Free Essay

Interpretation of War by Otto Dix

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mbanks
Words 2153
Pages 9
Dix, Otto. The War. 1929-1932. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Gemaldegalerie Neue Meiste,

A Graphic Narrative Interpreted
The piece the war by Otto Dix creates an ominous depiction of what a war may look like. Divided into four different pictures, the painting creates a narrative about war. Beginning with an image that displays soldiers going off to war, then the combat area, a mass coffin, and ending with a ghostly figure reaping the battle ground. From the images provided the viewer can interpret that war is very gruesome and negative. At a first glance the viewer is drawn to the center of the painting, as their eyes move around, they begin to decipher the painting and the heaviness of the painting is felt. The grim war zone overwhelms the viewer and displays an aftermath of evil. Otto Dix effects the reader with confusion through a variety of chaos inducing techniques, and ultimately shares his opinions on war.

The narrative begins with an image that displays pre-war activities. The battle has not begun yet and the soldiers do not know what to expect. The first panel displays what looks like a group of soldiers hiking off to war. In the left portion of the painting there are soldiers rising out of the fog, the viewer can only see every thing above the soldiers’ shoulders’. They sky is filled with various types of clouds, and red, almost orange tints. In the corner, there is a small piece of dark sky filled with stars. The soldiers are ready for battle with their backpacks and rifles strapped on. The ground is covering in a light fog that overpowers everything around it. The trail ahead is unclear, and it is unknown what is in the distance. In the bottom left corner there is a detached wheel to a wagon, which is nearly impossible to decipher due to the fog.
The narrative continues with the aftermath of war. The battle ground is full of death and displays the massacre of the war. The next box, which is located to the left of the first box, is full with a lot of content. The sky is filled with clouds vastly contrasted from light to dark. There is a figure hanging over the center of the frame that resembles a skeleton or dead figure. The arm of the object is pointing downward almost as if it is picking its next victim. The figure is covered with what seems to be a sheet and it is old and tattered. The cloth has pieces missing including some rips and jagged edges. In the background ruins of a building cover the ground leaving a trace of mass destruction. There are rods, poles and former framing rising from the ground. The location looks like it is in a desert due to the tan sand like terrain. Casting off the most light in the picture is a white barrier made of sandbags. Against the barrier is a hand reaching out of the debris. After concentration hard enough it become evident that the hand belongs to the dead man upside down. The man's legs are in the air and draw the view in. They are pale white and covered in holes due to bullets. Each hole is dark in color and seems to have a blood dripping out of each one. The man is covered with the remains of his clothing. His face is lifelessly grey, greatly different from his legs. Next to his head there is cloths and what seems to be the remains of another guy. The head of the other figure is covered up and his chest looks open displaying his inside intestines. Next to the deranged body is an object that looks like a torched piece of wood wrapped in barbed wire. The long is leaning against a black item that is a part of the left over ruins of the buildings. Creeping out from the pile of black remains is a person draped with a dark tan cloth wearing a gas mask and a combat helmet.
A simple picture at the bottom of the piece shares the result of the battle and continues the narrative. The image is about a third of the size. There are three visible men placed in a wooden box most likely used as a mass coffin. It is easy to determine the men as dead due to their dark grey lifeless color. It is difficult to see if there are more men in the coffin, or how much farther it extends. Some of the men seem to be missing limbs or there is a possibility that they are not visible.
Ending the narrative is the display of ghost like figures. The main character seems as though he is reaping the battle field. The next box is to the left of the center box and displays three men. The sky above them is very grim including many different colors. The red tones act as a backdrop to the ghostly white figure. The figure seems to be a man, and is carrying another person with him. It is almost as though he is dragging him away from something. The other person he is carrying has no face, only a black white hole. There looks to be another person sitting on the ground on in front of them. The person is earing a gas mask and is in a lifeless pose. Around the three figures there is white cobb-web like cloth and dark fog. Throughout the piece color functions differently in specific moments. In the first image of the sequence Dix uses a lot of white and light blues. The usage of these colors helps Dix get across the idea of pre-war. The connotations of these colors are more positive creating a path into the minds of the soldiers and how the situation is innocent in the way that they do not know what lies ahead. Another positive use of white occurs in the last piece of the narrative. The man is all white and carrying another man. Both men are presumably dead, but their ghostly presence is a resemblance of a guardian angel saving another man. Their all white bodies clue the viewer into the situation. The use of white occurs in other parts of the piece, but when paired with other darker colors the innocence of the color is taken away. In the center image there is a white barrier that draws in the viewer, but it does not create the same positivity as in the first image. Along with the large amounts of white used in the sky, the darkness of the rest of the image places a negative connotation on the white color. The use of black and other dark colors play an important role in the painting. Dix views the concept of war very negatively and the by using very dark colors he can portray his opinions. The dark parts of the sky in the main center picture and in the ending image display this technique. The dark sky provides a dark emotion to the overall piece.
The positioning of characters also plays a major role in Dix successfully sharing his view on war. Most evidently in the he main center image is where the viewer experiences this technique. The author’s choice to have each object or character of the piece be positioned differently adds to the confusion of the scene. In the left portion of the image there are a pair of upside down legs. As a main focal point of this piece, the position clues the viewer in ha the man is no longer living. A body can be just left to decay right there, an everlasting piece from the evil war. The fact that his positioning is very abrupt displays Dix’s view that war is negative or brutal. The next figure in the painting that shares this technique is the skeleton hanging at the top of the center image. The once alive being carries death, and is hanging over the destroyed battle field. This figure hanging over the other aspects of the image resembles the grim reaper. Its’ boney finger pointing downward makes it seem as though he is picking his next victim to take from the massacre. The extreme pose of that skeleton creates a scary emotion and adds an ominous feel to the piece. The image underneath the one in the center, at first glance looks to be of some men sleeping. Once the viewer remembers the content of the other images it is easy to assume that they are dead. The positioning of the men in this portion of the piece ties into the theme of death, and adds to the negative connotation of ear. In the ending piece, the way one man is positioned, carrying another man, provides a positive emotion to the piece. Following the narrative of the painting, the man looks like a guardian angel cleaning up the aftermath of the war. By his positioning the viewer is lead to the implication that he is saving the men from evil.
The sequence of the photos also plays a role in the concept of this piece. By displaying the images in this way it tells a story of war. Beginning with the concept of pre-war activities Dix sets up the journey of war at this point in the painting. Next in the sequence is the main center image full of many gruesome aspects. This part of the sequence shares a little piece of combat. It displays the war zone and how chaotic it can be. The next image in the sequence is below the one in the center. The location of this image simulates a burial method. When multiple deaths occur, mass graves are created to store the bodies. The choice to add this scene in the four-image piece aids the author in making the work come to life. With this addition Dix continues the narrative. The end of the sequence is an image of a couple of men. The main point of this image is the center man who is carrying another man. This picture relates to the end of war, with the idea of the center man as a guardian angel. The man taking all of the lifeless bodies out of the battle field. The arrangement of the images covers all aspects of the war through a narrative.
Otto Dix’s choice to use very vulgar and realistic objects shares his negative opinions of war. The figure hanging over the other aspects of the image that resembles the grim reaper. Its’ boney finger pointing downward makes it seem as though he is picking his next victim to take from the massacre. The dirty white cloth covers him like a blanket. The cloth has been through so much and is also a victim of the war. Simple choices like these bring an ironic liveliness to the piece. The legs sprouting from the ground are white and seem to be decaying. They contain holes that can resemble bullet holes or those from maggots. The decomposition look to the legs add to the grim feeling of the center image. The legs represent what is left from the battle and how unkind the dying situations can be. This part of the image display strong negativity. In the corner you can see a person wrapped in white cloth, displaying a mummy like figure. He is covered in blood and it seems as though his insides have been ripped out of him. The demented image of the person ties the action of war to brutality. The artist uses the gory figure to his advantage by making the viewer feel uncomfortable. The viewer can infer that war presents high mortality rates and mass destruction. This painting is interesting to look at during this day and age because war is not seen this way. The concept of war is vulgar and dangerous, but not massacre like or left as devastating as displayed in the image. Today the remains of war’s combat would leave deaths but they would be more conservative. Omission of the display of guts and hanging bodies, mass coffins and mangled bodies make war in this modern age seem less harsh. Technology is developed to make clean kills, sparing the exaggerated gory view on war. With knowledge of how things work today it adds intensity to this painting. Overall Otto Dix attempts to share his negative views towards war, and successfully effects the viewer through ominous techniques. The concept of war is negative in the eyes of Dix, and he portrays this through the figures in his painting and the colors used in the images. The realism Dix brings into the piece and share a frightening story with the viewer. In general the painting gives of a heavy feeling since there is no omission of negative concepts.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Otto Dix

...Otto Dix He was the great German Expressionist, was famous for his unique and grotesque style. Dix always balanced his inclination toward realism with an equal tendency toward the fantastic and the allegorical. Having experimented with Expressionism, Futurism and even Dada, Dix finally opted for a realist language that allowed him to present a critical view of the society that surrounded him and which led him to become one of the leading representatives of New Objectivity. His profound knowledge and admiration for the Old Masters, particularly the German Renaissance painters, led him to base his new style on a technique that revived their working methods. This included the use of panel rather than canvas as a support and a mixed technique of tempera and oil; his painstaking preparation of the support; his way of using the pigments and glazes, and even his signature in the form of a monogram in the manner of Lucas Cranach. These technical resources also provided him with a way to emphasize form over color and to convey the critical objectivity that he desired, accentuating the realism of his style and endowing it with the critical, ironic and mordant tone that is so typical of his work. Dix’s revival of old techniques and styles, combined with this “return to order” on the part of a realist artist in opposition to the language of the contemporary avant-garde movements, was accompanied in his by an interest in rediscovering signs of national identity,......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Dorothea Lynde Dix

...Parker HIS 132-51 E. Jackson April 23, 2013 Dorothea Lynde Dix: A Woman With A Voice, Vision, and Victory For the Mentally Insane Deep in the dark dungeons of the jail or the “crazy cellar,” lived the neglected and often beaten, mentally insane. Naked, filthy, and foul-smelling, they often lived among other hardened criminals and “lunatics” of the day. There was no heat in the winter, or coolness in the summer, for it was thought they could not feel the heat or the cold, and they most certainly did not deserve any better. Chains bound them together, but one woman made it her life’s ambition to break those chains of confinement and of inhumane, barbaric treatment that the mentally ill endured in the early 1800’s. This woman was Dorothea Lynde Dix. As a social reformer, teacher, writer, nurse and humanitarian, Dorothea Dix devoted her life to the welfare of the mentally ill and handicapped. Her methods of research, lobbying, and advocacy were both innovative and effective in changing the world’s perceptions of the mentally ill. The overall purpose of this paper is to trace her life from her early to later years, with an emphasis on her antebellum and Civil War career, and then take a final look at a hospital here in North Carolina she helped to establish. By doing so, one may learn how and why she was inspired to make it her life-long career to advocate for the mentally ill in the ingenious ways she did. Dorothea Dix was defined by her earliest beginnings. Born in......

Words: 1922 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Interpretations of the Civil War in Early Film

...INTERPRETATIONS OF THE CIVIL WAR IN EARLY FILM One Film To Rule Them All In 1915, the blockbuster film, The Birth of a Nation swept the nation. In a pivotal scene, the attractive daughter of a former slave owner, whose cotton business had been ruined by the war, is stalked by a menacing looking black soldier, named Gus. He is shown with his shirt wide open and bare-chested. Flora, the stereotypical southern belle, notices the voyeur and is visibly shaken. Flora tries to hide from Gus, but Gus corners her and tells her that he wants her and that he is not married. Since the end of the Civil War, Flora has noticed several black soldiers in the area in the past few months harassing her family and other upstanding families. Gus forces Flora closer and tries to kiss her. In a panic, Flora slaps him and pushes him away. Flora flees into the woods. The ensuing pursuit shows Gus as a sex-crazed maniacal troll chasing down the seemingly innocent virginal fairy. Gus follows her absorbedly intent on raping her. Flora winds up on a cliff overlooking a series of jagged rocks. She stares at Gus and motions for him to leave her alone. In a silent ultimatum, she gesticulates that if he doesn’t leave then she’ll leap from the cliff to the rocks below. Gus is exposed as a beast, sweating and pulsating lustful desires. He moves closer to Flora to stop her from leaping. Unwilling to give herself to a black man and death being the only alternative, Flora jumps from......

Words: 5187 - Pages: 21

Free Essay


...Interpretation is an important component as a means of influencing or even changing environmental attitudes and/or behaviour of visitors to protected areas. The two important components are communicating ideas and enriching visitor experiences. This essay will define interpretation and discuss the effectiveness of interpretation as a means of influencing or even changing environmental attitudes and/or behaviour of visitors to protected areas and evaluate the roles of tourism and environmental agencies in managing & controlling the impacts of tourism in protected areas. For the purpose of this research more visitor-focused definition will be used. Definition of Interpretation There are two ways to describe interpretation. The first would be listing the forms of interpretation. For example: information centre, guide walk and tour, guidebook, brochures and signs or pamphlets that provide information of the protected areas The example given above could be suggested that interpretation incorporates all the various ways in which organizer seek to communicate with their visitors. It is also sometimes refer to as visitors’ education. Recently interpretation has been use as a recognized element of other types of attraction such as theme parks. The increase usage of interpretive activities reflects growing competition between attractions and increasing expectations from visitors. (Harris, 2005) Given the wide range of places where interpretation is used, it is not surprising to...

Words: 2173 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Otto Advertising

...Otto Advertising has recently signed on Angela’s Secret Lingerie, a new client that represents a very large account for the company. Although we feel very confident in our abilities to market and influence consumers into buying their lingerie, this client places our company in a difficult situation. They are requesting we direct our advertising towards girls aged 8-10 years old which raises grave ethical concerns. Marketing can lead to ethical dilemmas due to the content and methodology used to pursue market growth and revenue. Many techniques that we ourselves have utilized have included heavily targeting the youth because of their susceptibility to marketing tactics. Targeting children is treading in dangerous waters and can have negative repercussions on all parties involved. Ethical theories represent important guidelines for better, more sustainable decision making. I have provided an analysis through the Utilitarian, Kantian and Virtue Ethics perspectives in order for Otto Advertising to make a sound decision for all parties affected. Utilitarian ethics is associated with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill and represents the utilitarian principle to provide the greatest good for the greatest number of people. This is to be followed by looking at the consequences of an action not the means employed to deem if it is morally right or not (ET 85-88). Marketing is essentially based on the utilitarian principle because our whole purpose as a business is to try and......

Words: 2062 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...el contenido, Ensayar y grabar. 7.- ¿Cómo las nuevas tecnologías influyen en el trabajo del intérprete? La rápida evolución de las nuevas tecnologías digitales no ha pasado por alto el sector de las Conferencias. Cada vez más, los organizadores de congresos desean aprovechar estas tecnologías y, en no pocas ocasiones, combinadas con un sistema de interpretación simultánea. 1. What is the interpretation of a language? The interpretation of language or interpretation is simply an activity of linguistic mediation is to transmit a speech orally or in sign language, giving rise to an equivalent speech in a language, either oral or a type of sign language. 2. What is an interpreter? Interpreter is called to the person doing the interpretation. His role is to convey the message of the original speech, taking into consideration various aspects such as the register used, the information implicit in the message and emotions. 3. What is the difference between interpretation and translation? The translations consist in express in another language what is written, while interpretation is the translation of messages transmitted orally. The difference, therefore, lies in the way of communicating the message. 4. What is oratory? Public speaking is a genre of literature that is formed by the speech, sermon, dissertation, etc. . Oratory is the art of public speaking informing about a particular topic, entertaining and stirring up. Your goal is to persuade your arguments to......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Otto Group

...Die Multi-Channel Strategie des führenden deutschen Versandhändlers Beatrix Brocks, Andreas Fischer, Annalena Dierlam und Isabell Sandner Otto stellte sich bereits früh breit auf und gehörte zu den Ersten die das E-Business für sich entdeckten            17. August 1949 Gründung durch Werner Otto als Schuhversandhandel 1950 Erster Otto Katalog Erster Versandhandel der Zahlung auf Rechnung akzeptierte, 5% Rabatt bei Sammelbestellung 1969 Gründung der Hanseatic Bank 1970 Beginn der Internationalisierung der Otto Group 1972 Gründung von Hermes Paket 1974-86 kauft Otto Heine Katalogversand und Schwab Versand und gründet BonPrix 1981 Michael Otto, Sohn des Gründers, wird Geschäftsführer 1993 gründet Otto den Reiseveranstalter OFT (Otto Freizeit und Touristik Group) 1995 Einstieg ins E-Business Positionierung als sozialverantwotliches Unternehmen mit Hilfe von Gütesiegeln  2000-04 Einstieg ins m-Business/m-Commerce, eigene Schnelldurchwahl per SMS, weitere technische Innovationen Zwischen 1986 und 2005 mehrere - teils anteilige - Firmenübernahmen bzw. Joint-Ventures 2005 Partnerschaft mit Microsoft   Der Umsatz der Otto Group pro Jahr (in Mrd. Euro) stieg bis zum Jahrtausendwechsel rasant an und stagnierte dann 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1970 1999 2002 2003 2004 2005 +50% Die Otto Group gehört zu den größten Versandhändlern weltweit und verfolgt eine Multi-Channel Strategie          Größter internationaler......

Words: 1405 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Analysis of the Authors Interpretation of Postwar Japan and Purpose in the Writing of “Reckoning with War in the Museum”

...Analysis of the Authors Interpretation of Postwar Japan and Purpose in the Writing of “Reckoning with War in the Museum” In “The Reckoning with War in the Museum”, Laura E. Hein paints a picture about postwar Japan through her summary depicting the history of the then freshly built Modern Art museum, Kamakura, founded just after World War II. The Kamakura Museum of Modern Art was established in 1951 by Kanagawa Prefecture, led by assistant director Hijikata Teiichi, and designed to create a new institution that would exemplify a democratic aesthetic as well as inhibit Japan from repeating such a devastating war. The curators sought for a museum that embodied both the concept that artistically Japan was an exact copy of modern Europe and the idea of a single national civilization in Japan. This is significant because this was all occurring around the time when Japan was still under the Allied Occupation. The occupation aimed to make japan into a peaceful democratic country from 1945-1952. During this time, Japan’s people were very stressed out with changes affecting every bit of their lives including changes in disarmament, liberalization, democratization, modernity, and the overall stress to reach perfection as an Asian country with other countries watching their every move. However, Japan was also unified by the strong aspiration to avoid repeating this disastrous experience. For example, as Laura Hein states, “postwar Japanese saw their task as reshaping Japanese......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Interpretation of Dreams

...The Interpretation of Dreams Sigmund Freud (1900) PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION Wheras there was a space of nine years between the first and second editions of this book, the need of a third edition was apparent when little more than a year had elapsed. I ought to be gratified by this change; but if I was unwilling previously to attribute the neglect of my work to its small value, I cannot take the interest which is now making its appearance as proof of its quality. The advance of scientific knowledge has not left The Interpretation of Dreams untouched. When I wrote this book in 1899 there was as yet no "sexual theory," and the analysis of the more complicated forms of the psychoneuroses was still in its infancy. The interpretation of dreams was intended as an expedient to facilitate the psychological analysis of the neuroses; but since then a profounder understanding of the neuroses has contributed towards the comprehension of the dream. The doctrine of dream-interpretation itself has evolved in a direction which was insufficiently emphasized in the first edition of this book. From my own experience, and the works of Stekel and other writers, [1] I have since learned to appreciate more accurately the significance of symbolism in dreams (or rather, in unconscious thought). In the course of years, a mass of data has accumulated which demands consideration. I have endeavored to deal with these innovations by interpolations in the text and footnotes. If these additions do...

Words: 226702 - Pages: 907

Free Essay

Hiistory of Otto

...History of otto: Otto was a sailor he liked the sea it was very cold out at seach. So he used to sing a song. What happened then was magic. The dolphin came up with an alternative model of the softskills methodology and they modelled together a sample access to this weird website here. Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated Give me access to the website was the demand. He repeated The table shows the classifications No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 Classification yes yes yes Classification yes yes yes Classification yes yes yes Classification yes yes yes Classification yes yes yes Classification yes Demand Access Please Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 No1.: 1 2 3 yes yes Classification yes yes yes Classification yes yes yes Access Please Access Please Demand Access Please Access Please......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Use the Historical Interpretation (Sources Written in Hindsight) and Your Own Knowledge. How Stable and How Strong Was the Russian Regime on the Eve of World War?

...Use the historical interpretation (sources written in hindsight) and your own knowledge. How stable and how strong was the Russian regime on the eve of world war? The stability and strength of the Russian regime (autocratic rule of Tsar Nicholas II ) had remained untouched for several centuries, in a sense that it did not alter or fault through the hardships amongst the peoples of Russia/Empire as a whole as a means of the 'sole,righteous' system of autocracy. It was successful in terms of maintaining Tsardom/Romanov dynasty since the early 17th century; surely a revolution would have occurred before the 20th century as most of Europe and America had experienced a mass cultural movement of emerging liberal ideas and reasoning, known as the 'Age of Reason' or 'The Enlightenment'. However this was not the case as the Russian regime under the Tsar had collapsed towards the end of the first World War when he was forced to abdicate from the throne; some would argue that it was inevitable due to the unpopular attitudes towards the social and economic conditions which left the majority of the population in severe poverty. Others may disagree with this inevitability due to such events that could not directly blame the Tsar such as 'Bloody Sunday' in 1905, the state that Russia had been left in by, Alexander III and most notably the role of Prime Minister, Pyotr Stolypin. The focus of analysis will be to explore key leaders/figures and events, and to create a judgement to which......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


..."Living Like Weasels" is a journey into the way human beings might live contrasted with the thoughts of how weasels live. In this beautifully written essay, Dillard describes her chance encounter with an ordinary weasel and how it helped her receive understanding into the difference between the way human beings live their lives and the way wild animals go about theirs. She does this by offering up vivid descriptions and images concerning her quick, but thought provoking run in with the reclusive weasel. Dillard is attempting to show us that we can discover a lot about the true way to live by observing nature's other creations. Yet, at the same time telling us that the way we live is totally up to us, which leads me to my personal interpretation. One could argue humans that lived during the Neanderthal period were similar to that of a weasel. Throughout time the mental capacity of the human has grown to be far more complex and sophisticated than earlier times. With that being said the weasel as we know acts off of pure instinct, whereas the human mind needs to process and articulate each move we make. People often search a definite answer on how to live their lives, as if there is a road map or instructions that will lead you to resolution. Actually, the truth is we, humans, are blessed with an ability that separates us from any other creature; the capacity to intelligently choose to live as we please, instead of how we were created to. I believe that in earlier......

Words: 1392 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

War & Peace

...Brooke Basham April 20 2014 Research Paper News coverage is always evolving. The media industry gets a jolt from certain events, which brings instant change on how the media portrays these events. The media is faced with extreme controversy because media outlets are bias. The media is a form of propaganda making their bias tendencies a serious problem. Fox news was the most popular news coverage during the 2003 invasion on Iraq. They influenced other media outlets to cover war in the same way. CNN and MSNBC do not cover war the same way as Fox. The media has a tendency to leave out important information while covering war. They usually only show the pro-war side and not the anti-war side. As we all know, the media is a huge part of our every day lives. Whether we notice it or not, television and the Internet is our main source to obtain information. It is commonly used and widespread because it is used in many countries. Today, most people have phones that can access the Internet making a source of media right at your fingertips. We want to believe everything the media says because they are delivering important information about our country, but unfortunately it is not always accurate. Some believe media coverage is mainly influenced by national contexts. Coverage is expected to vary from news station to news station (Gerhards and Schafer 2013). A news station has different journalist, which separates every station from each other. Each station may believe in......

Words: 2349 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Otto Von Bismarck

...background: When born/died, basic life overview, personality). -My guided leader is Otto Von Bismarck (1815-1898). Otto Von Bismarck was conservative Prussian statesman, and was later the Prime Minister of Prussia, appointed by King Wilhelm I. He dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. Early on in his political career, promised to promulgate a constitution, agreed that Prussia and other German states should merge into a single nation-state in 1848. In 1849, he opposed the unification of Germany, arguing that Prussia would lose its independence in the process. He grew up representing the land-owning nobility. His mother also had close connections to the Prussian court. He opposed his mother’s beliefs and ambitions. 2) Where/when is your leader from? What major historical events connect with his/her life? (Think in terms of national, international, and global context). -Bismarck was born in Saxony, Germany in 1815). He spent his childhood and college years studying in Germany as well. The Crimean War of the mid-1850s shocked Bismarck. The Eastern Crisis of the 1870s, put fear in Bismarck and pushed him to signing the Dual-Alliance with Austria-Hungary in 1879. He launched his political career during the revolutions of 1848. 3) In concrete terms, what was your leader’s “vision”? (Political goals, life mission, etc.) How does that vision connect to nationalism? -Otto Von Bismarck’s “vision” was to preserve German hegemony in a Europe and to secure......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Otto the Great

...Otto 1, Emperor: Grant of a Market at Bremen, 965 Otto 1 the Great was considered to be a ruler very similar to Charlemagne. He followed Charlemagne’s legacy of becoming a Roman emperor, he was crowned emperor by the Pope. He remained in control by appointing family members to duchies which brought their subjects under his authority. Otto forced the dukes to recognize his lordship and dominance over them. The places that he could not bring under his control, he conquered. Otto I made important reforms which resulted in the bringing together of the state and church. Following these reforms, Otto I brought a more centralized power to himself and strengthened his own right to rule. For Adaldagus to establish a market in Bremen, it was very important to have the approval and support of Otto the Great. Successful approval by Otto Emperor Augustus came with several benefits.  Otto would benefit by being in charge of the local operations and administering the commerce activities in that area. He would have local authority, rights and protection for himself and the local merchants in the name of Otto Emperor Augustus over the marketplace. This would also have included collecting fees and in general making him the locally appointed boss over the marketplace. Otto Emperor Augustus would also benefit by having an appointed leader in place in the market of Bremen to carry out his orders. Additionally, this petition request and approval was accepted as the "religious right thing to......

Words: 306 - Pages: 2