Free Essay

Weight Management Through Psychology

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nicomatata
Words 2229
Pages 9
Executive summary

This report draws attention to the current remedies used by Raffles Medical Group (RMG) to deal with obesity – standard consultations and surgical treatments – and how they are ineffective as the obesity is still prevalent in Singapore.

This report also provides recommendations to improve the existing remedies in RMG to curb adiposity in Singapore. The recommendations are: creating a weight management package and instilling a more empathetic approach in their treatments.

The report includes the benefits of these recommendations to RMG. The benefits include allowing RMG to gain a better reputation in Singapore healthcare system, and attracting more obese patients to seek treatment in their hospital thereby leading to increased revenue.


Rising obesity rates have posed a huge problem in Singapore, as obesity brings about severe health detriments. One viable method to prevent obesity is when people manage their weight effectively, through means such as controlling their calories intake and exercising (Goh & Pang, 2012). Such efforts, however, are hindered by the external factors of obesity such as lower prices of unhealthy food (Tomer, n.d). This is further aggravated by the bad behavioral patterns of individuals due to their low endowments of personal and health capital as depicted by Tomer (n.d).

According to Tomer, “[Personal capital]…reflects the quality of an individual’s psychological, physical, and spiritual functioning” while “[h]ealth capital…is a stock consisting of the accumulated individual learning that contributes to his…physical health and some aspects of mental health” (n.d). These factors determine how individuals react to external causes of obesity (Tomer, n.d). As such, improving these capitals and subsequently changing the behavioral patterns of obese individuals will help manage their weight effectively thereby reducing obesity rates (Tomer, n.d; Foster, Makris and Bailer, 2005).

To induce these changes, proper counseling and therapies need to be provided to patients (Foster et al, 2005). Although some hospitals in Singapore such as Singapore General Hospital (SGH) are already implementing such measures (Singapore General Hospital [SGH], 2011), most are not doing so and this includes our company, RMG. Therefore, this report aims to discuss the importance of implementing proper counseling and therapies to their existing obesity packages. It will also include the feasibility and benefits of these implementations.

1. Current remedies

In Singapore, the majority of healthcare providers play their part by offering surgical treatments and consultations for obese patients (Sim, 2011). These consultations mainly involve telling patients the proper diets and amount of exercise needed to effectively manage their weight (Sim, 2011; Foster et al, 2005).

1.1. Effectiveness

According to statistics provided by the National Health Survey (NHS), the amount of obese people in Singapore have been increasing from 2004 to 2010, the sharpest increase being people age 30 to 39 – from slightly over 4% in 2004 to over 12% in 2010 (Goh & Pang, 2012). This shows that the measures implemented by the majority of the healthcare providers are not working and there is a need for new strategies to be in place.

However, there are some healthcare providers, such as SGH, that used a different approach with obese patients. These hospitals offer consultations similar to counseling sessions. They do not just tell the obese patients how to manage their weight but guide them. For instance, having dietitians to accompany them to supermarkets to read food labels (SGH, 2011; Sim, 2011). This has proven to be effective with at least 10% of SGH’s patients losing at least 5% of their weight after three months (Sim, 2011).

1.2. Reasons for ineffectiveness

Although surgical methods to treat obesity have proven to be effective with 95% of RMG’s patients losing more than 10% of their weight in six months, these surgeries are only applicable to those considered dangerously obese (Sim, 2011). These treatments are also extremely costly and might come with side effects such as mild deficiency in Vitamin B thus not every obese patients can go through such procedures (Tomer, n.d; Sim, 2011).

The standard consultations that offer advices to obese patients about weight management are also failing. Obese patients usually know the standard weight management protocols so by advising them on these issues will not help (Foster et al, 2005). Furthermore, when patients apply the weight management methods given to them and do not see results, they might eventually give up, or proceed to eat even more which would worsen their already obese state (Donaghue & Clemitshaw, n.d; Foster et al, 2005). Consultations that took on a different approach, however, as in the case of SGH, showed more effective results.

2. Industry

The burden for coming up with better healthcare measures lies on the healthcare providers (Tomer, n.d). As seen above, the measures implemented by the majority of the healthcare providers – surgical treatments and standard consultations – are ineffective in resolving the issue, thus the need to have new implementations in place.

Surgical treatments, although limited in their capacity to treat all obese patients, have shown tremendously positive results in treating severely obese patients and thus are still important aspects in weight management (Sim, 2011).

Standard consultations offered by most healthcare providers including RMG, on the other hand, can be further improved in order to achieve greater results in managing the crisis (Foster et al, 2005). This is seen in the case of SGH where consultations focusing on educating the patients how to monitor their weight in an environment that promotes otherwise show greater effectiveness in helping the patients manage their weight (Foster et al, 2005; Sim, 2011).

3. Recommendations

Changes need to be made to the standard consultations given by RMG to their obese patients so as to help them manage their weight more effectively. This is because most, if not all obese patients have already heard about the standard practices of weight management and probably tried them before without success (Foster et al, 2005; Donaghue & Clemitshaw, n.d).

Consultations should emphasize on changing the behavioral patterns of obese patients and subsequently helping patients cope with the growing external factors of obesity (Foster et al, 2005; Tomer, n.d). These consultations should also take on a more empathetic approach to encourage obese patients to continue attending the consultations and apply the solutions taught to them (Foster et al, 2005). This is due to the fact that obese patients are usually more sensitive to comments given by others regarding weight issues and misunderstand the kind intentions from those who genuinely mean them well (Donaghue & Clemitshaw, n.d; Foster et al, 2005).

In view of these, improvements to the current weight management measures come in two aspects:

1. Offering a comprehensive weight management package.
2. Personnel involved in the treatment process to adopt an empathetic approach.

3.1. Weight Management Package

As seen in the case of SGH, offering a comprehensive weight management package yields immense results in weight management for the obese patients (Sim, 2011). This package should include consultations with specialists that teach obese patients how to overcome the growing factors of obesity in our environment thence improving the health capital of obese individuals and allow them to make better decisions (Foster et al, 2005; Tomer, n.d). For example, RMG can get one of their dietitians to educate obese patients how to properly scrutinize food labels in supermarkets (SGH, 2011).

The weight management package should also include the true purpose of weight management – to prevent obesity-related illnesses and not solely for aesthetic purposes. By understanding the purpose of weight management, obese patients will not expect unrealistic goals from their weight management efforts and it prevents them from being demoralized thereby improving their personal capital (Foster et al, 2005; Donaghue & Clemitshaw, n.d; Tomer, n.d). This is important because according to Foster et al, “[n]egative thoughts frequently are associated with negative outcomes…individual who overeats…proceeds to eat even more secondary to feelings of failure and hopelessness” (2005) and it is also shown by Donaghue and Clemitshaw that many people gave up on their weight management plans because it did not help them achieve the bodies they wanted (n.d). By understanding that it is for their own health, they will look forward to more attainable results such as lowering of blood pressure hence preventing dejection.

3.2. To adopt a more empathetic approach

With reference to Foster et al (2005), obese people are very sensitive when it comes to weight matters and if practitioners are not careful when dealing with these patients, the patients might stop coming to consultations. Donaghue and Clemitshaw also pointed out that overweight people tend to misunderstand the intentions of others when they talk about obesity regardless if they are genuine or not (n.d). All these facts point to show that it is of essence to instill a more empathetic approach when treating obese patients. An example would be instead of telling the patients that there are no improvements in their weight, doctors can enquire the reasons for their failures and come up with solutions to help them overcome their problems (Foster et al, 2005; Goh & Pang, 2012). This will allow the obese patients to feel reassured that they are not being judged and that the doctors genuinely want to help them. Such positive feelings will urge the obese patients to follow up on their consultations (Foster et al, 2005).

4. Benefits to company

The recommendations described above have shown positive results in the healthcare providers that implement them. Hence, if RMG follow the recommendations, RMG will stand to gain a substantial amount of benefits.

Successful weight management for the obese patients in RMG would mean that RMG played its part in managing the obesity crisis. This goes in line with RMG’s mission of enhancing health and well being of people. Besides, the positive results will reflect well on the reputation of RMG as healthcare providers.

Positive results will also attract more obese patients seeking for help to manage their weight thus allowing RMG to play an even greater role in managing this crisis as well as accruing more revenue.

5. Feasibility

Feasibility should not be an issue because the company will simply be tapping on resources that they have – standard consultation services. RMG just need to change the approach they are taking regarding the consultation services to a more empathetic one. The doctors and practitioners in Singapore are trained to give such counseling sessions to obese patients so applying it should not be an issue at all (Goh & Pang, 2012).

The weight management package requires professionals in different sectors such as dietitians and physiotherapists, which RMG already possess. With proper planning and arrangements of the patients’ appointments with the various specialists, this recommendation would be feasible.

6. Conclusion
In view of how pressing this crisis is, more people will be seeking help to manage their weight hence preventing obesity. With the high success rates of the above recommendations in other hospitals, RMG will definitely attract these patients and benefit from it. 7. Appendix
Raffles Medical Group (RMG) was founded in 1976 and have expanded to become one of the leading medical group and largest private group practice in Singapore. The group owns and operates a network of family medicine clinics, one tertiary care private hospital, insurance services and a consumer healthcare division.

Raffles Hospital is RMG’s flagship and it offers a full complement of specialist services combined with advanced medical technology. With twenty-one specialist centers to meet a wide variety of medical needs, Raffles Hospital is capable and prepared to face any healthcare challenges.

RMG’s mission is to enhance health and well being by providing the best total healthcare and their vision is to be people’s trusted partner for health. Their core values include: compassion, commitment, excellence, team-based care and value. RMG also has a quality policy, which is to assure the best outcome, build seamless service, create value and delight with personalized care.

8. References
Tomer, J. F. (n.d). Stemming the tide of obesity: What needs to happen. Journal Of Socio-Economics, 42, 88-98. doi:10.1016/j.socec.2012.11.001 Retrieved from Retrieved on 4th Oct 2013.

Donaghue, N., & Clemitshaw , A. (n.d). ‘I'm totally smart and a feminist…and yet I want to be a waif’: Exploring ambivalence towards the thin ideal within the fat acceptance movement. Women's Studies International Forum, 35(6), 415-425. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2012.07.005 Retrieved from Retrieved on 4th Oct 2013.

Foster, G. D., Makris, A. P., & Bailer B. A. (2005). Behavioral treatment of obesity. American Jornal Of Clinical Nutrition, 82(1), 230S-235S. Retrieved from Retrieved on 4th Oct 2013.

Sim, M. (2011). Fat No More. The Straits Times. Retrieved from Retrieved on 24th Oct 2013.

Goh L. G., Pang J. (2012). Obesity in Singapore, prevention and control. The Singapore Family Physician, 38(1), 8-13. Retrieved from Retrieved on 24th Oct 2013.

Singapore General Hospital (2011). Obesity Management. Retrieved from Retrieved on 24th Oct 2013.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Knowledge Management Through Stratetegic Management Process

...KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT THROUGH STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PROCESS ABSTRACT Knowledge Management (KM) is the key factor for the organizational success and survival. In the competitive business environments, knowledge management involve strategic management processes. The processes consist of formulating stages, implementation stages, and controlling stages. With a systematic strategic management approach, organizations are able to generate competitive advantage and achieve organizational objectives. This paper provides an approach for organization to manage KM through strategic management process. KM currently is a discipline which is growing very fast. Therefore to support business viability and competitiveness, organization needs to integrate fragmented landscape of KM with strategic management process. Keywords: Knowledge Management, Strategic Management. 1.0 INTRODUCTION According to Webb (1998), KM is the process of identification, optimization and active management of intellectual assets to create value, increase productivity and gain and sustain competitive advantage. Meanwhile, Murray (1998) said KM is a strategy that turns an organization’s intellectual assets and the talents of its members to produce new productivity, value and increase competitiveness. Therefore, we can conclude that KM is a discipline, designed to provide strategy, process, and technology to increase organizational learning. A part from that, strategy is the major plan to be undertaken and......

Words: 3020 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The Study of Animal Behavior Through Comparative Psychology

...The Study of Animal Behavior through Comparative Psychology I have found that the use of comparative psychology to study animal behavior has been a most crucial part in the development of todays’ society in humans alike. Comparative psychology is a branch of psychology popularly focused on comparing animal behavior to human behavior. Essentially comparative psychology focuses on animal psychology and the implications that science may have on our understanding of human psychology. Comparative psychology, which involves the study of mental processes and behavior in other animals, is also known as ethology or behavioral biology. Comparative researchers have a wide variety of jobs from studying animals in cages and controlled environments to traveling to distant places in far off countries to study animals in their natural environments. Many of the jobs people prefer tend to include working in laboratories, zoos or aquariums. The psychologists study animals and their behaviors in the wild to compare and contrast their findings. Most times comparative researchers spend their time teaching others about what they have either observed or learned from others experienced in the field of study. The study of animal behavior is enormously diverse, largely because behavior is focused to so many aspects of an animal's biology. Virtually any kind of behavior performed by an animal may be the subject of study. Some questions that have attracted considerable interest......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Evaluating Performance Through Motivation and Conflict Management

...Evaluating Performance through Motivation and Conflict Management MGT/307 February 08, 2010 The size of a workplace or organization is irrelevant went it comes to the need to survive. High-performance workplaces and organizations have abandoned the traditional organizational structure, and have adopted innovative techniques to improve operational effectiveness, workplace stress, and organizational dynamics. These high-performance workplaces and organizations encompass characteristics that keep them profitable and ahead of the competition. The emerging trends in organizational behavior introduced into the business world strongly relate to high-performance workplaces and the stress management techniques that have been implemented. Differences exist in the methods used by high-performance workplaces and organizations and the traditional organizational structure when it concerns how they manage and improve their operational effectiveness, stress, and organizational dynamics. A high-performance workplace or organization has a stronger approach to maintaining an effective workforce. The workforce remains effective by sustaining an appropriate balance between new technology and the workload for individual employees. The traditional organizational structure is content accomplishing tasks from a recognized and established method. The use of technology is an effective method of performance for employees, but accommodating this effective method is more stress. The......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Evaluating Performance Through Motivation and Conflict Management Decisions

...Evaluating Performance Through Motivation and Conflict Management Decisions Motivation defined as the process which accounts for an individuals intensity, (how hard a person tries) direction, (leading to a specific point) and persistence (how long a person can maintain effort) toward obtaining a specific goal (Robbins & Judge). Managers daily deal with human behavior and understanding different types of human behavior is an added plus. Organized behavior defined as the study of human behavior within an organization. Earlier theories of motivation are based upon the hierarchy of needs. This theory comes from Abraham Maslow who suggests that within every human there is a hierarchy of five needs; physiological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualization. A closer theory to Maslows is the ERG theory; this theory is a remake of Maslows. The ERG theory was created by Clayton Alderfer, which argued Maslows theory due to Alderfer belief of humans being motivated by three core needs. The core needs fall under the category of existence, relatedness, and growth. Douglas McGregor, an economist and management professor, explained two distant views of human beings: one basically negative labeled Theory X (inherited dislikes) and one positive Theory Y (inherited likes). This theory is along the lines of managers who base the nature of humans on certain group types. The final theory from earlier theories of motivation comes from Frederick Hertzberg. Mr. Hertzberg’s...

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Weight Management-

...increased to more than 18% of the budget today (Jitendra, Courtney, Kathryn, Mithilesh, & Bharat, 2011). An overweight workforce will hinder our company’s operations; investing a small amount on a weight loss program that covers dietary habits as well as a daily fitness routine will yield returns in the form of cost reductions in the long term. A healthier workforce will increase work productivity and reduce absenteeism. That is why we need to act fast to curtail this issue before it erupts into something that will upset our financials. We need to ask ourselves whether we should project lesser profits as a result of a non- operational expenditure such as medical care. To resolve this issue I have come up with the idea of collaborating with the weight loss company- Nutrisystem in order to start a workplace wellness program. Nutrisystem is a company that has been providing weight loss products and services to its customers for over 40 years. With only a few adjustments, this venture will be similar to that of NBC and Grimmway farms, in which they teamed up to produce the TV series ‘The Biggest Loser’, a program focused on improving awareness for getting people to consume more fruits and vegetables. “The combination of a balanced diet and exercise is a winning strategy for weight loss,” said Derek Johnson, executive nutrition director of the biggest loser resorts (The biggest loser, 2012). A recent survey conducted by Strategies to Overcome and Prevent Obesity......

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psychology and Management of Stress

...Julie Psychology Assignment Psychology and Management of stress Task 1 Outline and evaluate (i) Selye’s (1956) General Adaption Syndrome of stress. The General Adaption Syndrome (GAS) is Selye’s belief that that the body has physiological ways in which to deal with long term and short term stress and its and that prolonged exposure to stress can result in illness. He started this in the 1930’s and based this on researching hormones of rats and found that the rats had stress response to his research. He believed that regardless of the type of stressor, the reaction of the stressor was always the same. (Rice et al 2010p100) Selye’s model has three stages: Alarm stage – This is where the environmental stimuli is viewed as a stressor and the ‘fight or flight’ instinct is aroused and the first reactions are aroused. This is where the automatic nervous system (ANS) is activated and the sympathetic branch of the nervous system to release adrenaline and noradrenaline, which in turn raises the heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration and digestion, slows. This stage is usually disappears quickly through the parasympathetic branch which returns everything to normal. If it continues we then move to the next stage Resistance stage – This is where the environmental stressors are still there, and the body physiologically starts to adapt and adjust. Arousal is still high and the high level of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is still in the body. ACTH......

Words: 3177 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Formulating Information Systems Risk Management Strategies Through Cultural Theory IMCS 14,3 Formulating information systems risk management strategies through cultural theory Aggeliki Tsohou, Maria Karyda and Spyros Kokolakis Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering, University of the Aegean, Samos, Greece 198 Evangelos Kiountouzis Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential of cultural theory as a tool for identifying patterns in the stakeholders’ perception of risk and its effect on information system (IS) risk management. Design/methodology/approach – Risk management involves a number of human activities which are based on the way the various stakeholders perceive risk associated with IS assets. Cultural theory claims that risk perception within social groups and structures is predictable according to group and individual worldviews; therefore this paper examines the implications of cultural theory on IS risk management as a means for security experts to manage stakeholders perceptions. Findings – A basic theoretical element of cultural theory is the grid/group typology, where four cultural groups with differentiating worldviews are identified. This paper presents how these worldviews affect the process of IS risk management and suggests key issues to be considered in developing strategies of risk management according to the different perceptions cultural groups have.......

Words: 9716 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Effective and Efficient Management Through Cultural Intelligence Training

...Effective and efficient management through Cultural Intelligence Training With the widespread application of Globalization, the accelerating driving force of information technology, outstanding advanced new transportation systems, increasing migrated work force seeking greener pasture, limitless academic boundary of intellectual and intelligentsia, working cross borders, brain drain of developing countries towards developed countries, human trafficking, the global communication traffic has progressively extended. In that situation, living in an unfamiliar social environment demands other considerable matters, adaptable behaviour and attitude, heavily depending on cultural intelligence. Development of Cultural Intelligence is relying on the following resources, accompanied with practising and training. (1) For head/ cognitive communication, immediate recognition of dos’ and don’ts of different cultures, including one’s own culture, as well as belief, traditional behaviour, taboo established on them. (2) For body / physical communication, appreciation and acknowledgement on working colleagues and guests with different religious backgrounds and races, as well as foreign countries where one’s businesses are based and operated. Understanding others’ cultures and accepting them willingly after removing and cutting improper ethical limits, promoting communications through significant definition of physical behaviours reflecting the readiness to enter into their social......

Words: 989 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Psychology for Management

...rather than increasing their behavior. (“Simply Psychology”). In summary, as shown above, clearly the Operant Condition also known as the Instrumental Condition by Skinner showed that a person’s behavior is affected by consequences or behavior changes towards the consequences, which relates to positive reinforcements, negative reinforcements, positive or negative punishment. Positive consequences will strengthen the behavior of a person or the students in this question, were as, negative consequences will weaken the students’ behavior. Therefore, the students clearly demonstrated negative reinforcement due to their behavior in this question. REFERENCES: Carlson, N. R., & Buskist, W. (1997). Psychology: The science of behavior. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. McLeod, S. (2007). Simply Psychology. Retrieved March 07, 2016, from Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Fredrickson, B. L., Loftus, G. R., Wagenaar, W. A., Atkinson, R. L., & Hilgard, E. R. (2009). Atkinson & Hilgard's introduction to psychology. Andover: Cengage Learning. QUESTION 2 Nine-year-old David is always getting into trouble for what his father terms irresponsible behavior. His father says that he needs to think before he acts. How would Jean Piaget account for David’s behavior? Introduction Jean Piaget studied the cognitive development that is, the learning ability stages of a child, from the age of zero to eleven years old. Piaget through his experiment using his own children......

Words: 4555 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Psychology in Management

...Motivation Paper LEADERSHIP STYLE: Transformational leaders such as Walt Disney appeal to the ideals and morals of motivating their followers to accomplish their tasks. These types of leaders inspire and empower their people using their own beliefs and personal strengths. Disney organization fosters a culture of creativity in all of its employees. By creating this type of culture you have exceptional involvement of top management building a customer focused business which is primary focus for a successful organization. Transformational leaders also lead by example which is an important aspect of a company. By Walt Disney leading by example he showed enthusiasm, and loyalty to the organization. When you show this type of leadership the organization is enhanced by the demands of excellence. The Disney organization is enhanced by the demands of excellence. The Disney organization has its own “Disney Culture” which consists of rich traditions, quality standards and values that create a unique environment which is an important factor to the company’s success. Management by walking around is instilled in the company as well as the Open Door Policy which encourages conversation amongst the employees and makes meetings less autocratic. JOB DESIGN: At the Disney University, new hires attend training where one day is dedicated to the Disney traditions where employees learn the company’s beliefs and core values. The training submerges the individual with several organizational......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nutrition and Weight Management

...Carbohydrates – Glycemic Index High Glycemic Index: * Bread, wheat * Processed cereal * Plain cookies & crackers * Cakes & muffins * Bananas * Potatoes Low Glycemic Index: * Oat bran, rye, or pumpernickel * Unrefined cereal such as oats * Cookies made with dry fruit * Cakes and muffins made with fruit, oats, or whole grains * Apples * Pasta or legumes Protein (4 cal/g; 10-35%) * Animal sources include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk * Plant sources include legumes, nuts, grains, peas, seeds, rice, etc. * Vegetarians * An inefficient source of energy– increased nitrogen build-up could lead to ketosis (theoretically) * RDA currently 0.8 g/kg body weight to 1.7 – 1.8 g/kg body weight (~40-65 g/day) * 140 grams in one can of tuna * Muscle wasting Fats (9 cal/g; 20-35%) * With carbohydrates, used to meet energy demands (burned more completely in the presence of carbohydrates) * Like protein, not a good single source of energy —may lead to ketosis * Role of cholesterol—waxy substance produced by the liver that serves a physiological function * Fish oils—diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids inhibits atherosclerosis (rich in polyunsaturated fats) * Salmon, mackerel, herring, tuna, and sardines Fats (9 cal/g; <30%) Saturated – can accept no more H+ atoms * In animal products and some vegetables * Cheese, chocolate, poultry skin, milk, etc. * Raises......

Words: 1619 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Competing Through Management

...of self-actualization. Moreover, most people spend a large part of their lives in the workplace and even if they were inherently happy by nature, this would cease to be the case if they were not productive and were dissatisfied with their jobs. Answer 2) Most of Pfefffer’s thirteen factors of competitive success focus on adopting management practices and work culture to motivate employees in a traditional organization. However, as we have seen in the last decade with the growth of technology and Web 2.0 companies, organizational success also depends on the ability of employees to think out of the box and come up with ideas that add to the firm’s existing product or service offerings. Therefore, based on this, two additional factors that I would add to Pfeffer’s thirteen factors of competitive success would be: 1) Employee Creativity and Entrepreneurial Ability - In the last decade, we have seen several companies that were extremely successful in the 20th century, drop the ball and unable to cope with changes that come with today’s fast evolving culture and technology. One of the reasons has been the inability of the top management of these companies, typically comprising of people with valuable experience but a set way of thinking, to connect with the new generation of consumers who have a different mindset from theirs. Therefore, these organizations should encourage their junior managers and interns, who are fresh out of school or relatively inexperienced, to......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lookism and Weight

...I hope that I am on the right track as I attempt to complete this paper. I hope and pray to be finish by week 8 no later than week 9. Annotated Outline for Lookism and Weight I. Introduction A. Love the Body You Have B. Diversity Concepts, Research, Theories and Multicultural II. Weight- Discriminations and Lookism A. Ways Obese Individuals are Discriminated Against B. Weight Discrimination Explained through theories C. Theories to Reduce Weight Discrimination III. Ethnic and Cultural Awareness A. Personal Cultural Competence and Action Plan IV. Conclusion V. Reference Annotated Bibliography Aiken, Jane H. (2007). Striving to Teach “Justice, Fairness, and Morality”. Clinical Law Review, 5, pp 1-67. This article discusses justice means giving each person what he or she deserves or, in more traditional terms, giving each person his or her due. Justice and fairness are closely related terms that are often today used interchangeably. Brownell, K., & Puhl, R. (2004). Stigma and discrimination in weight management and obesity. The Permanenie Journal, 7 (3), pp. 21-23. This articles discuss clear discrimination against overweight people has been documented in three areas: education, health care, and employment. The reason for this appears to be very strong anti-fat attitudes. Constantine, M., Hage, S....

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Personal Weight Change Management

...positively, believing the dropouts are mainly weak of effective instruction established by modern cognitive science and students who are unqualified to become engineers. This belief is educational psychology [2–5]. Any other approach that targets only wrong. In their classic study Talking about Leaving [1], Seymour one type of student would probably be more effective, but it would and Hewitt showed that grade distributions of students who leave still fail to address the needs of most students. It follows that if comtechnical curricula are essentially the same as the distributions of pletely individualized instruction is impractical and one-size-fits-all is those who stay in. While many of those who drop out do so because ineffective for most students, a more balanced approach that attempts of academic difficulties, many others are good students who leave to accommodate the diverse needs of the students in a class at least because of dissatisfaction with their instruction, a fact made some of the time is the best an instructor can do. graphically clear in comments quoted by Seymour and Hewitt. Diversity in education usually refers to the effects of gender and Faculty complaints about students who remain in engineering ethnicity on student performance. Those effects are important and through graduation are also commonly heard, with many of the are considered elsewhere in this journal issue [6]. This article examcomplaints being variations of “They can memorize and plug num-......

Words: 14940 - Pages: 60

Free Essay

Application of Motivation and Emotion Principles in Weight Loss Programs to Lose Weight Effectively.

...Application of motivation and emotion principles in weight loss programs to lose weight effectively. Abstract Application of principles of motivation and emotion has significant influence on the effectiveness of weight loss in weight loss programs. I agree with this view and will justify it by introducing principles and backing them up with official academic research as evidence. Adverse emotions can facilitate weight gain and disruptions in dieting. I believe principles such as Drive Theory, Self-Determination, Self-Confrontation and Self-Efficacy can counter weight gain and promote weight loss in weight loss programs. The concept of exercise opposes this view as it states that it the level and moderation of physical activity directly affects motivation and emotion and hence, the regulation of motivation and emotion cannot do without exercise. However, further analysis will explain why this opposing argument is not concrete. The essay will demonstrate tighter links with how principles of motivation and emotion affect the measures of effectiveness in weight loss programs. Application of motivation and emotion principles in weight loss programs to lose weight effectively. Effects of motivation and emotion are the underlying core factors behind weight loss success. Research has shown that motivation is a strong determinant in self-regulation during weight loss (Teixeira et al., 2006). Also, it is reported that there is positive relationships between......

Words: 3032 - Pages: 13