Premium Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By slpfroggy
Words 2167
Pages 9
Bafa Bafa
Concrete Experience
During this experiment I was part of the Beta Group, which consisted of learning how to speak Betan and learning the rules to trade other Betans to get seven cards of the same color in numerical order from 1 to 7. The other group, the Alphans, are a very “touchy group” and they only had one leader whom had to give permission to other guy Alphas to talk to a girl. Alphas were more about having fun while Betans were all about themselves trying to accomplish their own goal.
When it was my time to go observe the other group, it was so confusing. I had no idea what was going on or why people kept touching my arm when I got close to them. This was very strange and unexpected because I am not used to people invading my personal bubble like that. Also, we were handed a few cards and chips when we got in so we can join in on their game. While playing the game, someone pulled out a card, this card was a swear card, which in turn got the person kicked out of their society. No one from the Betan group knew what any of the cards meant so how should have we known this card was a swear card.
Each culture has their own way of doing things, and honestly I do not know which group I would want to belong to. The Alphans had a man controlling them and decided on whether another man could talk to a female. For someone living in my culture, that just seems wrong. Everyone should be equal. On the other end, the Betans were all equal, but it was all a competition to see who could trade the most sets. Life should not be about competitions, it should be having fun, like the Alphans do. Either was these cultures are away from the norm I am used to.
Reflective Observation: Each group, whether you were part of the Alphans or Betans, experienced a whole different world when they went out of the norm of their own culture. The Alphans, whom are used to having…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Dictionary of Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality

...approach to tourism development, and administration of funding under the National Development Plan, in conjunction with the Department of Tourism, Sport and Recreation. [] NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: UNITED KINGDOM AND IRELAND Association of Independent Museums (AIM) British voluntary organization of British Activity Holiday Association (BAHA) Trade association of operators of activity holidays (vacations), which provides, i.a., an advisory service to consumers. [] 211 National Organizations British Air Transport Association (BATA) Coordinating body which aims to assist by various means in the development of UK civil aviation. [] British Arts Festivals Association (BAFA) Coordinating body founded 1970 to encourage greater interest in arts festivals in Great Britain and abroad through joint marketing activities and provision of information. DICTIONARY OF TRAVEL, TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY British Association of Conference Destinations (BACD) Voluntary local government organization with membership open to any local authority in Great Britain, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, concerned with the development of Britain as a venue for meetings, conferences, exhibitions and incentive travel, and promotion in Britain and internationally. [] British Association of Hospitality Accountants (BAHA) Personnel association founded 1969 to promote the interests of......

Words: 133754 - Pages: 536

Premium Essay

The Text

... 3.23 4.06 4.32 5.88 7.85 8.03 11.56 8.52 8.01 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.87 1.96 1.86 1.58 2.71 3.17 2.37 3.33 4.46 7.38 7.87 6.01 10.79 4.85 6.56 – – – – – 1.70 1.64 1.49 1.77 2.12 1.92 1.69 2.76 2.53 2.08 2.27 4.23 4.07 3.33 5.63 5.85 8.79 6.76 6.95 8.85 3.89 4.39 – – – – – – 1.05 0.89 0.98 1.69 1.45 0.89 1.12 1.36 1.42 2.00 3.75 3.61 2.57 4.83 5.03 7.25 5.83 6.17 7.99 3.38 3.69 5.00 4.75 2.57 3.09 2.56 3.01 3.82 3.33 3.19 2.82 2.70 2.96 3.54 3.29 2.16 2.98 4.83 4.08 4.17 4.89 6.27 8.74 10.66 11.95 16.76 10.41 13.47 *Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2010 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA). † ource: Heren Energy Ltd. S ‡ ource: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week. S Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices). 27 Natural gas: trade movements 2010 Numbers in blue refer to liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade Numbers in black refer to pipeline trade Numbers in red refer to both pipeline and LNG trade Fold out to see full table 28 Natural gas: trade movements 2010 Billion cubic metres From Ka zak hs tan Ru ssi Fe an de rat ion Tur km en ist an Uz be kis tan Co lom bia Tri nid & T ad ob ag o Ye me n To North America US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Argentina Brazil Chile Dominican Republic Puerto Rico Uruguay Venezuela Europe & Eurasia Austria Armenia Azerbaijan...

Words: 44847 - Pages: 180

Premium Essay

Culture Dimensions and Barriers in Today’s Business World

...subsidiaries or (prospective) joint-venture partners. In such situations, the teams have to decide whose organizational culture should prevail, whether some type of a synergistic new culture should be established, and how to put all this into practice. Many of the standard works on cross-cultural training assume solo situations. Accordingly, the aim of the training is to learn to recognize, understand, and adjust to the local culture. However, globalization is creating more and more situations of the second type. The literature on how to proceed in such situations is just now beginning to merge. 7 To be sure, globalization is associated with some convergence of business practices and institutions. 8 Two of many such exercises are the Bafa-Bafa and the Barnga games. Both are simulation exercises on cultural clashes. Intercultural Communication in the workplace is becoming increasingly important in response to growing workplace diversity and globalization of business. World Learning for Business offers consulting, assessment and training to help its clients overcome barriers to successful intercultural business communication. Culture is a neutral term, neither good nor bad, and refers to the broadest conception about the learned knowledge that humans use to fulfill their needs and wants. It refers to the collective historical patterns, values, societal arrangements, manners, ideas, and ways of living that people have used to order their society. It is comprised of all......

Words: 5306 - Pages: 22

Free Essay


...Compliance,” or indeed in any other chapter. However, merely printing such phrases as “spirit attack,” “trance state,” and “cultural relativism” granted them an ex cathedra legitimacy. Where Merck went, others could follow without fear of sounding like cranks. Ten years ago, hardly any medical-school or residency curricula included cross-cultural training. In 1995, for the first time, the national guidelines for training psychiatry residents stipulated that they learn to assess cultural influences on their patients’ problems. In 1996, the American Academy of Family Physicians endorsed a set of “Recommended Core Curriculum Guidelines on Culturally Sensitive and Competent Health Care.” Among the resources suggested by the guidelines’ authors was BaFá BaFá, a simulation game in which the participants are divided into two mythical cultures, each assigned a different set of manners, conventions, and taboos. Each group inevitably misperceives the other by applying its own cultural standards; each inevitably offends the other; and each, until the groups meet at the end of the game to discuss the pitfalls of ethnocentrism, is inevitably certain that its culture is superior. Today most medical students at least brush shoulders with cross-cultural issues, and some form more than a glancing acquaintance. The University of Wisconsin recently developed an “integrated multicultural curriculum” that includes panel and group discussions, case conferences, student interviews, roleplaying......

Words: 134140 - Pages: 537

Premium Essay


...devices during class. Laptop Computers: Professional use of computers as educational tools to enhance the classroom learning is expected, not use for entertainment or checking email during class. Please confine the use of your laptop to class-appropriate materials. Please close the computer when asked. Schedule Daily Schedule (subject to change) Week 1 TUE 20 Jan 2009 6:30 – 7:30 – Course introduction and expectations; project assignments 7:45 – 9:00 - .decimal (40 mn present followed by Q&A) 9:00 – 9:30 – Dorothy Mays, Olin Library Research Librarian Read Chapter 1: Globalization – Individual Writing Assignment 1: Question 7a, b & c (p. 38) due prior to class on 1/27 Week 2 TUE 27 Jan 2009 Read Chapter 3: Culture Bafa Bafa Week 3 TUE 3 Feb 2009 Read Chapter 12: Entering Foreign Markets (market selection & modes of entry) Introduction to PEST SWOT GTM - Global Business Plan Case Study 1 - Ruth Chris: The High Stakes of International Expansion Dorothy Mays can return to class for consultations (6:30 – 7:00, please confirm) Week 4 FRI 10 Feb 2009 Meet at .decimal (6:30 start at 6:45) - tour of facility, general Q&A – Breakout sessions: teams will meet with .decimal leadership team individually, be prepared with questions relative to your team’s assignment Read Chapter 2: Differences in Political Economy Read Chapter 8: Regional Economic Integration Week 5 TUE 17 Feb 2009 Read Chapter 9: Foreign Exchange Markets Read Chapter 10:......

Words: 3413 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Cross Culture

...information about a foreign culture is transmitted to members of another culture. The main objective is to train people to interact in a variety of situations in a specific culture. Games and exercises Games are an important tool for imparting understanding and empathy in cross-cultural situation when they are set up to parallel real life situations. A leader provides guidance in the playing of a game and also in the discussion which follows. As the game progresses participants become so engrossed in it that they lose many of their inhibitions. The success of game playing varies greatly in accordance with the expertise of the instructor. The following are some simulation games. 130 Global Perspectives, Local Initiatives ● ● ● BAFA BAFA: This is a game to demonstrate experientially, the cultural norms and roles and the intercultural communication problems which develop when such cultures interact. The game may take 1 1⁄2 hours. FIRO B (fundamental interpersonal relations orientation): This exercise is designed to measure an individual’s expressed behavior towards others and the behaviour he/she wants from others, from the dimensions of inclusion; control, and affection. East-west simulation: This game involves two groups of players, one representing of western culture, the other an eastern culture. The goal is for one to negotiate and obtain a national treasure of the other group. This game, which may take two hours to complete, consists of three phases: 1. Role......

Words: 4779 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Bafa Bafa

...BaFa BaFa is a cultural game which consist of two cultures, the Alpha and the Beta. The Alpha were more friendly and did not care to much for competition. They also like to touch and speak very close to one another. The males for the Alpha were of higher importance then women. As for the Beta they were all about competition and were always moving around. They also speak in a different language. I was chosen to be an Alpha. As in Alpha I did as I was told but when it was time to visit the Beta I was nervous. As I entered the room everyone was walking around no one really greeted me. All they were interested in was competing to get certain playing cards. I could not understand them and I felt lost and confused. I wanted to get back to my own community. I can how one may feel discriminated or feel as if they were being prejudice towards them. As we ended the experiment we discussed how we felt and what we thought and one person stood out to me the most. A young lady in the Beta group pointed out that after visiting the Alpha group she went back and told the Beta group to tell the alpha group that they had no male relatives. Since in the Alpha group we put males on a higher scale we would ask a lot of questions about their dads, granddad, brothers and uncles. At that moment I felt as if she was a bit prejudice against us. She said it wasn’t fair that we put so much importance on the males, that women matter too. I can understand her point of view. But she took it upon......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Corporate Social Reporting: a Tool to Discharge Corporate Accountability or to Enhance Managerial Capture? responsibility reporting by the global hotel industry: Commitment, initiatives and performance. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(3), pp.896-905. Holcomb, J.L., Upchurch, R.S., Okumus, F., 2007. Corporate social responsibility: what are top hotel companies reporting? International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 19, 461–475. Hopwood, A. (2009). Accounting and the environment. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 34(3-4), pp.433-439 Kent, P. and Zunker, T. (2013). Attaining legitimacy by employee information in annual reports. Acc Auditing Accountability J, 26(7), pp.1072-1106. Larrinaga, C. (2014). The institutionalization of sustainability reporting; working paper presented at the 50th BAFA (British Accounting and Finance Association). Conference. Michelon, G., Pilonato, S. and Ricceri, F. (2014). CSR reporting practices and the quality of disclosure: An empirical analysis. Critical Perspectives on Accounting. Neu, D., Warsame, H. and Pedwell, K. (1998). Managing Public Impressions: Environmental Disclosures in Annual Reports. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 23(3), pp.265-282. O’Dwyer, B. (2003). Conceptions of corporate social responsibility: the nature of managerial capture. Acc Auditing Accountability J, 16(4), pp.523-557 Scott, W. R.: 1995, Institutions and Organizations (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA). Smith, J., Haniffa, R. and Fairbrass, J. (2010). A Conceptual Framework for......

Words: 2671 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Will Do Next Time know someone, you create a larger personal space. It is considered bad luck and bad manners to establish much physical distance between yourself and someone you do not know. After the strangers and the in-group interact for awhile, conclude the simulation and debrief the participants. Discuss in very specific terms how your students sought to cope with their anxieties and uncertainties. One problem with exercises such as this is that they encourage people to overestimate the effect of cultural identity on the behavior of people in an alien society and blur individual distinctions—a problem that Griffin mentions in the chapter section entitled “Enter the Stranger” (427). If you enjoy using simulations, you may wish to consider trying “Bafa, Bafa,” which is available commercially. Howell’s levels of communication competence When Em Griffin teaches this chapter, he places particular emphasis on the levels of competence (431-32). He wants to make sure his students understand why unconscious competence—which may be a good quality in situations such as sports or music—may be harmful in the context of intercultural communication. Griffin also enjoys using the cartoon on 430 as a humorous, yet efficient and memorable way to unpack many elements of the theory, including the stranger, mindfulness, anxiety, uncertainty, and motivation to interact. Finally, Griffin makes a point of reviewing the idea that some anxiety and uncertainty are necessary to keep us on our communicative toes.......

Words: 159106 - Pages: 637

Premium Essay

Practies of Nursing

...opportunities. 10. Include in your organization’s new staff orientation, expectations, mission statement, and values, with regard to cultural diversity. Content might include a. Practice standards for cultural competence. b. Cultural competency critical thinking exercises taught via interactive videos, role play, case studies, and dialogue. c. Participation in cultural simulation group activities. 11. Examples of specific cultural competency resources: Downloaded from by Marty Douglas on September 27, 2011 325 Douglas et al. a. The CLAS Standards (National Standards for Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services) in health care (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001). b. “Bafa Bafa” (Shirts, 2001) and “BARNGA” (Thiagarajan & Thiagarajan, 2006) cultural simulations. c. Culturally Competent Nursing Modules (Kenny, 2007). d. Cultural Competency Curriculum Modules (designed for physicians, but also carries accreditation for APNs; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d.-b). e. “Coming together” (2008) DVD. f. “Dignity and Respect: Showing Our Patients Cultural Sensitivity” (2006) DVD. Standard 8: Education and Training in Culturally Competent Care Nurses shall be educationally prepared to promote and provide culturally congruent health care. Knowledge and skills necessary for assuring that nursing care is culturally congruent shall be included in global health care agendas that......

Words: 12731 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Puma Pestle

...different on some very essential issues. That is why it is important for the company to implement with business strategy that will deal with the media that will recognize as well a deal with the difference, rather than changing the views of the journalist (Evans 1987, p. 160). Another important factor that must be considered under the media is the presence of the Internet where in people and organization can put anything that they want to say. The said thing can affect the brand and image of the company. The product or service of a company is what it is and what the customer think it is. Company may have the services that are being offered in the market but a customer won’t avail anything if he or she thinks that someone else out there is better (BAFA n.d.). Due to the fact that the company had already established its name in the market, and it had a history of giving their customers quality product, it wasn’t that hard for Puma AG to reestablished its name in the industry. On the other hand, it is hard to regain, in quick manner its prior company image.             In the process planning and implementing specific business strategy it is important to use fashion and role models that will help the brand to spread and rise brand awareness to the possible customers. The image of the models of the brand is also important; this is due to the fact that those artist or individual can be considered as part of the brand itself. Seeing famous individuals from different fields of......

Words: 2344 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Cultural Negotiations

...Business Publishing Leverage Communal Space vs. Personal Space ======================================================================================= Mar 7 Negotiation Exercise #6 "Fifth Street Jewelers" Frey, Sherwood C. Jr. Case No. UVA-QA-0705. Published 07/18/2007, Darden Business Publishing Ethics in Negotiations Flexible Time vs. Linear Time ======================================================================================= 14 Mid-Term Exam ======================================================================================= 21 No Class—Spring Break ======================================================================================= 28 BaFa Bafaa ======================================================================================= Apr 4 Negotiation Exercise #7 "Sony America Latina “Yupi Internet” “” Clyman, Dana R.; Davis, Rodney; Plankey, Timothy. Case No. UVA-QA-0578. Published 10/18/2001, Darden Business Publishing Preparing Your Strategy ======================================================================================= 11 Negotiation Exercise #8 “TONA Foundry." “DOSA Motor Manufacturing” Laseter, Timothy M.; Byme, Silas; Swerdlow, Dorian. Case No. UVA-OM-1348. Published 9/12/2008, Darden Business......

Words: 2355 - Pages: 10