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Discuss the Relationship Between the Principles of Training, Physiological Adaptations and Improved Performance

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Discuss the relationship between the principles of training, physiological adaptations and improved performance
The relationship between the principles of training and physiological adaptations has a significant impact on performance. Many factors need to be addressed in a training program to make it a successful one for a particular athlete and thus improve their performance.
The first principles are warm up and cool down. The purpose of any warm up and cool down is to reduce the risk of injury and soreness. For this to be applicable, a warm up must be sustained for no less than 10min and for elite athletes, at least 30min. Included in this warm up must be stretching to loosen up the muscles. There are no physiological adaptations that directly relate to warm up and cool down because this principle is not for improving those adaptations; it’s for enhancing performance and preventing injury. With providing such preventions, in then in turn improves performance because it hasn’t stopped the athlete from participating due to soreness or injury. From this, the lack of relationship between warm up, cool down and the physiological adaptations doesn’t have any impact on improved performance, especially compared with the principle of progressive overload.
Progressive overload is a principle that implies that gains in fitness occur only when the training load is greater than normal and is progressively increased as improvements in fitness occur. As the body becomes familiar with a particular level of training stress, it adapts to it and further training at this level fails to sufficiently stress the system. As theses adaptations occur, the improvements in fitness are clear and thus the improvement in performance is heightened. These adaptations are stroke volume, cardiac output, resting heart rate, oxygen uptake, lung capacity, haemoglobin levels, muscle hypertrophy and…...

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