Premium Essay

Leadership Style, a Correlational Study in Leadership Style and Use-of-Force Behavior of Police Officers

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tsickels02
Words 30373
Pages 122
LEADERSHIP STYLE, A CORRELATIONAL STUDY IN LEADERSHIP STYLE AND USE-OF-FORCE BEHAVIOR OF POLICE OFFICERS by Tommy Sickels
Copyright June, 2015

A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Degree
Doctorate in Educational Leadership

University of Phoenix
The Dissertation Committee for Tommy Sickels certifies that this may be the approved version of the following dissertation:

The Dissertation Committee for Tommy Sickels certifies approval of the following dissertation:

A CORRELLATlONAL STUDY IN LEADERSHIP STYLE

AND USE-OF-FORCE

BEHAVIOR OF POLICE OFFICERS

Commiittee:

Orlando Ramos, PhD, Chair

Peggy Coplin, DPA, Committee Member

Jack Phan, PhD, Committee Member

,,__.____ _

,,__.____ _

Jeremy Moreland, PhD
Dean, School of Advanced Studies
University of Phoenix

ABSTRACT Leadership style and police officer use-of-force are two important functions of law enforcement. What could be more important in a law enforcement agency than to have these two variables coexisting in an organization in a harmonious manner? By investigating whether a relationship exists between these two variables an answer to this question could emerge. In law enforcement today, the cost associated with excessive use-of-force civil law-suits against police officers and their departments can be staggering. Exposing police officers to a specific leadership style may influence the dynamics in the use-of-force behavior during arrests or other police actions. Evaluating a non-experimental ex post facto field scenario and comparing these results with perceived leadership styles of the supervisors was a primary function of this study. Results from using the Multifactor Leadership questionnaire; both Rater and Leader forms were used to gather additional information. Fifteen officers participated in the role play…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles What is leadership? The definition of leadership is “a social influence process in which the leader seeks the voluntary participation of subordinates in an effort to reach organizational goals.” (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009, p. 288) While studying behavioral styles of leadership it becomes clear that leaders are developed, not born as leaders. By developing leader behaviors, such as consideration and initiating structure, leaders can achieve effective leadership. The most effective leadership style is determined by the situation at hand. (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009, p. 292) Consideration is defined as the leader’s mutual respect, trust and concern for the group members’ needs and desires. Initiating structure involves the leader’s ability to identify and define what needs to be done and the objectives for the group. (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009, p. 291) A Bug’s Life – The Movie Examples of various types of leadership styles can be found in the movie “A Bug’s Life”, based on Aesop’s fable “The Ant and the Grasshopper”. In this story, an ant colony gathers food each season for themselves and a vicious gang of grasshoppers. The leader of the grasshoppers is a cruel and selfish tyrant known as Hopper. (Lasseter, 1998) When the ants’ food offering is accidentially destroyed by the colony’s misfit, Flik, Hopper doubles the food offering requirement and threatens to kill the ants if they don’t comply by the time the grasshoppers return to Ant Island. The ants know......

Words: 1427 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...09/26/2012 Organizational Behavior Leadership Styles There are many great leaders and thinkers in the history of man kind, but I have chosen three that intrigued me the most. The first two are from the same country of origin and the same time frame as well, but two very different views on life. I felt that Lao Tzu and Confucius would show a good contrast in two different thought processes. The third person I chose to write about is from a completely different country and time frame. Machiavelli is more similar to that of Confucius but with his own twist of life and what needs to be accomplished to govern a population successfully. The following is a very small and basic explanation of the thought processes of these great thinkers. According to (Cotterell 2003) Lao Tzu was the man also known as the ‘madman of Ch‘u’, or the first of the ‘irresponsible hermits’, according to the Confucians, was Li Er who was born around the time of 604 BC, but has become usual in China to refer to the founder of Taoism as Lao-tzu, the Old Philosopher. He was the keeper of the royal archives at Loyang, but few details are known of his life. Lao-tzu was ‘a hidden wise man’, who was reluctant to form a school and gather a following, and partly because of this the Confucians believed he was irresponsible. More so however it is because of the way he lived while teaching others in his way. Confucians believed in structure and hierarchy, and this was......

Words: 3433 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...TOPIC: LEADERSHIP STYLES CONTENts page INTRODUCTION 3 UNDERSTANDING ON LEADERSHIP STYLES 3-9 DISCUSSION ON LEADERSHIP STYLE OF A LEADER 10-11 THAT IS APPARENT IN THE EFFECTIVE PROVISION OF HEALTHCARE DISCUSSION ON LEADERSHIP STYLE OF A LEADER 11-12 THAT FACILITATES POSITIVE STAFF DEVELOPMENT CONCLUSION 12-13 INTRODUCTION in today ever rapid changing and challenging healthcare environment, nurses are required to develop their leadership skills where effective leadership styles they choose to deliver high quality care with improved patient safety outcome (Treguno et al, 2009); healthy work environments (Shirey, 2009): job satisfaction (Heller et al, 2004; Sellgren et al, 2007); lower turnover rates (Gelinas and Bohen, 2000); and positive outcome for organization and patients (Wong and Cummings, 2007) and healthcare providers (Cummings et al, 2005). It must be emphasized that leadership should not be viewed as an optional role or function for nurses. Nurse leaders nowadays confronting challenges like new roles, new technology, financial constraints, greater......

Words: 3138 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles and Behaviors in the Workplace

...“Leadership Styles and Behaviors in the workplace”: Working from the Bottom to the Top By: Arlita McCoy To: Dr. Moss Date: August 12, 2013 Class: Psychological Foundations of Leadership There are many leadership styles in the work place. There are certain styles used when communicating with employs versus management. Having a strong leadership background in retail/fast food. I’ve learned to try and treat every employee the same. The management style that I used was to be a firm but fair manager. Often time’s managers are viewed as harsh mean individuals but that is not always the case. Being able to separate business and personal feelings is the key to successful leadership. I’ve been able to work on different ends of the spectrum. Working as an employee and as a manager in a follower/leadership role. When I worked in the role as a follower, often times I was unsure of my role in the business. There very little training and development given from my superiors. “Management must incorporate ethical leadership into it business practice and more organization need to hold unethical leaders accountable and not just reward them for bad management practices” (Avery, et al, 2010). It was not a good feeling getting reprimanded for something you did not know you did wrong. Leaders at that time knew very little themselves and did not possess the knowledge or expertise to train or delegate work to followers. As a follower I’ve often felt that I was......

Words: 2629 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...The Importance of Choosing the Right Leadership Style By Murray Johannsen, Feel free to connect with the author on Linkedin or by email "A groom used to spend whole days in currycombing and rubbing down his Horse, but at the same time stole his oats and sold them for his own profit. “Alas!” said the Horse, “if you really wish me to be in good condition, you should groom me less, and feed me more.” — Aesop's Fables Moral of the Story: Looking good is never good enough. When developing your leadership skills, one must soon confront an important practical question, "What leadership styles work best for me and my organization?" To answer this question, it's best to understand that there are many from which to choose and as part of your leadership development effort, you should consider developing as many leadership styles as possible. This page focuses on an aspect of leadership we commonly don't think much about—style. But it is also about leadership. Many think is all about fashion. In fact, choosing the right style, at the right time in the right situation is a key element of leader effectiveness. That's not what most people do—they have one style used in all situations. It's like having only one suit or one dress, something you wear everywhere. Of course, all of us would agree that having only one set of clothes is ridiculous. So to is having only one leadership style. 19 Major Leadership Styles "Our knowledge can only be finite, while our ignorance must necessarily......

Words: 1432 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leadership Style

...Leadership Style: What Do People Do When They Are Leading? Chanel Diggs BUS520139VA041-1142-001 Dr. Laura Jones Strayer University 03/04/2014 Leadership Style: What Do People Do When They Are Leading? Leadership is not necessarily exemplified only by people in management. Schermerhorn (2012) defines leadership as the process of influencing others and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives. Therefore, it does not take a “manager” to lead. Gary Kelly, CEO of Southwest Airlines, has a set of values and a leadership style that helps Southwest Airlines stand out amongst any other airline in the industry. Background of the CEO Gary Kelly is a 28-year Southwest veteran who began his career at Southwest Airlines as a Controller. In addition to working for Southwest Airlines, Kelly sits in the board as Independent Director of several corporations and trade associations. Kelly was promoted to CEO and Vice Chairman of Southwest in 2004 after serving as the Chief Financial Officer and Vice President Finance, then Executive Vice President and CFO. Gary is a lifelong Texan, having received a B.B.A in Accounting from the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to joining Southwest Airlines in 1986, Gary was a Certified Public Accountant for Arthur Young & Company in Dallas and Controller for Systems Center, Inc. CEO’s Leadership Style and Philosophy Gary Kelly’s leadership style would be that of......

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Leadership Style

...Choose four (4) of the following questions and answer them in short essay format. All questions are worth equal marks. (12.5 marks each) QUESTION 1 (12.5 marks) Discuss the key factors in the international environment that managers of emerging global organisations look to as threats to their international operations. Provide examples as appropriate. -Politic -Economic -Social issue - Technology QUESTION 2 (12.5 marks) What are Porter’s competitive forces in an organisation’s environment? Explain them and provide examples to illustrate your answer. 1. Competition in the industry - : What is important here is the number and capability of your competitors. If you have many competitors, and they offer equally attractive products and services, then you'll most likely have little power in the situation, because suppliers and buyers will go elsewhere if they don't get a good deal from you. On the other hand, if no-one else can do what you do, then you can often have tremendous strength. Eg : AirAsia competition is Malindo air, they are in same industry. 2. Potential of new entrants into industry -  Power is also affected by the ability of people to enter your market. If it costs little in time or money to enter your market and compete effectively, if there are few economies of scale in place, or if you have little protection for your key technologies, then new competitors can quickly enter your market and weaken your position. If you have strong and......

Words: 3610 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles and Organizational Behavior

...Running head: Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational Behavior 1 By Keta Johnson A Paper Submitted to Dr. Wanda Corner In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for BTM7001: Advanced Scholarly WritingError occured in marking Attendance. Some error occurred. Please try again. Error occurred in getting Attendance data. Advanced Scholarly Writingjhkkk Northcentral University Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration Specialization in Public Administration September 14, 2014 Running head: Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational 2 Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational Behavior Numerous studies have been conducted to demonstrate the various relationships between managers and subordinates. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a critical analysis of peer-reviewed articles in which researchers have addressed various leadership styles and how it affects employees. The literature review section will provide an analysis of the theoretical framework and case studies presented by authors. After analyzing the articles, the discussion and findings section will offer conclusions that can be drawn from the results; and also provide an interpretation of what the findings from the scholarly studies mean. The recommendations section will then identify what organizational leaders can do to address the gaps and/or the organizational leadership issues related to the literature review and discussion. Lastly, the conclusion......

Words: 2423 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles Reviewing the past to prepare ourselves for leadership roles   Leadership is important because it is a critical part of our group dynamics. Even in the most democratic groups, someone must ultimately take the role of organizing or facilitating for the group. The role of the leader is present in every area of our life in some manner. Consider the leadership roles of teachers who instruct, managers who drive business, artists who inspire ideas, politicians who lobby to fulfill needs, entrepreneurs who bring a vision to life, and caretakers who provide supportive services. Each is affecting the lives of others by assuming a leadership role that brings benefit to them both. While most of us will find ourselves in a leadership role at some time in our life, simply being in a leadership role doesn’t make someone an effective leader. (Gordon, 1977) It is important to recognize different types of leadership styles and to how these styles fit to individual personality types. Three general types of outstanding, frequently traveled, paths are charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic. In order to be an effective leader, it is not necessary to radically change a personality style. (Ponder, 2005) It is much more beneficial to identify inherent tendencies and learn how to develop those traits into effective attributions. It would be beneficial to understand each of the formidable leadership styles and how to develop the style that comes intuitively. (Mumford, 2006)......

Words: 2811 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles and School Effectiveness Labels: Change Management Research Proposals, Leadership Research Proposals, Strategic Management Research Proposals, Travel Research Proposals Introduction The human mind is like a mine bestowed with billions of innovative seeds, and every one of those seeds can grow a fruitful tree of new inventions. At home, the education of a newly born child starts from the lap of a mother, for whom it is an obligatory privilege to look after her child. Education starting in the dark-age has been transformed as it has passed from mind to mind and race to race, based on spiritually traditional ways of learning, observations, and experiences. The acquisition of knowledge began with the informal learning process at home to formal learning in institutions or schools. In this way, knowledge was progressively traveling down different paths and in different ways through human minds. In recent years, the advent of new technologies from photocopying machines to computer programs, optical scanners, and telecommunication networks has contributed to knowledge transformation. Moreover, today, the dominance of digital technologies and distorted media information has set the stage for the human mind to be idle. It can be thought that the idleness of mind is not due to insufficient or a lack of information and ideas for knowledge development but rather the inevitability of creating multiple choices and overloading us with information. Here, the......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Leadership Style

...between male and female in leadership style and it is interesting. Not only the physiological, there is also have some difference in mentally. Therefore, I would like to discuss about the difference between male and female in leadership style. Gender differences and different leadership styles Stereotypes Personalities, behavior and need of men and women are different. We can distinguish the different skills which are related to the gender of an individual. On the one hand, independent, objective and competitive can be described as male’s typical stereotype. On the other hand, sensitive, gentle, and passive can be described as female’s typical stereotype. In fact, from male and female leadership style and behavior we can find those characteristics. We can see that male leadership style is the achievement of organizational while the female leadership style is emphasizes people and relationship. Below, we will see that these classical stereotypes can make women to adapt certain masculine characteristics in order to fulfill the male leadership role model. Before talking about leadership, there are two central expressions exist need a distinction: leadership style and leadership behavior. Leadership style can be defined as “the underlying need structure of the leader which motivates his behavior in various leadership situations and infers the consistency of goals or needs over different situations” (J. Bard Chapman, 1975). Whereas the leadership behavior is: “The......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles Introduction: In my assignment I will be writing about all of the different styles of leadership, what is good about them and what is bad about them, I will be comparing them with each other and I will be evaluating how effective they are for a leader in the public services. P1: Authoritarian: It is a direct style where the leader tells the team members what they need to do. This is a task orientated style of leadership, it is a good style of leadership because it gets the job done quickly, this is good because it gets the job done quickly and effectively, it allows members of the group to focus on performing specific tasks without worrying about making complex decisions, this allows the team members to become good at a certain role and they can then specialize in that role all the way through their service. The downsides to this style of leadership is that people can abuse this leadership style and become dictatorial and this can lead to dis-agreements within the team and sometimes it can lead to team members resenting the leader and not following his/hers instructions, this is bad because it means that the team wont work efficiently together meaning that they wont get the job done as quickly or at all, another downside is that the leader wont be able to find a very creative or effective way of completing a task, this is bad because the task might require an obscure way of completing it but the leader may not be able to think of a way to complete it....

Words: 1883 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles Case Study

...The type of leadership practiced at NCF is transactional. Transactional leaders focuses more on a series of transactions. This person is interested in looking out for oneself, having exchange benefits with their subordinates and they clarify a sense of duty with rewards and punishments to reach goals. At NCF the leader sends out a memo to all employees stating that dual relationships could be grounds for termination. She also encourages employees to report any non-sanctioned interaction between the social workers and clients. This leader is trying to reach her goals on a system with rewards and punishments. This makes it clear that this type of leadership is transactional. Transformational leadership is practiced at SSS. Transformational leadership is defined as an approach to cause change in individuals and social systems. This type of leadership is to form followers into leaders. The leader is getting everyone motivated to work as a whole in getting their goals reached. At SSS the leader holds a meeting to explain what they have learned about dual relationships. The leader here is encouraging the employees to give their input on this subject. These individuals have a right to speak their mind, which is helping them to become leaders rather than followers. This is how you know this type of leadership is transformational. The type of leadership I would recommend for a human service organization is transformational. The reason is because when assisting clients......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Style Paper HCS/475 Leadership and Performance Development February 13, 2012 Leadership style is the manner & approach of providing direction, implementing plans & motivating people, choosing the appropriate style of communication, identifying objectives, empowering others to achieve & giving support. Selecting the correct style may lead to greater motivation & production from my team (Leadership in Organization, 2001-2012). I have to perform many roles & how I handle various situations, which will depend on my style of leadership. My personality & characteristics will influence the type of style I adopt. A good leader will use various styles depending on what is involved. There are many factors that can influence the behavior of a leader using aspects of leadership style (Leadership in Organization, 2001-2012). The behavior and situations in the workplace will ultimately identify the choice of response. Certain jobs require time restraints that require leadership to ensure that deadlines are met. Time restraints that are not correctly managed and over run, but may result in a decrease in motivation; it might lower commitment and effect the satisfaction of the employee. Various studies have revealed that a transformational leadership can considerably increase the performance by working as a role model (Changing Minds, 2002-2012). They encourage employees to perform and put the organizational needs first (Leadership in Organization,......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles

...Google and apple Leadership styles   There are a number of different approaches, or 'styles' to leadership and management that are based on different assumptions and theories. The style that individuals use will be based on a combination of their beliefs, values and preferences, as well as the organizational culture and norms which will encourage some styles and discourage others. * Charismatic Leadership * Participative Leadership * Situational Leadership * Transactional Leadership * Transformational Leadership * The Quiet Leader * Servant Leadership Charismatic Leadership   Disciplines > Leadership > Leadership styles > Charismatic Leadership Assumptions | Style | Discussion | See also   Assumptions Charm and grace are all that is needed to create followers. Self-belief is a fundamental need of leaders. People follow others that they personally admire. Style The Charismatic Leader gathers followers through dint of personality and charm, rather than any form of external power or authority. The searchlight of attention It is interesting to watch a Charismatic Leader 'working the room' as they move from person to person. They pay much attention to the person they are talking to at any one moment, making that person feel like they are, for that time, the most important person in the world. Charismatic Leaders pay a great deal of attention in scanning and reading their environment, and are good at picking up the moods......

Words: 14705 - Pages: 59