Premium Essay

The Manager’s Bookshelf: a Mosaic of Contemporary Views

In: Business and Management

Submitted By RLMMARTINS
Words 3773
Pages 16
Introduction
In the text the manager’s bookshelf: A Mosaic of Contemporary views provides just what the title states, a “mosaic” of different management theories summarized from a select few best-selling management books. Before the text goes into the detail of the theories it explains how the authors determine a “best seller”. A best seller is based on “market acceptance, provocativeness, distinctiveness, representativeness and the authors reputation” (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010,p.9). Since we understand what determines the best seller the next question that arises is why the popularity?
This is due to Americas thirst for success, management competition, optimistic messages and increased commitment to organizational change (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010). Along with the reasons for popularity the authors emphasize that people should follow a guideline for critiquing these management books, the guideline consists of authors credentials, rationale, face validity, target audience, readability/interest, internal validity, reliability/consistency, distinctiveness, objectivity, external validity and practicality (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010,p.8-9). The body of the text summarizes management theories from popular authors such as Chris Argyris (Flawed Advice and the Management Trap), Peter Drucker (The Practice of Management), Edwards Deming (Out of the Crisis), and Douglas McGregor (The Human Side of Enterprise and Abraham Maslow (Maslow on Management)

Management Theory Highlights
The first theory in the summary reading is that of Chris Argyris in (Flawed Advice and the Management Trap). Arygris believes that in the work environment many people accept advice that is “fundamentally flawed” from professionals in which it leads to counter productivity (Jon L. Pierce; John W. Newstrom, 2010). The major focus of his theory falls upon…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Modern vs Contemporary View on "A Midsummernight's Dream"

...Modern vs Contemporary perspective on “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” At first glance, none of the characters in Shakespeare’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” seem to react out of the ordinary. Although the setting does seem a lot more favorable for men, a modern reader gets used to it quite quickly, since this is often the case in literature. However, when thinking and reading like a contemporary reader, the play appears in a whole new light. There are women in the play, which take the situation in their own hands and are making their own choices. A contemporary reader would have seen this agency that the women do possess much differently than we do today. Hermia is the prime example for a woman in the play with a lot of agency. Very shortly into the play, the standing of the women in society is clearly established. Theseus says: “What say you, Hermia? Be advised, fair maid. To you your father should be as a god, One that composed your beauties, yea, and one To whom you are but a form in wax By him imprinted, and within his power To leave the figure or disfigure it.” [1.1 46 – 1.1 51] Hermia is not enabled, by the men around her to make her own choices. She should clearly have no agency; the paternal law doesn’t allow her to. At the time, this was the way of the world and most societies at the time had some variation of this law. A reader back then would’ve thus just nodded in agreement and continued reading. Modern readers, however, don’t agree with this law. We’ve......

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assess the View That Cults and Sects Are Fringe Organisations That Are Inevitably Short Lived and of Little Influence on Contemporary Society. (33 Marks)

...Yana Garcia Mander 13.0 hw. Assess the view that cults and sects are fringe organisations that are inevitably short lived and of little influence on contemporary society. Cults and sects are often hard to differentiate from one another, as a lot of them have very similar features such as a world-rejecting values and the offer of alternative explanations to traditional beliefs. According to Troeitsch, sects tend to be small, tight-knitted groups of individuals that often disagree with mainstream values and attempt to change society for the better. Cults on the other hand, are loosely knit, require a lot less commitment and do not always hold concrete beliefs. While some sects are low profile and harmless, others carry out horrific actions and rituals which have become apparent to the public through the media, such as 'Heaven’s Gate': a sect that conducted mass suicides as a way of gaining access to heaven, and the 'People’s Temple', a sect lead by the Reverend Jim Jones who famously drove a mass suicide in a jungle campsite in South America. The idea that neither sects nor cults are long lasting is an important one, with theologians such as Richard Neibuhr suggesting that sects cannot survive beyond one generation. He states that as they are often led and “held together” by one charismatic individual who claims to have some kind of “divine power”, following the death of this leader, the sect usually disappears. Furthermore, second generation members that......

Words: 1101 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mosaic

...A simple form of art, Mosaic uses hundreds of small tile or pottery pieces to build large pictures and images either on the floor or on walls. The tiny little pieces of tile are known as tesserae. This technique has been adopted by many cultures throughout such as in Rome, Greece and in Middle East. The technique used in its cladding is very effective due to which this art form is long lasting Popular belief states that the Middle eastern architecture is heavily influenced by the middle ages roman and Byzantium culture and therefore has included their signature style of mosaic art form in their architecture. This holds true because the Middle Eastern region makes extensive use of this art form in its architecture especially in mosques and other such structures. Byzantium essentially inherited the mosaic art form from the Roman Empire. Even though now, Middle East is predominantly Islamic, it was once inhabited by other religions such as Greeks and Romans, thus mosaic art is invariably a part of architecture throughout the Middle Eastern region. But an important difference in Byzantium and Islamic mosaic art is the motif itself. Byzantium and Roma era made extensive use of animal and human figures. The mosaic art was depiction of life, thus extensive use of animals, birds and human forms. But in sharp contrasts, Islamic architecture even though has embraced mosaic art; it did not adhere to anthropomorphism. Adaptation of Sassanid and Byzantium styles along with Germanic......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Manager's Job

...4.5 Assessment details 4.5.1 Assessment task 1: The manager’s job in context (Individual Report), Worth 20% Due in Week-5; Length: 1800 words The purpose of the task This task is designed to develop your awareness of: * the complexity of the managerial role; * the reliance of a manager on other people both inside and outside the organisation; * the necessary interaction of both informal/interpersonal factors and formal/ organisational factors in fulfilling organisational purposes. Further it is designed to develop and test your capacity to: * deconstruct the organisationally prescribed view of managerial work and its context; * conceptualise the systemic nature of managerial work; and * comprehend, interpret and execute a specific task description (or ‘project brief’). The manager’s job in context: task description * Undertake an analysis of your own job and its context. If you do not have managerial (or similar) experience, or if for some other reason it is not appropriate to analyse your own job, you may choose instead the job of another individual who agrees to be the focus of this assignment (current job). Alternatively, you may discuss with your lecturer/ tutor the possibility of analysing a position you held in the past. Your lecturer must approve your choice. You may change (or withhold) the names of people or organisations if you believe anonymity is required. Complete the following requirements: 1. Briefly, describe......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

... It was also noted at this time that the environment that one worked in may be contributing to their state of illness, and it was noticed that you could ‘recover’ from your disease/illness but may not be able to be productive within society. It was during this time that the government started to get involved by funding hospital expansions and the development of the Department of Health Education and Welfare which is currently named Department of Health and Human Services. From the 1960s to the present, there have been incredible changes in the health care delivery system as federal and state governments have attempted to control spending and health care costs have escalated (Barr et al., 2003). Our current views of healthcare promotion are just that- views to PROMOTE health. Over the past 30 years, health promotion has been placed front and center in the health care arena. As evidence based research continues, we as healthcare providers have a better understanding of disease and illness within our society and gives us the basis for promoting health. Prevention of illness and disease is the foundation to health....

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Evaluate the View That Religion Is an Important Source of Moral Values in Contemporary Socities

...“Evaluate the view that religion is an important source of moral values in contemporary societies” The debate as to whether religion is a vital source of moral values in contemporary society is continuous. Sociologists aim to know and understand exactly how and if religion plays any role in current society. This leads us to ask what exactly religion is. According to sociologists, there are three main ways of defining religion: substantive, functional and social constructionist. Max Weber (1905) describes substantive religion as a belief in a superior or supernatural power that is above nature and cannot be explained scientifically. Substantive definitions are exclusive – they draw a clear line between religious and non-religious beliefs. To be a religion, a set of beliefs must include beliefs in God or the supernatural. Functional definitions, however, are inclusive – allowing sociologists to include a wide range of beliefs and practices. Emile Durkheim (1915) defines it in terms of contribution it makes to social integration rather than specific belief in a higher being. Milton Yinger (1970) identifies functions that religion performs for individuals, such as answering ‘ultimate questions’. Whereas, the final definition is social constructionist takes an interpretivist approach focusing how religion is defined by the individual. This definition believes that it is impossible to produce a single universal definition of religion to cover all cases since in reality different......

Words: 5435 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

A) Discuss the Traditional and Contemporary Views of Each of the Six Key Elements of Organizational Designs.

...a) Discuss the traditional and contemporary views of each of the six key elements of organizational designs. b) Contrast the three traditional organizational designs. a)The key elements in organizational design are work specialization ,chain of command, span of control, departmentalization, centralization- decentralization, and formalization. Traditionally, work specialization was viewed as a way to divide work activities into separate job tasks. It makes efficient use of the diversity of skills that workers have. In most organizations, some tasks require highly developed skills; others can be performed by employees with lower skill levels. If all workers were engaged in all the steps of say ,a manufacturing process, all would need the skills necessary to perform both the most demanding and the least demanding jobs. For example,McDonald’s uses high work specialization to get its products made and delivered to customers efficiently and quickly that’s why it’s called fast food . One person takes orders at the drive- through window, others cook and assemble the hamburger , another works the fryer, another gets the drinks, another bags orders, and so forth. Secondly, the departmentalization are grouped together. Five common forms of departmentalization are used, although an organization may develop its owns unique classification. For example, a major Japanese electronics firms organizes its divisions along functional lines, its manufacturing units around processes, its...

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

...What are the distinguishing factors between the contemporary views of health promotion versus the historical view? How and why did these differences develop?  The World Health Organization describes health promotion a “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions” (retrieved from http://www.who.int/topics/health_promotion/en/, 2014). Historically, people believed that health was free from disease due to people dying from infectious diseases. It was geared more to the control of transmissible diseases, concentrating on safe drinking water, and an environment free from hazards. As times have changed so did the views of health. We started to expand our views and focus our attention to unhealthy behaviors and educated people on living a healthier lifestyle to prevent diseases. With the advancement of technology, we have vaccinations available for kids at a young age and the government are getting more involved for healthy living. Every day we have a better understanding of the diseases and we can educate the community in striving for optimal health by changing their attitude and behaviors in their lifestyle. People are more willing to live a healthier life. Novick, L.F., Morrow, C.B. (n.d.) Defining Public Health: Historical and Contemporary Developments. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Retireved from......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Assess the View That Sociological Arguments and Evidence Support Functionalist Views of the Role and Functions of Religion in Contemporary Society.

...Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role and functions of religion in contemporary society. Functionalists see society as based upon consensus, where each institution functions to help society work together as a whole with shared ways of thinking and behaving. One example of this is the Ten Commandments which include a number of the principles highlighted in the U.K law system. As a result of this, functionalists such as Durkheim and Parsons see religion as a means of integration and social control within society. They believe that the shared rituals and collective worship of religion help reinforce the consensual values and norms of society, and that without these shared values society could not function. Sociologist Bellah believes that there is a much stronger sense of consensus values in the USA, where strong religious roots are very apparent through American’s worshipping of the flag, thus worshipping their country. Parsons however still believes that this can also be seen in Britain. Functionalists also see religion as a form of social control, providing religious backing and answers for society's rules, so people will abide by them. Functionalists such as Malinowski also believe that it is a way of coming to terms with life changing events like death, marriage and baptisms, helping individuals within society to work through the crises of life. The question of whether or not religion is still relevant in a......

Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

What Are the Distinguishing Factors Between the Contemporary Views of Health Promotion Versus the Historical View? How and Why Did These Differences Develop?

...of health care” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 3). This statement is so powerful when we are investigating health promotion in general. When discussing the differences between the contemporary and historical views of health promotion, it is important to think about how nursing and medicine has evolved to its current state. The historical view of health promotion has to do with where we started. This view includes the view that some of our elders still may believe in. These people often believe that if you weren’t feeling well, then you didn’t need to see a doctor. These people mainly saw their doctors for a specific reason, they didn’t think ahead. This lead too many people’s “miss fortune” which our, now, contemporary view focuses on preventing these illnesses. Currently in the contemporary view of health promotion, in the medical field we are constantly stressing screening and prevention of illness. For example, we all know that we can screen for cancer in the colon by doing colonoscopies routinely after the age of 50 years old, have a pap smear done routinely to prevent cervical cancer, and do mammograms routinely to screen for breast cancer. Also, an example of preventing illness we stress the importance of vaccines. All of these health promotional aspects of health care in the contemporary view have to do with where we were and what we experienced in the past that we essentially did “wrong” and learned from. Edelman, C.,& Mandle, C. L. (2010). Health promotion......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Evaluate the View That Religion Is an Important Source of Moral Values in Contemporary Societies.

...Over the past years, there has been a great differ in the views of society and how people see religion and how important and influential it is to our moral values in contemporary societies today. This essay will look at why various different theory ideologies and their ideas about religion, and how it influences us day to day in our lives. The definition of a religion can vary depending on who you ask. The simplest definition of a religion is that for a religion to become a religion, there must be a belief of the supernatural and must also be a belief in God. The functionalists hold a different perspective on religion. Functionalists see religion as being there to fulfil the needs of society for example, functionalists feel that religion sets certain norms and values for society and gives people morals. Durkheim see's religion as something that contributes to society, rather than to any specific belief in god or any supernatural life form. For functionalists, society is a system of interrelated parts with basic needs that must be met in order to survive. Religion plays a key function for society as it creates social solidarity and a value consensus. Durkheim says that the key feature of religion is not a belief in gods or the supernatural, but a fundamental distinction between the sacred and the profane, as long as you see what you worship as sacred then Durkheim says that it is fine to be a religion. Durkheim believes in the collective conscience - a set of shared norms,......

Words: 1069 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership

...Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership LDR/711A » Leadership Theories and Practice – University of Phoenix Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership From Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela’s charisma, to Winston Churchill and Martin Luther King’s intelligence and Steve Jobs’ analytical nature, there can be as numerous ways to lead as there are leaders (Crossman, 2010). Leadership is a hot debate both in the business world and other areas of the society. Throughout the world's, there have been as many leadership models as there have been their commentators (Burns & Peltason, 1966). Fortunately, psychologists and businesspersons have established useful frameworks that refer to the main ways of leadership. When leaders understand these frameworks, they can develop their approach to leadership, and as a result, become more effective (Crossman, 2010). Business leaders follow the different models to lead people. Each model aims to produce the best out of leaders and success in the business and the society. There are different leadership models whose applications are relative particular goals and contexts. There is a great difference between conventional leadership styles and contemporary leadership models (Lakshman, 2007). Traditionally, leadership was known to be an interpersonal influence with a specific aim of achieving a goal or goals (Wren, 1995). It, therefore, had three key elements that include interpersonal relationship, influence or the power...

Words: 1652 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

A Manager's Woe

...Week 2: Assignment 1 – A Manager’s Woes California College San Diego (National City) MAN324 – Operations Management February 20, 2016 Instructor: Dr. John Elmer A Manager’s Woes 1. Managers must approve all checks over $100. In electronics, most of the items are over $100 and every time a customer writes a check the manager has to approve the check. a. Waiting for the manager to get checks approved is a total waste of time for the customer and very unproductive for the employee. One of the ways that could help management to get over this problem is to reengineer the whole business. The goal for this department is to achieve better service and quality. This could work by merging information processing work into real work by making the employee to collect checks and to make them responsible for accepting those check, and this way they will speed up with the sales and have happier customers. 2. Customers pay for their purchase in the electronics department and then have to walk through the regular checkout lines to leave the store. b. Customers that already paid for their product should not have to walk through the regular checkout lines because they already paid for it. The best way to work this out is to organized around outcomes. One person should be in charge of selling the item and to make the customer leave quietly and peace without having to walk through the other checkout lines. 3. It takes an average of 10 minutes for...

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Evaluate the View That Contemporary Families Have Become Partnerships of Equals. (20 Marks)

...“In contemporary Britain, families are often thought to more ‘symmetrical’, whereby the relationship between married and cohabiting couples has become less patriarchal, or male-dominated, and much more an equally balanced partnership. Both partners share household chores, childcare and decision-making, and both partners are more likely to be involved in paid employment.” Applying material from Item B, and your knowledge, evaluate the view that contemporary families have become partnerships of equals. (20 marks) There are many evaluation points to the view that contemporary families have become partnerships of equals. I am going to focus on the four main points of the domestic division of labour, gender inequalities, power and the ‘dark side’ of family life. The sociologists Young & Wilmott (1973) support that contemporary families have become partnerships of equals. This is because they believe that the family is a ‘symmetrical family’, where the family have joint conjugal roles. Consequently, domestic labour is divided equally between the husband and the wife of the family. Additionally, Kan et al (2009) agree with Young & Wilmott (1973) as he found that the time spent on housework by men in the 1960s was 90 minutes per day, whilst in 2004, men spent 148 minutes per day on housework. However, both the sociologists Oakley (1974) and Craig (2007) challenge that contemporary families have become partnerships of equals. Oakley (1974) believes that there is......

Words: 1020 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mosaics

...SUBJECT: Art & Architecture TOPIC: Mosaics Introduction A simple form of art, Mosaic uses hundreds of small tile or pottery pieces to build large pictures and images either on the floor or on walls. The tiny little pieces of tile are known as tesserae. This technique has been adopted by many cultures throughout such as in Rome, Greece and in Middle East. The technique used in its cladding is very effective due to which this art form is long lasting Popular belief states that the Middle eastern architecture is heavily influenced by the middle ages roman and Byzantium culture and therefore has included their signature style of mosaic art form in their architecture. This holds true because the Middle Eastern region makes extensive use of this art form in its architecture especially in mosques and other such structures. Byzantium essentially inherited the mosaic art form from the Roman Empire. Even though now, Middle East is predominantly Islamic, it was once inhabited by other religions such as Greeks and Romans, thus mosaic art is invariably a part of architecture throughout the Middle Eastern region. But an important difference in Byzantium and Islamic mosaic art is the motif itself. Byzantium and Roma era made extensive use of animal and human figures. The mosaic art was depiction of life, thus extensive use of animals, birds and human forms. But in sharp contrasts, Islamic architecture even though has embraced mosaic art; it did not adhere to anthropomorphism.......

Words: 1394 - Pages: 6