Free Essay

European Arrival in Florida

In: Historical Events

Submitted By AngelaSmith
Words 768
Pages 4
Florida was the first part of what is now the continental United States to be visited by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. According to the "500TH Florida Discovery Council Round Table", on March 3, 1513, Ponce de Leon, organized and equipped three ships which began an expedition (with a crew of 200, including women and free blacks), departing from Punta Aguada Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico was the historic first gateway to the discovery of Florida, which opened the doors to the advanced settlement of the U.S. They introduced Christianity, cattle, horses, sheep, the Spanish language and more to Florida.[11][broken citation]

Ponce de León spotted the peninsula on April 2, 1513. According to his chroniclers, he named the region La Florida ("flowery land") because it was then the Easter Season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida (roughly "Flowery Easter"), and because the vegetation was in bloom.[12] Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida, however; reportedly, at least one indigenous tribesman whom he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.[13] From 1513 onward, the land became known as La Florida. After 1630, and throughout the 18th century, Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was an alternate name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World.[14][15][16]

The horse, which the natives had eaten into extinction 10,000 years ago,[17] was reintroduced into North America with the European explorers and into Florida in 1538.[18] As the animals were lost or stolen, they began to become feral.

Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a colony at present-day Pensacola, one of the first European attempts at settlement in the continental United States. It was abandoned by 1561 due to hurricanes, famine, and warring tribes, and the area was not re-inhabited until the 1690s.

French Protestant Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564. The following year, the Spanish colony of St. Augustine (San Agustín) was established, and forces from there conquered Fort Caroline that same year. The Spanish maintained tenuous control over the region by converting the local tribes, briefly with Jesuits and later with Franciscan friars.

The area of Spanish Florida diminished with the establishment of English colonies to the north and French colonies to the west. The English weakened Spanish power in the area by supplying their Creek and Yamasee allies with firearms and urging them to raid the Timucuan and Apalachee client-tribes of the Spanish. The English attacked St. Augustine, burning the city and its cathedral to the ground several times, while the citizens hid behind the walls of the Castillo de San Marcos.

Florida attracted numerous Africans and African Americans from the southern British colonies in North America who sought freedom from slavery. Once in Florida, the Spanish Crown converted them to Roman Catholicism and gave them freedom. Those freedmen settled in a community north of St. Augustine, called Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, the first free black settlement of its kind in what became the United States. Many of those slaves were also welcomed by Creek and Seminole Native Americans, who had established settlements in the region at the invitation of the Spanish government.

Great Britain gained control of Florida and other territory diplomatically in 1763 through the Peace of Paris following its defeat of France in the Seven Years' War, and exchanges with Spain of possessions. The British divided their new acquisitions into East Florida, with its capital at St. Augustine, and West Florida, with its capital at Pensacola.

Britain tried to develop the Floridas through the importation of immigrants for labor, but this project ultimately failed. Spain received both Floridas after Britain's defeat by the American colonies and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles in 1783, continuing the division into East and West Florida. They offered land grants to anyone who settled in the colonies, and many Americans moved to them.

After settler attacks on Indian towns, Seminole Indians based in East Florida began raiding Georgia settlements, purportedly at the behest of the Spanish. The United States Army led increasingly frequent incursions into Spanish territory, including the 1817–1818 campaign against the Seminole Indians by Andrew Jackson that became known as the First Seminole War. Following the war, the United States effectively controlled East Florida.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...crear la empresa “La Florida”? 2. ¿Por qué eligieron producir y comercializar el café y no otros productos? 3. ¿Qué tipos de café ofrece la “La Florida”? 4. ¿Cómo maneja su cadena de abastecimiento? 5. ¿A qué mercado va dirigido su producto? 6. ¿Qué diferencia al café de “La Florida” de las demás marcas de café? 7. ¿Qué tipos de estrategia de competitividad utiliza la empresa “La Florida”? 8. ¿Con que tipo de certificaciones cuenta para asegurar que su producto es de calidad? 9. ¿Cómo maneja la calidad de sus productos? 10. ¿Cómo se desarrolla el área de PCP en la empresa? 11. ¿Qué criterios toma en cuenta para la distribución de planta? 12. ¿Con cuántos trabajadores cuenta la empresa “La Florida”? ¿Cuantos turnos trabajan? ¿En qué horarios? ¿Cómo los capacita? ¿Cuánto produce al día/semana/mes? ¿Qué incentivos reciben? 13. ¿Con cuántas maquinas cuenta la empresa “La Florida”? 14. ¿Cuál es la maquina más antigua? 15. ¿Qué tipo de transporte utiliza para la exportación de sus productos? ¿Por qué? 16. ¿Por qué solo se dedica a la exportación y no al comercio interno? 17. ¿Ha pensado alguna vez ampliar su mercado a Huancayo? ¿Por qué? 18. ¿Ha realizado alguna vez un estudio de mercados en Huancayo? 19. ¿Cuáles son las posibles limitaciones que tendría la empresa “La Florida” para impedir su ingreso al mercado de Huancayo? 20. ¿Cuáles son las restricciones que tiene la empresa “La Florida”? 21. Si......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Arrival in the Us

...Victoria Brown Africana Studies 215 September 28, 2011 Journey to America Native Americans are the only people indigenous to the Americas. There are approximately two million Native Americas living today in the United States. The cause of this drastic decline of this group of people is common knowledge. Most people know that Native Americas were slaughtered and exposed to deadly diseases by the Europeans. After Christopher Columbus, stumbled upon this land, Europeans came in droves. This was a land of freedom, and a chance for people live whatever way they desired. People journeyed across the Atlantic to escape various problems. The Pilgrims and the Quakers came to the Americas to have religious freedom. Others traveled to get rich off the mass amount of resources. The United States gained its independence from Great Britain in 1776. From 1492 to when America became a sovereign nation and up until the Civil War, millions of slaves were forcibly migrated to America. America was a land of opportunity and freedom for European immigrants, but for African slaves it was a land of oppression and persecution. Americans lost their Anglo-Saxon roots in the 1800s. Just like the colonists before them immigrants left their native land in search of happiness and prosperity. The Industrial Revolution provided jobs for the millions of immigrants during this time. Each country had different hardships that gave its citizens a reason to decide to leave everything to start a new life in......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Florida Alligators

...Florida Alligators…… Are They Really That Scary????? By: Krista Source: Me with the help of Florida and some alligators My First Time What would you do if you walked into a store and saw three alligators lying on the floor? Well that is exactly what happened to me, and like every other human being, I freaked out at first. At this store you were able to hold an alligator for five dollars. After watching my mom and best friend hold one I thought that I couldn’t miss this opportunity, and I’m glad I didn’t. About Alligators! How many teeth do you have? Well, alligators have 80 teeth. Their jaws are very special. You probably think that they are stronger than anything. But you’re wrong an alligators jaw is strong enough to close on something big, but if something is holding it together it is not strong enough to open. Alligators have many special facts about them. The black bumps around an alligator’s mouth are called nerves. Therefore an alligator can feel every single touch. Alligators are very sensitive because they spend a lot of their time underwater. If a gust of wind came and the alligator’s mouth was open the wind would act its senses and the jaw would automatically snap shut. Alligators have two sets of eyes. One set is for under water and the other is for above water. An alligator can stay under water for approximately 40 minutes to 2 hours if needed. When they are under water there heart rate slows down to 3 to 5 beats per minute. Everglade......

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

How “Civilized” Were the People of North America Before the Arrival of Europeans?

...The native Americans are usually looked at like savages, slaves, uncivilized people. But nobody ever proved that to be true. Everything written about the Indians from the time before the Europeans came was written by Europeans themselves. As Europeans saw nothing in Indians other then slaves, land owner and savages, they were regarded for only the bad qualities of their civilization and often exaggerated by the hating Europeans Defining civilization in both the art of living in cities, and being able to satisfy the needs of the culture and tribe of the native Americans, in both prospects native Americans were “civilized”. So were Europeans- they needed gadgets, and they made gadgets, and it was a need of their culture and most of them would be pretty useless for native Americans Indians were judged for being civilized against their clothes and was behavior. The European culture was to wear clothes covering near the entire body. But Indians didn't need that. They were hunting and it would make their moves tighter if they had to wear everything the Europeans did. Also the climate was very different which also made an impact of the native American clothing. The environment was different-and the civilization was different too – not the stages but the type. We know that Indians were sorted by different tribes. Each tribe commonly had its permanent house, but the Indians traveled a lot within the continent during the year. The tribes were structured too. There was a chief, who......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Florida Orange Growers

...Florida Orange Growers Question: What do you think Florida orange industry could do to improve their long-term prospects? First of all, Florida orange industry had done well in term of production and higher quality compare to Brazil. Florida is strong in NFC, better quality, and more secure legal environment. One of the things that Florida could improve their long term prospects is by adjusting the tariff reduction. It will differ between large and small growers and it will also effect on the economics of exports and other factors. Because of that growers have more bargaining power in negotiating contracts with processors and have cost advantages that will likely continue to grow as they invest in mechanical harvesting. Second, Florida could improve the industry by focusing to export more of their oranges to the other countries. Because the current status, most of the Florida’s costumer is only around United States. It is such a great opportunity for Florida to be able to export more to the European or Asian region to have more profit. And last but not least, Florida could use more mechanical harvester instead of the expensive labor. They could significantly reduce their costs and stay competitive globally. Because of the technology help to cut Florida’s harvesting costs from a third to a half, and also for the long term it could potentially lower the cost similarly to Brazilian levels. On the other hand, these decisions could lead to rise competition between Florida and......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Florida The other night I was sitting by the blazing fire eating a juicy orange, and the sweet smell reminded me of my vacations to Florida over winter break. I will never forget the fresh smell of the air when we stepped off the airplane. I could see my grandparents from across the crowded airport. I would always be so excited to step on the soft, white, sandy beach. The first thing I would do is change into my bathing suit and run out to the beach. My sister and I would spend the day splashing in the salty water, until we were too tired to keep our heads above the water. Then we would lie on the soft damp sand and take a nap. It felt so good to have the bright sun blazing down on me. My favorite thing to do was build gigantic sand castles on the beach. My sister and I would have contests to see who could build the tallest sand castle. The grains of sand glistened in the sun like a diamond ring. I will never forget how the gigantic orange trees towered over me. Every day my grandpa would pick me an orange; they were so juicy! Every time I think about an orange, my mouth waters, and I think of how sweet they taste. Normally bedtime was a problem for me, but in Florida I fell right to sleep every night. I would leave the windows wide open, and I would fall asleep to the waves crashing on the sandy beach. I could hear the birds chirping outside my window along with the rustling of the wind. In the mornings we would walk to this little breakfast place......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Arrival of Christianity

...Greicy Trimino REL 330 07 February 2014 The Arrival of Christianity The arrival of Christianity started in 1492 with the landing of Columbus in the Americans. Only a few moths before Columbus’s landing, the Spanish had expelled the Moors from Granada and concluded eight centuries of liberation. This was a new beginning for the Spanish to gain power, wealth and the implementation of Christianity in the new world. The Indians lived a passive life of agriculture, their own fate of dualisms; day and night, good and evil, sun and moon. This was rapidly destroyed with the superiority of Spanish power, and the impulse to form a new form of religion that will work at their own benefit and convert the Native to slaves. Catholicism was the main type of religion Christianity implemented in the Americans. The catholic kings agree with the idea of evangelize the native peoples. Their goal was to extension the Kingdom of God. Many of the priests started to learn the native language in order to teach the true catholic religion. The were two different types for carrying evangelization; the encomienda in which a priest was assigned to a large number of natives for pastoral care and the other type was when the itinerant priest went village to village for preaching, baptizing, and defending the Indians against abuse. The Christianity in the new World brought a lot of difficulties and contradictions to the Natives, some believed that if they turn the slaves into Christians, they were......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Crisis of Florida

...Article review The Florida Crisis of 1826-1827 and the Second Seminole War Christopher Walker Dr. Saunders Jacksonian 4407 July 12, 2014 The Florida Crisis of 1826-1827 and the Second Seminole War Introduction In this critical review of The Florida Crisis of 1826 – 1827 and the Second Seminole War Canter Brown Jr., tells a very tragic, and hard fought story about the experience of the Seminoles and various groups involved in a plea for life. Brown tells this story in the form of an essay in which he shares his arguments and analysis as a historian, professor, a Floridian, and author in terms of the Florida Crisis. This paper will review Brown’s story as well as his main arguments and will evaluate the quality of Brown’s writing and focus on all areas and his weakness within this account. Summary This section contains a summary of The Florida Crisis of 1826-1827 and the Second Seminole War. The Florida Crisis of 1826-1827 and the Second Seminole is an article by Canter Brown Jr. and it addresses the history of Florida in the war between Seminoles along with other groups of people and the United States. Brown reveals the political, and racial aspects that lead to the history of the war in the United States. The author exclaimed that this war was marked as the most expensive Indian war of all times. This crisis that broke Florida involved the Seminole people and this is why the title “The Seminole War.” The crisis involved the Indian territories and associated......

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Arrival of the Asean

...After Khmer Rouge regime, nearly two million Cambodians including intellectuals, skilled workers, and ordinary people were killed and died of diseases and starvation. Also, the civil wars still existed for another decade long. Consequently, Cambodia has lacked human resources which are catalysts for development and modernization. Moreover, compared to ASEAN members, Cambodia human resources are still vulnerable and have a certain, specific limitation for regional economic competition. Simply put, lack of human resources leads to lack of skilled labour forces and technological advancement. For Example Cambodian nation are important to join in social activities to develop Cambodia, Cambodian People’s salary is a revenues of Cambodia. The arrival of ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), human resources is very special to the increase the economics. They will compete with each other to find the high salary. So how the one nation educated the people? In all ASEAN Nation must considerate with the education system. ASEAN Free Trade Area will open wide border to exchange the labour in this community. After the implementation of ASEAN FTA 2015, Cambodia and other nine more countries will become a province of ASEAN, with issue one charter with the law reinforcement for all people in this community. The main focus of the economics in this situation might focus on GNP (Gross National Product). So, to increase this economics index, education and skill for the people in those countries need to......

Words: 1293 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Florida Air

...Florida Air, Inc. 1. Evaluate Florida Air’s search for capital. What, if any, key mistakes were made? -Dan failed to fully utilize high profile networks of Scott and Henry, who were both graduates of an Ivy League School (Did Scott graduate from Ivy League School?). Also, Dan did not try to reach out to his network he established while he was buying and selling airplanes. Even if there was no one interested in their direct network, perhaps someone in their network knew someone who might be interested. Scott later contacted his 100 alumni later but rather passively; instead of calling to actively initiate a conversation, he mailed out information. -Also, the team initially decided that the best group to approach for capital would be the ones with airline experience to appreciate the benefits of their idea. However, we think the investors do not necessarily needed to have that airline experience, as long as they saw potential and some benefits of the venture. By selecting that "best pool" we believe the team limited themselves to a small group of potential investors. -The team did not do enough research and did not come up with a well-structured business plan. When potential investor candidate Jason Daulton had asked seemingly basic questions about how Flordia air will handle maintenance costs, scheduling, fuel efficiency economics, underlying......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...terrain” and is susceptible to a sinkhole event. The most damage from sinkholes tends to occur in Florida, Texas, Alabama, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Pennsylvania. In west-central Florida and elsewhere, their increasing frequency of sinkholes corresponds to the accelerated development of ground-water and land resources. Most of Florida is prone to sinkhole formation because it is underlain by thick carbonate deposits that are susceptible to dissolution by circulating ground water. Florida’s principal source of freshwater, ground water, moves into and out of storage in the carbonate aquifers (most productive). Development of these ground-water resources (municipal, industrial and agricultural water supplies) creates regional ground-water-level declines that play a role in accelerating sinkhole formation, thereby increasing susceptibility of the aquifers to contamination from surfacewater drainage. Such interactions between surface-water and ground-water resources in Florida play a critical and complex role in the long-term management of water resources and ecosystems of Florida’s wetlands SINKHOLES ARE A NATURALLY OCCURRING IN FLORIDA LANDSCAPE The exposed land mass that constitutes the Florida peninsula is only part of a larger, mostly submerged carbonate platform that is partially capped with a sequence of relatively insoluble sand and clay deposits. In west-central Florida, the relation between the carbonate surface and the mantling deposits plays an......

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

European Essay

...After exploring in Epcot located in Orlando, Florida, I came across a stone with the face of something significant. It was a hot day in Florida with a temperature of 87 degrees. Walking to the water fountain I stumbled upon this piece of stone located near a storm drain. At first I wasn’t sure if it belonged to someone so I proceeded to getting a drink from the fountain and went back with my family. Noticing that nobody had picked it up yet so I went over to the stone and picked it up and showed my entire family. After showing my family members there were employees right near us who heard us talking about it at Epcot knew what the stone was. Once the employee heard us talking I began to ask questions such as, “What is it, Who uses it, How much is it, etc.” The employee then began answering all the questions and seemed very passionate about the stone. This stone was sold in a European store in Epcot. Epcot is a park with 11 different countries located in it. Walking through Epcot allows you to interact with and see how people from different cultures live their lives. The stone was set at a price of $19.99 in the store, which is pretty pricy for a piece of stone. It’s the sentimental value of the stone that is very important. The stone is used when people say prayer to the God’s above. People who believed in the God’s would generally use the stone. When attending services preaching to the God’s you would need to have the stone in order to participate with the group. When...

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Florida Power

...Florida Power and Light Summary The deregulation of the energy industry has offered Florida Power and Light the opportunity to adjust its internal structure in an effort to provide better products and services to consumers. The adjustments and creation of different management programs have aided in guiding FPL from being a local utility company to a national energy services enterprise. Analysis The energy industry is maybe one of the most stable industries in the market. Much like any other industry it has its strengths and weaknesses, but in terms of consumer demand it’s safe to say that the energy industry will be around for quite some time. If we look at technicalities it is also safe to say that energy resource refinement and utilization has been around since the beginning of time. The energy industry is one of enormous depth because of the many different resource types and respective uses. There are two more common sides of this industry; one could even imply these are the two main types, power and lighting as well as oil and gas. It is true that in many cases when we refer to oil and gas it is an industry in its own, much like power and lighting. However, when we understand all that is included in the energy industry we begin to realize and understand that the two latter industries are in essence offspring of the energy industry. Because electricity and fuel are created differently we separate the two and create industries specific to each. However,......

Words: 1450 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Florida Constitution

...The Constitution of Florida The state of Florida’s Constitution can be defined as a brilliant structure of essential values for state government that is eternal and broad-spectrum in nature and derives from the people rather than the Governing body. In 1838 the first constitution was written. Every twenty years, the constitution is studied to decide whether or not improvements and adjustments must be made. The Florida law affects every attribute of everyday life, for instance, how and what location we construct our homes, the way we disburse our taxes, our well-being and physical condition, and our power to vote and partake in government. Florida’s Constitution is separated into twelve articles which summarizes context for government and for people’s rights. Article I-Declaration of Rights Some of Florida’s Bill of Rights which deals with political power, basic rights, right to assemble, religious freedom, right to work, military power, right to bear arms, due process, and freedom of speech. Article II-General Provisions This section institutes Florida’s limitations and delegate three branches of government. Article III-Legislature The section brings about a House and a Senate, in which House are voted to serve a term of two years and the senators serve for four. Article IV-Executive This article generates the offices of governor, lieutenant governor, Florida’s unique Cabinet, which incorporates secretary of state, attorney general, comptroller,......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Arrival of Islam

...Arrival of Islam Islam arrived in the area of modern Pakistan in 711 CE, when the Umayyad dynasty sent a Muslim Arab army led by Muhammad bin Qasim against the ruler of Sindh, Raja Dahir. Muhammad Bin Qasim's army was defeated in his first three attempts. The Muslim army conquered the northwestern part of Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. The arrival of the Arab Muslims to the provinces of Sindh and Punjab, along with subsequent Muslim dynasties, set the stage for the religious boundaries of South Asia that would lead to the development of the modern state of Pakistan as well as forming the foundation for Islamic rule which quickly spread across much of South Asia. Following the rule of various Islamic empires, including the Ghaznavid Empire, the Ghorid kingdom, and the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals controlled the region from 1526 until 1739. Muslim technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and Sufis flocked from the rest of the Muslim world to Islamic Sultanate and Mughal Empire in South Asia and in the land that became Pakistan. Islam and the Pakistan movement The Muslim poet-philosopher Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal first proposed the idea of a Muslim state in northwestern South Asia in his address to the Muslim League at Allahabad in 1930. His proposal referred to the four provinces of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and the NorthWest Frontier -- essentially what would became Pakistan. Iqbal's idea gave concrete form......

Words: 3225 - Pages: 13