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Kicking a Football

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amberlhenley
Words 381
Pages 2
In order for a human to perform any function their systems need to work in-line with each other to ensure that function is performed accurately and safely. For a person to perform a task as simple as kicking a football into a goal, the muscular, skeletal and nervous system must work in harmony.
Starting with the central nervous system to initiate movement, voluntary messages are sent to the muscular system via the somatic motor division. These electrical signals are initiated by neurons in the brain and are sent thru the spinal column out through the peripheral nerves. The peripheral nerves transmit the information from the spinal cord to the hip to start the flexion required to pull the leg back and ultimately follow through to contact the ball. Receptors are meanwhile telling the nervous system one’s body position. Flexion of the hip is performed by the psosas major, psosas minor and iliacus or iliopsoas/hip flexors contracting working in conjunction with the hamstring or semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris muscles staying relaxed. They then connect to the upper leg or femur. The contraction of the quadriceps or rather the four muscles that make up that muscle group the rectus femoris, vastus intermeius, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis initiate movement of the lower leg. The lower leg or tibia and fibula is connected to the upper leg via the knee or patella. The knee extends due to these contractions and moves the tibia and fibula. The lower leg connects to the tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges or foot via the ankle joint. The gastrocnemius and soleus muscles contract to move the ankle, and the tibialis anterior tightens to hold the ankle rigid enough to move the football. Other muscles are also involved in ensuring stabilization including but not limited to the rectus abdominus, erector spinae and the gluteal muscles otherwise commonly…...

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