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Iron Deficiency Anemia

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Case Study 1 Iron Deficiency Anemia
Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is the result of not having enough iron in the body. It is the leading cause of anemia worldwide; commonly caused by nutritional deficiencies. (Iron Disorders Institute, 2015). Red blood cells (RBC) use iron for development, without enough iron the blood is unable to effectively carry oxygen. The information below will compare the diagnosing process of IDA with the information provided in the case study regarding Ms. A. and; confirming the diagnosis IDA.
Causes
The body stores iron and when the reserves are low it is referred to as IDA. This occurs when the body is not able to replace the RBCs and iron as fast as the body is losing it. Another contributor is the body is not absorbing the iron or the body can absorb the iron but the consumption of iron rich foods is inadequate. Other causes of IDA is loss of iron from bleeding. Bleeding can be a result of heavy menstrual cycles, stomach & esophageal cancer, varices in the esophagus from liver cirrhosis, peptic ulcers, gastrointestinal bleeding and from prolonged use of aspirin and other anti inflammatory medications. (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Rational: Ms. A states, “menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea has been a problem for 10-12 years”. She also reports taking 1000 mg of aspirin every 3-4 hours for six days while menstruating. (GCU, 2015).
Symptoms
Symptoms of IDA can start out being mild with little or no symptoms at all. Mild symptoms include: irritability, fatigue while exercising, headaches and difficulty concentrating. As the IDA slowly progresses, symptoms may become worse including: shortness of breath (SOB), brittle nails, pale skin, sore tongue, pica and being light-headed with position changes. (Medlineplus, 2015). Rational: Ms. A complains of increased SOB, lower than normal energy and enthusiasm levels. While playing golf at a high…...

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