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Bios 132

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BIOS 132
Week 7 Lab

Exercise 1. Use the World Bank's definitions for low income countries, lower middle income countries, upper middle income countries, and high income countries. Select a country in each category and complete the speadsheet for exercises 1- 3 located above. The World Bank and CIA Factbook websites are in the course webliography and should be used to help complete your table.

World Bank classifications:
High income = GNI per capita $11,906 or more (North America - $46,900)
Upper middle income = GNI per capita $3,856 - $11,905 (Latin America and Caribbean - $10,200)
Lower middle income = GNI per capita $976 - $3,855 (Asian Pacific - $1,600)
Low income = GNI per capita $975 or less (Africa - $300)

Exercise 2. Starting with a hypothetical population of 14,000 people and an even age distribution (1,000 in each age group from 1-5 to 66-70 years), assume that the population initially has a total fertility rate of 2.0 and an average life span of 70 years. Using the spreadsheet for exercises 1-3, estimate how the population will change from this generation to the next under each of the following conditions.

a. Total fertility rate and life expectancy remain constant.
Population stays at 14,000.

b. Total fertility rate changes to 4.0; life expectancy remains constant.
Population goes from 14,000 to 28,000.

c. Total fertility rate changes to 1.0; life expectancy remains constant.
Population goes from 14,000 to 7,000.

d. Total fertility rate remains at 2.0; life expectancy increases to 100.
Population goes from 14,000 to 20,000.

e. Total fertility rate remains at 2.0; life expectancy decreases to 50.
Population goes from 14,000 to 10,000.

F. Total fertility rate changes to 4.0; life expectancy increases to 100.
Population goes from 14,000 to 40,000.

Most developed countries have infant mortality rates of around 5…...

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