Premium Essay

Student Assessment Methods

In: Other Topics

Submitted By msbonnielane
Words 879
Pages 4
Until recently we have just assumed, based on the fact that a student has graduated high school, that they are going on to college with the basic abilities of reading, writing, and arithmetic, yet we are finding that 40 percent of students entering college do not have these basic skills at the college level. We also assumed that if a student obtained a Bachelor’s degree, they were qualified for entry level work. Yet surveyed employers are stating that “that they are not pleased with the level of critical thinking, analytic reasoning, and writing skills recent graduates possess”. What is happening in our classrooms that are hindering students from being successful beyond their school years? This paper will discuss two established methods of assessing student learning, CCSS and PARCC, their strengths and weaknesses as well as discuss issues involving the assessment of student learning.

Standardized Tests
Standardized testing was established under the premise that it would improve teaching practices and methods, therefore improving schools. In essence it is deemed as the “report card for the community” and the efficiency of our schools performance. Besides state specific standardized test, other national standardized tests include: * Secondary School Admission Test (SSAT)- administered to students applying to private secondary schools and some public secondary schools

* Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT)- voluntary test given to secondary school students in year 10 or 11 to assist them in preparing for the SAT and to qualify for national merit scholarships

* Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)- a proficiency test designed to measure knowledge and skill in understanding and using written English required of international students

* SAT/ACT

Critics claim that these tests provide the venue…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods

...Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods Abstract The different types of student-centered learning methods are described and compared to teacher-centered approaches. Different studies were researched with mixed results. Student-centered methods, when applied to secondary education students and above, provide social and emotional value to the students and improve reasoning and creative ability. Teacher-centered methods work best in the primary grades and with students faced with low SES. Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods All educators in America would agree with what is considered to be the most important goal of schooling our children. It is to promote student learning so our children grow and develop to become productive members of our society. Yet in our education system, the debate of exactly how to go about doing that, has raged for over one-hundred years. Are student-centered methods or teacher-centered methods the best way to educate our children? Since the beginning of the debate, it has been highly political as well; those in favor of student-centered methods represent progressive reformers and associate the terms democratic, permissive, insight, affective and student growth with their methodology. On the other hand, those in favor of teacher-centered methods represent the old guard and have terms such as authoritarian,......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Assessment Methods

...Assessment Why do we assess? Petty describes assessment ‘in the right hands, assessment can inspire, motivate and provide the feedback which is essential for targeting prompt corrective help’ Petty G, (2001) When an assessment is given it’s purpose is to assess either the students understanding of the subject matter or their application of the knowledge they have acquired. Rowntree further describes the framework of assessment under five headings or dimensions. Namely: Why assess? Deciding why assessment is to be carried out; what effects or outcomes it is expected to produce. What to assess? Deciding, realising or otherwise coming to an awareness of what one is looking for, or remarking upon, in the people one is assessing. How to assess? Selecting, from among all the means we have at our disposal for learning about people, those we regard as being most truthful and fair for various sorts of valued knowledge. How to interpret? Making sense of the outcomes of whatever observations or measurements or impressions we gather through whatever means we employ; explaining, appreciating, and attaching meaning to the raw ‘events’ of assessment. How to respond? Finding appropriate ways of expressing our response to whatever has been assessed and of communicating it to the person concerned (and other people). Rowntree D, (1991) These headings as provided by Rowntree will be used to critically analyse the assignment used for......

Words: 1828 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods

...Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods In: Philosophy and Psychology Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods Abstract The different types of student-centered learning methods are described and compared to teacher-centered approaches. Different studies were researched with mixed results. Student-centered methods, when applied to secondary education students and above, provide social and emotional value to the students and improve reasoning and creative ability. Teacher-centered methods work best in the primary grades and with students faced with low SES. Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods All educators in America would agree with what is considered to be the most important goal of schooling our children. It is to promote student learning so our children grow and develop to become productive members of our society. Yet in our education system, the debate of exactly how to go about doing that, has raged for over one-hundred years. Are student-centered methods or teacher-centered methods the best way to educate our children? Since the beginning of the debate, it has been highly political as well; those in favor of student-centered methods represent progressive reformers and associate the terms democratic,......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Informal Assessment of a Student

...Running Title: Informal Assessment Informal Assessment of a Student Barbara Brown Grand Canyon University: SPE-536 Professor Haynes October 31, 2012 Informal Assessment of a Student In the process of developing an informal assessment I have discovered how important it is to effectively develop an assessment that matches the criteria that I want to assess my students’ progress. To do an informal assessment on my students, I chose the unit that we are working on in Biology. At the moment we are learning about the parts of the cells and how the cell works to maintain life. As I did an informal observation on different students in the classroom, I observed that several of the students were having difficulties remembering the parts of the cell and their functions. To solve this problem, I developed an informal assessment that would allow students to learn the cell parts and its functions. The informal assessment that I developed is a game of battle ship on Quia. Quia is a learning tool that I have had the opportunity to use and observe other educators use to help educate and enhance their students learning. The game consists of the game battleship. Like the game, the player is looking for the ships of the enemy. When the student picks a spot that the enemy ship is located on, a question pops up asking a question supply a multiple choice of four answers that the student can choose from. If answered correctly the student gets a hit. There are about 17......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Student Learning Assessment

...GLA Factors affecting SLA success Topic 4: Factors affecting L2 learning Conceptual objective: the students will be able to enumerate those factors connected to L2 learning success Procedural objective: the students will explore those factors that have promoted their success as language learners, making a chart and comparing it with other people Attitudinal objective: the students will develop a critical attitude towards the causal correlations between factors and learning success Attitudinal objective: the students will realize the need for further research A. Internal/ Individual B. External a. 1. Age 2. Aptitude 3. Motivation and Attitude 4. Personality 5. Cognitive Style 6. Hemisphere specialisation 7. Learning Strategies 1. Learning and Teaching Contexts 2.Teaching a second language: Effects 2.1. Input and interaction: How these elements affect learning A.1. AGE AND L2 LEARNING • Effects of age on RATE of second language learning ΚAdults are superior to children in rate of acquisition ΚOlder children learn more rapidly than younger children ΚWith regards to morphology and syntax, the adolescents do best, followed by the adults and then the children ΚGrammar differences diminish over time, and children begin to catch up, but adults outperform children in the short term Κ Where pronunciation is concerned, adults do not always progress more rapidly than children do Thus: adults learn faster than children, and this is more applicable to grammar than pronunciation,......

Words: 4848 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Student Assessment

...Lit December 8, 2013 Student assessment of cognitive and Non-cognitive affects for literacy development Abstract Assessments are a very valuable tool for teachers. In the past, I have only given cognitive tests and used that data. Using a non-cognitive assessment opened up the door to a new pathway for me. I can use this data to assist me in motivating struggling students to read. Utilizing the data from both types of assessments, conferencing with students, and learning about their home life will allow me to use appropriate strategies for them to be successful. . Student assessment of cognitive and non-cognitive affects for literacy development What influences a child to become a successful learner? How can I motivate my students? What approaches should I take? What are the attitudes students have towards learning? Assessments help me identify these answers to these questions and help me understand students academically, as well as, socially. I also have to consider the students home life. How involved are the parents and siblings with this student. The answers to these questions will help me determine the direction I will need to go in order for my students to become successful learners. . Dr. Afflerbach stated that if we......

Words: 1445 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Teaching Methods of Translation Toward English Major Students

...Teaching Methods of Translation toward English Major Students Xiyue Bai 201020383 Foreign Language Department Northwest University Abstract Based on modern educational theories and the foundation of the combination of task-based teaching approach and cooperative learning, this paper focuses on converse thinking mode and open teaching method in teaching translation course. The reversed thinking mode would help to avoid the phenomenon of theory disengages practice and it stresses practicalness. The application of open teaching method will also be discussed in the case of teaching fundamental translation course. Open translation teaching method is student-centered, leading by teacher, which emphasizes that students find, search and solve issues by themselves and helps students with their translation skills and creativity. Key Words: Translation, Reversed thinking, Open mode, Teaching I. Current Chinese Translation Course Teaching Status As is well-known in China that there are no translation courses for lower grade English major students in Chinese colleges until they enter into junior year or senior year. For some colleges with only two credit hours in one week. It’s unlikely for the teachers to finish the course completely in such a short time if they need to introduce basic concepts of translation, home and abroad translation histories and theories, to make the students be familiar......

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Applications: Utility Concerns in Choosing an Assessment Method

...Applications: Utility Concerns in Choosing an Assessment Method Randy May works for a small airline based on Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. He recently won two million in the New England Lottery and decided to invest his winnings, ultimately, in a chain of ice cream shops in the Cape Cod area to gain potential future earnings. Figuring he had enough money to open up ice cream shops in both islands of Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard, as well as two shops in Falmouth and Buzzards Bay, he signed a contract with a local builder and began construction of the shops. After beginning the process of construction, he was faced with the next task of hiring employees to staff the four ice cream shops. Throughout his calculations, he estimated he would need a total of 50 employees to staff the four shops, but he did not have any knowledge in how to select the right 50 individuals to hire. Randy asked for the advice of both his friend Mary, a business owner of a lunch counter at the airport and of Ray Higgins, a previous professor who taught Randy HR management while getting his business degree. They both suggested interviews and a work sample test that would include hands on demonstration of scooping ice cream and serving it. In his estimations, Randy figured it would cost around $100 to interview an applicant and $150 per applicant to perform the work sample test. Professor Higgins informed Randy that the validity of the interview is r = .30 and the validity of the work sample is...

Words: 1307 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Behavior Therapy: Basic Concepts, Assessment Methods, and Applications.

...Behavior Therapy: Basic Concepts, Assessment Methods, and Applications. Different kinds of psychotherapies have existed throughout history, and have always been rooted in philosophical views of human nature (Wachtel P., 1997). Specifically, behavior therapy intents to help individuals overcome difficulties in nearly any aspect of human experience (Thorpe G. & Olson S., 1990). The techniques of behavior therapy have been applied to education, the workplace, consumer activities, and even sports, but behavior therapy in clinical settings is largely concerned with the assessment of mental health problems. In general, behavior therapy is a type of psychotherapy that aims on changing undesirable types of behavior. It engages in identifying objectionable, maladaptive behaviors and replacing them with healthier ones. . According to Rimm D. & Masters J. (1974), the label “behavior therapy” comprises a large number of different techniques that make use of psychological-especially learning- principles to deal with maladaptive human behavior. Behavior therapy is a relative new kind of psychotherapy (Corsini R. & Wedding D., 2008). As a systematic approach, behavior therapy began in the 1950’s, in order to assess and treat psychological disorders. Behavior therapy was developed by a small group of psychologists and physicians who were not satisfied with the conventional techniques of psychotherapy (Thorpe G. et al, 1990). They linked behavior therapy to experimental psychology,......

Words: 2903 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Research Paper on the Assessment of Students Academic Performance..

... Rationale The purpose of this study is to examine relationships between nutrition and how it affects student success in school. Nutrition from food is critical for both physical and mental function and growth. National guidelines exist which regulate what constitutes adequate nutrition to support the body, and these guidelines have been at least partially integrated into most school curriculums, as well as food and wellness policies. Although adequate nutrition is vital for the body and mind to function, it is less attainable by some students due to a variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status, cultural barriers, and specific preferences. Many of the academic and behavioral obstacles that students face in the classroom are fueled by inadequate nutrition and lack of understanding about what nutrition is and its importance. There are many actions that can be taken in attempts to ameliorate the issues of nutrition illiteracy and misunderstandings. Wood cited Kretsch et al. (2001), amongst the plethora of possible solutions, perhaps they should look first at the nutritional substance of what our school-aged learners are eating each day as they struggle through a day of learning. The main objective of this study is to explore the relationship of academic performance in school age learners with the effects of the nutritional value of food intake as well as students study habit. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE/STUDIES Nutrition and Cognitive......

Words: 5114 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Assessment of Student Performance

...COURSE: RESEARCH METHODS PROPOSAL WRITING TOPIC: ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS: WHETHER END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATION IS THE ONLY INDICATOR OF STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE. (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF GHANA) INTRODUCTION Lecturers most often use assessment to obtain information that helps them improve their instruction. This in turn helps them to bridge the gap between curriculum standards and student achievement. Assessment is also used for accountability purposes, for both students and teachers. Classrooms are made up of a diversity of learners and so to help them to make appropriate instructional decisions and to provide valid information for accountability, teachers use a wide variety of assessments. PROBLEM DEFINITION Most tertiary institutions determine students’ performance only on the basis of examination at the end of each semester. The issue here is whether examination is enough to determine a student’s performance and whether it’s indeed gives a true and fair view of actual performance. LITERATURE REVIEW Veteran first grade teacher Debbi Beckhorn states "... I have seen many changes in the arena of assessment and monitoring of student progress. More and more, it seems, we need to 'check in' with students more frequently in order to carefully lead them in their next step in the learning process. I use a variety of assessment tools to 'dip in' to a student's progress..."(Beckhorn, 2000). For this first grade teacher, the use of assessment information......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Assessment of Student Leaning

...I gained a lot of learning and information about writing instructional objectives when our professor discussed about instructional objectives. I learned that writing your course goals and objectives are very significant because these will provide a lucid direction of what is expected from the students. The instructional objectives must clear and concise in a way that it used unnecessary words or extra information. Your objectives should be specific. As what I have learned, instructional objectives must include an action verb that specifies a learning outcome. Verbs in objectives must be measurable and observable. A complete instructional objective includes an observable behavior, an action verb specifying the learning outcomes, special conditions under which the behavior must be shown, and the performance level considered sufficient to demonstrate mastery. I have learned the difference between goals and objectives. Goals are broad and generalize statement. It is not observable and not specific while objectives are observable and specified. An instructional objective describes any special conditions in which the learning will take place. An observable learning outcome may take place at a particular time, in a particular place and also an instructional objective indicates how well the behavior is to be performed. As we go further in our discussion about instructional objectives, I have learned the Bloom’s Taxonomy as source of instructional objectives specifically the......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Student Assessment

...Strengths: Rob Geis is a respectful and polite student. When he interacts with others his verbal abilities are excellent, he looks like a clever student. Rob seems very responsible because his attendance is consistent and his homework is stable. Needs: He may need to increase his social skills and interact more with others. He needs to ask for help when he does not understand the math concepts. In addition, it is imperative that he builds his self-esteem, experiments success, and feels that he is a valuable member of the class. Rob needs to be encouraged to achieve success relative to his personal potential in a positive learning environment. Interests: Rob has an interest in mechanics; he works at a car dealership after school that seems not interfering with school homework. Therefore, Rob interests are kinesthetic and physical. Preferred Way of Learning: Rob learns and process information in a kinesthetic manner. He likes to use graphics and visual objects such as graphs in math. He might learn better watching how to resolve math in presentations than lectures. Rob is a tactile student and he likes mechanics; therefore, his preferred way of learning is personal. Rob may respond positively to one-on-one attention by the teacher and he may definitely respond to an instruction when he can use grids, graphs, or other tools. Given the data provided about this student which of the family of models of teaching and / or theorist would you primarily draw on for help?...

Words: 1854 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

How Does Formative Assessment Support Student Performance?

...Question 1: How does formative assessment support student performance? Formative assessment is a ongoing process used by teachers during instruction that gives explicit feedback to students to adjust teaching and learning process to improve students’ achievement of the desired instructional outcomes. It is also known as “assessment for learning”. Formative assessment is proven to be highly effective way to enhance and support student performance. The purpose of formative assessment is to give students the means and motivation to take ownership of their own learning. This means that students need to be responsible for their own learning. Students themselves must have the initiative to discover what to learn and how to learn. At the same time, teachers play important roles to encourage students to monitor and support their own learning. More powerful learning happens when students have more control over their own learning through such assessment practices. They should not be excluded from the assessment process. Students will be able to know what they are ready to learn next. Through formative assessment, students are able to know and understand their specific learning goals clearly. This can be done through direct communication which involves interactions between teacher and student and student and student. Students are informed directly their specific learning goals. For example, at the beginning of the lesson, teacher can tell the students they will be tested on......

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Internal and External Assessment Methods

...Internal assessment is an evaluation method that assesses employees from within a company as they progress from job to job through promotion and transfer systems (Phillips & Gully, 2015). Some internal review methods commonly used include: The nine box matrix which is a simple assessment tool that measures the past performance of an employee as well as their potential (Phillips & Gully, 2015). In addition to evaluating the employees, this method also helps the organization comprehend the general strength of the workforce. The Nine Box matrix is effective due to its simplicity and the ease with which the managers can use it. It is also cost effective. Performance appraisals the systematic assessment of an employee’s performance so as to be aware of the growth and development abilities an employee has. One significant role of this method of evaluation is to help the management within an organization outline promotion programs for those employees who have proven to be efficient. This role makes this method a very practical assessment method. Skill inventories are the activities that one can do well. Supervisors within an organization methodically record the most recent skills that the employees acquire in the database. Some internal assessment methods are not very useful. One of them is peer assessment where the employees rank and rate one another. Its advantage is that the workers know each other, and they may hence give first-hand information (Phillips & Gully,......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3