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Concepts in Community and Public Health

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Concepts in community and public health Safaa Soueid
Grand Canyon University: NRS-427V-0191
March 16,2014

Communicable disease is a disordered caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in our body, normally they are unable to cause harm, but under certain circumstances may cause diseases (Mayo Clinic, 2013). The mode of transmission may vary; some infectious diseases may be transmitted via contact from person to person, or caused by bites from insects or animals (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Signs and symptoms may vary but very often include fever and chills (Mayo Clinic, 2013). The communicable disease chosen for this paper is chickenpox or varicella.
Varicella is an infection caused by a virus called varicella zoster virus or VZV (CDC, 2012). The mentioned infection also is well known by herpes zoster and dates to the ancient civilizations; it was reported in 1888 that a relation between herpes zoster and chickenpox was suggested (PubMed, 2000). In 1954, Thomas Weller isolated the VZV virus from the fluids contained in the vesicles of both chickenpox and herpes zoster lesions in cell culture (CDC, 2012). In the 1970 a varicella vaccine was developed in Japan (CDC, 2012). The vaccine was licensed to use in the United States of America in 1995, and the vaccine that helps reduce the risk of herpes zoster was licensed in 2006 (CDC, 2012). VZV is a DNA virus and one of the herpes virus group, VZV persists in the body after the first infection, that results of chickenpox, while herpes zoster is the result of recurrent infection (CDC, 2012). What are the signs of varicella and herpes zoster? Chickenpox infection in most cases lasts about five to ten days; rash is the main characteristic of the disease, other symptoms may be noticed one to two days prior to the appearance of the rash, such as fever, headache, loss of appetite, and general…...

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