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Eating Disorder and Dieting

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jona248
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Identify an eating disorder. Outline one explanation for this eating disorder (4) One eating disorder is anorexia. The psychodynamic explanation, developed by Bruch, is that adolescents don’t want to grow up and separate from their parents. This is caused by the parents always anticipating the child’s needs, for example, never letting the child feel hungry. During adolescence these parents exert a lot of control over the children, to the point where the teenager has little decisions to make for themselves. As a result, the teenager restricts the food the consume as it is the only thing they can control themselves Discuss explanations for the success and or failure of dieting (4+16)

Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight. Herman and Mack came up with the concept of restraint theory, which looked at the cognitive restriction of food intake. However, they found that attempting not to eat may increase the probability of overeating. Wardle and Beale randomly assigned 27 obese women to three groups. These were the diet group, the exercise group, and the non-treatment group. The study assessed each group at both weeks 4 and 6, with the food intake and appetite at 4 weeks being assessed before and after a small snack, and at week 6, it was measured under stressful conditions, in order to show how each group would fare under various settings. The study found that women in the diet group actually ate more in both assessments than the other two groups. This study backs up the ideas of restraint theory. Research support for restraint theory comes from Ogden (2003), who tested the failure of dieting by giving a group of dieters and non dieters a high or low calorie snack such as chocolate or crackers, then followed by a taste preference test of other foods.Ogden found that the…...

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