Premium Essay

Sustainability of Mdgs in Kenya

In: Social Issues

Submitted By muthonijossie
Words 2416
Pages 10
Question: Using three (3) Millennium Development Goals discuss how a country can achieve sustainable development

Introduction

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently) and at least 23 international organizations committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:

1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. To achieve universal primary education 3. To promote gender equality and empower women 4. To reduce child mortality 5. To improve maternal health 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. To ensure environmental sustainability 8. To develop a global partnership for development
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) gives governments a common framework for structuring policies and practices. The MDGs highlight the key priority areas of focus for development and also outlines the roles and responsibilities of key government actors. MDGs provide a framework for government planning, budgeting and monitoring development initiatives. The MGDs can also be used as a tool by the government to measure progress they have achieved in improving the livelihood of its citizens.

Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It is important for the government to come up with sustainable measure when implementing the MDGs so that initiatives being implemented benefit not only the current generation but also the future generation. There also calls for the government to hold a massive public awareness campaign sensitizing…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Care Kenya

...CARE Kenya Providing New Opportunities Through Empowering Individuals and Communities CARE International is a non-political, non-religious global network of humanitarian organizations with a goal to reduce poverty. It was founded in 1946 with a mission to help individuals and families living in the poorest communities in the world get out of poverty. According to Tom Ewart (2005), CARE also helps to promote innovative solutions and lasting change by strengthening capacity for self-help, providing economic opportunities, and delivering relief in emergencies to more than 45 million people every year. Some of the countries that CARE operates projects in are Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. According to Ewart’s 2005 case study, in 2003 CARE’s budget was $1.08 million. Most money came from federal governments, multilateral institutions such as the World Bank, the United Nations, and the International Fund for Agriculture and Developments (IFAD). One of the countries in Africa that CARE has managed to develop their project in is Kenya. CARE Kenya is one of CARE International’s branches in Africa managing developments and humanitarian organizations. The largest goal of CARE Kenya is to reduce poverty at a household level and to provide relief in emergencies. In 2004, CARE Kenya employed about 300 people and had a budget of nearly $1.04 million (Ewart, 2005). Currently, CARE Kenya carries out significant initiatives in Health and HIV/AIDS, water and environmental......

Words: 4032 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Kenya Report

...An Evaluation of Micro-Finance Programmes in Kenya as Supported through the Dutch Co-Financing Programme With a focus on KWFT Otto Hospes Muli Musinga Milcah Ong’ayo November 2002 Study commissioned by: Steering Committee for the Evaluation of the Netherlands’ Co-financing Programme 3 Contents List of contributors List of abbreviations Acknowledgements 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 2 Introduction Background and objectives Legitimization and overall objective of Dutch CFAs to support micro-finance programmes Partners of Dutch CFAs operating in the micro-finance market of Kenya Central questions Organization and methodology Process implementation and limitations of the study Structure of the report A brief description of micro-finance in Kenya and agencies as supported by Dutch CFAs Micro-finance in Kenya 2.1.1 The emergence of micro-finance as an industry 2.1.2 Types of micro-finance agencies in Kenya 2.1.3 Service delivery approaches 2.1.3.1 Savings services 2.1.3.2 Loan products 2.1.4 Outreach 2.1.4.1 Banks 2.1.4.2 NGO-MFAs 2.1.4.3 Savings and Credit Co-operatives (SACCOs) 2.1.4.4 ROSCAs and ASCRAs A profile of micro-finance agencies and schemes as supported by Dutch CFAs 2.2.1 General profile 2.2.2 Specific profiles 2.2.2.1 K-REP Development Agency (KDA) 2.2.2.2 Kenya Women Finance Trust (KWFT) 2.2.2.3 Jitegemea Credit Scheme (JCS) 2.2.2.4 PRIDE Africa – Sunlink Some conclusions 7 9 11 13 13 15 16 17 17 18 19 21 21 21 23 25 26 28 28 31 33 35 35 36......

Words: 76935 - Pages: 308

Premium Essay

Hr Mdgs in Practice

...studies commissioned for the regional “Dialogues for Action: Human Rights and MDGs”, which took place in Johannesburg (South Africa) (9-10 September 2008) and Bangkok (16-17 October 2008). Its primary objective is to review the extent to which—and how—human rights are reflected in national MDG-based development strategies and policies in a selected number of African and Asian countries, to identify critical gaps and challenges, and to see what practical lessons can be learned from these experiences. The publication, therefore, is intended for use by development and human rights practitioners, and specifically by policymakers, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, and United Nations funds, programmes and agencies working to integrate human rights into national and international efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This publication, as well as the country thematic studies from which it draws, is guided by the analytical framework provided in Claiming the Millennium Development Goals: A human rights approach,1 covering critical Goals and targets such as income poverty, economic growth and hunger; maternal mortality; water and sanitation; and global partnerships for development. The publication analyses recent national MDG progress reports and pertinent national development strategy documents of Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Nepal, South Africa,......

Words: 19433 - Pages: 78

Premium Essay

Sustainability

...cannot be sustainable, even if they are environmentally friendly.2 What is Environmental Ethics? An ecological conscience or moral that reflects a commitment and responsibility toward the environment, including plants and animals as well as present and future generations of people. It is oriented toward human societies living in harmony with the natural world on which they depend for survival and well being.3 Environmental Ethics can be applied when: • • • • • • rationally examining the basic issues or problems that affect humans and the world they lives in clarifying certain concepts important in the discourse of environmental issues, e.g. examining the metaphysical foundations of the environment issues of environmental concern and sustainability are moral concerns which require moral response; environmental ethics guides moral response and helps answer basic concerns that relate to morality. constructing frameworks for articulating the human-nature relationship articulating an environmental moral theory so that it is rational and defensible arousing an environmental conscience. Ethics can change our attitude and influence how much our lifestyles and actions harmonize with nature.4 Who are the Stakeholders for Education for Sustainable Development? Some • • • • • key stakeholder groups for ESD include: Governments and intergovernmental bodies Mass media Civil society and non-governmental organizations The private sector Formal education institutions These sectors can......

Words: 600 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mdg and Bd

...Development Goal (MDG) Awards for their significant achievements towards attaining the goal. Three of these countries are from Asia and three from Africa. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina receiving the UN MDG Award in New York’s Astoria Hotel on Sunday 19 September 2010 Bangladesh received the UN award for its remarkable achievements in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) particularly in reducing child mortality. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina received the award at a colorful function at New York's Astoria Hotel on Sunday (19 September 2010). Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina with other Ministers in a photo session following receipt of UN MDG Award 2010 (19 September 2010, New York) 1 | MDGs and Bangladesh In September 2000, world leaders endorsed the Millennium Declaration, a commitment to work together to build a safer, more prosperous and equitable world. The Declaration was translated into a roadmap setting out eight time-bound and measurable goals to be reached by 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): They include goals and targets on poverty, hunger, maternal and child mortality, disease, inadequate shelter, gender inequality, environmental degradation and the Global Partnership for Development. The proud Minister for Health and Family Welfare of Bangladesh Professor Dr AFM Ruhal Haque, MP with the UN MDG Award Crest in hand following the ceremony. New York, 19 September 2010 List of countries which received UN MDG Awards in 2010......

Words: 1645 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Kenya

...got into good schools. To date, Singaporeans think that two is the right number of children. Perhaps the most enduring move was the requirement that all workers save a minimum of 25 per cent of their salaries. They would claim the money only after the age of 55. This formed one of the secrets behind Singapore’s incredible economic growth. The money would go into a Central Provident Fund, with which the government built roads, schools, hospitals and housing. Yew’s administration saw 74 per cent of families owning their homes. His goal, however, was 100 per cent. It is hard to define Singapore. This is a dictatorship nation blended with free flow of information. Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/lifestyle/article/2000087837/why-kenya-should-follow-in-singapore-s-footsteps-to-tackle-rising-unemployment These tremendous developments have successfully kicked poverty out of Singapore. Currently, the percentage of unemployed people above the age 15 is two per cent, the highest employment rate internationally. The Ministry of Manpower says the impressive employment level is due to unrelenting emphasis and investment in education. Social cohesion and paths to self-betterment. Cohesion: tolerance across vertical and horizontal divides Access to political representation and dispute resolution Policing and security of property, tenure and person. Access to and equality before the law Access to education and information Access to work, security in work,......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Kenya

...KENYA GENERAL INFORMATION Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a sovereign state in Africa.  Its capital and largest city is Nairobi.  Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the south-east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) and has a population of about 44 million in July 2012. The country named after Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa. The country has a warm and humid climate along its Indian Ocean coastline, with wildlife-rich savannah grasslands inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder approaching Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. Further inland there is a warm and humid climate around Lake Victoria, and temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region. The northeastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Lake Victoria, the world's second largest fresh-water lake and the world's largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya is famous for its safaris and diverse wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. There are several world heritage sites such as Lamu, and world renowned beaches such as Kilifi where......

Words: 12708 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Mfis in Kenya

...CHAPTER 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION The concept of micro finance is not new in the world, sub-Sahara Africa and in Kenya. Savings and credit groups have operated for centuries all over the world. They include the Chit Funds of India, Tandas in Mexico, and Arisan in Indonesia. In Africa such groups consist the “Susu” of Ghana, BOSCA of Botswana, ADESSI of Burkina Faso, ACCORD of Uganda, Zusa of Zambia among others. In Kenya on the other hand Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) include Faulu Kenya, Kenya Women Finance Trust (KWFT), KUSCCO (Kenya Union of Savings and Credit Cooperatives), Economical Locus Fund (ECLOF), Small and Medium Enterprise Programme (SMEP), Kenya Small Traders and Entrepreneurs Society (KSTES), the Kenya Post Savings Bank (KPSOB) and Vintage Management (Jitegemee Trust). Microfinance is the provision of financial services to low income households and micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). The sector provides an enormous support to the economic activities of the poor thus contributing to poverty alleviation. Micro finance is usually understood to entail the provision of financial services to micro entrepreneurs and small businesses, which lack access to banking and related services due to the high transaction costs associated with serving these clients’ categories. The two main mechanisms for the delivery of financial services to such clients are relationship based banking for individual entrepreneurs and small businesses; and group based models,......

Words: 15123 - Pages: 61

Free Essay

Mdg in Paki

...MDG in Pakistan and how it affects the economy According to the introduction to Global Politics by Steven L. Lamy the adoption of the Millennium Developmental Goals framework has also helped country field staff achieve a more coherent approach to development. In my paper I am going to talk about the MDG’S in Pakistan and how the country is affected politically, economically and other ways as well. Pakistan not only represents freedom and independence but also is known to be the land of the pure. The region has landscapes that vary from plains, and deserts, to forests, and hills. Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River, and the sistan basin. “In the northern highlands, the second highest peak in the world is found here 8,611 meters.”(1) Cultivation is scarce in the northern mountains, but much of Pakistan's land area has the potential for intensive agricultural. In the Indus plain, the name Indus Means Ocean, the Indus, one of the immense rivers of the world, rises in Tibet. The Indus River basin is a large, productive plain formed by silt. Agricultural civilizations had been around this area for at least 5,000 years. (5) Pakistan is able to feed its population under usual climatic conditions, in the Indus river area due to fertile soil. (6) Pakistan has two major river dams: the Tarbela Dam on the Indus, and the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum. (7) These dams are important to the national economy and helped......

Words: 2292 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sustainability

...MDG- Environmental Sustainability Article- Governing for Sustainability Governance in simple terms means “the process of decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented.” As governance pertains to the process of decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented, an analysis of governance focuses on formal and informal mechanisms that are set in place to manage social, political and economic relationships. Governance therefore encompasses complex systems structured as hierarchies with centralized and structured chain of communications with collective decision making. One truism that can be drawn from governance is that it is differs from place to place and system to system. Good governance usually is based on some characteristics like it is consensus oriented, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, allows specialization. It is responsive to the present and future needs of the society. Environmental sustainability involves making decisions and taking actions that are in the interest of protecting the natural world with emphasis on preserving the capability of the environment. Environmental sustainability is not just about reducing the amount of waste or using less energy, but it’s concerned with developing processes that will lead to a sustainable future. Many cities are responsible for polluting the environment in ways that are not sustainable. Environmental sustainability forces people to look beyond short term gains and......

Words: 1879 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Assessment of the Mdgs in Nigeria

... ASSESSMENT OF THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN NIGERIA INTRODUCTION The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which had been earlier discussed in the previous chapters are objectives set out by the United Nations (UN) in the year 2000 to upgrade its member states especially those that are classified as Third World Countries (TWCs) in the area of social and economic development. Nigeria is classified as a country in the Third World and therefore the MDGs were created to address the socio-economic problems which have been discussed in the previous chapter that Nigeria has faced in the past and is still facing in the present. So many of the problems should have been a thing of the past but factors such as bad governance and corruption have made the problems persist and if these problems are not properly attended to, they will creep into the future. Nigeria adopted the MDGs with other UN members in the year 2000 and has taken up various developmental plans/strategies such as National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS) and the Nigeria Vision20:2020 (NV20:2020). Most of these strategies fall in line with the MDGs. The MDGs are eight and each goal has a target and each target have indicators. The MDGs have eight goals with 21 targets and about 60 indicators. MDG TARGETS AND INDICATORS These goals with its targets and indicators are listed below: Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1A: Halve the proportion of people living on......

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sustainability

...2013 Citizenship & Sustainability Report Contents Dr. Dalene von Delft recovered from multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Early access to a Johnson & Johnson medicine added to her treatment helped. Inspired by her experience, Dalene founded TB Proof, dedicated to raising awareness of TB among health care workers. Read more at 2013annualreport.jnj.com/stories/ New-Hope-for-MDR-TB-Patients CONTENTS CHAI R MAN’S LETTE R S UCCE SS E S & CHALLE NG E S Advancing Human Health & Well-Being Leading a Dynamic & Growing Business Responsibly Safeguarding the Planet H EALTHY FUTU R E S 2015 GOALS & PROG R E SS U.N. G LOBAL COM PACT DATA S U M MARY G R I I N DEX 2 Letter from Our Chairman & CEO 52 Labor Practices & Workforce Guide to the Icons 4 Successes & Challenges 55  Employee Retention, Development & Recruitment 9 Organizational Profile 58 Compensation 10 Report Profile 58 Diversity & Inclusion The icons below help to communicate the scope and boundary for each topic covered in our report. They represent the audience and locations throughout the world impacted by our business segments or enterprise. 11 Citizenship & Sustainability 59  Political Contributions, Public Policy & Lobbying Citizenship & Sustainability Strategy Our Strategic Framework 62 Intellectual Property 13  Our Citizenship & Sustainability Materiality Assessment Process ...

Words: 54528 - Pages: 219

Free Essay

Kenya

...Rafaella Rusmigo Erasmus Student MUP 12/7/2015 Kenya Abstract Throughout time, we have seen countries evolve from many different circumstances, most of which circumstances were from colonial exploitation. European colonialism dates back to the age of exploration and the discoveries that were found overseas from the mainland of Europe. The colonists were brutal to the natives called savages, ruthless to the innocent, and exploiters of the native people and their native lands. In Africa, the Europeans had penetrated it in the 1600-1700’s. In the 1800’s the entire continent did not have a single free independent nation state, all of Africa belonged to the Europeans. Kenya was significantly impact by the imperialists. The historical evidence of Kenya’s economy, culture, and social standards comes from the British rule from 1888-1963. The main purpose of this document is to understand the fundamentals of British colonialism and the British conquest in Kenya. Through examining important points in the history of Kenya, we will found out what are the legacies of the colonial period for Kenya and if they are still relevant to the country today. Republic of Kenya Kenya is a country in East Africa with its territory lying on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the......

Words: 4755 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Sdg and Mdg

...The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the eight international development goals that were established following theMillennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015: 1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. To achieve universal primary education 3. To promote gender equality and empower women 4. To reduce child mortality 5. To improve maternal health 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. To ensure environmental sustainability[1] 8. To develop a global partnership for development[2] 17 Sdgs 1) End poverty in all its forms everywhere * 836 million people still live in extreme poverty * About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day * The overwhelming majority of people living on less than $1.25 a day belong to two regions: Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa * High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries * One in seven children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age * Every day in 2014, 42,000 people had to abandon their homes to seek protection due to conflict * By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

A Case of Poverty in Kenya

...A CASE OF POVERTY IN KENYA INTRODUCTION MEANING OF POVERTY The synonyms of poverty can be said to be beggary, indigence, neediness, hardship, a state of being extremely poor inferior in quality and in amount or the scarcity and deficiency, shortages, absence or lack more in amount. Therefore is a condition where people’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter are not being met. Poverty is generally of two types i.e. absolute and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occur when people cannot obtain adequate resources (measured in terms of calories or nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health. It also includes deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. The graph below shows the proportion of the world population in extreme poverty between 1981-2008 according to the World Bank . Relative poverty occur when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by the government (enjoyed by the bulk of the population that vary from country to country or within the same country. 1964, in a joint committee, economic presidents’ report in US, Republicans endorsed the concept of relative poverty, ‘no objective definition of poverty exists… The definition varies from place to place and time to time. Different people and organizations view poverty differently. For example, Adam Smith in 1776 in......

Words: 3040 - Pages: 13