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Case Study: Livelihood Component of Ecotourism Projects in Palaui Island of Santa Ana Cagayan

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LIVELIHOOD COMPONENT OF ECOTOURISM PROJECTS IN
PALAUI ISLAND OF SANTA ANA CAGAYAN

A Case Study
Submitted to the Faculty of the
College of International Tourism and Hospitality Management
Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Tourism Management

EREKA MAE I. OBOR
July 27, 2015
Introduction
Palaui Island is a 7,415-hectare island that has been declared as a Marine Reserve under the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992 and categorized as a Protected Landscape and Seascape. It is part of the Cagayan Special Economic Zone and Freeport managed by the Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA), a government-owned and controlled corporation.
Palaui Island is now considered a model for ecotourism development. It has been declared by CNN in 2012 as the 25th among the top 100 beaches in the world. Then in 2013 it was ranked by CNN as 10th among the top 100 beaches in the world. It also became the site of the Blood and Water episode of Survivor US, increasing its popularity even more.
Palaui is a natural destination that also boasts of a centuries-old lighthouse Cabo de Faro Engano. The Cape Engaño Lighthouse in Palaui Island dates back to the Spanish regime and is the only operational lighthouse in the northeastern coast. The island boasts of rich marine resources and uncontaminated environs and has been declared under Coastal Environmental Protection (CEP) by the DENR and is very ideal for ecotourism activities.
Palaui has an organized group of island residents called Palaui Environmental Protectors' Association (PEPA) are actively engaged in the provision of various services to visitors. They had been capacitated by Blue Water Consultancy in many skills including guideship services, community spa management, camp site development, trail management, among others. Palaui became the living laboratory of tourism planners Louie and Chen Mencias who have developed innovative planning tools and framework that are now being replicated in many ecotourism destinations in the country. Being a protected area, it is being managed by a multi-sectoral body called Protected Area Management Board or PAMB. It has set of strict protocols and rules to protect the island from irresponsible tourism.
Content
The Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA) based in Santa Ana town where the island is located, is intended to return Palaui, known for its Spanish-era lighthouse, to its pristine splendor and continuously maintain its unspoiled land and seascape.
Part of this effort is the rehabilitation of the coral reefs surrounding the island through “reeforestation.” The “reeforestation” program includes restoring the island’s mangrove forests, transporting live corals from elsewhere to naturally attach to existing corals, and seeding giant clams among the corals, with all fishery resources to be sourced from the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR).
The rehabilitation effort is a result of the awareness of the extent of environmental degradation of the island and its surrounding waters brought about by over-exploitation of resources by locals and tourists.
Also taken into consideration are the native settlers, the Agtas or Agays, on the island, which lies along the northern tip of Santa Ana town. The involvement of local villagers in the effort to rebuild reefs and improve fishery on the island will enhance tourism and boost the local’s fishing livelihood.
Selected local residents have been trained as tour guides to explain the significance of various locations and natural formations on the island, with the tour leading to the fabled lighthouse. Other locals are trained as reef rangers or snorkeling guides, paddling guides, trek guides or birding guides, among others. The training program aims to capacitate the community and to provide life-enhancing experiences to the visitors of their communities. It also includes secondary enterprises, such as catering, arts and craft, community spa and nature village, among others, to supplement the tourism needs.
Blessida Diwa, regional director of the Department of Tourism (DOT), said the DOT will help promote the island as one of Northern Luzon’s tourism destinations, highlighting its snorkeling and scuba diving potentials.
Recommendation
The discovery of Palaui Island’s potential is worth giving an effort for it becomes one of Cagayan Valley’s prime eco-tourism gems. The support given by Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA) as well as the Department of Environment and Natural Resources Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau’s (DENR-PAWB) and Department of Tourism (DOT) help a lot for sustaining and improving the island yet giving contribution to the economy.
Indeed, the landscape and seascape of the island are stunningly beautiful and well preserved that they need to remain such for many years. Tourism can be beneficial but it can also destroy. Irresponsible tourism result to vandalism, garbage problem, collection of plants and animals for souvenirs and cultural erosion. So as a tourism practitioner I recommend that the authority should be very strict regarding these matters. Like, effectively implement protocol and rules in the island. I believe that years from now many tourists will come to visit Palaui and when it happen we can deny the fact that irresponsible tourism will occur. So as early as now they should have plans in preventing those results of irresponsible tourism
Another recommendation is that, they should to follow and keep on track the proposed plans of the involved national agencies and non-governmental organizations because they are all having a same goal towards sustaining, improving and promoting the island. The idea of founding CSEZFP which is managed by CEZA and PEPA is very impressive.

Conclusion
Declared as a Marine Reserve under the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992 and categorized as a Protected Landscape and Seascape, Palaui Island is now considered a model for ecotourism development. It has been declared by CNN in 2012 as the 25th among the top 100 beaches in the world. Then in 2013 it was ranked by CNN as 10th among the top 100 beaches in the world. It also became the site of the Blood and Water episode of Survivor US, increasing its popularity even more.
The goals of this ecotourism projects are the rehabilitation of the coral reefs through “reeforestation”, the enhancement of local’s fishing livelihood and the training program of selected locals for becoming a tour guide, snorkeling guide, paddling guide, trek guide or birding guide.
The key issue(s) of this ecotourism project is just the rehabilitation effort is a result of the awareness of the extent of environmental degradation of the island and its surrounding waters brought about by over-exploitation of resources by locals and tourists.
Recommendations are the effectiveness of implementing protocol and rules in the island and following the proposed plans of the involved national agencies and non-governmental organizations for the development of Palaui Island.

References * http://palaui.blogspot.com/

* http://meltormes.wordpress.com/2013/08/10/cezas-sustainable-practices-benchmark-ecotourism-sites-nationwide/

* http://www.manilatimes.net/palaui-becoming-tourist-destination/178606/

* http://www.ecotourismphilippines.net/ecotourism-sites.html

* http://www.visitmyphilippines.com/index.php?title=Cagayan&func=all&pid=1008&tbl=0

* http://www.palaui.info/

* http://www.philstar.com/good-news/481250/efforts-save-cagayans-palaui-island…...

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