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Indice Precios

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Submitted By monchgomez
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IPC
Índice de precios y cotizaciones es el principal índice bursátil de la bolsa mexicana de valores, tiene las 35 emisoras con más liquidez en este mercado.
Tiene sus bases desde octubre de 1978 y tiene como principal objetivo el constituirse como un indicador altamente representativo y confiable del Mercado Accionario Mexicano.
Mide la evolución del mercado primario en su conjunto, este índice refleja cuanto ganó o perdió la Bolsa Mexicana de Valores en su jornada.
Es elaborado diariamente por la Bolsa Mexicana de valores con base en los resultados de la sesión cotidiana, y tomando como referencia las 35 emisoras principales de los distintos sectores de la economía La revisión de la muestra se lleva a cabo en forma anual (en el mes de febrero), considerando que la muestra se mantendrá estable durante este periodo.

¿Cómo se calcula el índice de precios y cotizaciones?
Debido a la cantidad de acciones que emite la bolsa mexicana de valores es difícil determinar un precio promedio. Los puntos se calculan en función de las variaciones de precios de una selección de acciones, llamada muestra, balanceada, ponderada y representativa de todas las acciones cotizadas en la BMV.
La muestra del índice accionario está integrado por las emisoras más representativas del sector accionario, éstas se seleccionan bimestralmente de acuerdo al nivel de bursatilidad de los títulos operados, el cuál toma en cuneta variables como: número de operaciones, importe negociado y días operados.
Suelen elegir las más negociadas y con mayor rendimiento durante un año.
La BMV hace una evaluación diaria de las operaciones realizadas por las emisoras registradas en el IPC, luego de lo cual define el resultado final en unidades, cifra que compara con la de la sesión anterior para determinar si hubo avance o retroceso.
A partir del índice de precios y cotizaciones, los inversionistas pueden hacer una evaluación del comportamiento del mercado y establecer estratégicas financieras que les representarán un mayor rendimiento en sus proyectos de inversión a futuro.…...

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