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Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adult People Can Reduce Life Expectation

In: Science

Submitted By cachita63
Words 504
Pages 3
National University of Chimborazo
Medical English
Medical Essay
Name: Lisset Alcozer Course: 8th Semester
Metabolic Syndrome in young adult people can reduce Life expectation
The definition of metabolic syndrome is quite tricky, because it represents a condition where several diseases converge. The problem comes when this condition gets chronic, and slowly damages in an irreversible way our body, causing an early death in relatively young patients. The main diseases that will decrease life expectation present in the metabolic syndrome are: diabetes, obesity and arterial hypertension.
The mechanism in which diabetes will decrease life expectation according to Texas Heart Institute is because hyperglycemia or, high levels of glucose on the blood, can be toxic to several organs, like blood vessels and heart. This alteration share a same physiopathology, glucose causes a direct damage on the endothelium, causing the LDL-Cholesterol to accumulate in the muscular layer of the arteries, eventually obstructing the arteries lumen and causing ischemia, which can be avoided by collateral circulation in certain parts of the body, but if this affects the coronary arteries the heart will suffer from an ischemic heart disease, that if its massive enough will end the life of the patient. (Institute, Texas Heart, 2015)
Obesity can decrease a patient’s life expectation in a similar way as the one described earlier. Studies developed by the American Heart association describe that obese patients have accumulated high amounts of LDL cholesterol that will forma atheromas causing once again an ischemic heart disease or even a lethal heart attack. Also as most patients with obesity, they accumulate fat tissue in a centripetal way, like an apple, this causes a higher pressure in the abdominal cavity, decreasing…...

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