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AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY–BANGLADESH (AIUB)
FACULTY OF SCIENCE & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

INTERNSHIP AFFILIATION REPORT ON
Web Application Development using HTML, CSS and PHP at SynTech It & Marketing Form

An Internship Report Presented to the
OFFICE OF PLACEMENT and
DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of
Bachelor of Science in Computer Science & Engineering

Supervised By

MD. Hafizur Rahman (HAFIZ)

Assistant Professor & Special Assistant (CS)
Department of Computer Science
American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB)

Submitted By
Sikder Md.Mohiuddin
ID: 10-17082-2
DEPT: CSE

Date of Submission: May 4, 2014

LETTER OF SUBMITTAL

Dr. Dip Nandi Assistant Professor & Head Department of Computer Science (Undergraduate Program)
American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB)

Subject: Submission of the Internship Report.

I take the pleasure to submit my report titled “Web Application Developer”. This report provided me the opportunity to experience the real flavor of the web developer profession.

In this report, I tried to summarize what I have done and experienced during my internship period as a web developer in Department of Web development of SynTech Web House (& Marketing Firm). I was assigned to work as a web developer in Department of Web development where I developed an application using HTML and CSS. Overall, my internship experience has been great this semester. As a web developer I gained experience with official work and practical software development environment. Additionally, I have also had a considerable amount of enterprise knowledge. My both supervisor were open minded and allowed me to interact with the clients freely. The report will explore the different aspects of the noble programmer profession. I am very contented to take part in this internship program.

I cordially thank you for giving me the chance to do the report.

Yours sincerely,

______________________
Md. Mohiuddin Sikder
ID: 10-17082-2

Letter of Endorsement

The Internship Affiliation Report entitled “Web Application Development using HTML and CSS at SynTech Web House”, has been submitted to the Office of Placement and Department of Computer Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Computer Science and Engineering by MD. Hafizur Rahman (HAFIZ), ID# 10-17082-2. Please in this report has been accepted and may be presented to the Internship Defense Committee for evaluation.
(Any opinions, suggestions made in this report are entirely that of the author of the report. The University does not condone nor reject any of these opinions or suggestions.)

_______________________
MD. Hafizur Rahman (HAFIZ)
Internship Supervisor
Assistant Professor & Special Assistant (CS)
Department of Computer Science
American International University-Bangladesh

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

First of all, I would like to thank all mighty Allah for giving me the chance to study and for a good life. Then I would like to thank my parents, without whom I will not able to come so far in my life.

Now I would like to thank my honourable teacher and my supervisor MD. Hafizur Rahman (HAFIZ), Assistant Professor & Special Assistant (CS), Department of computer science, American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB).I can’t complete my report without his support.

Also I would like to thank my office supervisor MD.Saiful and other employees of SynTech for helping me to complete this internship. Finally, I thank to all of my teachers of American International University Bangladesh (AIUB).All in all it was a wonderful experience to prepare the internship report on such an important issue.

Internship Report

Table of Contents

Letter of Submission............................................................................................................................................. 2
Letter of Endorsement ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................................................ 4
I – TITLE ..............................................................................................................................................................7
II – INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 7
2.1 Rationale ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
2.2 Background ………………........................................................................................................................... 7
2.3 Objective .……………............................................................................................................................... 8
III – ACTIVITIES ………………..................................................................................................................... 8
3.1 Work-Related: ………………........................................................................................................................ 8
3.1.1 Analyzing the project ……………............................................................................................................ 8
3.1.2 Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) .................................................................................................. 9-10
3.1.3 Cascading StyleSheet (CSS) ....................................................................................................................... 11
3.1.4 Database designing ...……........................................................................................................................ 12
3.2 Other relevant activities …………................................................................................................................. 13
IV CONSTRAINTS/CHALLENGES ………...…........................................................................................... 13
4.1 Identified/Observed in the Organization ...........................................................……….………….……….. 13
4.1.1 Influencing the Clients .......................................................... …………………………………………… 13
4.1.2 Time Consuming .......................................................... ………………………………..……………….. 14
4.1.3 Prioritizing the content .......................................................... ………………………….……………… 14
4.1.4 Simplicity in Navigation .........................................................………………………………………….. 14
4.1.5 Rigorous Testing ..........................................................……………………………………………….... 14
V – ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE ……………...........................................................................................….. 15

5.1 Implications to Organization/Company ........................................................................……………………. 15

5.1.1 JavaScript (JS)........................................................................................................................................ 15-16

5.1.2 Wordpress (WP) …………………………………………………….......................................................... 16

5.1.3 Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP)………….......................……………………………………………….…. 17

5.1.4 Adobe Photoshop ………………………………………………………………….…………………....... 17

5.2 Implications to University’s Internship Program ……………....................................................................... 18
VI – CONCLUDING STATEMENTS ……...........................................................................................…….. 18
VII- SUGGESTIONS …………....................................................................................................................… 19

LETTER OF RECOMMENDATION ........................................................................................................... 20
REFERENCES ……....................................................................................................................... 21

I – TITLE

Web Application Development Using HTML and CSS at SynTech Web House (IT & Marketing Firm).

II – INTRODUCTION

As part of the Internship of Undergraduate program of Bachelor Science in Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) at American International University – Bangladesh (AIUB), I interned in web development department of the SynTech. Internships are often very closely related to the student's academic and career goals and it helps students to gain knowledge about job field. Though I was always interested on Data base on web development and this is really such a great achievement for me to work in SynTech in such field and this report is based on this experience.

2.1 Rationale:

An internship report provides the faculty that information which qualifies the student for graded credit; it also provides the faculty with in-depth information about the profession they are responsible for preparing students to participate in. Furthermore, and of considerable importance, the internship report increases the student's responsibility by requiring the student intern to gather information and plan the report throughout the work experience. The student then has an opportunity to demonstrate maturity as a technical writer by presenting, analyzing, and evaluating his or her own work on the job. Being an intern the main challenge was to translate the theoretical concepts into real life experience.

2. Background:

SynTech web house is a Web Development company. It located in Nikunja-2, Dhaka. They worked with a lot of client in Bangladesh and outside in our counter .They are various work web development, software development etc. There are some domestic clients:

• ER Media (web base)

• Housing (desktop base) ete.

And they also work outside of Bangladesh . This work delevered online .

2.3 Objectives :

The specifications were not defined at the beginning of the internship. They were built day after day, according to new needs and these needs priorities. During my internship at SynTech I was able to gather some experience work in a Wordpress, PHP, and PSD, java script (js) etc. Since I have had some experience with object oriented programming, databases. Beginning we face some problem because new location and all of them are unknown, but gradually I adjusted all of them. My boss helps me how to install xampp and how to work MySQL sever. My office colleague help me how to work wardress, PSD, PHP etc .This report contains what I have learned during the internship. And we also face some problems when we interact the client .When we don’t understand my work clearly and how to solve this then our team leader and our colleague help me to complete my work successfully. This document contains the following:

➢ An internship report as specified by the University of AIUB.

➢ A week-based list of work accomplished during the internship.

➢ An evaluation of the internship.

III – ACTIVITIES

I was assigned to develop a web application titled “Customer Relationship Management (CRM)” System. I was the lone developer and i worked with the team. The system was being built for the Bangladeshi client. This is an inner house development. The initial analysis about the needed time resulted about three months. In order to reach the time line the project was divided into some sub parts. I will elaborate the steps and the other working experiences.

3.1 Works-Related:

3.1.1 Analyzing the project:

At the very first week at SynTech I had meetings with the Recruitment team and i got the requirements from them. Working with the team was really helpful. They have made me clear the entire scenario like how the project should perform. First I have understood about the Customer Relation Management module. How it works in their view and what they wanted from this applicant.

3.1.2 Hypertext Markup Language (HTML):
Markup languages are ubiquitous in everyday computing. Although we may not realize it, word processing documents are filled with markup directives indicating the structure and often presentation of the document. In the case of traditional word processing documents, these structural and presentational markup codes are more often than not behind the scenes. However, in the case of Web documents, markup in the form of traditional HTML and its Extensible Markup Language (XML) - focused variant, Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML), is a little more obvious. These not-so-behind-the-scenes markup languages are used to inform Web browsers about page structure and, some might argue, presentation as well. HTML is the main markup language for creating Web pages and other information that can be displayed in a Web browser.
HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like ), within the Web page content.HTML is started and ending. HTML is written in the form of. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like and , it is used for heading, and used for paragraph, used for insert for image and url defined the location of the images.
There are more tagging form of HTML at it is used for link example(Visit Prothom-Alo),list tagging( an ordered list and an unordered).An HTML form can contain input elements like text fields, checkboxes, radio-buttons, submit buttons and more. A form can also contain select lists, text area, field set, legend, and label elements. A submit button is used to send form data to a server. The data is sent to the page specified in the form's action attribute.
Example:
Name: Password :< input type=”text” name=”password”>
Basically HTML using more div for easy to work. This div uses class or id .Class works full parts of div and id works only single statement of div.

Example of class:

Home about contract others

Example of id:

The purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and compose them into visible or audible web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page. HTML describes the structure of a website semantically along with cues for presentation, making it a markup language rather than a programming language.
The latest version is HTML 5. It is more efficient HTML4. HTML5 is attempting to discover and codify this error handling. HTML5 is to develop the ability of the browser to be an application platform, via HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. HTML5 was designed to replace HTML 4, XHTML, and the HTML DOM Level 2. The HTML5 was specially designed to deliver rich content without the need for additional plugging. The current version delivers everything from animation to graphics, music to movies, and can also be used to build complicated web applications. HTML5 is also cross-platform.
The XHTML is a separate language that began as a reformulation of HTML 4.01 using XML 1.0. It is no longer being developed as a separate standard. It is almost indicate the HTML 4.01.

3.1.3 Cascading Style Sheets (CSS):
Web browsers can also refer to CSS to define the appearance and layout of text and other material.In the past, much of the visual formatting of Web pages was supplied by markup elements, squarely mixing the concepts of logical and physical markup into the mess that is classic HTML. Strict variants of HTML or XHTML deprecated the elements and attribute that focused on presentation, providing a clear distinction between the structure provided by markup and the look dictated by a style sheet written in CSS syntax. The distinct division of duties between markup and style can provide numerous production, maintenance, and even performance benefits, making it a far superior presentation solution to markup alone.
CSS is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. It’s most common application is to style Web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document.
CSS is designed primarily to enable the separation of document content (written in HTML or a similar markup language) from document presentation, including elements such as the layout, colors, insert image and fonts. This separation can improve content accessibility, provide more flexibility and control in the specification of presentation characteristics, enable multiple pages to share formatting, and reduce complexity and repetition in the structural content (such as by allowing for table less Web design).
CSS can also allow the same markup page to be presented in different styles for different rendering methods, such as on-screen, in print, by voice (when read out by a speech-based browser or screen reader) and on Braille-based, tactile devices. It can also be used to allow the Web page to display differently depending on the screen size or device on which it is being viewed. While the author of a document typically links that document to a CSS file, readers can use a different style sheet, perhaps one on their own computer, to override the one the author has specified.
CSS specifies a priority scheme to determine which style rules apply if more than one rule matches against a particular element. In this so-called cascade, priorities or weights are calculated and assigned to rules, so that the results are predictable.

3.1.4 Database designing:
After all analysis process i designed the database. It was a bit complicated at first so i gave the designing some time and then i made a database that did the job. I created 5 tables, so that all information can be stored in proper way. I did relaxation of the database to confirm that no conflict or redundancy could occur. First of all i made an E-R diagram for database designing according to our needs. I tried to make this easy so that any designer can understand my work and update it if they need.

[pic]

Fig: Look of the database.

3.2 Other relevant activities:
This entire project was built in Java platform using Netbeans and the language I used was JSP along with JavaScript, MySQL and Adobe Photoshop so that many sub components/software to start up. Example-:

➢ Configure SQL Server ➢ Setup wordpress ➢ Setup NetBeans IDE

IV – CONSTRAINTS/CHALLENGES:

The first are the elements such as fluid grids, CSS3, media queries and device detections that help in designing the responsive websites, while next are the factors that made it favorite from the designer’s point of view i.e. new location , new people , low maintenance, high usability, quick loading time, brand consistency, and a single web link.

4.1 Identified/Observed in the Organization:

4.1.1 Influencing the Clients:

The primary hurdle the designers have to face is to influence their clients for a responsive website. Earlier, designer used to go through various steps for designing a website for desktops or laptops, which in the end showed the pixel perfect display. Easy for clients to understand, responsive websites work on fluid girds and densities (dpi) i.e. it is a fluid process and lacks visual stage. However, the smart move is to explain their working to their clients, rather than focusing on its stages.

4.1.2 Time Consuming:

Developing a responsive website is a tedious job. The normal websites for the laptop are far easier to develop and require less brainstorming. For responsive websites designers have to start with strategies and have to carefully select the flexible grid layouts, media queries, sizing of images, and contents for various screen size. The task becomes even tougher when the projects turn out to convert the existing website into the responsive web.

4.1.3 Prioritizing the content:
The screen sizes of the devices widely affect the content of the websites. Let’s say, there is a website that deals with property. When a user lands on to the landing page of the website on the desktop, he has wide options of different tabs; links and section to enter id and password. Imagine the same user opening the website on the mobile phones. They hardly bother about other stuff but directly wish to login to the website. This example clearly depicts that designer have to pick vital contents and use them as key to target their users.

4.1.4 Simplicity in Navigation:
Most often the users see the navigation section either on the top of the web, or across the multi layered drop down menus. The mobile phones do not have freedom of space and deciding the navigation section is a tricky job. The navigation section totally depends on the contents and the information the designer wish to convey to the users. Narrowing down the list of menu and combining it with creative designs in such a way that the navigation sections become a pleasurable experience without consuming lot of space on the screen, is a task in its self.

4.1.5 Rigorous Testing:
Testing the design numerous times before the designer wish to launch the responsive website, is very important. Here, the testing does not convey to testing the website on the desktop or a smart phone, but to test on all the devices on which is the responsive website can be used. If the designer is short on the devices then, he has to look out for the agencies that can perform such testing. The testing shows all the problems of the website, so the designer can easily fix the problems before hand.
There are lots of challenges and issues in developing approachable websites, but for the betterment of the website and client happiness, these challenges are worth to be accepted.

V – ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE

In this company SynTech, acquire some knowledge on web based language such as JavaScript, PHP, and Wordpress and also gain data base. For standard implementation use MySQL Database for store all the information’s. Descriptions of the overall acquired knowledge’s are given below:

5.1 Implications to Organization/Company:

5.1.1 JavaScript (JS):
The original purpose of the World Wide Web (WWW) was to locate and display information. However, once the Web grew beyond a small academic and scientific community, people began to recognize that greater interactivity would make the Web more useful. As commercial applications of the Web grew, the demand for more interactive and visually appealing Web sites also grew.
To respond to the demand for greater interactivity, an entirely new Web programming language was needed. Netscape filled this need in the mid-1990s by developing the JavaScript programming language. In the beginning designed for use in the Navigator Web browser, JavaScript in now also used in most Web browsers, including Internet Explorer.
Although JavaScript is considered a programming language, it is also a critical part of Web page design and authoring. This is because the JavaScript language "lives" within a Web page's elements. In other words, the JavaScript code you write is usually placed within the elements that make up a Web page. JavaScript can turn static documents into applications such as game or calculators. JavaScript code can change the contents of Web page after a browser has rendered it. It can also create visual effects such as animation, and it can control the Web browser window itself. None of this was possible before the creation of JavaScript.
JavaScript is an interpreted computer programming language. It was originally implemented as part of Web browsers so that client-side scripts could interact with the user, control the browser, communicate asynchronously, and alter the document content that was displayed. More recently, however, it has become common in server-side programming, game development and the creation of desktop applications.
JavaScript is a prototype-based scripting language with dynamic typing and has first-class functions. Its syntax was influenced by C. JavaScript copies many names and naming conventions from Java, but the two languages are otherwise unrelated and have very different semantics. The key design principles within JavaScript are taken from the Self and Scheme programming languages. It is a multi-paradigm language, supporting object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
JavaScript's use in applications outside of Web pages - for example, in PDF documents, site-specific browsers, and desktop widgets - is also significant. Newer and faster JavaScript VMs and frameworks built upon them (notably Node.js) have also increased the popularity of JavaScript for server-side Web applications.

5.1.2 Wordpress (WP):
Wordpress is an open source content in management system (CMS). It use for publishing blog, posts/articles/information. There is literally thousands of plugging that extend and the actual functionality is nearly limitless. It installs and switch between themes. It can easily to change the look and functionality of a WordPress website or installation without altering the information content or structure of the site. Themes may be installed using the WordPress "Appearance" administration tool or theme folders may be uploaded via FTP. The PHP, HTML & CSS code found in themes can be added or edited for providing advanced features. It has a data base of over more 26,000 plugging. Wordpress more reliable because it use without license. WordPress 3.0 supported one blog per installation, although multiple concurrent copies may be run from different directories if configured to use separate database tables.

5.1.3 Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP):
PHP is "Personal Home Page". It is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. PHP is started and end .PHP is used to create dynamic web pages and control the server. PHP code is interpreted by a web server with a PHP processor module. PHP commands can be embedded directly into an HTML source document rather than calling an external file to process data. It has also evolved to include a command-line interface capability. I gain very little knowledge of PHP. When we work with PHP then need server because PHP don’t work without any sever. There are many servers (Xampp, Apache, and FTP) etc. PHP 5 is the latest version of PHP. PHP5 is enhanced to make the language more robust, secure, faster and easier to code with. There are plenty of advantages in migrating to the newer version. PHP 5.1 has impressive features that improve the maintainability of applications. PHP5 is certainly faster than PHP4. But PHP 4 did not have a mechanism for error handling. But PHP5 supports exception handling.

5.1.4 Adobe Photoshop:
Photoshop use for picture cutting, editing and other activities. Basically I used Photoshop to cutting picture for web development. In web development we use a lot of picture, but this picture will not be the accurate size. Then we cutting picture our needed and convert the PSD form.

5.1 Implications to University’s Internship Program:
District intern programs are similar to traditional American International university-Bangladesh (AIUB) internships in that the intern is both a full time teacher and full time student. In a university intern program, interns are employed by the district and are enrolled full time in the university’s teacher preparation/education program. In a district intern program, the district employs the intern and delivers the teacher preparation program. The IMPACT Intern Program applies the concept of the district internship to a county-wide consortium model with the county office providing coordinated development and geographically convenient delivery of a comprehensive teacher training program to interns throughout the county. Upon completion of the program, interns are eligible for a professional teaching credential. Funding to operate the IMPACT Intern Program is from three sources: grant funds, intern fees and district in-kind support.

VI – CONCLUDING STATEMENTS:

Building a web application for a reputed company was a big challenge for us. It gave us insights about the various challenges that we might face in professional environment. The website is a great source for the clients to get familiar with products. Clients can get familiar to the upcoming products and offers. Moreover people all around the world can get familiar with company products. People can also know what kind of products they sell and which kind of offer they provide.

From this internship I gained a lot of information about how software development is used to complete projects. There was a lot of software and command line commands that I used which were new to me. Besides the knowledge that was learned from completing my assigned tasks I gained a lot from talking to my boss and fellow workers. They gave a lot of good advice that I will take with me as I prepare to enter the workforce after graduation. I had a great semester working at web development department in SynTech.

VII- SUGGESTIONS:

The entire web application was developed based on the MVC model. Separate controllers were used for every unique pages and panels so it would be easy to update it in the future. The course curriculum of AIUB is really good and committed to provide quality and excellent computer-based academic programs responsive to the emerging challenges of the time. It is dedicated to nurture and produce competent world class professional imbued with strong sense of ethical values ready to face the competitive world of arts, business, science, social science and technology. During the internship the course elements are help me.

Recommendation Letter:

2nd May 2014
To whom it may concern

This letter provided to confirm that Md. Mohiuddin Sikder worked for SynTech Web House from the December 2013 to the end of April 2013 as an Executive Designer. He lives in 159/11, West Shewrapara, Mirpur Dhaka-1216.

Md. Mohiuddin Sikder has been very dedicated and a hard worker. He helped us a lot when help was most needed. He is very focused and creative in the way he does his job. Working with Md. Mohiuddin Sikder for four months gives me the pleasure to provide him his letter and recommend any potential employers in future to hire and utilize his skills and knowledge for mutual benefits. It will be my pleasure to work with Md. Mohiuddin Sikder again in the future if opportunities strike.

__________________

Nazmul Hasan Evan
Director & Head of IT
SynTech Web House (IT& Marketing firm)

IT & Marketing firm.

Address: VOICE & CHAT: E-MAIL:

Home and Office: B5, plot#77 Support: +880 1778 999944(24 Hours) Support; support@syntechwebhouse.com

Road #21, Block #3, CEO & Head of IT: +880 1778 999944 Director: nhevan@gmail.com

Bashundhara, Dhaka- 1229

Bangladesh

References:

Supervisor:

Saiful Islam

Web Developer & Requirement Analyist.

Email:ssaiifull@gmail.com

Phone: +8801834819614…...

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