Free Essay

Changes in Bill Hb 1937

In: Social Issues

Submitted By yz7842
Words 2214
Pages 9
Texas Government – Final Assignment After the first introduction of HB 1937 bill, the Texas Government Code 3106 was then further developed by many other bills like HB 1977, HB 1164 and SB 877, etc. Over the past years, those changes have made the Stars of Texas awards become an award which not only honors more and more people, but also encourages more and more people to get engaged in Texas security building work.
Generally speaking, by having the bill of HB 1937, Gallego, the author of the bill, wanted the men and women whose profession was peace officer, firefighters or emergency medical first responders across Texas, and who have been killed or injured in the line of duty to be honored by Texas government. In 2003, when the bill was first introduced, Gallego, made clear definition of professions relating to Texas memorial medal of valor awards (this award was named star of Texas Awards after the review of House Committee). For example, in his introduced bill of HB 1937, he explained the meaning of “Emergency medical first responder”, “Firefighter”, and “Peace officer”.
And, Gallego intended to clarify who would be able to issue the award, who would be able to receive the award, and who would be able to decide the recipients of the award. For instance, Gallego said that the Texas Peace Officers Memorial Medal of Valor Advisory Committee shall advise the governor on the issuance of the award. Also, Gallego mentioned the committee consists of three current or retired peace officers appointed by the governor and those three peace members of committee should have served with distinction.
When Gallego’s bill was reviewed by the House Committee, the House Committee made some changes. For instance, the definition of “Emergency medical first responder” was changed. Gallego defined the emergency medical first responder as the medical service provider who provides prehospital care before the sick or injured gets to a medical facility. The House Committee wrote that as long as the medical service provider provides urgent on-site medical care, he/she is considered to be an “Emergency medical first provider”.
In my opinion, the House committee made this change because the word “on-site” is much briefer than Gallego’s original explanations. And also, if there’s a bomb explosion in a hospital caused by terrorists, and the doctors who work in that hospital make every effort to save people’s lives “on-site” even if they are not required to do so, they should of course be eligible for Stars of Texas awards. Because they might face the second attack from the terrorists, but in order to save people’s lives in time, they choose to stay and help rather than evacuate. And is this case, Gallego’s explanation of “Emergency medical first responder” would not recognize those doctor as eligible recipients of this award because they are at hospital. There was also an amendment of Gallegos’s original bill. The amendment was “A member of an advisory committee may not receive compensation (, but is entitled to reimbursement of the) for service on the committee or reimbursement for travel expenses incurred while conducting the business of the committee (, as provided in the General Appropriations Act)”. This amendment made the bill much briefer. For example, Gallego explained the reason that why committee members cannot have compensations for their work by saying his idea was provided by the General Appropriate Act. But in my opinion, he didn’t need to do so because the Senate Committee would check if his opinion or not. And if the bill was approved, it already showed everything stated in it was legal. Therefore Gallego didn’t need to explain why his opinions were legal.
When Gallego’s bill was reviewed by the Senate Committee, the Senate Committee also made some changes. For example, the Senate Committee added that September 11th would be the Texas First Responders Day in honor of the bravery of Texas men and women who assisted others in emergencies. This addition could encourage more people to get engaged in helping others, not only peace officers, firefighters, and emergency medical first responders.
And, the Texas First Responders Day shall be regularly observed by appropriate ceremonies in public schools and other places according to the bill. Although other professions could not get a medal, the Texas First Responders Day suggested that anyone in Texas who helped someone else would be honored by Texas. Also, holding ceremonies in places like public schools can better teach kids to be brave and better encourage those kids to become engaged in helping others.
In HB 1977, it mentioned the issuance a Star of Texas license plate to any recipient of a Star of Texas Award. In my opinion, the issuance of the special license plate could make the recipient of Star of Texas Award be more recognizable in public, and therefore they could get more respect from the public. However, in the report of House Committee, the license plate part was cancelled. In other words, they House Committee did not approve the issuance of special license plate to any Star of Texas Award Recipient. And also, in the enrolled version of this bill, there was no words about the issuance of Star of Texas license plate.
I think it is not necessary to make a Star of Texas Award recipient so recognizable in public, because it is unfair to other award winners who make contribution in other areas if they don’t have a special license plate. And if the government issues various kinds of license plates to various award winners, it will not only cause financial costs, but also adding extra work to the department of motor vehicles. And I think those are the reasons that the license plate idea was rejected.
In the introduced version of HB 1977, there were few changes on words compared to HB 1937. For example, it HB 1977, it has the following changes, “the Peace Officers’ Star of Texas award shall (“shall” used to be “may”) be awarded to each (“each” used to be “a”) peace officer who is seriously injured in the line of duty and the surviving next of kin of each (“each” used to be “a”) peace officer who is killed or sustain a fatal injury in the line of duty”. And those changes were approved and kept in the enrolled version. In my opinion, the word “shall” and “each” both have stronger tone. It means it’s the Texas government responsibility to award and honor everyone who is eligible for the Star of Texas Award. I also think those two changes better protect the benefits of people who are eligible for the award, because the government now has no excuse if it makes mistakes and forgets to award someone eligible by playing around with the word - “may”. Also, the word “each” has a stronger tone than the word “a”. Therefore it can show the determination of the government to honor every single person who is eligible for the Stars of Texas awards.
In the year of 2007, the code was further developed by the bill of HB 1164 80(R). The background of the HB 1164 was Brian Powell, a current professor at Midland College received a letter from a mother of a federal agent. The agent was killed while assisting Texas peace officers. This mother believed that her child should deserve the award, but the code at that time said only peace officers, emergency medical first responder, and firefighters would be eligible to get the award. To make this agent and other federal law enforcement officers like this agent to be eligible for Star of Texas awards, the HB 1164 bill was proposed.
In the bill, it says a federal law enforcement officer or special agent has been killed or seriously injured while performing duties in this state to assist a state or local law enforcement agency is also eligible for the Star of Texas awards. I think this change is a huge success because it does not limit the range of award recipients by their identity, but by what they have done. For anyone who has made sacrifice and made contribution to Texas peace and security, he/she should be honored with the Star of Texas awards. And gladly, this change was passed by the Senate Speaker of the House and it was kept in the enrolled version of the bill.
In 2013, Patrick proposed the bill SB 877 to further complete the Government Code 3106. He added the definition of “Next of kin” by saying “the relative in the nearest degree of relationship to a deceased person, including the person’s spouse, child, parent, or siblings”. As far as I am concerned, this addition can make the award committee become clearer when selecting who should be the “next of kin”.
There is one more great improvement that SB 877 bill has achieved. The bill states that a private citizen can also be eligible for a Citizen’s Star of Texas award if he/she is seriously injured while assisting a peace officer, firefighter, or emergency medical first responder during the performance of their duties. This change can help honor more people who are involved in the work of peace and security building of Texas.
And gladly, the bill was passed. This bill not only honors the private citizens who have made sacrifice to Texas peace and security building, but also encourages more people to get engaged in Texas peace and security building work. Keeping Texas a peaceful place is not only the work of firefighters, emergency medical responders, peace officers or other law enforcement officers, it is the job of every Texas citizen. Therefore, citizens should get involved in the security building work and the one who has made great sacrifice should be honored.
The establishment of the Stars of Texas awards has honored many first responders and their families for their extraordinary work. In the first year of this award, which is 2004, only three persons were awarded. They were Scott Poole from Wichita Falls Police Department, Charles Krenek from Lufkin Fire Department and Paul Lujan from CareStar Air Ambulance Service, Odessa. But after 2004, there are more and more people awarded. For instance, in 2013, there were 72 persons who were awarded by Starts of Texas awards. To some degree, I think the establishment of this prize not only honors first responders but also encourages more people to be brave and dedicated for helping others. And the growing number of award recipients can somehow prove it.
And in my opinion, it is not only the pass of the bill of HB 1937 and the establishment of Stars of Texas awards that get more people become active in helping others in emergencies, but also the following bills like HB 1977 which have further developed the Government Code 3106. Because of those following bills, the code makes more people eligible for this award, and therefore encourage people from different professions become actively engaged in helping others in emergencies. The award itself is important, but what’s more important is the ideology of helping others has been spread by this award.
In conclusion, the HB 1937 bill has been further developed by many other reviews and bills. Those changes make the original version of Galleto’s HB 1937 become more clearly stated. And those changes have taken more situations into consideration to make the award become a better tool to spread the ideology of helping others in emergencies, such as having a Texas First Responders Day and having Citizens’ Star of Texas Award. Some changes seem to be minor changes, like change the word “may” into “shall” and “a” into “each”, but they have stronger suggestions of the government’s determination of honoring the first responders and their families who have made sacrifice on their duties of line.

Citations:
Office of the Year Awards." Facilities 8.11 (2014): 17-22. Web. 9 Aug. 2015.
80(R) HB 1164 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text." 80(R) HB 1164 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
Patrick. "83(R) SB 877 - Introduced Version - Bill Text." 83(R) SB 877 - Introduced Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
Gallego. "78(R) HB 1937 - Introduced Version - Bill Text." 78(R) HB 1937 - Introduced Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
"78(R) HB 1937 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text." 78(R) HB 1937 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
78(R) HB 1937 - House Committee Report Version - Bill Text." 78(R) HB 1937 - House Committee Report Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
Patrick. "83(R) SB 877 – House Committee Report Version - Bill Text." 83(R) SB 877 - Introduced Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
Patrick. "83(R) SB 877 – Senate Committee Report Version - Bill Text." 83(R) SB 877 - Introduced Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
80(R) HB 1164 – Introduced Version - Bill Text." 80(R) HB 1164 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.
"80(R) HB 1164 – House Committee Report Version - Bill Text." 80(R) HB 1164 - Enrolled Version - Bill Text. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2015.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essay on House Bill 1253

...| House Bill 1253 | | | | 1 | | Every year there are many laws that are added or revised in the state of Missouri along within in the United States. I think it is a great thing that we go back and revise laws, because nothing ever stays the same. In our society things change every day and sometimes it can be hard to keep up with. I was looking through some pending laws and one caught my eye. The house bill number is 1253 (HB1253). This bill has to do with our criminal justice system and it is sponsored by Don Ruzicka. The HB1253 currently includes that someone convicted of a crime or pleads guilty is subject to restitution, perform free work, treatment programs, work release programs, and community-based residential and nonresidential programs. The portion that is pending approval is that those who are convicted or plead guilty, will have to provide payment of prosecutorial and investigative costs which can include: salaries of employees of the prosecuting or circuit attorney’s office, investigation agencies and the probation and parole office. Not only are they to pay these costs, but there will be a time frame and punishment for those who do not. In each judgment, that is given these costs must be included, whether the defendant has the ability to pay or not. The defendant will be required to pay the amount by a specific date and if it is not paid the defendant can be arrested. The circuit court will be able to collect from any......

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bill

...Bill Davis Davis 1 Professor ENG 111 15 September 2010 Not Your Typical Fast Food Restaurant When you first look think of McDonald’s, you probably think of just a place to pick up a quick, cheep meal. In some cases, this is true. McDonalds is one of the most widely known and popular fast food restaurants around the world. It may not be a place for a romantic date, but there are not too many places you can go have a dinner with your family with the bill coming out to be under twenty dollars. Sure the food may be unhealthy, but it is the cheapest and most efficient route to satisfying your appetite. This may be why McDonald’s has become such a powerful food chain. But after visiting I realized the many different features that make this restaurant so attracting to people. Around lunchtime at noon, I walked across the parking lot, I noticed the drive through was packed with people just waiting to get their meals and get on the road. So I walked inside the doors of the McDonald’s, passed the cashier, and took a seat in one of the booths in the dining area. The booths were big and comfortable and they were all along walls of the dining area. This area was designated for people that wanted to sit down and enjoy their meals. People are spread out around the tables and booths far enough to where they are not invading other peoples conversations. ...

Words: 947 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hbs Bea Associates Case Study

...HBS BEA Associates Case Study By Siyu Liu Garrett Stevenson Michael Cinelli Mohammed Shahruz BEA Associates is an investment advisory firm founded as Basic Economic Appraisals in 1934. As of March 31, 1992, the firm manages $15.4 billion, representing over 164 institutional clients. BEA’s investment philosophy emphasizes return enhancement as well as risk control. BEA has been consistently earning returns in excess of the index averaging 80 basis points per annum by using enhanced equity index funds and enhanced cash strategies with various arbitrage-like techniques. BEA’s new enhanced index client is a Luxembourg subsidiary of a Japanese life insurance company. Jeffrey Geller and David DeRosa, derivatives portfolio manager at BEA Associates, are considering alternative ways of investing $100 million provided by this client. They want to find the most attractive combination of derivative and cash market positions to achieve the client’s objective of outperforming the S&P 500 stock index by 50 basis points in a low risk manner. The current alternatives are shown in Exhibit 1 in the Appendix. This case study will discuss the first three index synthetic alternatives. A general equity index fund is a type of fund that tracks the performance of a particular stock index with the objective of earning the average market return of the selected index stock portfolio. While an enhanced equity index fund invests based on benchmark indexes like the S&P 500, it offers the......

Words: 1623 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Bill

...ECPSC- 2013 CURRENT AFFAIRS HANDOUT NO 13 LOKPAL BILL 1. Background. (a) The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) while recommending the constitution of Lokpal was convinced that such an institution was justified not only for removing the sense of injustice from the minds of adversely affected citizens but also necessary to instill public confidence in the efficiency of the administrative machinery. Following this, the Lokpal Bill was for the first time presented during the fourth Lok Sabha in 1968, and was passed there in 1969. However, while it was pending in the Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha was dissolved, and so the bill was not passed at that time. (b) The bill was revived in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2008 most recently in 2011. Each time, after the bill was introduced to the house, it was referred to some committee for improvements a joint committee of parliament, or a departmental standing committee of the Home Ministry, and before the government could take a final stand on the issue, the house was dissolved. Several flaws have been cited in the recent draft of the Lokpal Bill. Meanwhile the activists of India Against Corruption (IAC) have prepared a draft for the bill called Jan Lokpal Bill. 2. Composition of Lokpal. The Lokpal will be a three member body with a chairperson who is or was a chief justice or Supreme Court judge, and two members who are or have been high courts judges or chief justices. The basic framework of......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bill Cosby

...Bill Cosby: Hello Friend/Ennis William Cosby Foundation Celebrities are individuals who have achieved things that are renown and known by many people. One notable celebrity is William Henry “Bill” Cosby Jr. Bill Cosby is an extremely well known celebrity in the entertainment world, and in his charity work. Television in the 1960’s showed very few racial minorities. (Hillstrom, 51) But Bill Cosby still became a successful actor and comedian against all odds. Bill Cosby also has taken part in various charity work. His most well known charity work was his work done with the Hello Friend Ennis William Cosby Foundation. His charity work was to complete a 5 year plan to address needs and capabilities of all students (“Bill Cosby”). Bill Cosby was born in Philadelphia on July 12, 1937, and was the oldest of 4 boys. His mother was Anna Pearl Cosby and his father was William Henry Cosby (“Bill Cosby: Actor, Comedian, Author” 112). Cosby lived a somewhat hard childhood. His little brother James died of rheumatic fever when he was only 6 (“Bill Cosby”). Cosby loosing his brother was a tough experience for him. Cosby also had a rough time in school as well. Cosby was captain of baseball and track teams in high school, Cosby’s grades in school were slipping though from his busy schedule of sports and work “(Bill Cosby: Actor, Comedian, Author” 112). As Cosby became older he began to follow his fathers footsteps. In 1956, Cosby Joined the US Navy (“Bill Cosby”). Cosby’s roots of the......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

In the Context of the Period 1825-1937, to What Extent Was the First Five Year Plan (1928-1933) the Most Successful Change to Russian Economic Output?

...annual rate of 3-4 percent compared to the dormant pre-revolutionary precedent of less than one percent. Quantitative growth in livestock was accompanied by improvements in milk and meat yields. This shows that economic output was increasing within the Russian economy. However when this is compared with Livestock figures when Stalin had decided to revive collectivisation, livestock figures took a heavy fall in numbers. This became obvious more so when output of agriculture declined with cattle figures going from 52.3 million in 1930 to 38.4 million in 1933 and the harvest of grain being 83.5 million in 1930 lowering to 68.4 million in 1933. Economically, collectivisation appears to have been a disaster and clearly failed to successfully change economic output. The fact that grain harvests dropped dramatically in the early 1930s when grain was most needed and did not recover to their 1928 level (apart from 1930 which was an exceptional year) until the latter half of the 1930s is a damning indictment. However, although the overall grain harvest declined in the early 1930s, state procurements did show a success. The state collected the grain it needed to feed the rapidly growing workforce and to sell abroad to pay for industrial equipment. What is more, dispossessed peasants from the overpopulated countryside fled to the towns as Raya Dunayeskaya states that 22.8 million individuals left the farms and the peasant population declined by 20 per cent. This did however provide......

Words: 3975 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Bill

...even politics. At the same time, the most successful leaders combine the leadership in different domains such as technologies and business. In this respect, it is possible to name Bill Gates as one of the most successful leaders of the present epoch. In fact, Bill Gates managed to successfully combine his talent as a successful IT specialist with the qualities of a successful business leader. Nowadays, Bill Gates is considered to be one of the most successful people in the world. At the same time, if his success may be measured in financial terms, than, unquestionably, he is the most successful person because, according to the recent studies, his wealth constituted about $56 billion that is the largest fortune a businessman can have in the modern world. In such a situation, it is really important to carefully analyze his work and career as well as his personality, in order to clearly find out the major reasons that helped him to achieve such a tremendous success. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that along with a number of strengths of Bill Gates as a leader, he still has certain weaknesses that is quite natural since, as any other human, Bill Gates is also not a perfect or almighty being. Reasons for success of Bill Gates On analyzing the life and work of Bill Gates, it is necessary to point out that he has achieved really great results and he may be considered as a very successful person judging from his achievements in business and......

Words: 5755 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Bill

...Vehicle Bill of Sale For the Exact Sales Amount indicated below, I the Seller, do hereby sell and transfer ownership of the Vehicle described below to the Buyer, acknowledge full receipt of payment, certify that I have the authority to sell it, warrant the Vehicle to be free of any liens or encumbrances, and certify that all information given is true and correct to the best of my knowledge. Vehicle Information |VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN#) |ENGINE NUMBER (if applicable) |LICENSE PLATE # | |YEAR |MAKE |MODEL |BODY STYLE (2 Dr, 4 Dr, etc) | |ODOMETER READING (Miles) |SALE DATE |EXACT SALES AMOUNT | | | |$ (USD) | Conditions and Warranty The Seller has no knowledge of any hidden defects in and to the Vehicle, and believes to the best of the Seller's knowledge that the Vehicle is being sold in good operating condition "AS-IS," meaning that there is no warranty for any defects and that all repairs are the responsibility of the Buyer. Seller allows the Buyer ______ days to have the Vehicle inspected by an independent mechanic, and agrees to cancel the sale if the inspection is unsatisfactory...

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

House Bill

... House Bill 2639 – Oregon Legislative Session 2013 HB 2639 By Representative KOTEK; Representatives HARKER, HUFFMAN (Presession filed.) -- Relating to housing; and appropriating money. 1-14(H) First reading. Referred to Speaker's desk. 1-22 Referred to Human Services and Housing with subsequent referral to Ways and Means. 3-6 Public Hearing held. 4-12 Work Session held. 4-17 Recommendation: Do pass with amendments, be printed A-Engrossed, and be referred to Ways and Means by prior reference. Referred to Ways and Means by prior reference. 4-30 Assigned to Subcommittee On Transportation and Economic Development. 5-16 Public Hearing held. 6-25 Work Session held. Returned to Full Committee. 7-2 Work Session held. 7-3 Recommendation: Do pass with amendments and be printed B-Engrossed. Second reading. Rules suspended. Third reading. Carried by Kotek. Passed. Ayes, 38; Nays, 20--Bentz, Berger, Cameron, Conger, Davis, Esquivel, Freeman, Hanna, Hicks, Johnson, Kennemer, McLane, Olson, Parrish, Richardson, Sprenger, Thatcher, Thompson, Whisnant, Whitsett; Excused, 2--Krieger, Weidner. 7-3(S) First reading. Referred to President's desk. Referred to Ways and Means. 7-6 Recommendation: Do pass the B-Eng. bill. Second reading. 7-7 Third reading. Carried by Shields. Bill failed. Ayes, 15; nays, 15--Baertschiger, Boquist, Close, Ferrioli, George, Girod, Hansell, Knopp, Kruse, Olsen, Roblan, Starr, Thomsen, Whitsett, Winters. Ferrioli, Roblan served notice of possible reconsideration. 7-8...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hbs Case

...The HBS Case Method Pioneered by HBS faculty and one of the highlights of the HBS experience, the case method is a profound educational innovation that presents the greatest challenges confronting leading companies, nonprofits, and government organizations—complete with the constraints and incomplete information found in real business issues—and places the student in the role of the decision maker. There are no simple solutions; yet through the dynamic process of exchanging perspectives, countering and defending points, and building on each other's ideas, students become adept at analyzing issues, exercising judgment, and making difficult decisions—the hallmarks of skillful leadership. Page Content Over 80 percent of cases sold throughout the world are written by HBS faculty, who produce approximately 350 new cases per year. Simply put, we believe the case method is the best way to prepare students for the challenges of leadership. How the HBS Case Method Works When students are presented with a case, they place themselves in the role of the decision maker as they read through the situation and identify the problem they are faced with. The next step is to perform the necessary analysis—examining the causes and considering alternative courses of actions to come to a set of recommendations. To get the most out of cases, students read and reflect on the case, and then meet in learning teams before class to "warm up" and discuss their findings with other classmates. In......

Words: 389 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hbs Marriott Corporation

...Harvard Business School 9-282-042 Rev. September 15, 1986 Marriott Corporation The idea of repurchasing shares was no stranger to Bill Marriott by January 1980. Almost five million shares of common stock had been repurchased on the open market by Marriott Corporation during 1979 at a total cost of $74 million and an average price of $15.16 in the belief that they were undervalued—a belief that still was not fully reflected in the market price. At $19 5/8, the stock was selling at only six times cash flow per share; and its price/earnings ratio of nine was a far cry from historical multiples as high as fifty times as recently as 1973. Its low price seemed to offer once again an obvious opportunity to benefit shareholders. However, the proposal to repurchase 10 million of the 32 million still outstanding shares aroused some uneasiness. If successful, it had the potential of enhancing Marriott's EPS and of increasing family and management control from 20% to 29% of outstanding shares. However, it represented a move that was almost entirely financial—one that would run the debt well above the levels advocated before the Board of Directors only two years earlier. The repurchase would also necessitate renegotiation of restrictive covenants in existing loan agreements. Lastly, the huge size of the proposed program would require a tender price of $23 1/2, a hefty premium of $4 over the current market price. All of this seemed somewhat out of character for a......

Words: 4542 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

1937 Social Security Act

...1937 Social Security Act The Social Security Act is a law that began a change in American health and wealth system. The Social Security Act was set into motion by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 14, 1935 (DeWitt, 1999). In 1935, the SSA (Social Security Act) was originally created as a retirement plan (UNKNOWN, 2009); it has evolved drastically since its original proposal. “The Act was drafted during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term by the President's Committee on Economic Security, under Frances Perkins, and passed by Congress as part of the New Deal. The Act was an attempt to limit what were seen as dangers in the modern American life, including old age, poverty, unemployment, and the burdens of widows and fatherless children. By signing this Act on August 14, 1935, President Roosevelt became the first president to advocate federal assistance for the elderly.” (HISTORY OF SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 2016) Social Security Act was created for a multitude of reasons, to name a few: poverty among senior citizens, the stock market crash in 1929, and also allowing older employees to retire. Retiring employees actually caused the unemployment rate to decrease because younger employees were filing the open positions. The SSA was the first of many changes that influence today’s healthcare system. Social Security is now available to every US citizen. It helps the retired, disabled, and many more. It has become an intricate part of the healthcare......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

House Bill

...------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Proposed Solution ------------------------------------------------- House Bill 73 proposes the Govenor will determine if one or more of the states institutional facilities should be closed, sold or privitized. Upon the Governers notice a state facilities closure commission shall be created. The commission will decide which facility should close and will list them in order of the prefference for closure, sale, or privitazation. The bill also says who should be on the commission and outlines the ten factors to determine which facility to close. ------------------------------------------------- The Commission is a good idea because it collects the commission together to make recommendations for changes. The decisions they have to make will possibly anger some people . The commission feels it is the right thing to do because living in small homes provides natural interactions and relationships in the community in addition natural interactions with the community enhance personal growth experiences. ------------------------------------------------- Additionally these individuals will have better services, they can move to another Developmental Center and an individual, family, or guardian can change their provider and remain in their home. The individual will have more choices on who provides their services and allows the them more choices on where they......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bill Making

...Bill HB 18 Name Institution Bill HB 18 Summary Aycock filed the bill on third, February 2015. The bill forbids landlords and private operators from including the provision in rental agreements or any other contract that prohibits displaying the United States flag, the POW/MIA flag, or service flags that the United States Secretary of Defense authorizes. The bill forbids condominium and neighborhood associations from encompassing a provision in any governing document that exempts displaying the Ohio flag or service flag. A prohibition would be subject to outlined conditions, and trustees of such associations would not be allowed to construct a provision in their constitution for such a purpose. Under the bill, such unauthorized construction or provision would be void and undermine public policy (Aycock, 2015). Moreover, the bill outlines criteria that enablers will discuss with landlords and home operators when tenants wish to display flags of the United States on masts or affixed brackets. Stages of the Bill Stage 1 The bill HB 18 was initially proposed by Aycock on 3/2/2015 Stage 2 The bill was reported to the House Committee on Public Education. Eleven members voted for the Ayes. There were zero Nays. Everyone voted among those present. Stage 3 Following the unanimous decision by the House, the Bill was passed awaiting further amendments and discussions. Stage 4 The bill was brought before the Senate Committee on Education...

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Bill

...More views against the RH bill are pouring in. Apparently they have not been considered by the Lower House Committee before the bill was endorsed to the entire body for approval in the plenary session. Hence for the enlightenment of our legislators and the entire citizenry, presented here are some more of these views, one of them coming from a lawyer Atty. Rex A. Salvilla who clearly and ably refutes some stand of the bill’s advocates: “First, the advocates say that the opponents of RH bill are anti-poor for allowing population explosion. This is not true because the opponents, like the advocates are also for population control. Both differ only on the method of control – the advocates thru condom which cost money while the opponents thru natural family planning which costs not a single centavo but only mere discipline on the part of the spouses So, who is anti-poor? It is the advocates. Second, the advocates say that they are pro-choice. This is not also true. The draft bill contains a penal clause punishing by imprisonment and/or fine those obstructing the use of condoms and promoting family planning. Is this not like tying a person to a post and telling him, “You are free”? So, where is “pro-choice” here? In fact, the bill is a “no-choice” piece. Third, the advocates say that the Pope supports condom use. This is interpreting the Pontiff out of context. The Pope simply provided an exception in the same way that God has also provided exceptions to His own commandments.......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4