Premium Essay

Inernational Relations

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Shafaat
Words 1371
Pages 6
What is Bipartisanism?

Bipartisanism is a political system where all political activities of a state are run by two major parties and rest of the parties carry less importance. It doesn’t mean that in a Bi-party system there is only two parties in a state and there is not any existence of third party. There can be many parties in this system but the main role is played by two major parties who oppose neck to neck one another in every election

As example we may give a glance on UK and U.S.A. . Both of these countries are going through in this process or system. In UK there are Conservative party, Labour party, Liberal party, Communist and Fascist party. But in the field of politics Labour party and Conservative party are important. The form of Government is interchanged between these parties. Sometimes Conservative party and other times Labour party. In the House of Commons the Liberal party has a few seats but no seat has been obtained by Fascist and Communist party.

The same view is in U.S.A also. Politics of U.S.A. is run by two major parties named as Democratic party and Republican party . Others do not have any importance in the politics.

In every country who has Bipartisanism system it is a common scene that power passes from one party to the other and society gets a little bit worse with each election. There is not any variation in internal activates of a country. From two parties, one another come to form a government always by and by and they become the policy maker and ruler of the country. People just participate in the election by casting their vote only.

Merits of Bipartisanism

a)The stability of Government :
In Bipartisanism system the government is more stable, because which party has a majority in the legislature, it forms the government and the other party acts as opposition. Coalition governments are not formed in this…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Human Relations

...Human Relations in Management Human relations are defined as the art of using systematic knowledge about human behavior to improve personal, job, and career effectiveness. (DuBrin) Employees must frequently work together on projects, communicate ideas and provide motivation to get things done. Developing good human relations skills adds to the organizational effectiveness of a business. Employers that challenge and engage their employees are more likely to retain and attract qualified talent and adapt to meet the needs of a changing marketplace. Human relations begin with self-understanding. This concept can be divided into two sides: public self and private self. The public self is how a person wants the outside world to see them, while the private self is how a person really is. To get an understanding of self you need to consider six sources of information. General information about human behavior, informal feedback from people, feedback from superiors, feedback from coworkers, feedback from self-assessment quizzes, and the Johari window. While the first five sources are self-explanatory, the last one may not be familiar. The Johari window is a grid showing how much information you know about yourself as well as how much other people know about you. It is divided into four regions: what is known by the person about him/herself and is also known by others (free area), what is unknown by the person about him/herself but which others know (blind area), what the......

Words: 1590 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Relations Interpersonnelles

...Cours Relations interpersonnelles PER-2101-2 Premier cycle du secondaire « C’est la relation qui illumine l’être. » Gaston Bachelard Présentation du cours Relations interpersonnelles Le but du cours Relations interpersonnelles est de rendre l’adulte apte à traiter avec compétence des situations de la vie quotidienne liées au maintien de saines relations avec les autres. Le cours prépare l’adulte à jouer un rôle actif et responsable dans ses relations interpersonnelles. Au terme de ce cours, l’adulte sera en mesure de collaborer à une interaction, de réfléchir à sa participation et à sa communication. Il sélectionnera des moyens qui lui permettront de s’ajuster à l’évolution d’une relation. Programme d’études Vie personnelle et relationnelle – Relations interpersonnelles 27 Programme de la formation de base commune 28 Traitement des situations de vie e traitement de situations de vie repose sur des actions groupées en catégories qui mobilisent un ensemble de ressources dont des compétences polyvalentes et des savoirs essentiels. Durant son apprentissage, l'adulte est appelé à construire des connaissances relatives à ces ressources afin de pouvoir traiter les situations de vie de manière appropriée. La ou les classes de situations, les catégories d’actions, les compétences polyvalentes et les savoirs essentiels sont les éléments prescrits du cours. Ces éléments sont détaillés dans leur rubrique respective. L Classe de situations du......

Words: 3792 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Inernational Business Notes

...financial, transport, or culture industries must be reviewed * Bank act, telecom act, transport act also limit foreign ownership * Transport act limits 25% ownership to all Canadian domestic airlines * Canada faces foreign restrictions too * Canadians face Australia’s Foreign Investment Review Board for >$5M real estate invests   * Standards * Countries have different standards for environmental protection, voltage, or health/safety * Companies making products must account for compatibility in foreign standards * ISO (International Organization for Standardization) can help alleviate this standards issue   * Currencies * Exchange Rate: amount of currency in relation to the currency of another country * Fluctuations cause barriers because of uncertainty in pricing goods accurately * CAD often quoted with USD because they are largest partners in the world * Historically CAD was less than USD, at one time low of 1CAD = $0.637 USD * But now it’s sometimes higher if not even at most times * Canada is 7th most traded in the world   * Winners of High Canadian Dollar * Importers: consumers like high dollar, means pay less CAD for USD products * Companies gain when importing US goods like machinery etc. * Canadian Travelers: costs less to spend CAD in USD after conversion * Major League Sports Teams: teams operating in......

Words: 12172 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Employment Relation

...Introduction This paper will talk about the employment relations from two perspectives, a unitatist perspective and a pluralist perspective, and then make an analysis of the Australian Waterfront Dispute 1997-1998 from these two perspectives. In order to make clear the changes of the stevedoring industry in Australia, one has to understand the disputes occurred between 1997 and 1998. These disputes were not simple because they demonstrated the employment relations in the industry or even the whole economy (Trinca and Davies, 2000). Thus, what is the Australian Waterfront Dispute 1997-1998? And how it happens and changes? About these two questions, the paper will give a clear outline on the changes and related issues of the Dispute in its third part. And to be in accordance with the question requirements, the paper will also tackle what are unitarist and pluralist perspectives in the second part. The detailed information about these two perspectives are based on the PPTs in class and related theories, as well as some philosophical ideas. After clarifying the two perspectives, making an analysis of the Australian Waterfront Dispute 1997-1998 is essential to answer the question. As mentioned, this section will be included in the third part. Now it comes to the last part, the conclusion part. In this part, the paper will give an overall evaluation on the two perspectives in the process of dispute changes, and show the author’s standpoint on this issue. Analysis of......

Words: 2082 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Public Relations

...INTRODUCTION History Edward L. Bernays, nephew of Sigmund Freud, is widely recognized as the father of public relations. Bernays graduated from Cornell University in 1912 and opened the first recognized public-relations firm with Doris Fleischman in 1919. As Harold Lasswell explained in 1928, "public relations" was a term used as a way of shielding the profession from the ill repute increasingly associated with the word "propaganda": "Propaganda has become an epithet of contempt and hate, and the propagandists have sought protective coloration in such names 'public relations council,' 'specialist in public education,' 'public relations adviser. MEANING OF PUBLIC RELATIONS Public Relations (or PR) is a field concerned with maintaining public image for high-profile people, commercial businesses and organizations, non-profit associations or programs. Public relations (PR) concerns professions working in public message shaping for the functions of communication, community relations, crisis management, customer relations, employee relations, government affairs, industry relations, investor relations, media relations, mediation, publicity, speech-writing, and visitor relations. The first World Assembly of Public Relations Associations, held in Mexico City in August 1978, defined the practice of public relations as "the art and social science of analyzing trends, predicting their consequences, counseling organizational leaders, and implementing planned programs of action,......

Words: 2336 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Public Relations

...------------------------------------------------- Subject- Importance of Public Relations function Greetings Mr After having read DOME’s (Don’t overlook mature expertise) strategic plan objective (Http://Www.Dome.Org.Au Powered Atemo, 2014) and taking into consideration the needs of this organization, I saw how important it is to establish a Public Relations function within the organization. This email is going to include a broad understanding of what public relations is, how it is different from marketing, what tasks will it undertake and what differences and changes it can bring about in DOME. Public relations is defined as the development and management of ethical strategies using communication to build relationships with stakeholders or publics. (ed.Johnston and Sheehan, 2014, p. 6) In simple terms, it develops and maintains mutually beneficial relationships between an organization and its stakeholders. According to James Grunig’s excellence theory, public relations can serve as a management function to the overall effectiveness of an organization with it’s strategic and planned approach (Grunig ed,2013) and in While Elser’s opinion, Public Relations excel at message control and manage a diverse group of stakeholders to deliver messages across various touch points. (Elser 2013) Public relations is often confused with marketing. While the two areas can often be interdependent, they do have substantial differences. Marketing is described as a ‘social and managerial...

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Empirical Relation

.................................................6 2) Equity Market......................................................................................................................8 Relation between Debt and Equity Market................................................................................10 Empirical Relation.................................................................................................................12 Limitations of Study................................................................................................................15 Conclusion.............................................................................................................................16 Reference and Bibliography...................................................................................................17 Abstract  The purpose of this paper is to empirically analyse the dynamic relationship between stock market and bond market post liberalization. - The research work deals with studying of the relation between shares and bonds and comparative analysis of stock (shares) which are listed on stock market exchange and bonds (Government Securities) which are listed in NSE Government security index, which issued in whole sale debt market. For evaluating the relation between stock and bond market to study the comparative analyses of both markets and also finds out the correlation and co-integration between both markets, whether these markets correct...

Words: 4550 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Labor and Relations

...Labor Relations Makeba Hester Professor Anthony Jacobs Bus405: Labor and Relations December 16, 2013 Abstract This paper will focus on the labor relations aspect of Super Retailer Walmart. Their employees have renounced Walmart and the unfair labor relations. Walmart practices and approach to insurance, wage and shift hours have all ways haunted the retail giant. Many companies condemned Walmart for being too large and not focusing on the employees but their primary goal is just to capitalize on the blood sweat and tears of their employees. I will formulate a comprehensive strategy to Walmart that can help at least one imperative area that troubles the super retailer which is health care. 1. Discuss the company’s stance toward labor and any specific labor-related issues it may be experiencing. (Ungar, 2012)After making a big deal of publicly supporting the Affordable Care Act, Walmart—the nation’s largest private sector employer—is joining the ranks of companies seeking to avoid their obligation to provide employees with health insurance as required by Obama care. Walmart been criticized for their horrible wages to the health coverage of their employees. The announcement was long overdue and the time for change is now. As Walmart, dominate the retail industry by offering a vast selection of products to consumers from shampoo, to prescriptions, a routine visit to the optometrist, eating at McDonalds to selecting office furniture. Walmart have mastered a...

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

International Relations

...STUDY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Studying International Relations as a career subject will enable me to be qualified in wide range careers across the globe. I can be employed with an NGO firm, the world bank or in the ministry of foreign affairs in my state among many other firms. In this career fields, I will be able to apply the knowledge acquired in international systems and skills needed in analytical thinking and research. Through the study of International Relations, I will be able to acquire skills in writing through research writing assignments and projects during my academic years. This writing skills will help me express my views and thoughts clearly and accurately hence making sure that the message intended is well understood. My opinions will be expressed in my writings. I will be able to form arguments, make judgments about key issues in the international society like international organizations and firms. The study of International Relations will help me become analytical hence I will be able to acquire the ability to visualize, articulate or solve both complex and uncomplicated problems by making sensible decisions given the available information by designing and testing solutions to problems and formulating plans. Through the study of International Relations, I will be able ......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Human Relations

...Human Relations A human relation in its broadest sense covers all types of interactions among people-their conflicts, cooperative efforts, and group relationships. It is why our beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors sometimes cause relationship problems in our personal lives and in work-related situation. A human relation emphasizes the analysis of human behavior, prevention strategies, resolution of behavioral problems, and self-development (Reece/Brandt, 2008). Back in the day the restructuring of America from an industrial economy to information economy has had a profound impact on human relationships. Living in an age in which the effective exchange of information was the foundation of most economic transactions meant to make major life adjustments by keeping up with the ever-changing technology (Reece/Brandt, 2008). With the information economy came less interpersonal contact like face-to-face meeting and a firm handshake because everything now will be either be either handled by video conference or Internet and signed by an electronic signature. One of the most significant developments in the age of information has been the increased importance of interpersonal skills just to name a few like changing work patterns that create new opportunities and new challenges, organizations are increasingly oriented toward service of clients, patients, and customers, workplace incivility is increasingly a threat to employee relationships. The technical ability is not enough to......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Relations

...Public relation specialist is a topic I chose because It’s something I see myself doing in the future. Today, Public Relations is a set of management, supervisory, and technical functions that foster an organization's ability to strategically listen to, appreciate, and respond to those persons whose mutually beneficial relationships with the organization are necessary if it is to achieve its missions and values. Essentially it is a management function that focuses on two-way communication and fostering of mutually beneficial relationships between an organization and its publics. From my understanding a pro public relations expert excels in speaking at conferences, employee communications, and working in human related organizations. Smartness and an outgoing personality are the tools not just to impress the opposite sex, but it can also help one in his/her career. One of the professions that relies a lot on these two attributes to make an impact is media relations or public relations. A happy customer will most likely make repeat purchases, so an effective PR makes good business sense too. The Government also undertakes PR activities to create a favorable impression in the public mind. Such as it said in the book: So, if you can’t have the job you love (yet!) ... love the one you got.” I apply this role in my daily life and use it to strengthen my excellent communication and presentation skills, along with organized skills, eagerness to think out the box, and deep......

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Labor Relations

...| LABOR RELATIONSBYGERALD HODGESLABOR RELATIONS FALB10 Sec ADEVRY UNIVERSITY14 JAN 20111. From the beginning labor relations has an issue for the United States. Labor Relations is the area that organizations have to deal with between employees and management. Union leaders can use to minimize conflicts between employers and employees (such as strikes) and seek agreements. Unions are organizations formed for the purpose of representing their members' such as employees to deal with their issues. In this paper, I will identify how unions and labor relations impact organizations. I have interview Clinton Harris a labor officer for his organization from Computer company in Virginia. He is in the Nation guard and is currently deployed here with me in Afghanistan. The typical functions of Clinton Harris the labor officer are to manage labor relations program of organization. He analyzes collective bargaining agreement to make sure both sides are fair in terms wages, hours of work, work environment, and health care by contracts. | Clinton Harris advice management about labor relation laws and also interpretation of labor relations policies and practices within the organization. He prepares reports, using records of actions taken concerning grievances, and identifies problem areas. He also monitors implementation of policies concerning wages, hours, and working conditions, to ensure compliance with terms of labor contract. Clint has to research information about......

Words: 1984 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Employee Relations

...as well poor relation with unions. He wants to set out the vision for new employee relations. I am the management consultant of AIM Company so I will negotiation and bargaining in AIM organization between Mr. Jefferson and his managers on the employee relation culture. Collective Bargaining Collective bargaining is the process of negotiating the terms of employment between an employer and a group of workers. The terms of employment are likely to include items such as conditions of employment, working conditions and other workplace rules, base pay, overtime pay, work hours, shift length, work holidays, sick leave, vacation time, retirement benefits and health care benefits. In the United States, collective bargaining takes place between labor union leaders and the management of the company that employs that union's workers. The result of collective bargaining is called a collective bargaining agreement, and it establishes rules of employment for a set number of years. The cost of this employee representation is paid by union members in the form of dues. The collective bargaining process may involve antagonistic labor strikes or employee lockouts if the two sides are having trouble reaching an agreement. The nature and scope of collective bargaining The collective bargaining, which has been defined here, is not a generic concept of the practice. It is concerned only with collective bargaining as it has developed in one particular form of economic relations, that between...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Relations

...Name: Diane Sneddon-Fry Student Number:00061383T Unit Module: PRN 101 Teacher: Tiffany Junee Essay: How is the changing technology environment impacting Public Relations? How is the changing technology environment impacting on Public Relations? Public Relations more than ever before is feeling a direct impact on this fast moving and ever evolving technology based world we live. Traditional forms of media are becoming obsolete, people are participating in more on-line discussions and organisations are much more accountable as more and more people have access to computers, phones and applications 24 hours, seven days a week. ‘In a world where e-mails are returned faster than phone calls and decisions may be made based on corporate websites, it is becoming increasingly important for businesses and business professionals to create and maintain and effective online presence.’ (Gale Cenage Learning, Madiha Bilal Kapadia, 30 November 2011) Recently Qantas was involved in a potential on-line disaster or was it a stroke of Public Relations genius that shifted the focus from the trade union discussions to a pair of first class pyjama’s? Qantas is Australia's largest airline and one of the oldest airlines in the world. Qantas was founded in Winton, on 16 November 1920 as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited by Paul McGuiness, Hudson Fysh, Fergus McMaster and Arthur Baird. Initially the airline operated air mail services subsidised by the......

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Labor Relations

...Resource Department for the Fort Hood Community that provides a Labor Relations Office to look out for the well-being of the federal employees as well as the Bargaining Unit Employees in utilizing the best approach in resolving labor disputes and labor conflicts while working closely with the union. Most federal employees are represented by the American Federation of Government Employees, Local 1920 which without membership is the union who also fall under the Bargaining Unit. The Labor Relations office is there to provide guidance as representatives should the bargaining unit employees find themselves in a dispute with their employer or supervisor that could lead to filing grievances or they choose to address their issues to the union. As a federal employee myself and of the 5, 5000 federal employees on Fort Hood, I chose to conduct an interview with a Labor Relations Specialist working with in the Labor Relations office of the Human Resource Department on the installation to gain a better insight of how the labor issues are handle from the federal government perspective while working hand in hand with the AFGE. Labor Relations Functions Fort Hood being a military installation holds a Human Resource Department within the Civilian Personnel Advisory Center (CPAC). Human Resource department also has a Labor Relations office consisting of three Labor Relations Specialists. I had the opportunity to conduct an interview......

Words: 1968 - Pages: 8