Premium Essay

Human Animals

In: English and Literature

Submitted By onwardwall
Words 1301
Pages 6
“Human Animals”:
Dehumanization Through Words in Erich Maria Remarque’s
All Quiet on the Western Front

“We cloak ourselves in cold indifference to the unnecessary suffering of others, even when we cause it.”
– James Carroll

War ruins men. It is a beast, which destroys their bodies, minds, and morals. Facing the all too personal horrors of war, Erich Maria Remarque places his protagonist, Paul, and his comrades into situations where detachment is one of the few ways out, leading to their eventual regression. They begin to lose themselves into an abyss of shockingly unaffected and detached behaviour in order to cope with the war and the loss of their comrades. Through the use of the first person point of view, recurring motifs, and strong characterisation, Remarque explores the isolation brought about by this dehumanization on the front lines of the First World War in All Quiet on the Western Front.
In choosing to use the first person point of view, Remarque allows the reader to identify more closely with, as well as understand more clearly, Paul’s evolving detachment from the world around him. From the novel’s opening it is Paul’s thoughts which set the tone. Paul first appears to be an optimist who does not dwell on the deaths of those whom he does not know. Despite the fact they left one hundred and fifty men strong and returned with only eighty, Paul describes the day as “wonderfully good”, after all “the mail has come, and almost every man has a few letters and papers” (Remarque, 3) to read. It is almost as if he has no regard for the magnitude and true meaning of the loss. This changes with the introduction of Kemmerich. In contrast to the Paul first introduced, he is profoundly affected by his friend’s death. Had Remarque not used the first person, the description of Kemmerich would not have been so emotionally moving. Kemmerich’s mother…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Animals and Human Culture

...Animals and Human culture Before the 19th century, the West viewed nonhumans as being outside the legal and moral community (Francione, 2008). In this respect, how they were treated or used raised no legal or moral concern. The Western community could use nonhumans for whatever purpose they felt like, inflicting suffering and pain to whatever magnitude they wanted and no obligation owed to them would be deemed as being violated. In other words nonhumans were not distinguished from other inanimate objects and as such had no legal or moral obligations (Nikki, 2012). There are those acts that from the surface appeared as obligation towards other animals, for instance an obligation not to injure a donkey or horse that belonged to the neighbor, in actual sense we owed the obligation not to the animal but to our neighbors. Issues of moral became a concern only to the limited scope when humans who were cruel or known to subject the nonhumans to suffering were generally thought to be capable of maltreating humans. Just like the above, the obligation related to the animal in question was actually owed to the other human beings. Nonhumans were viewed as having little moral significance. This essay will focus on Jane Goodall assertion that ‘Who are we to say that the suffering of human being is more terrible than the suffering of nonhuman being, or that it matters more’? (1990). Some scholars believe that human being suffer more as compared to the nonhuman beings and......

Words: 2475 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Are Animals Equal to Humans?

...2012 Women, Animals, Nature Third Writing Assignment Are animals equal to humans? Humans are the most successful evolutionary animals known to ever exist to this day. There are endless accomplishments of man; from learning to start a fire to survive the cold, to the ability to hunt game for food, to the discovery of the vaccine, to the invention of incredibly fast transportation, to the fabrication of Wi-Fi, to the ability to connect to others around the world with a simple device called the iPhone. Without doubt, no other species has come to rival our intelligence and ability to progress and adapt to new environments. The value of a human life is so extraordinary because of the potential of the human intellect. Furthermore, it is because our extensive spectrum of emotions including the ability to empathize for others. This is the ultimate evidence of the greatness of man. Yet the question remains: is it wrong to choose a baby’s life over the life of an animal? Undeniably, animals are not equal to humans however, this doesn’t justify the horrors of animal cruelty that go on in today’s world. In evolutionary terms, we are biologically programmed to choose human life over a life of another species. If we didn’t follow this instinct we never would have been able to evolve. None of the above accomplishments would ever have happened. Likewise, animals that are intelligent don’t consider themselves equal to humans. They also don’t consider their own species above humans.......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Animal

...Animal IntelligenceAnimals are smarter than people think they are. As animal studies keep on increasing, we find out that some animals are close to our level of thinking. Animals such as chimps, parrots, elephants, dolphins and monkeys have been studied and proved to us that they too have a good level of intelligence. Self recognition, social skills, language skills and the use of tools are all signs that scientist use to prove that these animals have a good capacity of smarts in their brain.Many people may think that only humans have the ability to recognize themselves or to be recognized. But the study of two animals has turned that statement to something new. In one study, an elephant was looking at its own appearance and saw some dirt on its face, and with its trunk it tried to take the smudges off its face. (Braden) Another study was done on bottlenose dolphins; to show that they too, have self recognition .Researchers took markers and started to draw on them. Some dolphins had black marks and some did not acquire any marks, but they all felt something touch their body and were eager to see themselves in the mirror. ( DeSeve) To have self recognition shows intelligence. The studies done on these animals show that they are aware of themselves and to be conscious of your self shows a great amount of intelligence.The social skills of animals are very similar to human social skills. Two studies were conducted on chimps to see if they had emotional ......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Animal and Human Research Ethics

...Animal and Human Research Ethics Paper In any aspect of life, the well being of oneself comes before any other considerations. With in mind, medicine has a very similar view. The health and prosperity of the human race comes before any other considerations. This brings about the grounds for the practice of nonhuman animal testing. With this, professional and ethical issues are raised and must be explored in order for a conclusive answer to be given. The statement that “animals have rights” is one that very few people will disagree with. There are those, however, who see animal cruelty as a form of entertainment. The ethical question then arises asks whether the “cruelty” against an animal can be benefited for humans or should humans benefit from themselves. It is evident that the human race is at the pinnacle of creation as they have achieved progressive heights that cannot be matched by any other species. Unfortunately, animal research has been a fundamental part of their continued progress. Since Aristotle, animals have been used utilized for the benefit of humans. The question of why this has occurred for some time is because they had no other alternative than direct human testing. Man has come a long way and must find seek other testing techniques that are advanced in order to eliminate this harmful practice. One possibility is from Professor Joordens in which he indicates that humans should test on humans who have the desired disease. This would bring about......

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Discuss the Impact of Human Activities on the Diversity of Plants and Animals

...Discuss the impact of human activities on the diversity of plants and animals The greater the number of alleles all members of a species possess, the greater the genetic diversity and the greater the genetic diversity the greater the chance of survival. This is due to the fact that larger gene pools results in a wider range of characteristics, and the wider the range of characteristics the greater the probability that a species will possess a characteristic that will aid its survival in an environment. There is no doubt that human activities have had an impact on the diversity of plants and animal, for example the over hunting/poaching of animals has had a very negative effect on diversity. Over hunting can or has led to extinction of many species, like the tiger for instance which has been vastly reduced over the century and one of the contributing factors is poaching. When a significant number of a species is wiped out by poaching, the result is that the gene pool is reduced dramatically, and the species must repopulate itself with the alleles available, the genetic diversity is reduced, similarly to the genetic bottleneck effect although the reason for mass species reduction is not due to natural causes. So although poaching can lead to reduced diversity in one species, it can potentially increase in another. The reason being over hunting can lead to a trophic cascade, where the number of a top predator is increased/decreased – decreased in this case - from the food......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Animal Behavior and Human Behavior

...Animal Behavior and Human Behavior Mary A. Warren Rene Christopher Bio-365 Grand Canyon University Abstract Over time there has been much curiosity concerning animal behavior and the search to indentify the connection with our animal friends and the human-being. Fifty years ago, a young Englishwoman walking through a rainforest reserve came across a dark figure hunched over a termite nest. She stops to observe a big male chimpanzee actually making a tool to retrieve his food from the termite nest, just as we humans use a spoon or fork. This chimpanzee picks up a twig and strips the leaves from it and bends it to fit inside the little hole (Jane Goodall, 2010). Jane Goodall had witnessed one of the most important scientific observations ever in this chimpanzee. From a child she had always been told that humans and only humans used and made tools. She was amazed with what she had just witnessed with her own eyes, therefore doubting some information she had been told as a child. (Jane Goodall, 2010). This was the beginning of research on the human-chimpanzee relationship. There has also been a lot of research done concerning the elephant. Forty years of research has revealed the elephant also exhibit human like behavior. They communicate within their herds displaying many of the humanistic traits, expressing emotions such as flirting, anger and even some of the same parenting skills displayed in humans (Choi, 2011). The observation of the elephants from a distance,......

Words: 1709 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Human Responsibility to Prevent Animal Species Extinction

...endangered species of animals is discussed time and time again in the media and environmental politics. There are countless organizations that work to protect certain species from going extinct. Except perhaps by extremists on online forums, the general population of Earth tends to agree that there are species of animals worth saving from extinction. The topic is virtually indisputable. However, what may be debatable is the reasoning behind the environmental cause. On many organizations’ websites, their reasons stated for attempting to save endangered species include medicinal, research, and economical benefits. While these are incredibly important, these justifiers are also taking the animal away from the issue. The issue now is about humans and how we suffer from a species dying out, when the foundation of the matter should be the wellbeing of the animals and the ecosystems to which they belong and contribute. The idea of human responsibility is the understanding of obligation a human should feel toward a cause or situation, recognizing the impact humans as a whole have had on the issue. In terms of animal extinction, human responsibility is present in the consciousness that the issue stems from destruction by humans. Therefore, humans are responsible for repairing the damage and protecting the victims. It is understandable to mention the human benefits of protecting biodiversity in attempt to appeal to a wider public and get a bigger reaction. Humans are, after......

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Animal and Human Development Throughout the Ages

...ANIMAL AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT THROUGHOUT THE AGES Modern human society owes its beginnings to the relationship that existed between our earliest ancestors and their connection with animals. Animals are credited with being alongside early hominids while they achieved three major behavioral changes. Shipman argues that toolmaking, language development, and domestication provides evidence that a connection existed between animals and our early ancestors (2011:15). Evidence for her hypothesis is staggering, and yet sometimes it includes a bit of guesswork. The best evidence one can witness for the validity of her hypothesis is in the modern era. In the United States alone, there are 69 million pet owners and in 2007 owners spent $41 billion on their pets (2011: 271). Clearly humans are connected with animals, and this connection must have developed through a long evolutionary process. As Shipman points out, “no other animal species regularly initiates long-term nurturing relationships with individuals of another species” (2011: 12). Clearly Homo sapiens are unique. But I would argue that this uniqueness is limited. Our early ancestors have given us a long lasting connection with animals, but this connection is selective. In other words we are emotionally or economically connected with only the few species of animals that our ancestors deemed necessary enough to get along with. Today animals that are deemed to have no intrinsic face value to our modern society are being......

Words: 1566 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Does Granting Animals Human Rights Make Sense?

...Does Granting Animals Human Rights Make Sense? University Does Granting Animals Human Rights Make Sense? Throughout history, there has been any number of people belonging to various groups that for one reason or another were persecuted, oppressed, or otherwise denied equality with the rest of society. Over time, these groups have either formed their own activism or received sponsorship from another group with the goal of achieving equality in the eyes of society, if not in the eyes of the law. Workers, women, minorities, and homosexuals are examples of such groups where the pursuit of what we have come to call human rights has both made history and changed society. This document will explore the question: “does granting animals human rights make sense?” While it is understood that human beings, the species Homo sapiens sapiens, are members of the animal kingdom, for the sake of this discussion use of the term “animals” will refer to those that are non-human. Much of the rhetoric emanating from the animal rights debate is highly emotionally charged. By approaching the issue from the perspective of a reasonable person, it is possible to strike a balance by ensuring the humane treatment of animals where human culture and purposes intersect with the animal kingdom. Often, the animal rights debate is referred to as though there were only two sides to the argument. One side would grant rights to animals that are equivalent to the rights humans strive to afford one......

Words: 3079 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Humans Are the Lowest Animals

...Mustafa Culban 21301187 ENG 101- Sec. 77 Sarah Marie Christian 06 March 2014 ESSAY 1 Humans are trying to live their lives by establishing superiority over the other living species and human kind, too. They may have right when they think that is okay to do. They hunted animals greedly and as Mark Twain mentioned in his essay which is about The Lowest Animal man even said that they were patriots and religious –according to them they were the most one- on the World. However, human kind were wrong that they had misunderstood being the highest animal on the world. Twain was right about his statements about the Morality that makes us more demonic animals. Also Twain has a point about our behaviour.Twain thought that we were killing more animals just for our passion instead of making shift, and he also uttered that we were stocking of vast of foods which is also bad act that can’t be accepted for the highest animals about human behaviours.However Twain was not right about the part of ilnesses. He claimed that we had body parts which were unnecesary and malfucntion. Moral sense of human is one of the fundamental issue that is enlarging day by day with the help of our belief and enslaving people. For example according to Twain the inner sense enables us to do wrong things even we don’t want to do. To give an example from mythology, there is a man story that is about a passion of consuming, wanting everything from the heaven and the expulsion from paradise as a price of......

Words: 1509 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

“Animals Must Not Be Murdered for the Benefit of Human Kind”

...“Animals must not be murdered for the benefit of human kind” Obaid Rahman 13203013 Section : 02 ENG102 Date of submission : 28.12.14 Animals must not be murdered for the benefit of mankind Imagine livening in a cage for your entire life, in poor conditions, with no food and water. Then you are suddenly ripped from your cage, beaten to near death, and painfully skinned alive. Your body is then tossed into a pile, like a piece of garbage, with others who have suffered the same fate or simply get shot in brad day light because someone thought you were harmful to others. Yes, animals should have their own rights too. I do not mean the same rights and morals as human being, but a right to be free from harm by human beings. Animals just like humans experience emotions and pain. In the wild they must protect themselves, but when up against human being, they do not have the power that we do, and often lose their homes or get killed without any other choice for survival. Therefore, animals must not be hunted as a form of sport, be a puppet in running tests for human benefits and, must not be used or abused to get amusement as a form of entertainment. Animal hunting must to be banned. Animals are like human beings. They should not be killed for any reason. People need to treat animals like their own self. Species of animals are declining due to hunting. Hunters have no limitations and are free to do whatever they like. For instance, lot of people goes out with......

Words: 1345 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Do Animals Have Rights? If No, Why Not? Be Specific. Do Humans Have a Special Duty to Captive Animals?

...No, animals have no rights. To answer this question, we need to define about “rights”. The animal’s rights that we always talk about is the rights that is given to animals by human. This rights is started from the sympathy from human to animals which are killed, the afraid of getting hurt and seeing blood. It also applies to other situations, when animals are pets, which means close friends to the family and you don’t want to kill or kill your friends, for sure. Compare to human’s rights, it has some similarities. This “rights” is not about the rights of voting or drinking when you’re 21, this is about the rights of living. Human has rights because we have sympathy. We feel pain when we see other people suffering. We feel sad when we see children in Africa dying of hunger. The idea about raising and killing animals for food is the same about the idea of seeing human’s rights in other place in the world. For example, if you watch a documentary about hunger, you feel sorry for those people. But if you’re happily enjoying your vacation and someone talks to you about saving this to contribute for the dying people in Africa, will you accept? The same thing about it, if you’re enjoying your KFC mega-20-wings and someone says killing animals is not good, please throw away your bucket of wings, will you do it? More into the “rights”. The rights of human was archived by fighting for a long time. “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” were not given by anyone, but......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Animal vs Human Language

...Animal vs human language Arbitrariness Human: * There is no natural connection between a word’s form and its meaning * A written word does not look like its meaning. Animals: * Animal communicative sounds are closely correlated with their meanings. * An animal’s „vocabulary“ is finite and limited. Displacement * Humans can talk about the past, present or future. * Humans can talk about things that don’t exist or we can’t see. * Animal communication is about the here and now. * Animals can’t displace in either time or space. Productivity * Human vocabulary and sentences are infinite and open-ended: We can create new words in our Lexicon in unlimited combinations. „Colourless green ideas sleep furiously“ (Noam Chonsky). * We have a morphology and a grammar which allows us to combine new words in new structures. Cultural Transmission * We acquire our speech from the environment we are raised in, our culture, which includes our language, our accent and our expressions. A meow is a meow wherever because it is instinctual, inborn. Some birds are born with some calls and songs instinctually and some are learned. 7 week window for birds: If birds are not exposed to bird song in the first 7 weeks, they will still produce songs, but abnormal ones. Song-singing is instinctual. 7 years window for children: If a child is not exposed to language within the first 7 years, it will......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Animal

...Treatment of Animals in chemical testing Animal testing is an issue in today's society that, whether anyone realizes it, does affect each of us. Such as transplants, vaccines, and medicine. Nearly each and every one of us today have received vaccine shots. We have all used medications. We have all heard of transplant technology. This above example I have used is farfetched. Brain transplants are not an everyday occurrence. They are not yet, at least. However, kidney and heart transplants are beginning to become a more and more common every day. Who knows what is possible with the proper research. Today there are a great deal of people who oppose animal testing in laboratory research. This is limiting our medical capabilities . Could we be holding ourselves back from medical breakthroughs such as a cure for cancer or AIDS? Animal testing is already controlled to a great extent. Many cats and dogs are killed annually by shelters and pounds. Animal testing is not as cruel as it is portrayed and is an essential to reaching medical breakthroughs. Special controls on laboratory animals have been in place since 1876. These have been revised in 1986. These laws are now more commonly known as the revised Animals Act of 1986. This law allows for scientist to perform testing while also safe guarding the animals. Prior to any testing a cost benefit analysis must be applied. In this analysis they review the potential research benefits with the......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Human Animal Bond

...Kellie Hintz 15 May 2010 Writing 1200 The Human-Animal Bond: How animals enrich our lives The year 2003 started out the same as any other year. It was my second year in the Army and I was just beginning to get used to the demands of military life, when, all of a sudden, my unit got orders to go to Iraq. I felt as if my world had been turned upside down, and I had no idea how I was going to get through the deployment and still keep my sanity. About three months into the deployment, I was taking the trash out after dinner when it happened. As I was about to launch the bag into the trash trailer, I could have sworn I heard a cat meow. I thought, “I must be crazy!” I hadn’t seen a cat since I left the United States, but sure enough when I bent down to look under the trailer, there he was. Staring back at me was a cat that could have passed for my childhood cat. I doubted that he would come to me if I called him, but I decided to give it a try anyway, and to my surprise he came! This was the beginning of a three month relationship. I started calling him Marvin since he reminded me so much of the cat I had when I was young. For the three months I spent about 30 minutes a day with Marvin. He would usually show up right around dinner time. He always knew where he could find me, and when he did, he would come over and jump into my lap and lay down. He would sit with me for a while and I would pet him and talk to him about my day. Some of the people I worked with would come by......

Words: 3162 - Pages: 13