Premium Essay

Comparison of William Brickman and Paulo Freire

In: Other Topics

Submitted By JohnFuchs2
Words 746
Pages 3
A Comparison of William Brickman and Paulo Freire (1921-1997)
Paulo Freire (1921-1997) was an advocate for the liberation of the oppressed through the process of critical thought. He learned at an early age that conventional education is a vehicle for oppression and to escape that oppression, one must develop critical consciousness. Freire believed that students should be “given encouragement and opportunity to engage in critical thinking in the quest for the humanization of both learner and teacher” (Flanagan, 2005, p. 189). This quest for humanization and the transcendence from oppression is attained when both teacher and student is neither subject nor object but equal in the process of exchanging learning. Freire’s methodology endures today in quality education at all levels as student creativity is both encouraged and enhanced through dialogue and lived experiences. William Brickman is known as the founder of the Comparative Education Society. His greatest contribution to the field of education was his extensive research in diversified education. Through his participation in various cultures and exchanges with foreign scholars, William Brickman led the charge for comparative education. He promoted his belief of academic freedom and championed the idea that “there was no one correct way of doing comparative education” (Brehm, W.C., and Silova, I., Summer 2010, p. 23). As with any pioneer, both Freire and Brickman struggled with resistance to their methodologies. According to, a biography of Freire cites that the President of Brazil appointed Freire to lead the National Literacy Program in 1963. Paulo Freire’s program was so successful that it drew attention from conservatives who felt that his “method for developing literacy was stirring up the people, causing them to want to change society, and formenting[sic] subversion.” (Freire,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Understanding Paulo Freire’s “the Banking Concept of Education”

...Jackson Instructor Brunson English 106 27 January 2013 Understanding Paulo Freire’s “The Banking Concept of Education” In Paulo Freire's essay, "The Banking Concept of Education" he explains his view of the education system, and the faults within it. Freire describes how the teacher-student relationship is an important concept when overcoming oppression. Freire believes teachers and students need to constantly work together beginning to develop the knowledge and consciousness that is necessary to overcoming oppression. There are various methods which can be used to overcome these obstacles associated with the teaching of education. They are the banking method and the problem-posing education method. Freire explains the majority of the education system as being a "banking" education, he explains to be the wrong method. The "banking" education concept is described as a negative way to educate; “teachers present a subject to their students they also present a point of view in that subject.” (Freire p ) Teachers assume students are passive, take all control, enforce their opinions; determine what will be learned, and "force-feed" information to students. The world is seen as static. Students are encouraged to "fit in to" the world as it is. Banking encourages students to accept the world as it is, separates the learner and the learner's consciousness from the world, and so contributes to oppression. Freire refers to the “Banking Concept” as a metaphor that teachers see......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Paulo Coelho

...Eleven Minutes, by Paulo Coelho Also by Paulo Coelho The Alchemist The Pilgrimage The Valkyries By the River Piedra I Sat Down and Wept The Fifth Mountain Veronika Decides to Die The Devil and Miss Prym Manual of the Warrior of Light ELEVEN MINUTES TRANSLATED FROM THE PORTUGUESE BY MARGARET JULL COSTA 4u HarperCollins Publishers HarperCollinsPublishers 77-85 Fulham Palace Road, Hammersmith, London w6 8jb The HarperCollins website address is: Paulo Coelho's website address is: First published in English by HarperCollinsPublishers 2003 13579 10 8642 © Paulo Coelho 2003 Paulo Coelho asserts the moral right to be identified as the author of this work A catalogue record of this book is available from the British Library ISBN o 00 716604 4 Printed and bound in Great Britain by Clays Ltd, St Ives pic All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers. O, Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who turn to you. Amen. Dedication On 29th May 2002, just hours before I put the finishing touches to this book, I visited the Grotto in Lourdes, in France, to fill a few bottles with miraculous water from the spring. Inside the Basilica, a gentleman in his seventies said to me: 'You know, you look just like Paulo Coelho.' I said......

Words: 71227 - Pages: 285

Premium Essay

Paulo Freire and William Brickman

...Paulo Freire and William Brickman Born in Brazil in 1921, Paulo Freire was the son of an affluent family. When Wall Street crashed in 1929, they were compelled to move to the countryside where Paulo witnessed the impact poverty had on education (Flanagan, 2005). Freire perceived how education can be manipulated by an oppressor to keep the oppressed retrained with mind control (Flanagan, 2005). The oppressed, thorough education, would be able to see the circumstances that is their reality but understand that their situation is not natural and look for other possibilities. (Flanagan, 2005) “Education empowers the oppressed to discover alternatives to situations which have been taken as natural, necessary, and unchangeable” (Flanagan, 2005, p.186). In this approach, students are docile and educators have all the knowledge (Flanagan, 2005). Freire was also responsible for the banking concept of education and the student-teacher dialogue. The banking concept, according to Freire, is where students are passive learners and teachers provide the students with genuine and true information (Flanagan, 2005). “The teachers function is to fill students with contents of their narration: the teacher speaks, the students listen” (Flanagan, 2005, p.186). Only the teacher takes an active role in thinking, talking, etc., while the participation by the student is uninvolved. According to Freire, the student-teacher dialogue is a process by which students learn by praxis. They......

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sao Paulo

...Sao Paulo is not only the largest city in Brazil but it is also one of the top countries in the world with the worst traffic. There is a population of about 18 million people with about 6.3 million cars 650,000 motor cycles, 35,000 taxis and 17,000 busses. To make things worse there are also 1,000 new cars added a day. There have been traffic jams stretching up to 293 km of traffic. Naturally, with numbers like these there is bound to be some traffic. However, there are also 19,000 trucks that pass through Sao Paulo every day. These trucks cause damage to roads and therefore, cause a chain of reaction ending in increased traffic. Of course, the government of Brazil has made effort to help reduce traffic congestion. They have introduced fast-lane buss systems. Some of which are even connected to the metro. Road space rationing is also present; each car has to be kept off the street during rush hour one day each week. Certain license numbers are restricted from using the roads during peak times. There is an estimated 6 million people that use the subway system; the government has spent $10 billion to expand the metro. Sao Paulo Brazil also has one of the highest rates of air traffic. They have provided helicopters for government officials and busy executives. However, we have some suggestions that we believe would reduce the traffic even more. Firstly, air traffic should be made more accessible to a wider number/variance of people. We have worked out that it can cost up to $5...

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Paulo Freire

...1. How would you paraphrase Freire's central argument, his thesis? What key moments, key words, and key phrases in the essay clarify his thesis for you? Make sure to mention specifics from the texts. The central argument that Freire is trying to make is that the educational system is flawed. Teachers are simply putting information into containers (students) and the containers accept. “The student records, memorizes, and repeats…without perceiving” (1) what they are saying. There is no reciprocal learning happening, that you are told information and you regurgitate it back to prove your knowledge and understanding. “The teacher teaches and the students are taught.” (2) “The more completely he fills the receptacles, the better a teacher he is. The more meekly the receptacles permit themselves to be filled, the better students they are.” (1) He considers this to be the “banking concept of education. In which the scope of action allowed to the students extends only as far as receiving, filing, and storing the deposits”, which he also deems as incorrect, that there are indeed other ways to educate that produce better people. Freire goes on to argue that the banking concept should be left in the past and teachers should instead use a problem-posing concept. He believes that students must be able to see that what they learn can have an effect on the world thus have the ability to change the world. That, “sooner or later......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Comparison

...A Comparison of Values In today’s society, having a moral obligation to others is essential when interacting with individuals or growing a successful organization as Kudler Fine Foods. Valuing and respecting individuals creates an environment in which everyone can live and work together in a more harmonious environment. Upon completing the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness Inventory self assessment, reflecting on the results and my own personal values, I believe that Kudler Fine Foods and I possess similar values and moral obligations. As a manager of Kudler Fine Foods my ability to perform my duties that coincide with my values would allow me to further the growth of the organization and create an environment that is both positive to all stakeholders at Kudler Fine Foods. According to the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness Inventory self assessment my ethical profile was said to be most closely aligned with Obligation. I have always believed that it is my obligation to do what is morally right. The assessment summarized me as believing everyone has a right to individual respect, which in most cases is true and I do believe that most people have a right to individual respect. However, when individuals fail to respect others, the right to individual respect is no longer a right. I do have a strong belief that in order to become a person of good moral character I have to do what is right for not only me but others around me. The self assessment was insightful, and I do...

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...1. How does Williams get into financial distress? Answer: a) Write-off of investment in WCG During the Tech Bubble, the whole telecom market that WCG was involved in suffered a lot of problems due mainly to a large oversupply, as indicated by an estimated 2% to 5% of the fiber- optic lines which were only carrying traffic. There venue of WCG eventually plummeted, wherein prices of the lines decreased by more than 90% from 1998 and 2002.When WorldCom filed for bankruptcy protection in July 2002, it became apparent that the telecommunications sector was experiencing a lot of problems. WCG itself also began to experience a lot of financial stress, and in hopes of supporting it, Williams converted notes to shares, providing “credit support” of $1.4 billion of WCG’s debt (which Williams listed as an off -balance sheet item).Despite attempts to lessen WCG’s debt burden through raising new funds, WCG still had problems paying off its debts. While it managed to at least pay the required interest payments, it was not able to meet certain “covenants” and a breach was created with its secured creditors. This has caused WCG’s debt rating to fall due to “weakness in financial performance, lack of forward visibility, and exposure to customers whose risks are increasing.” In the end, Williams took a one-time accounting charge of $1.3 billion of guarantees and payment obligations. The problems with WCG ended up affecting Williams as well, causing Williams’ net income after......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

William Brickman and Paul Freire

...Compare and contrast William Brickman and Paul Freire By: Helena Gray Northcentral University Presented to Dr. Stein June 29, 2014 Introduction: This paper speaks about the two individuals, William Brickman and Paulo Frere’s. Even though some of their thought and view on education were different, they had some similarities. The paper will explain their birth, death, achievements and the difficulties both men faced through their journey in the field of education. Compare & Contrast William Brickman and Paulo Freire William Brickman was born on June 30, 1913 and died of Leukemia on June 22, 1988 at Philadelphia hospital. He was the founder and president of the comparative and International Education Society. Brickman attended city schools and earned his bachelor and master at the City College in New York, and his Ph.D at the University of Pennsylvania. His teaching began at City College, where he taught for over 40 years, the New York University and the University of Pennsylvania. One of his achievements as a teacher, and researcher, was in the field of education and Comparative and International Education. Brickman encouraged and published young scholars, contributed article to encyclopedia, and wrote many articles and reviews for professional journals. The opportunity to interact with people from other cultures at an early age drove him to learn their languages and pursue more into his research of comparative education (Silova & Brehm, 2010 p. 20). He......

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Freire and Loewen Comparrisons

...“The Banking Concept of Education” “The Banking Concept of Education,” from Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire. New York: Continuum, 1993. Translated by Myra Bergman Ramos [This is the citation information you will need to construct a Works Cited entry; for in-text citation, use Paulo Freire’s last name and the paragraph number (since this is a reprint and not the original, book-length source). Consult your Easy Writer for information about citing a book with a translator]. A careful analysis of the teacher-student relationship at any level, inside or outside the school, reveals its fundamentally narrative character. This relationship involves a narrating Subject (the teacher) and patient, listening objects (the students). The contents, whether values or empirical dimensions of reality, tend in the process of being narrated to become lifeless and petrified. Education is suffering from narration sickness. The teacher talks about reality as if it were motionless, static, compartmentalized, and predictable. Or else he expounds on a topic completely alien to the existential experience of the students. His task is to "fill" the students with the contents of his narration—contents which are detached from reality, disconnected from the totality that engendered them and could give them significance. Words are emptied of their concreteness and become a hollow, alienated, and alienating verbosity. The outstanding characteristic of this narrative education, then, is......

Words: 2044 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Freire Essay

...educational institutions; however, there is a threat looming within our classrooms and it is affecting the way students and teachers approach educational enlightenment. Paulo Freire’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” argues about how our current educational system is denying teachers and students the opportunity to develop a dialogue, thus allowing their critical ability to develop. He dubbed this concept “The Banking Concept of Education”: Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiques and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat. This is the "banking" concept of education, in which the scope of action allowed to the students extends only as far as receiving, filing, and storing the deposits (para. 5). The banking concept of education is affecting current educational systems by guiding both educational patrons and their students in a direction of oppression and conformity. This is being done by taking away any potential interactions between teachers and students, turning a bidirectional conversation into a one directional narrative where the teacher is raised to a position of knowledge, while the student is lowered to a position of ignorance. Freire explains this clearly by writing: In the banking concept of education, knowledge is a gift bestowed by those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those whom they...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Literature Comparison

...Literature Theory Comparison Shonte’ C. Grady Grand Canyon University Literature Theory Comparison For many years, school and district leadership has assigned primarily to a single person such as the principal or the superintendent. The principal and superintendent’s responsibilities are keeping order in the school, managing school schedules, monitoring the budget, making sure buses run on time, etc… In addition principals and superintendents job are to develop and keep the school’s or district’s vision, articulate and model core values, ensure the inclusion of all voices, develop collaborative learning experiences. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast various types of leadership models and theories and evaluate the effectiveness of each type of leadership model. Neuman and Simmons state that in the most effective schools, every member of the education community has the responsibility and the authority to take appropriate leader roles (2000, p. 9). The definition of a leader now encompasses teachers, staff members, parents, and members of the entire education community. “Over the course of the past five years, the Anneberg Institute has worked with thousands of practitioners from hundreds of schools across the country, representing a broad cross-section of schools in terms of size, student population, location, and levels of achievement. Less than successful outcomes of many......

Words: 2591 - Pages: 11

Free Essay


...------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form Rate this book 1 of 5 stars2 of 5 stars3 of 5 stars4 of 5 stars5 of 5 stars Shakespeare's Sonnets by William Shakespeare 50,445 ratings, 4.23 average rating, 557 reviews Shakespeare's Sonnets Quotes (showing 1-30 of 72) “Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, And too often is his gold complexion dimm'd: And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance or natures changing course untrimm'd; By thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.” ― William Shakespeare, Shakespeare's Sonnets tags: love, shakespeare, youth 1092 likes Like “Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove. O no, it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wand'ring bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken." (Sonnet 116)” ― William Shakespeare, Shakespeare's Sonnets tags: constancy, love, poetry, sacrifice 647 likes Like “Sonnet 130 My mistress' eyes are......

Words: 4598 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay


...information to students and not taking the time to communicate with the students. (4) By using a banking method to learning, they are taking the real meaning of what they are teaching out of the equation. (3) Some of the key words and phrases that clarify the thesis for me started with the mention of narration. (4) This concept points out the fact that teachers are just teaching in a way that students are meant to memorize the subject not really know the true meaning behind it. The next point was when Freire brought the concept of oppression. (11) This is where the paper turned into more than just a student teacher relationship, but rather into a broader oppressor and oppressed relationship. The last point was when Freire was describing man as just being a spectator, not a re-creator. (para 17) Those were some of the key points that stood out to me and clarified his thesis. 4. At the end of Freire's essay, he discusses the importance of "communication." Explain. I think what Freire is trying to point out about communication is that if teachers don't teach the real meanings; they will never really be able to authenticate the student's thinking. (para 22) Also, he said early in the passage that communication is key because the teacher isn't the only one teaching; the student is teaching the teacher as well....

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Paulo Freire: ‘Banking’ Concept of Education

...Paulo Freire: ‘Banking’ Concept Of Education Paulo Freire is saying that the teacher-student relationship is poor because of the fact that the teacher is just narrating about the subject of which the students are just listening and are not really involved. Freire is knowledgeable on the subject that the teacher is narrating, but the students are having troubles understanding the narration because of the words that the teacher speak of being foreign to them. If the teacher would go more into detail about the subject and not just lecture about a portion of the subject but get the students involved, they would not feel so alienated on the subject. Students can’t learn much just by memorization and repeating what they see or hear such as, “four times four is sixteen; the capital of Para is Belem.” “The student records, memorizes, and repeats these phrases without perceiving what four times four really means, or realizing the true significance of “capital” in the affirmation “the capital of Para is Belem, “that is, what Belem means for Para and what Para means for Brazil.” In which I totally agree on because all through school I was a student that would just copy or say the subject without really learning what I was copying or saying. Students are similar to empty receptacles, and teachers knowledge is what goes into the receptacles the more the teacher teaches the students the more the empty receptacles ( the students ) will fill with the knowledge of the subject of......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Letter to Freire

...Former Teacher Future Community Organizer Rural Old South, GA 30000 August 23, 2011 Dear Paulo Freire, As a former teacher of students at a public therapeutic school, I feel that we have a connection, if only as fellow educators. Most teachers only want the best for their students. I am against the thought of “banking education” (pouring information into a student, and then the students spit the information back out) as I know you are. In my former school for “troubled children,” the teachers and other staff had power over the students. This was for safety concerns, such as suicide. I know that you are known for actively sharing power, and believe in power “with the people.”In your work with marginalized people you never blamed the victim, as is often done. I know that you are famous, but you also identify with common people and educators like me. Our school has had many issues primarily with our funding. But the main problem is (I realize that you like to name the problem first) that I and other former teachers are getting ready to lose our retirement benefits! We worked extra hours weekly at our local community elementary school to ensure that our benefits would be available when we retired! Now when many of us need more income, it is going to be reduced, or discontinued. This problem can easily be explained. The funds were redirected to a fleet of expensive cars that are being driven around by public school board members. Now that the problem has......

Words: 751 - Pages: 4