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Classical Management vs Elements of Culture

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After reading about Deal and Kennedy’s elements of culture and the Classical Management approach, I noticed they are almost polar opposites. Deal and Kennedy’s approach is based on five basic elements of organized culture: business environment, values, heroes, rites and rituals, and the cultural network. They believed “what companies do in their competitive environments shapes the reality of how organizations manage activity and whether they are successful.” (Shockley-Zalabak, 2012) Values help people put effort towards the right things. These values allow people to be dedicated to a cause, which guides decisions about different kinds of situations and behaviors. These values could both help and limit change when it may be necessary to make certain changes in organizational environments. Deal and Kennedy (1982) believe that heroes are every day human beings who become role models for the values of the culture. Stories of these heroes help guide members of the organization in what they should do and what is expected and valued. Rites and rituals serve the same purpose. Management rituals are described by Deal and Kennedy as “formal meetings in which rituals develop about the number held, the setting, the table’s shape, who sits there, and who is in attendance.” (Shockley-Zalabak, 2012) They feel this form of organizational communication is the cultural network and the only way to be truly successful, in a sense. The Classical Management approach comes from an era of scientific and technological progress. Frederick Taylor’s scientific job designs are in nearly every human resources department’s job descriptions and performance evaluations. (Online lesson) He believed every business should possess clear standards of efficiency. Max Weber enforced that authority should be based on regulations and procedures instead of the feelings or opinions of company owners. They…...

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