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Establishing Theme

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BACK TO THE FUTURE 1985
ENG225: Introduction to Film
Brad Waltman
Brian Brinson
09/15/2014

Back to the Future
Back to the Future is one of the comic science films that earned and still earns much respect by moviegoers. Zemeckis, written by both Zemeckis and Gale and produced by Spielberg, directed the movie. The stars in the movie are Michael Fox, Crispin Glover, Thomas Wilson, Lea Thompson and Christopher Lloyd. Fox (Marty McFly) plays the role of the main character who is sent back in time by the time machine of his friend, Doc (Shail & Stoate, 2010). Back in the 1955, Marty meets his parents during the college life and strives to unite them before resuming to his future life. The story was written because of amusement of Gale who bumped into his father’s papers back in the college. He mused upon whether he would befriend his father if they attended the same college back then (Engelen, 2007). The film begins with an ambitious Marty who is into music so much but his parents live an inferior life. His supervisor bullies the father while his mother is an alcoholic who reminisces about the past and how she mate Marty’s father in the college. When Marty meets his friend Doc, he unveils a time machine that can speed to the future or past. Accidentally, Marty is taken back to 1955 where he interacts with his then teenage parents; succeeds to bring them together before resuming his future state of life. After resuming the future state of life, Marty realizes that things have changed as his parents were living positively and his father had now become a senior to the supervisor who was bullying him before.
Dean Cundey was the cinematographer of the movie and since the production of the movie; he has since received numerous awards for his iconic work on the film and others. The trilogy of the film was unified to communicate the main theme of the movie by adjusting the scenes to play between the past, present and the future. Flashback and flash-forward is conspicuously depicted all through the movie. For instance, the scene when Marty is taken back to 1955 by the time machine of the doc; the town changes its face to the past look and when he resumes his future state of life, the town again brightens up to modernity. Again, a vehicle-less future is displayed when the doc flies into the sky depicting a technological future.
Lighting
Lighting as a technique was adversely utilized in the film. Background lighting, flood lighting and stage lighting are shortly used to depict the time and mood of the movie. The use of lights was depicted during the lightening of the court tower. The combination of strong lights and floodlights made the lightening appear real. The lightning was responsible for the time machine travel, thus ensuring that the objective of the science fiction in the movie is attained. Most of the scenes were not shot on location and real time; therefore, the lights were extensively utilized to depict both real time and location throughout the film.
The acting style depicted in the movie is non-naturalistic. The use of the time machine, which takes time back into the past and future, played a central role in the movie and was although depended upon as a time component. The dominance of nonrealistic features categorizes the film as science and fiction. There is no way a teenager would reverse time to meet their teenage parents and even binds them together. As well, towards the end of the movie, the doc goes into the future; acts which cannot practically be realized in real life.
Costume was an important component of the film bearing in mind it played between the past, present and the future. When Marty is sent back to 1955, although he was in his 1985 attire, the surrounding people wore classic clothes that pronounced the 1955 era including the vehicles, housing and numerous other objects. The costume of the Doc was a white Apron and a white wig, which is a characteristic of most doctors. When Marty met his parents back in 1955, they were clad in 1955 fashion. The costumes helped bring out the past, present and future as well as different roles in the movie.
The hair and makeup was different for the characters with the hair and makeup of Marty depicting a stylish modern teenager while the makeup of the Doc depicted a doctor’s characteristic of keeping long hair. The hair and makeup enabled depiction of age, time and profession. The direction, placement and choice of lenses worked compatibly well to produce a film with a setting both in 1955 and 1985 (Rabiger, 2003). Although the technology including the 3D and other computer aided effects were absent during the movie production, the film is clearly shot with appropriate lighting to depict the message the film intended. With the advancement of the technology, the other techniques would have made the film more effective due to the advanced editing and transitional devices as well as special effects.

References
Engelen, L. (2007). Back To The Future, Ahead To The Past. Film And History: A Status Quaestionis. Rethinking History, 11(4), 555-563.
Rabiger, M. (2003). Directing: film techniques and aesthetics (3rd ed.). Amsterdam: Focal Press.
Shail, A., & Stoate, R. (2010). Back to the future. London: BFI :.…...

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