class, why are they living in destitution from the outset.
In their study, Why are English secondary schools socially segregated? Coldron, Cripps and Shipton, point to another viewpoint when stating that, between the years of 1965-1981, the emphasis was of that on comprehensive schools. It states ‘From 1965-1981 the proportion of 11- to 16- year olds in comprehensive schools rose from approximately 8% to 83%’. (Coldron, 2010, p. 21). Showing a vast increase in state run schools, in the period; it also gives an alarming viewpoint of segregation by secondary schools too when stating, ‘5% (164) of secondary schools continue to select all of their intake by attainment’. (Coldron, 2010, p. 21). This furthers the idea that not all will attain a firm grounded education, and some may be not given the right opportunities to even climb just one run on the ladder to success. They go further with this idea when mentioning grammar schools, stating ‘The proximate cause of segregation here is the greater education and wealth of middle class parents combined with a greater motivation arising from the fear of downward mobility’. (Coldron, 2010, p. 30). This greater desire on middle class parents to want to keep their own status in life, mainly leaves the other children in secondary moderns disproportionately floundering. The parents of these children cannot compete with the parents who fund their child’s education, also of note here is the grammar schools themselves can in theory recruit from a vast stock of higher educated teachers. Social mobility for these children is hindered from the start this difference is also met when the child then gets a career, which arguably will not be as better paid as their grammar educated compatriots.
One other problem that arises from looking at school problems and that of class distinction is the apparent problem of gender identities too. This is referring to the problems experienced by lesbian, gay and bi-sexual children. The class issue here being segregation, playground bullying and taunts. Although sex education had been part of the curriculum, either through lack of understanding and that of promoting a mainly heterosexual outlook on sex education, these children were left to fend for themselves. Yvette Taylor in her article entitled Intersections of class and sexuality in the classroom, states, ‘Such regulation applied to both sexual and classed expectations where, instead of imparting knowledge and offering ‘protection’, many experienced varied invalidations, confusions and uncertainties within schools as a result of who they were’. (Taylor, 2006, p. 449). Taylor goes on to discuss in length the re-percussions of being different, talking about lesbians as a whole. While discussing their problems two Scottish lesbians of working class felt that the whole system had let them down, this was furthered by Taylor when noting that even though the age group looked at, which was 16-64 years, nothing really had changed to protect innocent and vulnerable children all the way through the post-war period up to 1998. Although this study related to lesbians, the point could be made of gay boys too. Taylor points to another factor for these young girls, that of being removed from the school, she states, ‘Their families often lacked the requisite cultural and economic capitals to challenge their exclusions from school’. (Taylor, 2006, p. 451). Also Taylor points to the fact that some of the girls feared that if they told their parents that they were lesbians then they invariably would lose face with their own families.
Having looked extensively at education, this brings us to the point about wealth and how this correlates with the problem of education. To relate, is to argue that poverty is still prevalent today, if that is the case is the key argument for we are all middle class goes out of the question. Poverty is an unambiguous question when compared to what people really have and what they achieve is their middle class ness, having property is not the answer to this. How do we hold this argument up, within the modern ethos we are all alike. One journal article argues this point about ownership of housing and that of being middle class. It states, ‘drawing upon a range of secondary analyses of official data sources, has suggested that at least one-half all households living in poverty are home-owners’. (Burrows, 2003, p. 1224). If this is the state of play for assuming that we are all middle class because we own our own property, then one could argue what types of food these people eat. Studies on consumption rarely get a look in when discussing poverty with that of middle class ness. To have sufficient food on the table should be the primary factor in all human’s lives, this being to aid healthy living and longevity of life.
Breadline studies have become increasingly needed in the concept of general poverty lines and that of social acceptability. In the journal article Poverty and place in Britain, 1968-1999, it states, ‘The ‘rediscovery’ of poverty from the 1960s onwards, associated with the work of Townsend (1974, 1979) and others, reflects the now widely acceptable ‘relative deprivation’ understanding of poverty’. (Fahmy, 2011, p. 595). The article goes on to analyse in depth consumption patterns related to a breadline approach, meaning what one would normally expect to have. The figures are alarming, they show Britain in mapped out areas having more impoverished people in the latter part toward 1999, they found that by, 2001, 50% of Britain’s live below the breadline threshold. This is further evidence that the differing ideas on ‘we are all middle class now?’ fall short of the fact that to live comfortably in the notion that we are, then everyone would all have the same means at hand. The evidence however suggests not.
In conclusion, ever since the introduction of the Elizabethan Poor Law in 1601, there has been an abstract issue with those who fall below the breadline and what to do to better these people's lot in life. As seen in modern terms this still affects a vast proportion of people in Britain today. In this instance poverty has not been that far away for so many reasons. Those that have wanted more, those that try, never really succeed owing to a lack of social mobility, those that do succeed never really make it all the way to the top. Therefore in one’s own perception to answer the question, ‘Are we all middle class now?’ Can be answered owing to the point we obviously are not. To label a house as middle class ness is not really wealth, plus that not all achieve a good education also has its drawbacks. Marx argued the fact that society keeps certain people at the top and the rest underneath them that is a statement of fact. Having a fridge, telephone, computer, washing machine and all other necessities in modern life does not make one middle class. Nor does the idea that owning your own property and scrapping by, if your child is malnourished in the pursuit of trying to own your own home, one is invariably depriving the child of what is needed to sustain a happy, balanced life. Then maybe, they may achieve a better standard of education, plus the opportunities needed to succeed on their own. There is one other drawback with education that whereby all become over qualified, this has a twofold problem, one being too many people applying to get the same job. The second being, if you live with someone of high-ranking status in society, you will inevitably get the job. Depriving certain individuals and elevates those already at the top. That is not the middle class dream, most people hunt.

References
Burrows, R., 2003. How the other Half Lives: An Exploratory Analysis of the Relationship between Poverty and Home-ownership in Britain. Urban Studies, 40(7), pp. 1223-1242.
Carnevali, F. S. J.-M., 2007. 20th Century Britain, Economic, Cultural and Social Change. 2 ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
Coldron, J. C. C. S. L., 2010. Why are English secondary schools socially segregated?. Journal of Educational Policy, 25(1), pp. 19-35.
Fahmy, E. G. D. D. D. R. J. W. B., 2011. Poverty and place in Britain, 1968-99. Environmental and planning, Volume 43, pp. 594-617.
Taylor, Y., 2006. Intersections of class and sexuality in the classroom. Gender and Education, 18(4), pp. 447-452.
1944 Education Act, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/19440031/enacted, This Education Act was read, plus is mentioned in the text, only cited as 1944 Education Act.
1967 Education Act, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/19670003/enacted, This part of the Education Act was read, plus mentioned in the text, only cited as 1967 Education Act.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

From Middle Class to Murderers

...Aaron Lightsey Dr. Riggs History 1013 9 April 2012 From the Middle Class to Murderers Throughout the course of human history there have always been senseless acts of atrocities committed for one reason or another, whether it was the massacre of the Armenian Christians during and after World War I by the Ottoman Empire or the murders of some twenty million people by Joseph Stalin in Russia. It seems that mankind has a natural knack for the killing of each other. Evidence of this can be seen in some of the greatest technological advancements that have originally stemmed from inventions meant for devastation. What causes these acts of violence towards one another? History indicates that these actions may be caused by a sense of religious justification, economic factors, or aspirations for strengthening of an empire. However there can be more reasons than those of a political or religious nature. In many ways personal bias, environmental and psychological factors play heavily into some of the worst atrocities ever envisioned by mankind. This is the case argued in Christopher R. Browning’s book Ordinary Men. Christopher Browning’s book focuses on a key part of World War II that took place behind the scenes of the war, The Holocaust. The Holocaust led to the systematic death of millions of people. These innocent people were only guilty of being labeled as “undesirable” by a supposedly “superior race.” These people consisted of not only Jewish people, who were the majority,...

Words: 1619 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Indian Middle Class

...Who are the Indian Middle Class? A Mixture Model of Class Membership Based on Durables Ownership1, 2 Sudeshna Maitra Department of Economics, York University 1038 Vari Hall 4700 Keele Street Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 Email: smaitra@econ.yorku.ca Phone: 416-736-2100 Ext. 77052 Fax: 416-736-5987 July 2007 PRELIMINARY DRAFT, PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE! I sincerely thank Barry Smith, whose insights have greatly benefited this research. All remaining errors in the paper are my own. 2 The research was undertaken while I was Research Fellow at The Conference Board, New York, and I am grateful to Bart van Ark, Ataman Ozyildirim and June Shelp for comments and support. 1 Who are the Indian Middle Class? A Mixture Model of Class Membership Based on Durables Ownership Sudeshna Maitra York University July, 2007 ABSTRACT The size and consumption habits of the Indian middle class have evoked considerable interest in the media in the past two decades. Yet the definition of the middle class has been nebulous at best. I propose the use of a mixture model of class membership to identify and estimate the size of the lower, middle and upper classes in urban India, based on their distinct durables ownership patterns. Estimates using NSS data (55th Round, 1999-00) suggest that the urban middle class in India constitutes approximately 62% of urban households (which implies about 17% of all households) with mean ownership of 3 durable goods (out of 12). I also estimate the probability that......

Words: 6528 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Middle Class in India

...The Middle Class in India I was born in a middle class Indian family. Since the age I got to understand this world I saw my parents working hard all day and night. I learned at a very young age the struggles that my parents faced. I was good in studies from childhood and that was the biggest thing my parents were proud of. At the end of each long day my dad would say to my mom, "I will give my son the best education, he will not struggle like this. What I was unable to do, my son will do." My father wanted to become a doctor but could not make his dream true, as my grandfather didn't provide him money to get admission. That is when I understood that after being born in middle class how difficult it is to come up in life and become successful. There are innumerable hardships faced by a middle class man in his everyday life with less salary to meet up the necessities and his dream. Indian society can broadly be divided into three classes. On the top, there are the rich. They are the people who have got everything in plenty. At the bottom there are the poor. They are ill-fed and ill clad. It is seldom that they have their own houses to live in. In between these two classes, we have the middle class. The people belonging to this class are neither very rich nor very poor. They have to maintain themselves outwardly in a fitting and decent manner. Somewhere, hanging out of local trains, bargaining in the market and in the matrimonial columns of the Times of India is the Indian......

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Middle Class

...live in the middle class. I live in the middle class, my friends live in the middle class, and my teachers live in the middle class. The middle class are divided into three parts: the upper middle class, the mid-middle class and the lower middle class. What divides us all is, the amount of money we make. However, we count on each other to survive. The way that the economy is suffering is affecting us all. The state that the economy is in won’t let Americans change their status and have a better life than they were raised with. The Middle Class in the United States is suffering, they are the 99% of Americans that have to work to survive in America, usually children in the middle class don’t get to go to different classes. In paragraph 2 it’s states, “It said that we are becoming a society in which the poor tend to stay poor, no matter how hard they work.” This is true to most citizens in the United States and even other countries. There are only a few people that either: go above the middle class, go to the lower class, or in the lower class and just get up to the middle class. In paragraph 10 is states, “Very few children of the lower class are making their way to even moderate affluence. This goes along with other studies indicating that rags-to-riches stories have become vanishingly rare, and that the correlation between fathers' and sons' incomes has risen in recent decades. In modern America, it seems, you're quite likely to stay in the social and economic class into......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Middle Class in Latin Anerica

...Barickman INDV 150-Section C 1 February 2013 The Middle Class in Latin America Latin America went thought three different phases from the 1910s through today. In the 1910’s Latin America was ruled by large landowners who ruled the government and the liberal oligarchic regime that control the export economy. When the world wide economic crash of 1929/30 the liberal oligarchic regime fell and left Latin America with no way to support itself. After the crash the middle class and lower class started to fight for their rights and wanted more power in the political scene. By the late 1940’s most countries went through military coups because the large landowners and industrial owners where not happy that the government was helping the lower class and taking land from them. The middle was not a progressive middle class because since the 1910s, the upper class had all the power and if anything changed it was because the lower class was behind it. In Mexico the middle class was not making a difference because they did not have any power politically and they were such a small percentage of the population. The Mexican revolution started with the upper class in 1910. Francisco Madero, a wealthy landowner, overthrows the Porfirio Diaz dictatorship. Meanwhile the lower class, led by Zapata and Villa where demanding a land reform to the lower class. When Madero won the presidency in 1912 but he was never able to control the lower class and a year later he was overthrown and......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Winning Middle Class Family

...Winning the battle for China’s new middle class A huge wave of increasingly affluent consumers will constitute China’s urban majority by 2020. To serve them, multinationals must adapt—or be left behind. June 2013 | byMax Magni and Felix Poh The rapid emergence of a prosperous, more individualistic, and more sophisticated class of consumers in China is creating unprecedented opportunities and challenges for companies serving them. The opportunity is clear: in less than a decade, more than three-fourths of China’s urban households will approach middle-class status on a purchasing-power-parity basis (for details, see “Mapping China’s middle class”). But the market is rapidly bifurcating between a still large (but less affluent) mass market and a new, even bigger group of upper-middle-class consumers—one that’s so large and significant we’ve referred to it in the past as the “new mainstream.”1The people in this more affluent segment tend to live in China’s higher-tier cities and coastal areas, enjoy household incomes between 106,000 and 229,000 renminbi ($16,000 to $34,000) a year, and have opinions strikingly different from those of their mass-market middle-class counterparts.2 As China’s new upper middle class swells to include more than half of the country’s urban households by 2020—up from just 14 percent in 2012—it will strain many of today’s business models. Companies that have long catered to consumers trying to meet basic needs at affordable prices will face a......

Words: 2302 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Middle Class Growth in South Africa

...RACE, GENDER AND GROWTH OF THE AFFLUENT MIDDLE CLASS IN POSTAPARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA BIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE ECONOMIC SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA, UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE, BLOEMFONTEIN, SOUTH AFRICA, 25-27 SEPTEMBER 2013 Justin Visagie justinvisagie@gmail.com Abstract This paper examines the development of the middle class in post-apartheid South Africa, using data from the 1993 Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development, the 2000 Income and Expenditure Survey/Labour Force Survey and the 2008 National Income Dynamics Study. The affluent middle class are defined as individuals residing in a household with a per capita income of R1,400 – R10,000 per month in 2008 prices. The paper explores changes in the size of the middle class as well as the racial and gender profile of the middle class within the context of Black Economic Empowerment in South Africa. The affluent middle class experienced very modest growth over the period, only slightly ahead of population growth. There was however substantial churning in the racial composition of the middle class, with a large increase in the number of Africans accompanied by a fewer number of Whites. The gender profile of the middle class showed less conclusive evidence of transformation. The upper class similarly experienced significant racial transformation and more than doubled in size, and also accrued a higher share of total income (at the expense of the income shares of middle and lower classes). 1. Introduction......

Words: 2518 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

All We Need Is Love

...In America there seems to be a major problem. It has hindered this country since America was founded. It has been used against Native Americans, Japanese, and Black Americans. The problem is racism. If this country wants to become truly great racism must be eliminated. Racism is a blot on society that has transgressed mankind over hundreds of years. It is conscience of humans that few things are far superior to others. In his words, Martin Luther King wrote that “we (the citizens of the United States) are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial ‘outside agitator’ idea. Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds.” Hence, I feel that racism has no place in a united and progressive nation. Racial discrimination only leads to the corrosion of the foundation and structure that make the United States of America great. I find that there is truth in the writer’s statement that “freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” I can say that racism is a euphemism for dictatorship. As what history is telling us, persons in authority find it hard to relinquish their position and tend to be corrupted by power itself. This creates a state of dictatorship wherein the freedom of the people is greatly limited. Laws are created......

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Affluence of the Middle Class

...semester was full of incredible experiences and even more incredible people. Being in a class of over 5,000 students, I met many new people through my classes and extracurricular activities and became even closer with the friends I made last semester. Spring semester was more challenging academically than fall semester, as I finally started classes that count towards my Spanish minor and my Marketing/Public Relations double major. I have talked with my Honors advisor about potentially adding a Political Science major along with my other two, but he is advising me against it, as three majors might be too much for me to handle. Although the academic side of his semester was stressful, I became even more involved on campus, which was a great way to de-stress and give back to UGA. I became involved with UGA HEROs, which is an organization that raises money for children affected by HIV/AIDS in the Southeast. I am a subcommittee head for the Public Relations/Marketing Committee for HEROs, which allowed me help out the organization as much as I possibly could. Every HEROs team member has a personal fundraising goal of $400 for 2015. I, along with a few other kids on my committee, decided that we wanted to do more. So for this year, I am trying to raise $1,500 for our kids. I have already raised a little under $800, and am confident that I will be able to raise the other $700 when I return in the fall. All the money raised helps pay for the children to attend camps at Camp Twin......

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rip, the Middle Class

...Wells Bratton “RIP, the Middle Class: 1946-2013” Summary The author of “RIP, the Middle Class: 1946-2013” is trying to prove a point that the middle class is going away slowly and that soon there will only be the rich and the poor, but no in-between. He starts by talking about how in the 1960s and 1970s a high school dropout could make enough money to buy just about anything he wanted, and that a high school teacher could not even make that much. Nowadays if somebody wants to make enough money to buy almost everything that they want it takes four years of college along with a high school degree and that does not guarantee that. The story begins with the author telling a story his history teacher told him about a student he had that refused to study and finally dropped out. That student came back to him a year later and pointed out the window at a brand new Camaro and said, “That’s my car”. Meanwhile, the history teacher was driving a beat up station wagon because he did not make enough money to buy a new one. This is the main prowess of the story. The middle class has been steadily declining since then and if we do not do anything about it, it will soon be gone and there will only be the upper class and the lower class just like old times. In the 1980s, this period of “the Decade That Taste Forgot” ended and people began to show up to their jobs to find that the doors were locked and that they no longer had jobs. The lucky ones that were not fired were moved to......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rip, the Middle Class

...The term "middle class" is first attested in James Bradshaw's 1745 pamphlet Scheme to prevent running Irish Wools to France.[1][2] Another phrase used in Early modern Europe was "the middling sort".[3][4] The term "middle class" has had several, sometimes contradictory, meanings. It was once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry of Europe.[by whom?] While the nobility owned the countryside, and the peasantry worked the countryside, a new bourgeoisie (literally "town-dwellers") arose around mercantile functions in the city. In France, the middle classes helped drive the French Revolution.[5] Another definition equated the middle class to the original meaning of capitalist: someone with so much capital that they could rival nobles. In fact, to be a capital-owning millionaire was the essential criterion of the middle class in the industrial revolution. The modern usage of the term "middle class", however, dates to the 1913 UK Registrar-General's report, in which the statistician T.H.C. Stevenson identified the middle class as that falling between the upper class and the working class.[citation needed] Included as belonging to the middle class are professionals, managers, and senior civil servants. The chief defining characteristic of membership in the middle class is possession of significant human capital. Within capitalism, "middle class" initially referred to the bourgeoisie and the petite bourgeoisie. However,......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Middle Class

...I know I’m dating myself by writing this, but I remember the middle class. I grew up in an automaking town in the 1970s, when it was still possible for a high school graduate — or even a high school dropout — to get a job on an assembly line and earn more money than a high school teacher. “I had this student,” my history teacher once told me, “a real chucklehead. Just refused to study. Dropped out of school, a year or so later, he came back to see me. He pointed out the window at a brand-new Camaro and said, ‘That’s my car.’ Meanwhile, I was driving a beat-up station wagon. I think he was an electrician’s assistant or something. He handed light bulbs to an electrician.” In our neighbors’ driveways, in their living rooms, in their backyards, I saw the evidence of prosperity distributed equally among the social classes: speedboats, Corvette Stingrays, waterbeds, snowmobiles, motorcycles, hunting rifles, RVs, CB radios. I’ve always believed that the ’70s are remembered as the Decade That Taste Forgot because they were a time when people without culture or education had the money to not only indulge their passions, but flaunt them in front of the entire nation. It was an era, to use the title of a 1975 sociological study of a Wisconsin tavern, of blue-collar aristocrats. That all began to change in the 1980s. The recession at the beginning of that decade – America’s first Great Recession – was the beginning of the end for the bourgeois proletariat. Steelworkers showed...

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Globalization and Changes of Middle Class

...Globalization and changes of middle class essay Topic: Are middle class Victims or Winners of globalization The term ‘middle class,’ it is a vague word as the concept and the meaning of it has been changed over time. For example, in medieval era Europe, the classification of social classes was based on the descent such as nobles and peasants. The nobles in England were classified as high class even though they were lack of wealth. However, the peasants were not able to become high class no matter how wealthy they were, so the classification of peasants with wealth was classified as middle class. As the time flew and when the capitalism has taken place instead of hierarchy, the classification of middle class has changed once more which is mainly classified by the person’s occupation and the wealth the person has. For example of United Kingdom in 1911, the middle class was the class that falls between the upper class and the working class which are professionals, managers, and senior civil servants. However, nowadays, as the economy and technology has developed in fast pace, the definition of the middle class have changed once again that is determined according to the income level of a person. According to The Economics in February 2009, the definition of the middle classes is the people who have a reasonable income with stable job occupation. The Economics also pointed out that the number of middle classes has exploded from 1980s to 2000s. What can be the reason of such a...

Words: 2128 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

China Growing Middle Class

...CHINA’S MIDDLE CLASS GROWTH Talking about China is talk about an ancient country with a long tradition that has maintained through the centuries, China has a rich history, long lived tradition, firm beliefs and always has been a really big country with everything to succeed, the resources, the knowledge and the people, for every country the people is the most important factor to take into consideration, and China has the biggest population in the world, that is because before of 1850 China had a long time of prosperity and peace and due to that the population grew, then the people wanted more goods and the emperors didn’t want to open the commerce to foreign countries and they had big walls to international commerce because the emperors believed that foreign people were barbarians and they had it all inside of china and they didn’t need anything of foreigners, but the Chinese products like the silk, porcelain and tea leaves were high solicited in Europe and England decided to enter to the Chinese commerce, but how to do that in such adverse situations, well they decided to use a non-honorable way to get into, and that is why they introduced the opium to china to make them desire a product that they didn’t had, and the population became addict to the opium, and that released two wars in which China lose and due to that Hong Kong became a free commerce center according to an a agreement with the English and then one civil war took part in the history and was the biggest......

Words: 2054 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Middle Class in Brazil

...Russia, India and China, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development. According to Goldman Sachs, since the four BRIC countries are developing rapidly, by 2050 their combined economies could eclipse the combined economies of the current richest countries of the world. These four countries, combined, currently account for more than a quarter of the world's land area and more than 40% of the world’s population. Brazil is one of the countries, which are among the biggest and fastest growing emerging markets. It is now the 6th largest economy in the world after United States, China, Japan, Germany and France. This fast development is also accompanied by socio-economic changes, and more particularly to an evolution of social classes. Does Brazil really become a sustainable middle-class country? In order to answer to this problematic question, we are going to explain why the Brazilian middle-class can be qualified with the adjective « new », why it differs from middle-class existing in others developed countries and why there are some risks class C setbacks. Then, we are going to demonstrate, according to the definition of « middle-class », that Brazil owns every characteristics which allow to qualify her as a sustainable middle-class country. One of the most impressive results of Brazil's economic rise has been the explosion of the middle class, and the expansion of what is called the C Class. Beyond the stock market,......

Words: 4150 - Pages: 17