Premium Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By Cain1
Words 1867
Pages 8
“The world is complex and turbulence is growing” (Kotter and Cohen, 2002). We live in a very fast paced world. Things are changing rapidly. Ironic as it sounds, change is one of the very few consistencies in the world. But yet we look at change as a brief disruption in life. It is this view of change that causes stress in people. Change at work can be a major contributor of stress. Whether it is downsizing or changes in leadership, change within an organization takes place all the time. Changes within an organization usually occurs when a company wants to improve the performance of the organization. Change is inevitable in today’s business community in order to meet the needs and demands of an ever changing marketplace. Globalization, rapid advances in technology, and a declining economy are some of the challenges organizations face today. If an organization wants to stay in business and increase profits, it needs to adapt and change very quickly. Moreover, having the right people within an organization to effect change is critical. Most change efforts are unsuccessful due to resistance and lack of support. Most people are afraid of change, and managers have to be very skilled in getting the employees to commit to implementing the changes. In the book, The Heart of Change, Kotter and Cohen illustrate a step by step a process to implement effective change in the workplace. The process comprises of eight steps an organization can use to effectively accomplish change and achieve success. Through the use of personal testimonies of successful organizational change, the authors demonstrate the effectiveness and utilization of their methods. The methods for organizational change prescribed by Kotter and Cohen are related to many of the theories taught in this course. In this integrative paper, I will compare the eight steps for successful large scale change in an…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Genes Brain and Behavior

...of movement, and dopamine deficiencies in this pathway can result in Parkinson’s disease, characterized by rigidity, muscle tremors, and difficulty in initiating movements and speech. Dopamine is also implicated in schizophrenia and manic depression. These psychiatric disorders involve different dopaminergic projections, the mesocortical pathway, which projects from the ventral tegmentum in the midbrain to the frontal cortex, and the mesolimbic pathway, which connects the ventral tegmentum to the nucleus accumbens. 7. What are the functions of the central complex and the mushroom bodies in the insect brain? -The central complex is a region in the insect brain associated with locomotion. The mushroom bodies are higher-ordered intergrative structures in the insect brain, chemosensory information is integrated by the mushroom bodies, and associative learning and memory formation. The central complex and the mushroom bodies are the most prominent structures in the central brain. Sensory-motor integration, which enables Drosophila to have a behavioral response to stimuli, depends on the central complex. 8. Describe the neural circuits that mediate withdrawal of the foot after accidentally stepping on a thumb tact. The spinal cord reflex mediates immediate withdrawal. This inhibition is mediated via interneurons that release glycine as a NT. At the same time a “pain message” is being sent to the brain via ascending tracts. 9. Explain the concept of......

Words: 5146 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

How Society and Nurses Affect the Roles of Nursing assisting the patient, but the patient must still follow up with their primary care. The role of nursing is intertwined with society and the misconceived notions of society. References Blais, K., & Hayes, J. (2002). Professional nursing practice, concepts and prespectives. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Civic Responsibility. (2011). Retrieved June 29, 2011, from Jager, W., (2003). Breaking bad habits: a dynamical perspective on habit formation and change. How Society and Nurses Affect the Roles of Nursing University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands. Retrieved from Prochaska, J., & DiClemente, C., (1982). Toward a more intergrative model of change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, 19, 276-288. Prochaska, J., & DiClemente, C., (1992).Stages of change in the modification of problem behaviors. Progress in Behavior Modification, 28, 183-218. 5 ...

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Intergrative Network Design Project

...Integrative Network Design Project: Part 1 Michael Thibodeaux Instructor Matt Henwood 10/27/2012 Introduction The virtual organization I choose was Kudler Fine Foods, mainly for my experience with this organization in previous classes. Upon research I found that Kudler is in serious need of updated networks as their current systems are border line obsolete and extremely inefficient. Over the next few weeks a plan will be formulated to be put into action to remedy this. This being part 1 I will discuss the general outline to this plan as well as evaluate Kudler’s current system and setup. I will also note the makeup and design of their network system and state which standards apply to this project. Kudler is an upper-scale grocer which specializes in selling quality specialty foods as well as your more common items found in groceries. They currently have three locations around the San Diego area which are located in Encinitas, Del Mar and La Jolla. Currently, each location hosts its own network but share similar characteristics. Characteristics and Components Kudler’s network is built on a Ethernet network with a Novel 4.11 server for their point of sale systems. Their network hosts many computers, all of which run windows98 as their operating system. Each of the computers hosted in this network boasts a 56k modem and is only capable of 56k speeds to access out of company networks and information. This type of modem is very limiting as it requires an...

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Intergrative Approaches to Psychology and Theology by Entwistle

...Running Head: PSYCHOLOGY and CHRISTIANITY 1 Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity PSYCHOLOGY and CHRISTIANITY 2 Abstract This entire book explains how the two books of God can be consolidated to provide the needs of the whole man. The author stated that all truth is God’s and everything that he made was good. Psychology is the study of human behavior and theology is the study of religion; both perspectives are disciplines that are learned. Integration will allow a better understanding of human behavior which neither perspective can do along. Since the Christian faith could not support man along, the mentally challenged suffered. Critics stated that the Christian faith did not keep Bible law concerning love and acceptance of homosexuality; the faith didn’t have the science or intellect to cure sickness, distorted perceptions and mental defects. Sin brought the fall of man and brokenness; yet, science through testings, assumptions, methods, experiments and discoveries were needed to fully care for humans; a holistic approach was needed to cure man. The Church was challenged to provide supreme knowledge to care for souls which lead to many new worldviews which were made up of disciplines that governed people’s lives. These worldviews have Enemies and Allies which were obstacles to integration....

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Nature of Staffing

...York: Lexington, 1992), pp. 69–88; R. V. Dawis, L. H. Lofquist, and D. J. Weiss, A Theory of Work Adjustment (A Revision) (Minneapolis: Industrial Relations Center, University of Minnesota, 1968). 18. D. E. Bowen, G. E. Ledford, Jr., and B. R. Nathan, “Hiring for the Organization and Not the Job,” Academy of Management Executive, 1991, 5(4), pp. 35–51; T. A. Judge and R. D. Bretz, Jr., “Effects of Work Values on Job Choice Decisions,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 1992, 77, pp. 1–11; C. A. O’Reilly III, J. Chatman, and D. F. Caldwell, “People and Organizational Culture: A Profile Comparison Approach to Assessing Person-Organization Fit,” Academy of Management Journal, 1991, 34, pp. 487–516. A. L. Kristof, “Person-Organization Fit: An Intergrative Review of its Conceptualizations, Measurement, and Implications,” Personnel Psychology, 1996, 49, pp. 1–50. 19. Society for Human Resource Management, “The Labor Shortage,” Workplace Visions, 2000; Society for Human Resource Management, “Globalization and the HR Profession,” Workplace Visions, 2000. 20. C. Turner, “The Morphing of Ottawa,” Time Canada, March 12, 2001, pp. 1–7. 21. M. L. Marke and P. H. Mirvis, “Making Mergers and Acquisitions Work,” Academy of Management Executive, 2001, 15(2), pp. 80–94; J. A. Schmidt (ed.), Making Mergers Work: The Strategic Importance of People (Alexandria, VA: Society for Human Resource Management, 2001); E. R. Silverman, “Supply for Demand,” Human Resource Executive, May 15, 2000, pp. 76–77.......

Words: 14457 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

Psychological Trauma

...Howard, S. C. Post traumatic stress disorder: What happens in the brain? Washington Academy of Sciences , 93 (3), 1-17. Joseph, S. L. (2008 ). Trauma, recovery, and growth: Postive psychological perspectives on posttraumatic stress. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc . Kussin, A. (2012, April 23). Redeveloping Secure Adult Attachment. Retrieved November 1, 2013, from Leaside Therapy Centre: Mellody, P., Wells Miller, A., & Keith Miller, J. (1993). Facing love addiction: Giving yourself the power to change the way you love. New York, NY: HarperCollins . Schwartz, R. (2011, January 1). Internal Family Systems Therapy. Retrieved Nov 3, 2013, from Intergrative Trauma Treatment: Shaprio, F. Getting past your past: Take control of your life with self-help techniques. New York, NY: Rodale, INC....

Words: 2572 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Alternative Strategies

...the acquired and acquiring firms. * When existing markets for an organization’s present products are saturated. * When antitrust action could be charged against an organization that historically has concentrated on a single industry. 4.0 Defensive Strategies. Defensive strategies are only used by market leaders in strategic management. If your small-business has reached a market-leading position, you may need to use such strategies. The goal of these strategies is to hold onto your position as the market leader, fighting off competitors who try to take away your market share. Because firms tend to target market leaders, this will not be an easy task, but fortunately you have multiple strategies to choose from. In addition to intergrative,intensive,and diversification strategies,organizations also could pursue retrenchment, divestiture, or liquidation. 4.1 Retrenchment Retrenchment is a corporate level strategy that aims to reduce the size or diversity of an organization. Retrenchment is also reduction in expenditure to become financially stable. Retrenchment strategy is a strategy used by corporates in order to reduce the diversity or to cut the overall size of the operations of the company. This strategy is often used to cut down expenses with the goal of becoming more financially stable business. Typically the strategy involves withdrawing from certain markets or the discontinuation of selling certain products or services in order to make a beneficial turn......

Words: 3798 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Management of Ethical Desision

...Book of Proceedings: 75-84. au/docview/1542112629?accountid=10382 Frémeaux, Sandrine and Michelson, Grant. 2011. “No Strings Attached: Welcoming the Existential Gift in Business.” Journal of Business Ethics 99: 63-75. DOI 10.1007/s10551-011-0749-5 Hao Shen, Fang Wan, and Robert. 2011. “Cross-Culture Different in the Refusal to Accept a Small Gift:The Different Influence of Reciprocity Norms on Asians and North Americans. ” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 100 (2): 271- 281 DOI: 10.1037/a0021201 Jones, Gareth R. and Jennifer M. George. 2003. Contemporary Management Third Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Nicholas, Gene, and Tina. 2013. “The Intergrative Justice Model as Transformative Justice for Base-of-the-Pyramid Marketing.” Journal of Business Ethics doi: 10.1007/s10551-013-1980-z Segon, Micheal and Booth. 2011. “Bribery: What do Australian manager know and what do they do?” Journal of Business System, Governance Ethics 6 (3): 15-29. df Pedigo, KerryL, Marshall, Verena. 2009. “Bribery: Australian Managers’ Experiences and Responses When Operating in International Markets.” Journal of Business Ethics 87:59-74. DOI 10.1007/s10551-008-9870-5. Puncheva-Michelotti, Petya and Michelotti, Marco. 2010. “The Role of the Stakeholder Prespective in measuring corporate Reputation.” Marketing ......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

No Title

...conflict). I statements. critisism to complaint avoid blam use i satements, describe intead of judgin g and leave the door open for change. constructive complaint use I statement, describe undersirable behavior, use neutral language, ask for specifce behavioral change. defensiveness whine, deflect, and attack. contempt mockery, put-downs, hostile corrections, sacasim types of goals topic or content, relational, identity (facework), and process topic goals content struggle people want different things, people want the same thing. relational goals who are we to each other types of power designated (assigned by others), Distriputive (more power than others), Designated giving power to others, distriputive either/or, Win/Lose intergrative power both/and, win/win power currencies RICE. resource control (formal position brings resources to you), interpersonal linkages (attain power through coalition formatino), communication skills (decision making process), expertise (special skill that someone else values). passive aggressive behavior in conflict ... balance unequal power face to face, listen ask questions facework ... ...

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Talent Management

...job or who to leave. Wells and Schminke (2001:135-158). Legal or Government Policies The rules and regulations gazzetted by the government pertaining to HRM issues which organizations in Zimbabwe should abide by. There are set laws governing appointments, that is, health and safety at work and vetting to guard against security in the civil service. REFERENCE Armstrong (2006) A Handbook of HRM Practice 10th Edition. London. Kogan Page. Armstrong, M (2010) Essential Human Resources Management Practice, London. Kogan Page Publishers. Cole G.A (1997) Personnel Management Theory and Practice 4th Edition. London. Wells, D. & Schminke, M. (2001) Ethical Development and Human Resources Training: An intergrative Framework. Zinyemba, Z. Alice (2004) Challenges of Recruitment in Zimbabwe. Willey, C. (2000) Ethical Standards for Human Resource Management Professionals: A Comparative analysis of five major codes. Journal of Business Ethics. Coltart, D. (2008) A decade of Suffering in Zimbabwe. Journal...

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Psychology Report on the Stroop Effect

...are key differences between male and females as has been indicated throughout the field of psychology. In order to develop this investigation, interference can also be measured aswell as reaction time. This would produce results of a higher accuracy, increasing the validity. However, this would require the external environment to be adapted accordingly, thus eliminating any extraneous variables that could alter the results. References Charles Stangor (3rd Ed) Research Methods for the Behavioural Sciences Elizabeth A. Syles (1997). The psychology of attention Jensen, A. R., & Rohwer, W. D., Jr. (1966). The Stroop colour-word test: A review. Acta Psychologica. MacLeod, C.M. (1991) Half a century of research on the stroop effect: an intergrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 163-203 MacLeod, C.M. (1991). John Ridley Stroop: creator of a landmark cognitive task. Canadian Journal of Psychology. MacLeod, C. M., & MacDonald, P. A. (2000). Interdimensional interference in the Stroop effect: uncovering the cognitive and neural anatomy of attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. MacLeod, C. M., & MacDonald, P. A. (2000). Interdimensional interference in the Stroop effect: uncovering the cognitive and neural anatomy of attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Conflicting colours Non-conflicting colours Standardised instructions Hello participants You are here today to......

Words: 3225 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


... in trying developing this Islamic framework and in trying to move away from discussions of philosophy that mainly remains in the metaphysical realm to one that informs the ‘sub-system of economics’, he puts forward his phenomenological model (represented by a completely modified Debreau model) that builds on the principle of conscious oneness along with its logical formalism and applies it to the social-political economy setting. His writings extensively refer to the Qur’ān and the Sunnah (as the primary sources of knowledge) and the views of the culamā’ (scholars) who interpret these sources and extensively use simulation, mathematical symbolism and set theory in what he claims is the embodiment of the complex Interactive, Intergrative and Evolutionary (IIE) framework (reflecting a circular causation) of the learning process. He is certainly among a few writers who have attempted a sort of ‘systems’ approach to developing Islamic social political economy. M. Umer Chapra (1996) Methodology of Islamic economics, according to Chapra (1996) in his IDB prize winner’s lecture series entitled “What is Islamic Economics”, aims at developing an economic theory that fits the logical structures of the Islamic paradigm, has strength in logical reasoning, and reliable in real life. To achieve that goal, Chapra proposes a methodology that first examines whether the economic hypotheses developed fits within the logical structure of the Islamic paradigm that is defined......

Words: 10008 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay


...When the alliance tasks are characterized by extensive functional interdependencies d. the creation of a separate entity is the most effective way to manage the linkages between the various functions. Parent companies assume an important role on the joint venture alliance board which of the following is not among the pivotal responsibilities of the board members b. Ensuring that employment practices do not impinge on cultural norms. Which of the following can inhibit a firm’s ability to learn from the alliance The interface mangager is not the target user of the knowledge An effective interface manger is someone who Is the best user of the information and can diffuse it to the right people within the org The negotiation of an intergrative equality agreement implies that C .Each committee in the alliance is structured with clear single handed leader, but each com In an alliance the success of an integrative equality agreement requires The delegation of authority to individuals chosen by both partners Most stable alliances often invole Two partner that each satisfted with acess to rather than the acquisition of each Installing a matrix structure is the Most Effective way to transition from an organization based on multiple regional divisions to one able to manage both geographic and product diversity. False In companies with the decentralized federation model, the degree of control and coordination exercised by the headquarters is greater than it is in......

Words: 1478 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Uniform Crime Reports still a ways off from meeting its goals. The U.S. is still considered a very high crime nation when compared to other developed countries. When considering the data contained in the UCR, we must also be aware that as unemployment rates go up, crime goes up. This could be a factor as to why there was a dramatic change in crime statistics over the previous year. As our country’s economic situation improved, for some, committing crime was no longer necessary. References The FBI Federal Bureau of Investigations. (n.d.). Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Reports. Retrieved from Schmalleger, F., (2009), Criminology Today:An Intergrative Introduction. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Publishing....

Words: 1763 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Biology Exam Review 2009 straighten your arm - Upper-extensor - Lower-flexor Nervous System ▪ The nervous system’s job is to control and coordinate the parts of your body so that they work together, doing their jobs at the right time ▪ Components of the nevous system: A. Central Nervous System (Control Center) - Brain - Spinal cord B. Peripheral Nervous System - Connects the central nervous system to muscles and glands - Spinal nerves - Cranial nerves ▪ Three functions of the human nervous system A. Senses changes both in and outside the body (sensory function) B. Collects information from all the sensory organs, interprets and explains the changes (intergrative function, intergration center) C. Respond to the interpretation by making muscles interact and glands secrete hormones or other chemical in to the blood stream (motor function) [pic] [pic] ▪ Cell body: - Round, centrally located structure - Contains DNA - Contains protein manufacturing ▪ Dendrites: - Information collectors - Receives stimulus from outside the body - Receive inputs from neighboring neurons ▪ Axon: - Cell’s output structure - Tube like structure branches at the end that connect to dendrites of other cell ▪ Myelin shealth: - White fatty casing on axon - Acts as electrical insulator - Increases the...

Words: 1867 - Pages: 8