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Invertebrates and Vertebrates

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Submitted By pharos2ndson
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Vertebrates and Invertebrates Worksheet

PART 1: Compare vertebrates and invertebrates.

Directions: In the graphic below, compare vertebrates and invertebrates by: * Create a list of 5 characteristics that make vertebrate and invertebrates different * Create a list of 5 characteristics that make vertebrate and invertebrates similar

differences | similarities | Vertebrates are comprise to all species of animails within the subphylum vertebrata (chodates with back bones). | Many invertebrates taxa have a greater number and variety of species than the entire subphylum of vertebrata. Some of the so-called inverterbrates, such as chaetognatha, hemichordate, tunicate, and cephalochordate are more closely related to the vertebrates than to other invertebrates. | Inverterbrates are animals that nethier possess nor develop a vertebral colum, derived from the notochord. This includes all animals apart from the subphylum vertebrata. | This makes the term “ invertebrate” paraphyletic and hence almost meaningless for taxonomic purposes. | Vertebrates include, the jawless fish and the jawed vertebrates, which includes the cartilaginous fish (shark and rays) and the bone fish. A bony fish clade known as the lobe-finned fishes included with tetrapods, which are further divided into. | The vertebrates traditionally include the (hagfish), which do not have proper vertebrae, though their closest living relatives, the lampreys do. | Amphibans, reptiles, mammals, and birds extant vertebrates range in size from the frog species paedophryne, at as little as little as 7.7mm (0.30in), to the blue whale, at up to 33m (106ft). | Hagfish do, however posess a cranium for this reason, the vertebrate subphylum is sometimes referred to as “ Craniata” when discussing morphology. | Vertebrates make up about 4% of all described animal species the rest are invertebrates, which lack vertebral colums. | Molecular analysis since 1992 has suggested that the hagfish are mostly related to lampreys. And so also are vertebrates in a monophyletic sense. Ohers consider them a sister group of vertebrates in the common taxon of craniate. |

PART TWO: Answer each of the following questions in 350-525 words.

1. Your text offers evidence of evolution including: the fossil record, biogeography, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology, and molecular biology. In your opinion, which of these provides the strongest evidence for evolution? Which provides the weakest argument for evolution?

In my opinion I believe that molecular evolution has the strongest evidence for evolution since molecular evolution is the process of change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA. And proteins across generations because in the field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary. Biology and population genetics to help explain patterns within those changes although major topics in molecular evolution concerns the rates and impacts of single nucleotide changes. In neutral evolution vs. natural selection, origins of new genes, the genetic nature of complex traits, the genetic basis of key specilation, evolution of development, and ways that evolutionary forces influence genomic and phenotypic changes.

However, I also think that comparative anatomy provides the weakest argument for evolution since comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the ananomy of different species. Although it is closly related to evolutionary biology and phylogeny or the evolution of species which indicates that various organisms share a common ancestor, however I do not believe that we as the. Human race are the ancestors of an ape but don’t get me wrong that is not saying that I may have some caveman or neanjathaw blood in my genes since my father is an albino irish.

2. Identify a plant or animal species in your neighborhood. How is it perfectly adapted to its environment? What would happen if you transplanted your species to a different environment?

Abutilon Incanum

Genus: Abutilon

Species: Incanum

Hawaiian Names with Diacritics

1. ‘ lli ma pua kea 2. Ko ‘ oloa kea 3. Ma ‘ o

Hawaiian Names

1. Llima pua kea 2. Kooloa kea 3. Mao

Plant Characteristics

Endangered Species Status

Plant Form/ Growth Habit

1. Sprawing 2. Shrub

Mature Size , Hight (in feet)

1. Shrub, Small, 2 to 6 feet 2. Shrub, Medium, 6 to 10 feet

Mature Size, Width

1. 6 to 8 feet

Life Span

Long Lived (Greater than 5 years)

Landscape Uses

1. Accent 2. Container

Additional Landscape Use Information

A rate used small shrubs that has great potential as an accent plant and may be used in the landscape like ‘ ilima.

The shrubs can be used in xeric locations, and may even be (salt), tolerant since it can be naturally found within a stone’s thrown from the ocean.

[ David Eirckhoff Native Plants Hawaii]

(If needed:)

APA-formatted citation…...

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