Free Essay

Polar Bears

In: Science

Submitted By johnnyistheone
Words 251
Pages 2
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a carnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. It is a large bear, approximately the same size as the omnivorous Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi).[3] A boar (adult male) weighs around 350–700 kg (770–1,540 lb),[4] while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. Although it is the sister species of the brown bear,[5] it has evolved to occupy a narrower ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for hunting the seals which make up most of its diet.[6] Although most polar bears are born on land, they spend most of their time at sea. Their scientific name means "maritime bear", and derives from this fact. Polar bears hunt their preferred food of seals from the edge of sea ice, often living off fat reserves when no sea ice is present.

The polar bear is classified as a vulnerable species, with eight of the nineteen polar bear subpopulations in decline.[7] For decades, large scale hunting raised international concern for the future of the species but populations rebounded after controls and quotas began to take effect.[citation needed] For thousands of years, the polar bear has been a key figure in the material, spiritual, and cultural life of Arctic indigenous peoples, and polar bears remain important in their cultures.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Bear Stearns

...Header: Bear Stearns Corporate Governance Issues at Bear Stearns Article Summary: In the summer of 2008 the global financial crisis swept away trillions of dollars in net worth, wiping out people’s retirement savings, and causing the loss of millions of jobs. As the world slipped into recession, people looked for answers, and a place to rest blame. At Bear Stearns, a venerable financial firm which was brought down by mistakes made by decisions made by management, there is much blame to be shared. This paper seeks to explore the corporate governance decisions which created this crisis, and which ultimately led to the almost complete destruction of shareholder value for Bear Stearns’ investors. In good times, the shareholders at Bear Stearns were handsomely rewarded by the very decisions which would ultimately end the company’s storied 85 year history and send the global economy into the deepest and most painful recession since the great depression. The firm’s stock traded at $160 a share and several key executives held stock valued at almost $1 billion dollars, but it is clear that hubris, greed, and incredible egos and personality conflicts were the cause of the firm’s demise. In May of 2008, The Wall Street journal published a three part series written by Kate Kelly on the last days of Bear Stearns. Kelly’s articles consider all the factors which brought about the company’s demise, and provide insight into the corporate governance issues which helped seal Bear......

Words: 2786 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Cause and Effect of Global Warming on the Polar Bear

...The Cause and Effects of Global Warming on the Polar Bear Most experts agree that global warming does exist and it is having a devastating effect on the Earth’s climate. A major concern of global warming is the melting of the polar ice caps. Research suggests that global warming is going to greatly impact the survival of the polar bear. In southern portions of their range, like Hudson Bay, Canada, there is no sea ice during the summer, and the polar bears must live on land until the Bay freezes in the fall, when they can once again hunt on the ice. While they are on land during the summer, the polar bears eat very little or sometimes nothing. In just 20 years the ice-free period in Hudson Bay has increased by an average of 20 days, thus cutting the polar bears' seal hunting season by nearly three weeks. Because the ice is freezing later in the fall, and melting earlier in the spring the bears have a much shorter timeframe in which to hunt during the critical season when seal pups are born. As a result, average bear weight has dropped by 15 percent, causing reproduction rates to decline. The Hudson Bay population is down more than 20 percent. Despite the fact that polar bears are good swimmers there has been an alarming increase of polar bears drowning. Although they are well adapted to water, and can swim hundreds of miles to reach solid land, the distance to reach that land is increasing dramatically as the Arctic ice disappears. It is believed that fewer and smaller ice......

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lost Polar

...The Politically Correct Private Investigator: Not Much Different From The Old Guys People who read detective/Private Investigator (P.I) fiction do so because they are attracted to certain elements that they can expect and enjoy from this genre. Indeed, it seems de rigueur that the hero should have certain character traits and face certain problems in certain ways. In a chapter titled “The Private Investigator,” in fact, we read that a typical investigator will be, male, hard-boiled, an expert on the city, a loner, streetwise, tough, physical, and a mixture of an idealist and cynic. In, however, “Lost Polars,” we see that the author wants to add the novelty of a female character, while maintaining the integrity of the detective genre. Therefore, in Shelley Singer’s depiction of Barrett Lake, the salient and correlative aspects of the archetypal qualities of a private investigator are not tainted with progressive, feminist values. Even though Lake is a woman, she still typifies the noir, solitary hero who stands up for justice even in the face of circumstances that would break the morale of anyone else. This is Singer’s big trick on the audience. We see, for instance, Lake’s intuition, coupled with her quick-thinking, which assured her successful investigation into Judy Garbman’s murder. She’s a woman who does this, but there’s nothing really “feminine” about this process. Her willingness to calm and collectively rationalize and reason, while the rest of her......

Words: 1422 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Polar Bear Physiology

...physiology to live in certain conditions. One of those animals is the polar bear who lives in the extreme cold temperatures of the Arctic. In figure F-1, shown are several features which helps the Polar bear adapt to environment minus a few which will be noted later. These amazing powerful creatures are one of the few mammals which have adapted to its marine environment. As seen in figure F-1, the polar bear has large feet. “To help protect their feet, there are pads on the bottom of them. They are designed to give them plenty of traction for walking on the slippery ice” (2011). The ground in the arctic is permanently frozen. In order for the polar bear to be able to walk on the ground and keep warm, they have these large padded feet to assist them in their living environment. These padded feet are also equipped with large claws which are used in hunting their prey. The polar bear's Latin name, ursus maritimus, means “sea bear” (2011). This animal is one of the few mammals which depends on it s marine environment for survival. As shown above in Figure F-1, the polar bear has short legs and large feet to allow them to propel through the water quickly. Because of these physiological features, the polar bear is able to catch its prey quickly and efficiently. Another interesting feature of the polar bear is its skin and fur. The above figure does not display this as one of the important features of the polar bear. “Its distinctive white coat acts as camouflage......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

A Polar Expedition

...A Polar Expedition Fridjof Nansen, a Norwegian explorer, was in of the great Artic explorers of his time and made leaps in the field of Oceanography. “Nansen a well-known athlete, zoologist, and explorer was interested in the currents of the polar seas” (Sverdrup 2014 pg. 14). He was a clear headed man who didn’t let other’s opinions influence him and was willing to take risks in his work. It was his theory that the current would take him to the North Pole and then south toward Greenland (Adams 2014). While his name may never become a common household name without his brave and successful journey the world of oceanography may not be where it is today. All of these combined make him an excellent topic for an oceanography paper. Fridjof Nansen was more however then just an oceanographer. Before the Fram expedition he was already a well-recognized zoologist, and had been made the curator of zoology at eh Bergen Museum. As stated by Harald Sverdrup, “He wrote papers on zoological and histological subjects, illustrated by excellent drawings” (Sverdrup 2013). Shortly after this his interests moved to the physical side of oceanography. He became an oceanography instructor at the University of Kristina and on his two most successful artic expeditions most of the data was collected by Nansen himself (Sverdrup 2013). Before going on his famous expedition to the Arctic Ocean he had already began his work in oceanography by taking a group of five other men to Greenland’s icecaps......

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Coke's Polar Bears

...Coke’s Polar Bears Coca Cola’s polar bear has been around for quite a long time, being introduced in a paper ad in France, 1922. The polar bear is a well-known symbol for Coke even though they portray the animal much different than it lives in the wild. It’s a symbol because an animated polar bear wouldn’t mean much to someone outside of our culture, but Coke has ingrained in our culture that it aligns with them. We created our infographic to display the benefits that both Coca Cola and the polar bears receive. Coke has done some great things for the polar bears but much more can be done. The polar bears have receive almost $2 million in support from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). There has been a substantial reduction in deaths of polar bears from trying to uphold a section in the high Artic that the ice will last the longest. Certain surrounding tribes have also slowed down or even completely stopped killing polar bears. Coke has also alerted the public and since they are becoming aware they want to help. I added the picture of the three cubs laying on top of their mother to allude that the polar bears are happy and in stable conditions. Coke has garnered much public appeal since starting the campaign. They teamed up with WWF in 2011 and since then they have accomplished in reducing carbon emissions by 8.5%. The benefits they receive are substantial. The more people they bring onto the product, in turn their profits will increase profoundly. Even though coke has......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Build a Bear

...CASE 1 –Build a Bear, Build a memory- Synopsis: Build a Bear was founded by Maxine Clark in hard times. Where the internet was in its early phases of development, this era was a bad time to come with this type of business idea and as a matter of fact, Maxine Clark was criticized for this business idea. But nearly a decade later this company was considered as one of the hottest five retailers. The company hit number 25 on Business Week´s Hot Growth list of fast expanding small companies and Maxine Clark won Fast Company´s Customer-Centered Leader award. After being the president of Payless shoe store and resigning in 1996 (Selk, 2015), Maxine Clark´s Build a Bear first store opened in 1997 in Saint Louis Missouri. By 2007 it had sold over 50 million customer-made teddy bears and registered sales of $474 million. Clark’s inspiration came from her 10 year old friend Katie. She argued why she couldn´t find the stuffed toy she wanted and that it was so easy to make (Build a Bear, 2015); and so the inspiration came. Currently, there are over 400 stores in the USA, UK, Puerto Rico, Canada and franchises in Europe, Asia, Middle East, Australia, Mexico and Africa, with more than 125 million Bears living around the world. They are also diversifying the product, not only teddy bears. Now customers can build dinosaurs (Build a Dino), dolls (Friends 2B Made) and Build a Bear at the Zoo where customers can decide in a variety of more than animals. (Build a Bear) Nowadays the......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Effects of Bi Polar

...The Effects of Bi-polar Disorder on Marriage and Family life Many Families are faced with the challenge of coming to terms with a family member who suffers from Bi-polar disorder. How does this often debilitating condition affect the people who become the care-givers and support system to those who are suffering? Caring for someone with bi-polar disorder can place heavy burdens on a marriage and the family, particularly if the families are not equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to cope with mental illness. It can be extremely exhausting, especially for families of young children. Bipolar suffers are faced with varying mental disorders that often negatively affect themselves and their families. According to an article by the Mood Disorders Association of British Columbia titled Bipolar Disorder: effects on the family. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder characterized by extreme swings in moods. It is a puzzling illness that not only affects the individual but their family and friends as well. Often when bipolar disorder is not properly controlled with medical treatment and therapy, the individual may suffer from severe mood swings, bouts of mania, and periods of extreme depression. These symptoms sometimes manifest themselves in various ways. Living with a person who has bipolar disorder requires an extreme amount of patience while attempting to cope with the effects that these disruptions may have on the family life. Many families will have to......

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Bear

...Literary Analysis Essay (The Bear) Farce The author, Anton Chekov, wrote a drama titled “The Bear”, which took place in 1888 and 1893 in Popova’s living room. “The author used a literary element, farce. It means, a light humorous play in which the plot depends upon the development of character, humor of the type displayed in such works, foolish show; mockery; ridiculous sham; cookery, and finally forcemeat (Google Sites-Farce).” In the story, Smirnoff was being foolish, ridiculous, and using mockery towards Popova. Of course, Smirnoff didn’t know how to act towards women; he is just a “cookery, forcemeat sham ( Farce).” As Smirnoff said mockingly, “ I don’t believe this. It’s been seven months today since my husband has passed on, and I’m in a sad mood… And this doesn’t have to do with your husband. I have a mortgage to pay. Your Husband is dead (Chekhov, Anton 762-763).” He wrote about two people fighting over a mortgage and one was talking about being sad over her husband that died. Farce is about humorous plays, ridiculous behaviors. Also farce is a form of low comedy. “The contrast is focused on the characters actions, and comedy of manners. Comedy of manners means a comedy that the behavior is being made fun of in a particular social group, especially the upper classes ( term).” The events were a bit amusing and at the end it was romantic in a weird way. Also Popova and Smirnoff was in love with Popova because of her......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Acusacion La Polar

...hechos: (1) Empresas La Polar S.A.”, RUT 96.874.030-K, es una sociedad anónima abierta constituida en el año 1998 bajo la primitiva razón social de “Comercial Siglo XXI S.A.” e inscrita desde el año 2003 en el Registro de Emisores de Valores de Oferta Pública de la Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros (SVS), bajo el N.º 806. El domicilio social y las oficinas principales de la sociedad se encuentran ubicadas en Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva N.º 520, comuna de Renca, ciudad de Santiago. (2) Como parte de su giro social “Empresas La Polar S.A.” desarrolla distintas actividades comerciales que consisten principalmente en: la explotación de tiendas por departamento a nivel nacional (retail); la prestación de servicios financieros mediante la emisión y administración de tarjetas de crédito para el financiamiento en Tiendas La Polar y comercios asociados, y la intermediación de pólizas de seguros para sus clientes. Para el desarrollo de estas actividades “Empresas La Polar S.A” cuenta, como sociedad matriz, con un grupo de empresas filiales que colaboran en la explotación de su giro, entre las cuales se encuentran: “La Polar Corredores de Seguros Limitada”, “Collect S.A.”, “Tecnopolar S.A.”, “La Polar Internacional Limitada”, “Corpolar S.A.”, “Asesorías y Evaluaciones S.A.”, “Agencia de Publicidad Conexión S.A.” e “Inversiones SCG S.A.”, sociedad esta última que tiene a su cargo la emisión y operación de la tarjeta de crédito LA POLAR. (3) A nivel de......

Words: 291061 - Pages: 1165

Free Essay

The Tragedy of Polar Bears

...The Tragedy of Polar Bears Polar bears in the Arctic are tremendously affected by pollution now. As global warming progresses, wind and water currents carry  pollutants, most of which come from industrial sources in different parts of the world,  and cause them to travel to the Arctic because of the ‘conveyor belt’ nature of the atmosphere and ocean (Yarim 2013). These chemicals accumulate in the fat of many animals, mainly through the food chain, which are then eaten by top predators such as polar bears. Thus, polar bears inevitably have severe health problems and risk death. When consumed at high levels, the pollutants can have a dramatic and potentially fatal impact, which affects the polar bear population in the Arctic severely. The most prevalent chemicals found in the Arctic are “Persistent Organic pollutants (POPs)”, such as the pesticide DDT, the industrial chemical polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which can biomagnify up the food chain. Other pollutants may include acid rain, heavy metals and radioactive isotopes (Yarim 2013). According to studies, bears with high levels of some POPs have low levels of vitamin A, thyroid hormones, and some antibodies (WWF Global 2009). The pollutants load of polar bears in the Arctic are negatively affecting the immune system, hormone regulation, growth patterns, reproduction, and survival rates of polar bears. The studies have suggested that the immune system is weaker in some polar bears with higher levels of PCBs. A......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Polar Bear

...SPECIES- Ursus Maritimus, Polar Bear, lord of the Arctic. Lives in an area of five million square miles of snow and ice. From Siberia to Alaska and across Canada, Greenland and the Islands north of Norway, he is the master of all living things except man. It lives in the brutal cold, ice, and snow. The temperature can plunge down frequently to -40 degrees and sometimes even lower but that does not bother the polar bear because of its color-less skin and layer of insulation fat. Its range extending around the northern polar region. Necessities of Life-The polar bear eats mostly seals which he has to hunt. His trick is to wait by a breathing in the ice and when a seal comes up by that breathing hole, he grabs it so fast it knocks it unconscious and then he eats it. Other pray is a walrus calf or a musk ox stuck in snow, birds, eggs, fish, and dead whales. And sometimes in the summer it eats berries and grass. The polar bear has no water to drink so it only eats the skin and blubber, avoiding the meat. So by eating the blubber and leaving the meat the male bear is helping keep his body in balance with the surrounding environment. The bear would usually stay in a den or bury it self in the snow to avoid the suns ultra violent rays. Usually the pregnant female polar bear stays in the den.Food Chain-The polar bear finds its way on the top of its food chain. No predator on earth approaches the bear in size. The polar bear towers over everything else in his food chain.......

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Build a Bear

...Brooke-Lyn Somogyi Build a Bear Assignment #1 1. Give examples of needs, wants and demands that Build-A-Bear customers demonstrate, differentiating each of these three concepts. Customers demonstrate a need to learn and be entertained. When creating a bear you need to follow instructions on how to make it properly. Hopefully, making the bear keeps you happy. Everyone needs to be entertained, without fun our world will be a place filled with miserable minds and corruption. Being entertained helps people have a more cheerful spirit. The customers need to be entertained but wants to have fun with and create an experience with the people at build-a-bear workshop. With that, they need to learn, but want to learn how to build a bear. Since the customers are able to afford what they want, they are able to satisfy their demand for the entire build-a-bear experience. 2. In detail, describe all facets of Build-A-Bear’s products. What is being exchanged in a Build-A –Bear transaction? In order to assemble a bear, the customer needs to go through seven steps. First, the customer chooses an animal that he or she prefers. Second, you have the opportunity to actually bring the hand-picked stuffed animal to life by stuffing it. Third, you get to customize the bear. You can insert a voice box to add sound or you can leave it without any sound, and then stitch the animal together. Once your have it filled with stuffing and its all stitched up then you dress it. Just the way......

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Polar Sports

...9-913-513 AUGUST 20, 2012 W. CARL KESTER WEI WANG Polar Sports, Inc. In early January 2012, Richard Weir, president of Polar Sports, Inc., sat down with Thomas Johnson, vice president of operations, to discuss Johnson’s proposal that Polar institute level monthly production for 2012. Since joining the company less than a year earlier, Johnson had become concerned about the many problems arising from its highly seasonal production scheduling, which reflected the seasonality of sales of skiwear and accessories. Weir understood the cost savings and improved production efficiency that could result from level production, but he was uncertain what the impact on other aspects of the business would be. Polar Sports, a fashion skiwear manufacturer based in Littleton, Colorado, carried production lines in high-quality ski jackets, snow pants, sweaters, thermal soft shells and underwear, and accessories such as gloves, mitts, socks, and knit caps. The company produced most of these products in a wide range of styles, sizes, and colors. Polar had a unique design of skiwear that employed special synthetic materials for better insulation and durability. The design and color of products changed annually. Dollar sales of a given product line could vary as much as 30% to 40% from year to year. The ski apparel design and manufacturing business was highly competitive. The industry comprised a few large players and a number of smaller firms. Besides several major......

Words: 3361 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...Build A Bear How does a small start-up company achieve such accolades? A small start-up company such as Build-A-Bear can achieve such accolades by doing what it has been doing for the last fifteen years. It has kept the customer very involved in the final product. That way there is never a dissatisfied customer, because they created exactly what they wanted to see as an end result. Not only do you have a very pleased customer, but the company has also created a personal memory with them that can never be taken away. Which is a lot more than other companies can offer. 1. Give examples of needs, wants, and demands that Build-A-Bear customers demonstrate, differentiating each of these three concepts. What are the implications of each on Build-A-Bear’s actions? Build-A-Bear customer’s needs are the self-expression and affection they have from building their friend. The want that they have is adding all the accessories that don’t necessarily need to be on the bear, but it’s what makes them unique. Is this essay helpful? Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 550,000 just like it! get better grades Demands are things like the Spiderman costume that came out when Spiderman the movie was a hit. 2. In detail, describe all facets of Build-A-Bear’s product. What is being exchanged in a Build-A-Bear transaction? In a Build-A-Bear transaction the customers have multiple options to apply within the making of the bear. For example, the choosing of...

Words: 382 - Pages: 2