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Sugar Cane

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Sugar Cane

Today, sugar cane has many industrial uses and is one

of the most widely used and cheapest domestic products

Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms lateral shoots

at the base to produce multiple stems, typically three to four

meters high and about five centimeters in diameter. Sugar cane

probably originated in the island of New Guinea. Its cultivation

spread along human migration routes to South-East Asia, India

and to Fiji and Hawaii in 500-1100 AD. Sugarcane is the world's

largest crop. In 2010, FAO estimates it was cultivated

on about 23.8 million hectares, in more than 90 countries, with a

worldwide harvest of 1.69 billion tonnes. Brazil was the largest

producer of sugar cane in the world. The next three major

producers, in decreasing amounts of production, is India,

China, and Thailand

Sugar is an addictive food, not only in humans but also

in dogs and pigs and other animals with simple stomachs.

Excessive sugar induces at least one type of cancer and late-

onset diabetes. It also 'crowds out' other energy foods. Despite

this, sugar is now part of most processed food and drink of every

kind in advanced countries, especially the USA. Unites State's

one of the biggest sugar cane companies is Unites States Sugar

Cane Corporation. It is Headquartered in Clewiston, Florida the

company farms more than 180,000 acres in Hendry, Glades, and

Palm Beach counties and employs approximately 1,700 people

including many high skilled/wage jobs in automated

environments.Produces 650,000 - 700,000 tons of cane sugar a

year, providing nearly 8% of the nation’s sugar production.

U.S sugar imports are strictly controlled by TRQs. The

volume of these quotas is established annually by USDA, and the

U.S. Trade…...

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