Premium Essay

The Metamorphisis of Gregor Samsa

In: English and Literature

Submitted By acraig13
Words 1218
Pages 5
The Metamorphosis of Gregor Samsa

Gregory Samsa, is the main character in the story by Frank Kafka entitled "Metamorphosis". This story, published in 1915, is a disturbing look at the seemingly pathetic life of man and how a major change affects not only him, but those around him. Gregor Samsa appears to be a hard working young man, with a strong work ethic, whose main existence in life is to provide for his family through his work. His family, likewise, seems to be only interested in the money that Gregor provides to the family, so that they family debt may be paid. Otherwise, Gregor Samsa is a lonely man who leads a lonely life. He seems to go through life with no sense of being until one day he awakes completely transformed physically. He becomes something completely unknown to him in the physical sense. However, the question remains does the physical transformation produce a transformation in the emotional sense? Does Gregor change his sense of being as a result of his metamorphosis? The story tells the tale of a man who is disconnected from society in so much as a drastic, dramatic and disturbing change in his appearance does nothing to change his emotional state. Transforming into a hideous creature, a detested cockroach does not seem to affect him in the psychological sense, it does not seem to change who he is at the core. However, what we do see is how the transformation seems to change the people around him. His family and boss respond very differently to Gregor and overtime the reactions of his family become more and more distant, to the point of uncaring and aloof to it all. This is an interesting perspective as it points to the complexity of the human psyche and how people respond to physical appearances.
Gregor Samsa is known to be a hard worker by his family and co-workers. His life is centered around his work as a travel salesman. It seems his…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

On 'Existentialism Is Humanism' by Sartre

... Change is a major theme throughout Franz Kafka's novella, The Metamorphosis. There is a significant relationship between the title, The Metamorphosis, and the theme of change. Kafka's main character, Gregor Samsa, undergoes many changes and his transformation evokes change in his family. Several metamorphoses take place involving Gregor. First, a physical change occurs, "When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin," and after that happened, Gregor's voice changes from human into the voice of a bug. "That was the voice of an animal," Gregor's manager said, but the words seemed perfectly clear to him. Beginning to see things less and less, Gregor experiences a change in his vision. An example, found on page 29, would be Gregor seeing the hospital less and less distinctly. A mental change in Gregor occurs when he starts not caring about or having no consideration for his family. "It hardly surprised him that he was showing so little consideration for the others; once such consideration had been his greatest pride." This has is a growing problem with him in the story because of the social change that Gregor has experienced from the alienation from the rest of his family. The only thing Gregor had to look forward to at one point was when his sister would come and clean his room or the charwoman would come in and clean. This was such a predominant change in what he was doing before he changed...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

From Scotch Whisky to Chinese Sneakers: International Commodity Flows and New Trade Networks in Oshikango, Namibia by Gregor Dobler

...Session 6 Article Summary—From Scotch Whisky to Chinese Sneakers: International Commodity Flows and New Trade Networks in Oshikango, Namibia by Gregor Dobler Development of new trade networks feeding consumption have developed, influencing the way Africa integrates into the global economy. Dobler analyses different trade networks that link Oshikango, Nambibia to the world through four case studies on Scotch whisky, Brazilian furniture, Japanese used cars and Chinese sneakers commodities. Through the case studies, he exemplifies how there has been a shift from old colonial domination of trade to new manufacturing countries or trade routes, as well as the essential role of migrant entrepreneurs in these routes. The similarity underlying the different trade networks is that while the people involved in them are of different ethnicity or country of origin, they share the same profit-seeking motive and the opportunities in the international system shape them to become successful examples as facilitators of global trade. Another key concept from the article is that of global integration via consumption. As trade booms in the town of Namibia, it invariably fuels consumption in the town and Africa as a whole. Consumption choices are a means of self-expression in relation to the world and more Africans aspire towards commodities that reflect social standing and a ‘better life’. This thus creates new dependencies on the trade networks to fulfill these desires. Scotch Whisky......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Metamorphosis

...throughout the novella. Gregor's family members are his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Samsa and his sister Grete. Gregor's family was contaminated before he transformed into an insect. Mr. Samsa was not taking care of family responsibilities and decided to put the entire burden of his family on his son. Gregor not only had the pressure of supporting his family but of his father's past debts. This put Gregor in a bad situation for his life, he had to exist for his family only. Even when Gregor was confronted with the chief clerk on the other side of the door all he worried about was the future of his family. I however, do not feel his parents ever spared him. He continued to beg for the chief clerk to hear him. The chief clerk must be detained,persuaded and finally won over because the whole future of Gregor and his family depended on it. If only his sister had been there, she was intelligent; she had begun to cry while Gregor was still lying quietly on his back. Gregor's mother loved her son. However, she seemed to partly love him because of the role he played. Mrs. Samsa was the one who was in a state of panic when Gregor could not come to the door when he was transformed. She seemed to be the only one who toyed with the idea that Gregor may be ill, "Oh dear," cried his mother, in tears, "perhaps he's terribly ill and we're tormenting him." Mrs. Samsa was the first to explain the Chief that Gregor had no social life outside of his job responsibilities. As a......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Effects of Gregor Samsa’s Metamorphosis on Himself and on the Other Characters

...The Effects of Gregor Samsa’s Metamorphosis on Himself and on the Other Characters Submitted by: Andrea Mendoza Maunahan IV- Yakal Submitted to the English and Literature Department in partial fulfillment of the requirements in English IV and Literature IV for the Academic Year 2012- 2013 February 26, 2013 Introduction In the world of fiction, there have been many stories about people transforming, or partially transforming into animals. Some make the most out of it, like super heroes; while others, aren’t very fortunate. Peter Parker, or Spiderman, acquired spider abilities but his appearance was still of a human. On the other hand, his enemy, Lizardman, who was once Dr. Osborn, has a body and has the abilities of a lizard. The only thing human left of Lizardman is his ability to speak and think like a human. There is also Beastboy from Teen Titans whose body turns into a beast’s and can turn back into a human, a green one at that. But how did they turn into what they are? Peter Parker can turn into Spiderman because a certain kind of spider bit him. Dr. Osborn can turn into Lizardman because he injects a green chemical he created himself on his body to mutate it. Beastboy can turn into different beasts because it’s his special power. But in Gregor Samsa’s tale, The Metamorphosis, he didn’t turn into a super hero. He didn’t even turn into someone’s enemy. His transformation isn’t a power but instead, a curse. He can’t turn back into a human. And worst of all,...

Words: 2960 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Metamorphosis

...points in time and in different settings; Metamorphosis in an apartment in the early 1900’s, and Billy Budd on a ship in the late 18th Century. These settings help to identify the mood of each story. Metamorphosis takes place in the early 1900’s in the apartment of Gregor Samsa. Kafka does not provide a geographical setting for Metamorphosis, however, the significance of the story taking place on land is the ability of the characters to escape at their own will. Metamorphosis begins with Gregor unable to get out of his bed for work, later succumbing to the fact that he has morphed into an insect. Gregor’s extreme tardiness for work causes upheaval and chaos in the Samsa home; The father is screaming, Gregor’s boss comes to the house to find his employee, Gregor’s mother and sister are crying because they are scared, and there are guests in the home. The setting of the entire Samsa family being confined into a small apartment makes the the turmoil that arises a much larger issue than it really is. At a certain point, the Samsa family, led by their father, decides to isolate Gregor into the living room. This isolation is the start to planning a death for Gregor in order to restore the family dynamic in the Samsa home. Billy Budd takes place on a boat in the Mediterranean Sea in 1797 during the Napoleonic wars. The fighting between France and England at the time helped frame the setting of the story. The names of the boats Melville chose, “Rights of Man” and......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gregor Johann Mendel

...Mendel Leben: Name: Gregor Johann Mendel geboren: 20. Juli 1822, gestorben 6. Januar 1884 Beruf: Katholischer Priester wird oft als „Vater der Genetik“ bezeichnet Kloster: Augustiner-Abtei St. Thomas in Alt Brünn 1856: Beginn systematischer Kreuzungsexperimente Vorgehensweise: Mendel kreuzte Pflanzen untereinander, um die Vererbung von Merkmalen zu erforschen. Er wählte zunächst Erbsenpflanzen, da sie mehrere konstante und unterschiedliche Merkmale aufweisen und der Blütenbau Fremdbestäubung verhindert, was die künstliche Befruchtung jedoch erschwert. Er befruchtete sie, indem er mit Pinzetten Pollen der einen Pflanze auf die Narbe der anderen auftrug und sie mithilfe von kleinen Papierbeuteln unter Verschluss hielt, sodass keine ungewollte Bestäubung durch z.B. Bienen oder Wind stattfinden konnte. Zusätzlich entfernte er vorzeitig die Staubgefäße. Er kreuzte zwei Jahre lang Erbsensorten, bis sie gleiche und konstante Nachkommen hatten. Diese waren die Grundlage für seine Kreuzungsversuche. Die Versuche waren genau geplant und wurden exakt protokolliert, sodass das Ergebnis statistisch abgesichert war. Dazu zählte er stets mehrere tausend Nachkommen aus. Mendel ging davon aus, dass die Eigenschaften in dem Organismus gemeinsam wirken, aber getrennt vorliegen. Dies widersprach der damaligen Auffassung, dass sich die Merkmale vermischen und nachher nicht mehr von einander getrennt werden können. Er kam so zu der Annahme, dass es......

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Abomination of Economics

...capitalism which shaped the global struggles in the latter half of the twentieth century. In 1847 Frederick Engels, defined communism in The Principles of Communism as, “the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat” (1), the proletariat’s being the lower working classes which sell their labor to gain capital (Engel 2). The communist ideal calls for the rejection of capitalistic ideals and the adoption of a classless society with no private ownership of resources but rather public ownership of capital resources in order to avoid the evils of capitalism (Engel 13). The Metamorphosis reflects communistic ideals in its depiction of Gregor and the Samsa family, Gregor in the first pages of the book is depicted as a massive vermin, unable to provide or care for himself or his family (Kafka 3). Soon after we learn that Gregor works a low paying menial wage job as a traveling salesman (Kafka 4), Gregor’s lowly position presents him as the proletariat enveloped into the cruelties and malpractices of the capitalistic system, Gregor’s struggle is the embodiment of the struggle of the proletariat in a capitalist society. Marx is not the first advisor of communistic ideals, both Christianity and Judaism emphasize upon avoidance of greedy and materialistic practices in society as reflected in the book of Amos: Hear this, you who trample upon the needy, And would bring the poor of the land to an end, Saying, When will the new moon pass That we may sell......

Words: 1843 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Metamorphosis

...The Metamorphosis The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a fictional novel written in the early 20’s about a traveling salesman named Gregory Samsa, who is spontaneously transformed into a bug. The Metamorphosis gives no clear explanation as to why many of the events in the novel occur including why the metamorphosis occurs. Life itself gives no explanation to why things happen. Gregor does not understand the forces shaping his life, and neither do we, but we are free to interpret them as we wish. And although nobody’s interpretation of their own life or someone else’s for that matter, is the same, no interpretation is wrong. Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to come to the realization that he has transformed into a bug. “It wasn’t a dream” (The Metamorphosis). Gregor, However, does not seem at all concerned that he has unexpectedly woken up as an insect. Although he is a bit perplexed, he doesn’t seem worried or petrified as one might assume. He simply notices his odd state of being and tries to go back to sleep hoping to “forget this nonsense” (The Metamorphosis). He cannot find a comfortable position to sleep because his insect body does not allow him. Samsa is a bit bothered but immediately begins to think about his job and the regret of becoming a salesman, considering it is such a strenuous job. "Oh, God", he thought, "what a strenuous career it is that I've chosen! Travelling day in and day out. Doing business like this takes much more effort than doing your own......

Words: 2688 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Dr. Ragin Meets Gregor Samsa

... Ragin Meets Gregor Samsa Andrey Yefimich stared at the specimen in front of him in surprise. He’d never investigated a case quite like this before. It had been Mikhail Averyanich who had suggested anxiously that he take the trip, insinuating that the distance from the ward might provide him with some mental clarity. He has insisted it would be best from his health, and Andrey Yefimich had agreed reluctantly. Mikhail Averyanich first heard about Gregor from an acquaintance living in the Samsas’ neighborhood after three boarders had left the Samsas’ residence because of what they referred to as inhabitable conditions due to an outrageous housemate. Gregor stared curiously up at the doctor, wondering who had decided to call him in. He decided the practical thing would be to first introduce himself. “Hello, doctor. Good to see you,” Gregor clicked. Andrey Yefimich looked startled for a moment and then peered closer at Gregor. Gregor stood perfectly still so as not to scare him. He considered backing up a few steps but then realized he might come across as frightened instead of wary. As much as he wished to lessen the doctor’s discomfort, he didn’t want to create the impression of being a frightened insect that would skitter away at the slightest move. After all, here was the first person to come so close to him, willingly and unrepulsed. “Is he trying to communicate?” Andrey Yefimich asked Mr. Samsa, never taking his eyes off the subject. Mr. Samsa let out a......

Words: 1463 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Freedom for Gregor Samsa?

...Freedom For Gregor Samsa? In “The Metamorphosis” by Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa is transformed into a monstrous bug. Despite the circumstance, his reaction is calm. He simply thinks, “What happened to me?” His only worry was would he be able to work. Gregor lived a simple, structured life. Every day he would wake up at four in the morning to catch the train to work so he could support his unappreciative family, and that is all he did. The unsuspecting calm setting of this story in the beginning quickly evolves into positivity as Gregor realizes his freedom as a bug. Gregor sacrificed his personal life to work and pay off his parents’ debts rather than pursue his own interests. Gregor was never recognized by his family for his efforts, instead he was taken for granted and expected to support them without consideration for his needs. When Gregor became a bug, his family started to realize how important Gregor was financially. At the same time, Gregor began to realize that as a bug he had no financial obligations towards his family and this was a huge relief for him. Gregor talks about not giving up and that when he pays off his parents’ debt he will have his big break. “Anyway, I haven’t completely given up that hope yet. Once I’ve got together the money to pay off the parents’ debt to him— that should take another five or six years—I’ll do it for sure. Then I’ll make the big break” (Kafka). He is clearly optimistic and wants to live for himself but suffers from guilt because......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sociological Autobiography

...work did Gregor do before his metamorphosis? Answer: Gregor worked as a traveling salesman. 2. What are Gregor’s obligations to his family before his transformation into an insect? Answer: Gregor is the sole support of his family before his metamorphosis. He paid the rent, all the bills, and he was paying off his parents’ private debts to the chief of his firm. 6. What are some of the things that Gregor hopes for? Answer: Gregor hopes one day to leave his job for good. His fondest wish is to send his sister, Grete, to music school to study the violin. He hopes to free himself from all his family’s obligations and from his parents’ dependency on him. 7. What two contradictory goals does Gregor seem to be striving for throughout the story? Answer: Gregor seems to want to withdraw from the world and to be isolated from it, while at the same time he has an irrepressible need to be loved and understood. 8. What are some of the things Gregor tries to tell the chief clerk? Answer: Gregor tries to remind the chief clerk that he is often the target of unfounded rumors and malicious attacks. He begs the chief clerk to have some compassion for him, and he reminds him that he has to provide for his family’s welfare. 9. How does Mr. Samsa force Gregor back into his room? Answer: Because Mr. Samsa chases Gregor back into his room with a walking stick, rolled up newspaper and by stamping his feet and hissing savagely. 10. In what ways has Gregor been......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gregor Samsa

...Meiner Meinung nach war Gregor Samsa in seiner Familie nie ein Mächtiger und stellte immer schon den Ohnmächtigen dar. Das liegt zu mal daran dass sein Vater schon immer eindeutig das Familienoberhaupt war unabhängig davon, ob Gregor der Hauptverdiener war oder nicht. Auch, dass der Sohn für den Vater nur als Einkommensquelle bedeutend war, zeigt Gregors eher unterlegene Rolle in der Familie. Man könnte meinen das Gregor unabhängig davon, ob er das Ansehen seines Vaters hatte oder nicht, als Alleinverdiener in der Familie unabdingbar der Mächtige war. Dies stellt sich im Laufe des Buches aber auch als falsch heraus, da herauskommt dass der Vater heimlich Geld zurückgelegt hat und die finanzielle Not gar nicht so groß war. Dies zeigt nicht nur, dass Gregor für die Familie nicht finanziell unverzichtbar war, sondern unterstreicht auch, dass Gregor mit mangelndem Respekt behandelt wurde, obwohl er sein Leben seiner Familie widmete. Unabhängig vom finanziellen Aspekt zeigt sich auch in den Beziehungen innerhalb der Familie das Gregor stets eine eher unterlegene Rolle hat. Seine ganze Familie sieht die Opfer die er bringt für die Familie als selbstverständlich und seine Mutter scheint seine persönlichen Probleme nicht einmal zu bemerken. Auch das liebevolle Verhältnis zu seiner Schwester verschwindet mit zunehmender Belastbarkeit von der Schwester Grete durch Gregor. Die gesamte Familie wird unabhängig von Gregor und wendet sich von ihm ab, da sie keinen Nutzen aus ihm ziehen......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Kafka MéTamorphose

...nouvelle écrite par Kafka en 1912, alors que l'auteur était un simple fonctionnaire de Prague âgé de 29 ans. Ce récit est probablement le plus connu de Kafka, est également le plus énigmatique car nous devons nous forger un avis individuel, en effet, personne n'a le même ressenti face à cette œuvre. L'auteur nous fait la narration de la nouvelle vie de Gregor Samsa, simple représentant de commerce qui s'est éveillé un beau matin "transformé en une véritable vermine". Samsa est devenu un insecte humain, plus précisément un cancrelat. Il est la seule source de revenus ou presque de sa famille (ses deux parents et sa sœur), il va devoir faire face aux difficultés que crée sa nouvelle situation, dont bien entendu l'impossibilité de toute vie sociale et familiale. Car, la famille de Gregor elle-même supporte difficilement cette situation. Gregor est laissé seul, confiné dans sa chambre, et c'est sa sœur qui vient le nourrir, toujours quand lui est caché sous son lit afin de ne pas être vu. La sœur agit par curiosité autant que par pitié. Les parents quant à eux sont dégoûtés de leur (ex)fils. Pas de pitié. Pas de compassion. D'ailleurs Gregor n'en demande pas. Il se contente de vivoter sa vie d'insecte dans sa chambre. D'abord, il est tout rongé par sa nouvelle situation. Il éprouve de la culpabilité de ne plus pouvoir aller travailler, de ne plus pouvoir assurer la vie de sa famille, et même de devenir un fardeau pour eux. Il est gêné par les tâches qu'il impose à sa sœur et......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Gregor Samsa, a Good Man Psychologically Weak

...little over the course of the book. Gregor is a good man with a good heart – he is very close with his family, especially his little sister. This essay analyzes Gregor’s lonely yet compassionate and selfless character. The reader is immediately brought into Gregor Samsa’s bizarre world in the first sentence of the novella: “Waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered… he had been changed into a monstrous venomous bug” (3). A normal reaction for someone who goes to sleep as human and wakes up the next morning as a hideous insect would be utter shock and panic – but for some odd reason, this doesn’t happen with Gregor. Instead, he rolls over in bed, looks out the window, and the first thing he thinks is that he will be late for work. “I have to deal with the problems of traveling, the worries about train connections, irregular bad food, temporary and constantly changing human relationships which never come from the heart… to hell with it all!” (4). Gregor is oblivious to the fact that his transformation even occurred. He’s concerned about the morning’s commute – and the crowded train – even the bad food he might eat that day! He’s overly pessimistic. But as the novella progresses, the reader learns more of the Gregor’s personality – in particular, his loneliness. It’s obvious he has a lack of interaction within his own family. When his manager shows up at the house to check on Gregor, his mother tries to intervene and save her son’s job: [Gregor] has nothing in his head......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Gregor Mendel

...Mendel on Patterns of Inheritance Gregor Mendel, a monk, well read in natural sciences (Pruitt & Underwood, 2006, p. 64), wanted to answer the unanswered questions that stemmed from Darwin’s theory about heredity. He chose to study the pea plant to gain knowledge about how heredity works. Mendel’s success is contributed to the way he chose to conduct his experiments. Mendel decided to keep his control group small, unlike many of his colleagues, focusing on only seven traits. He kept excellent records of all of the results of the experiments and his choice to study the pea plant, “an organism that can be easily manipulated in breeding experiments” (Pruitt & Underwood, 2006, p. 64) proved to be a good move. Mendel also used “mathematical analysis” (Pruitt & Underwood, 2006, p. 64), an uncommon approach in his day, for showing results of the experiments. A few of Mendel’s discovered six major principles about heredity from his research. An example of one of his principles states that for every gene there are two factors or alleles, “the different forms a gene might take” (Pruitt & Underwood, 2006, p. 68). If an organism has two alike alleles for a specific trait the organism is considered homozygous for that trait; homo meaning the same. On the flip side, if an organism has two alleles that are different then the organism is considered heterozygous for that trait; hetero meaning different......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2