Premium Essay


In: Other Topics

Submitted By komeng291
Words 357
Pages 2
Residual Stage of Schizophrenia
The residual is the final stage of schizophrenia that is characterized by long-term history of negative symptoms with very rare occurrences. The characteristic of this stage are quite similar with prodromal stage. Patients who are in this phase did not suffer from psychosis but they may experience some negative symptoms such as lack of emotional expression or unenergetic (Veague, 2007). Even though the patient in this stage does not have hallucination or delusion, they may continue to experience strange beliefs mostly about negativity. For example, a worker who suffers from schizophrenia in the residual stage might still be convinced that his colleagues do not like him or think that he is sick, even though he no longer believes that they do.
As stated by Miller (2002), patients who have residual schizophrenia may not experience any symptoms like those in a full-blown schizophrenic episode, but they often projecting symptoms that often been mistaken with for symptoms of intense depression. Treating serious residual schizophrenia with antipsychotic medication might not be as effective as treating positive symptoms of other schizophrenia stages. Symptoms of residual schizophrenia may include psychomotor retardation, which is a slowing down of thought and reduction of physical, flattening of emotions, poor self-care and poor social performance.
Many researches had been done to identify the specific cause of residual schizophrenia and are still remain unknown until today. According to Vijay (2008), individuals with subtypes such as catatonic, disorganized, paranoid or undifferentiated may lead to the development residual schizophrenia. Vijay stated that, in order to properly treat residual schizophrenia is by getting treatment from psychiatrist. Prescription drugs such as antipsychotic meds and antidepressants are the first line…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...These evil spirits would ultimately be exorcised by various methods ranging from submitting the patient to various types of music to dangerously drilling a hole in their skull to free them from evil possession. The act of attributing any form of psychopathology to the spiritual world might seem too far-fetched for the average person, but can disgruntled deities and supernatural forces play a pivotal role in the manifestation of mental illnesses such as Schizophrenia? We hold true the fact that no sin shall go unpunished before the presence of God. However is there not a limit to his mercy? In 1911, the influential Swiss Psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler coined the term that we currently refer to as Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia comes from the roots Schizo (split) and phrene (mind), to describe the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder (John Hopkins Medicine, 2007). Very little is known pertaining to the causes of Schizophrenia, but most scientists believe that its nature derives from genetic and environmental factors. It boggles the mind to discover that after so many years of research professionals have yet to fully unravel the etiology of Schizophrenia. Is it not the will of God for us to know the truth? Maybe the truth is in front of our eyes but we just don’t see it. Nevertheless, Schizophrenia continues to be a reality in the lives of many people. Its symptoms range from simple hallucinations and delusions to apathy and distorted speech. This behavior might......

Words: 1322 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...seen from a consumer who is taking antipsychotic drugs. Mostly caused by over dose or intake of large amount. How it relates to or affects my clinical practice: Symptoms are common seen to psychotic consumers. Promote safety all the time. Let the family know about the consumers condition and much better to give them ideas how to minimise accidents. Such as not letting the consumer drive. References: Barlow, D. And Durand, M. (2008). Abnormal psychology and integrative approach. (Fifth edition., 490). Canada: Wadsworth. Sims, A. (2003). Symptoms in the mind., An introduction to descriptive psychopathology.(Third edition.,367-369). New England. Saunders. 8. Schizo Affective Disorder Disorder that had both the symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder. Consumer shows slow episode of mood elevation or depression. Consumer shows manic and depression. How it relates to or affects my clinical practice: Nurses and Family member are needed to be knowledgeable about this disorder. In order for both to understand and know what phase the patient is having for the moment. To avoid panic and render care for the patient. For example. Managing the manic state of the consumer as well the depress state. Refrences: Barlow, D. And Durand, M. (2008). Abnormal psychologyan integrative approach. (Fifth edition., 476).......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Schizophrenia Paper

...Girgis 1 Schizophrenia             In the United States, nearly 3 million people have been, or will be affected by Schizophrenia according to Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing (pg252).  What exactly is schizophrenia?  Understanding what the meaning of the term helps shed some light on this disease. Schizophrenia comes from the Greek words “schizo” which means to split, and “phrenia” which means mind. However schizophrenia does not imply a split or multiple personality disorder. Rather “split mind” depicts the many symptoms in which the disease splits or disrupts mental functions. Schizophrenia is one of the major chronic psychiatric disorders with symptoms that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, emotions, and mind. Furthermore, the symptoms associated with Schizophrenia prevent the individual from sustaining a normal healthy lifestyle by preventing the individually from logically distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary. In order to understand the severity of this disease it is important to explore what exactly schizophrenia is, the causes, and the different treatments. What exactly causes or contributes to the onset of this disease? There is not one major cause for schizophrenia, however it is a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors that result in the disease. Various studies have indicated that schizophrenia does have a genetic factor and several different experiments were performed to prove that it could be......

Words: 1284 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Schizophrenia: Also Known As Schizo – Affective Disorder Shalea Dixon Psychology 350: Physiological Psychology Charles Coull October 21,2013 Schizophrenia Disorder has always interested me. Schizophrenia/ or Schizo- Affective Disorder accodind to the DSM -5 (May 2013), had now been re classified. I know there is still much to learn about , and I am hoping this paper will assist with that goal. I know that among the behavioral disorders that are commonly diagnosed, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the most prevalent among men . It is a persistent disorder that is attributed to neurobehavioral problems. About 3%-5% men are only affedeted by this disorder in America . The disorder is characterized by hallucinations, paranoid dellunions, and the ability to exercise behavioral inhibition that is normally related to age. There are several warning signs, which can indicate the possibility that a person may be affected by the disorder. These include difficulties adhering to instructions, talking a lot, disorganization, leaving homework or other chores unfinished, and having problems with hygiene, and or communication. There are also secondary manifestations among the people who suffer from this type of mental disease including forgetfulness, low motivation, disorganization, social problems, confusion, difficulties regulating emotions, and low self-esteem. Schizophrenia is not something......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Introduction The joy people have when building relationships with others is phenomenal, be it a mother and daughter or a husband and wife, the bond that is formed is an unmistakable one. This makes it excruciating for these loved ones to watch them wither away to insanity – to lose all reason and touch with reality. This is schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a long term mental disorder that can alter a person’s thought process, emotion, behavior and overall perspective on life. Eugen Bleuler coined the name “schizophrenia” in 1911 from the words “schizo” which means split, and the “phrene” that means mind. (citation? The way doctors handle and treat schizophrenic patients have drastically changed. Before the mid-1900s, no one really understood what schizophrenia really was or what caused it, so when people began to show symptoms of the disease, they became unpredictable and dangerous leaving families and friends confused and scared. Through the Middle age and Renaissance periods, mental illnesses were thought to be caused by demonic spirits and witchcraft so treatments such as exorcisms were performed in hopes of healing the patient. With little to no knowledge of mental illnesses, in the early 1400s, the first asylum was established. Though not everyone admitted to these asylums were schizophrenic, many of them were. In the beginning, asylums were not created to treat any of the patients, but to house them after family had abandoned them and keep them......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...disorder will trust you and they would know that you would never make fun of them or call them names, offer the same support to people when they are physically or mentally unwell if later on they need more help they would call you and they would know, that you know heap about their disorder, if people keep stigmatising people with disorders and labelling and judging people with a mental disorder they will not recovery quickly. According to Hungerford ,C(2012) Many patient with mental disorders have been affected in many ways and they have been discriminated in a lot of ways , most mental disorder patients do not want to undertake treatment because they are afraid that people would stigmatise them by calling them names such as "psycho", "schizo", "nut" mentally retard and "crazy. where on the positive side of the rating scale, and participants disagreed that mental illness is a sign of weakness, social distance items showed that individuals will live in an area with treatments centres the health organisation had agreed on that 400 million people worldwide had been affected by mental illness, about 20% went for professional treatment. in 1960's people with mental disorders won't allowed to go outside because people thought that they had been dangerous for our society, there has been a lot of stigmatizing and people have pointed that out in our society. There has been a lot Stigmatising about mental disorders in the media, internet, public attitude toward people with......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Christian Nation

...Such disorders are sometimes referred to as “misconnection syndromes.” Most people with schizophrenia have a subjective sense that their ability to think and feel has somehow become disorganized, disconnected, or misconnected. The tools of neuroimaging have allowed us to study how the brains of people with schizophrenia function differently from healthy individuals when they are performing similar mental tasks. These studies have shown us that the subjective experience of “misconnection” or “disorganization” reflects an underlying problem in the ability of distributed brain regions to send messages back and forth efficiently and accurately. The name of the illness is therefore appropriate. It literally means "fragmented" or "misconnected" (schizo) "mind" (phenia). Kandel himself won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 2000 for his discovery that the syntheses of different proteins relate to short-term and long-term memory in the sea slug Aplysia. The foundations for this work and subsequent discoveries were laid when Kandel made the crucial decision to focus his research on this simple invertebrate, believing correctly that this would more readily elucidate the fundamental processes of memory and learning. At the time during the 1950s and 1960s it was widely believed that the mechanisms of memory were qualitatively different in mammals and simple invertebrates, so this was a bold decision to make. It is true that there are quantitative differences: the mammalian brain has a......

Words: 5342 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay


...effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition. When a specific coworker became suspicious of Brian’s behavior, he notifies his supervisor. Due to this altercation Brian voluntarily submits a drug test. The results of this test shows that these specific disturbances are not due to substance abuse, however it would be necessary currently to drug test him, especially since his behaviors have worsened. Many people have the misconception that it means two personalities. According to a survey on schizophrenia produced by the National Alliance of Mental Illnesses, 64% of Americans believe that schizophrenia refers to splitting of the mind. Although the word Schizophrenia comes from the Greek root, schizo, and phrene, which mean split –mind, it is not the correct term for the disorder (Biedel et. al, 2010). At first it seemed as if Brian may have had more than one personality resulting to a multiple personality disorder. To be diagnosed with Multiple personality disorder, a person must have at least one personality that is altered by another personality. Brian’s behavior seems to be more related to Schizophrenia since the voices he heard we more relevant to hallucinations. One major reason he is diagnosed with schizophrenia and not multiple personality disorder is due to his inherited factors. Causes of schizophrenia are related to genetic factors where has multiple personality isn’t. Schizophrenic people may have their......

Words: 2735 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Mental Health and Illness

...classified as an "illness" which can be "treated" just like physical illness, many psychiatric patients can identify with Ellen's experience of feeling like an outcast. 3) Society can be very uncomfortable around those with mental health problems and as a result, there is a general reluctance among people to admit to mental distress or to reveal that one has been hospitalised, taken medication or had counselling for psychiatric problems. 4) This fear of being stigmatised is not unfounded. Mental disorders are often thought humorous and are joked about in a way a disease like cancer never would be. Our everyday language is full of phrases, which stigmatise those with mental health problems. We refer to "the loony bin", to "psychos", to "schizos", to "madmen" and to those who are "nuts" "crazy" "lunatics", "dangerous", "demented" and "bonkers". 5) Such language is so pervasive it is used to describe, not only the mentally ill, but also the unpleasant people and situations which we encounter. The same negative verbalisation of physical illness does not occur however. There are no ignorant or rude names to describe people who are diabetics. You won't say, like you do with people who have depression, that they're "off the wall". There's no equivalent negative terms to describe people who have a kidney removed or who have high blood pressure or any other physical illness that people can suffer from". 6) Evidence of negative attitudes towards psychiatric patients is also to......

Words: 2367 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Mental Health Health

...information are peer reviewed current and of scholarly sources. Therefore it was with this in mind that the information was collected using internet medical portals, journal article and appropriate text books with a wide variety of information on the topic of choice. The patient’s docket was also used because it is a primary source of information about the management of the condition. Introduction Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric disorder characterized by impaired communication with loss of contact with reality and deterioration from previous level of functioning at work, social relations and self care. The Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler, coined the term, "schizophrenia" in 1911. This word comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder. His term was not meant to convey the idea of split or multiple personality, a common misunderstanding by the public at large. Since Bleuler's time, the definition of schizophrenia has continued to change, as scientists attempt to more accurately delineate the different types of mental diseases (Arnold, 2006). There are different types of schizophrenia the following are: Catatonic- bizarre posturing or extreme excitability, residual- has one schizophrenic episode and shows residual symptoms but no psychotic symptoms, Paranoid-delusion of persecution, Disorganization- poor organization, personal appearance and grooming and inappropriate......

Words: 3236 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Early Onset Schizophrenia source memory is distinguishing events that were only imagined. The tendency to make false recognitions, reflecting a reality-monitoring deficit, is associated with delusions. Individuals may also experience interpreting imagined or silently read speech as publicly uttered (Brébion, David, Bressan, Ohlsen, & Pilowsky, 2009). Hallucinations and delusions can come in multiple forms and are complex in severity. Those dealing with schizophrenia may experience different variations of source memory deficits. Since presenting characteristics of the disorder tends to overlap with other forms of mental illnesses up to 50 percent of youth who were originally diagnosed with EOS often have either been relabeled as having bipolar disorder or schizo-affective disorder. The misdiagnosis of the disorder has led to negative impacts among individuals due to the lack of adequate treatment for the disorder that the individual may be dealing with. Misdiagnosis can be from both ends, an individual dealing with EOS may be incorrectly diagnosed with another form of mental disorder or an individual with some other form of a mental disorder may be labeled with EOS. In addition, individuals with schizophrenia have subtle but measurable body dysmorphias, particularly of body structures that are derived from neural crest tissue and develop during the late first and second trimesters of fetal life (Maynard et al, 2001; Waddington et al 1999). Initial episodes of EOS occur during a time in the......

Words: 3208 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Counseling Theories Final maybe Josh is not a fan of that. Blaine: No. He is not. Dr. Page: I see. Why is that? Blaine: He thinks everyone is trying to get rid of him. Dr. Page: Everyone like whom? Blaine: My parents. Now you. Dr. Page: Do you want Josh to go away? Blaine: *shrugs* I don’t know… Dr. Page: I see. Who is Josh to you? Blaine: He’s a friend. Dr. Page: When did you meet Josh? Blaine: In seventh grade. Dr. Page: What do you like about Josh? Blaine: Can we not talk about Josh anymore. Dr. Page: Sure. What would you like to talk about? Blaine: I don’t know. You’re supposed to help me. Dr. Page: Why do you want your parents to come? Blaine: I want them to understand me better… Dr. Page: Understand what? Blaine: Me as a person. Not a schizo. Dr. Page: Why do you think they only see you as a schizophrenic? Blaine: (looks to left) *whispers* Okay. Okay! We can go now. But I want to come back, Josh! We will come back. Dr. Page: Blaine? Blaine: (looks back at me) Yes? Dr. Page: Why do you think your parents only see you as a schizophrenic? Blaine: Can we talk again next week? Dr. Page: Yes we can. Blaine: Okay I can come on Tuesday again at 10 a.m. And then the following Tuesday at 10 a.m. I don’t have to be at work until 12 p.m. on Tuesdays. So I can come every Tuesday. At 10 a.m. Dr. Page: I will see you next Tuesday at 10 a.m. Blaine: And the following Tuesday at 10 a.m. I will come Tuesdays at 10 a.m. References Aleman, A., & David, A. S. (2006). How to......

Words: 3701 - Pages: 15

Free Essay


... Patients who receive regular psychosocial treatment also are more likely to keep taking their medication, and they are less likely to have relapses or be hospitalized. A therapist can help patients better understand and adjust to living with schizophrenia. The therapist can provide education about the disorder, common symptoms or problems patients may experience, and the importance of staying on medications. (Gogtay, & Rapoport, 2008). It is really sad that in the world of Pharmacotherapy there many medications that are supposed to help but can also harm and leave a person with many side effects. One of the most common misconceptions about schizophrenia is that it is “split personality,” which is completely false. The word “schizo” does mean “split,” but Eugen Bleuler, who coined the term schizophrenia in 1920s was describing the rupture in the person’s thinking process and emotional response. Psychiatrists consider “thought disorder” to be one of the hallmarks of schizophrenia and more specific to schizophrenia than auditory hallucinations or paranoid delusions, which can occur in other psychiatric disorders. Multiple personality is an old term for what is now officially called “dissociative identify disorder,” or DID. It is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities, which recurrently take control of the person’ behavior. Persons with DID are often unable to recall important personal information, and this memory loss is too extensive to be...

Words: 3391 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...Burs/itis-inflammation of the bursa. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 48. Tendin/desis-to bind or tie together a tendon. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 49. Rheumato/stenosis-watery flow narrowing. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 50. Para/philla-abnormal attraction to love. ↓ ↓ Prefix suffix 51. Somato/form-to resemble a body. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 52. Klepto/mania-to steal obsessive preoupation. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 53. Pymo/mania-obsessive preoccupation heat. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 54. Agara/phobia-fear of leaving home. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 55. Schizo/phrenia-to have a split mind. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 56. Dys/phoria-to have a bad or unpleasant feeling. ↓ ↓ Prefix suffix 57. Bartholin/itis- inflammation of a Bartholin gland. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 58. Infra/mammary-below the breast. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 59. Leuko/rrhea-white discharge. Oxy/tocia-rapid labor birth. Prefix suffix 60. Ad/alge-away from pain. ↓ ↓ Prefix suffix 61. A/pathy-the lack of feeling emotion or intrest. ↓ ↓ Prefix suffix 62. Apop/tosis-The process of programmed cell death. ↓ ↓ C/F suffix 63. Brady/cardia-a slow heart rate. ↓ ......

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...vasoconstrictor. Use with caution in pts. with hypertension also. Hematocrit and BUN fluctuate with hydration. When there is urine there's life. If the kidneys are producing urine, ALL vital organs above the kidneys are profused. REEDA components of episiotomy woud assessment R redness E edema E ecchymosis D discharge A approximation of skin edges 1.Defib for Vfib and pulseless V tach 2. Using the glascow coma scale... less than 8 intubate. 3. Romazicon - reverses an overdose of benzos 4. Type O blood, universal donor 5. Type AB blood, universal recipient 1. Mucomyst is the antedote for Tyelnol. Other antedotes protamine sulfate for heparin, vitamin k for coumadin, atropine for anti-cholinergics, EDTA for lead poisioning. 2. Four A's of schizo= flat Affect, Autism, Ambivalence, and loose Associations. Never deny the hallucination just simply say "The may be real to you, but I do not see it". 3. Lidocaine toxicity SAMS- Slurred speech, ataxia, muscle twitching, seizures 4. Diabetes Insipidus- think closed head injury cause. SIADH think lung cancer cause 5. DDAVP given intranasal contraindicated in sinusitis or any problem with the nose. 6. Well-baby visit vacines begin at 2 months, then boosters at 4 and 6 months. 7. For post-partum assesment think BUBBLE-HE, Breasts, uterus, bladder, bowels, lochia, episotomy, homans sign (for DVT development) elimination 8. When assessing Perineum for Post-partum woman think REEDA, Redness, edema, ecchymosis, drainage, approximation 9.......

Words: 1823 - Pages: 8