Outline And Assess Sociological Explanations Of Gender Difference In Patterns Of Crime

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    Outline and Assess Marxists Explanations of Class Inequality

    Outline and assess Marxists explanations of class inequality There are many concerns in sociology as to whether class is still important. Many argue that it is not important as an individual’s identity is based on status, values and intelligence. Postmodernists claim that class is now dead. We can now be defined by consumption (what we spend money on) rather than class. However, others argue that class in still an influence on people’s lives, affecting certain aspects such as health and education

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion 33 Marks

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks The world today is more interconnected than ever this is known as globalisation. Religion may be related to its global context as when societies and religions come into closer contact with one another there is potential for religious conflict and for religious diversity and change. Due to modernisation we now have more technology so there is big opportunity to be interconnected with other countries

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Relationship Between Globalisation and Religion 33 Marks

    Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks The world today is more interconnected than ever this is known as globalisation. Religion may be related to its global context as when societies and religions come into closer contact with one another there is potential for religious conflict and for religious diversity and change. Due to modernisation we now have more technology so there is big opportunity to be interconnected with other countries

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    Assess Strain Theories as an Explanation of Crime and Deviance in Contemporary Society.Docx Uploaded Successfully

    Assess strain theories as an explanation of crime and deviance in contemporary society The relationship between offending and subculture explains how a situation for example society preventing certain groups particularly working class males from succeeding in terms of material achievement and this creates group response whereby the group rejects the values and of that society and develops alternative values ‘subculture’ and this leads to values generated by the subculture being justified and leading

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    Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today (24 Marks)

    Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today (24 marks) On Most Advertisements, the nuclear family is represented as the ideal family . The Nuclear family is a family which entails of a Mother a Father and two children which is portrayed in various different ways to be the most suitable family structure. The idea of the Nuclear Family being the ideal family was studied and expressed in 1967 by Edmund Leach. However

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    Outline and Assess Solutions to the Problems of Crime

    has a clear perspective on the reduction to crime and solutions is the realist. They both believe that crime is a real problem and is rising therefore both left and right realist have their own individual solutions to how crime rates can be reduced. Left realist are focused on the on policies to deal with crime and deviance, they aim to reduce inequalities and have a more equal distribution of income and wealth. Realist look into the cause of crime in order to find solutions, Lea and young whom

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    Assess These Strengths and Weaknesses of Marxists Explanations of Crime

    Assess these strengths and weaknesses of Marxists explanations of crime Traditional Marxism is a structural theory which sees society as a structure in which the economic base determines the shape of the superstructure, which is made up of all the other social institutions, including the state, the law and the criminal justice system. Their function is to serve the ruling-class interests and maintain the capitalist society. Marxists agree that the law is enforced against powerless groups and that

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    Gender and Crime

    have a conviction of some kind, where as one in ten females have been convicted. This essay will explore the fundamental reasons as to why there is such difference between crime rates concerning men and women. It will also analyse theories from different sociologists including Carlen, Heidensohn and Lombroso. The statistics show how recorded crime comes predominately from males. This type of research reveals that males are responsible for approximately four know offences for every one committed by

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    Assess the Apparent Gender Difference in Crime and Deviance

    Assess explanations for apparent gender differences in involvement in crime.  (21 marks) Since the 1970s many feminist have criticised criminology for being male orientated, where by women are invisible in both theoricatical consideration and empirical studies. Patterns of offending by men and by women are notable both for their similarities and for their differences. Both men and women are more heavily involved in minor property and substance abuse offenses than in serious crimes like robbery

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today. (24 Marks)

    Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. (24 marks) In today's society, there are various alternatives from the typical family type. The top examples of these are lone-parent, cohabitation and reconstituted. But there are also some others such as same sex couples, single parent and multi-cultural families. There has been a decrease in the number of nuclear families in the UK and an increase in various other families such as single parent families. But

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    Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations for Age Differences in Patterns of Crime

    According to the Official Crime statistics most crime is committed by young people with the peak age of crime being 18 for males and 15 for females, with the majority of this crime consisting of theft and handling stolen goods which make up over 50% of all youth crimes. Cohen states that young people have a desire to feel valued, respected and to gain status within society. He states that this age difference may exist due to young working class boys feeling alienated and angry at the low status

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    Outline and Assess Functionalist Explanations of Crime and Deviance (Just a Plan)

    OUTLINE AND ASSESS FUNCTIONALIST EXPLANATIONS OF CRIME AND DEVIANCE (50) INTRODUCTION * Structural theory * Believe that society is good and order is necessary * Therefore at first glance crime appears to be negative, but functionalists believe crime can be beneficial to social system PARAGRAPH 1 - DURKHEIM * Believed in consensus and need for social order + that crime was inevitable * He believed crime and deviance were product of lack of attachment to prevailing consensus

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    Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation. (21 Marks)

    statistics, there are significant ethnic differences in the likelihood of being involved in the criminal justice system. Specifically, black people are over-represented in the system. In this essay I will talk about the reasons for these differences. One of the reasons for the differences in crime statistics is put forward but left realists Lea and Young (1993), they argue that the statistics do, in fact, reflect real life differences. Left realists see crime as the product of relative deprivation

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    Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Differences in the Patterns of Crime

    Item B identifies a pattern in crime statistics; men are more likely to commit crime than women. Statistics say that four out of five convicted offenders in England and Wales are male. However this may not be the case as there are multiple sociological explanations of gender differences that can support each gender committing more crime. The Liberation Thesis (Freda Alder 1975) looks at the link between changing women’s position and patterns in crime. The thesis argues that as society has become

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Role of the Mass Media in Creating Moral Panics About Crime and Deviance

    Assess sociological explanations of the role of the mass media in creating moral panics about crime and deviance: A moral panic is the process of arousing social concern over an issue, this is often an exaggerated over-reaction by society to a perceived problem, which is usually driven or inspired by the media. In this situation the reaction ends up amplifying the problem out of proportion to its real seriousness. This creates anxiety amongst the general population, and this therefore puts pressure

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    Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Social Class Stratification (40 Marks)

    Outline and assess sociological explanations of social class stratification (40) Social stratification is any given society's categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, social status, occupation, and power. Stratification is the relative social position of a person in a given social group. Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that class stratification exists because it is functional and beneficial towards social order and noted that

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

    nuclear family consisting of a married couple and their dependent children. The New Right sees this family type as being natural based upon the fundamental biological differences between men and women. These sociologists would argue that family diversity is the cause of many social problems, such as education failure and high crime rates. The New Right believes that lone-parent families are both unnatural and harmful, especially to the children. They argue that lone mothers cannot discipline their

    Words: 2237 - Pages: 9

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    Outline and Assess Postmodernist Explanation of Age Inequality (40 Marks)

    Outline and assess postmodernist explanation of age inequality (40 marks) Age explanations have changed over the years and various sociological theories have different explanation on age inequality. In this essay I’m going to analyse various explanation on age inequality by weberians, Marxist, functionalists and postmodernist. Postmodernist are the only theory which is applicable to today’s world. Postmodernists believe that age inequalities have been blurred due to various explanations.

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    Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Value of the ‘Chivalry Thesis’ in Understanding Gender Differences in Crime.

    Similarly, Roger Hood’s study of over 3000 defendants found that women were about one-third less likely than males to be sent to jail. Also typically female crimes such as shoplifting are less likely to be reported. For example, property crime is less likely to be reported than the violent or sexual crimes more often committed by men and when women’s crimes are detected or reported they are less likely to be prosecuted or are let off lightly. This suggestion therefore supports the items belief that women

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today

    Assess sociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. Family diversity is the theory that there are many different family types, rather than the nuclear family being the dominant type. However there are many different sociological explanations and two different conflicting views. The modernist view, and the postmodernist view. For example New Right sociologists believe that the nuclear family is the bedrock of society, and is the natural family, unlike lone-parent

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    Assess Sociological Explanations for the Increasing Number of Religious and Spiritual Organisations and Movements in Society Today.

    Assess sociological explanations for the increasing number of religious and spiritual organisations and movements in society today. (33 marks) In society some people hold religious beliefs without belonging to an organised group, whereas others express their beliefs through membership of a religious organisation. Troeltsch distinguished between two main types of religious organisations – the church and the sect. Churches are large organisations with millions of members, run by a bureaucratic hierarchy

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    Assess the Sociological Explanations for the Growth of New Religious Movements.

    Assess the sociological explanations for the growth of new religious movements. By: Amy Rashid Over the years, there has been a growth of new religious movements in the society. This growth can be explained in terms of why people chose to join the movements or in terms of wider social changes. Hence, in this essay, I shall discuss several sociological explanations for this occurrence. Firstly, Steve Bruce (1995, 1996) attributes the development of a range of religious institutions, including

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    Sociological Explanation of Gender Differences in Pattern of Crime

    TITLE: outline and assess sociological explanations for gender difference in patterns of crime. What is the relationship between crime and masculinity? Crime can be described as an act that harmful to an individual as well as the society; such acts are against and punishable by the law. While deviance can be described as acting against social norms, for example a boy wearing a skirt would be out of place in the society The sex role theory states that, when young males and females are younger

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    Gender and Crime

    follows. Item B According to crime statistics, men are more likely than women to commit crime. However, this statistical difference may be due to the way in which the criminal justice system deals with men and women. In some cases, the nature of female crimes means that they are less likely to be recorded. Men and women seem to commit different types of crime. Those committed by women are seen as more serious if they go against expected gender norms. For men, crime can be seen as an expression of

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    Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the different sociological explanations of suicide. (21 marks) Sociologists have explained the suicide phenomena in different ways. For example, while positivists sought to achieve a scientific explanation of suicide, interpretivists sought to demolish it by focusing on the meaning of suicide to those involved and the meanings they attach to it. Durkheim used the positivists approach to explain the suicide phenomena. According to him, our behaviours

    Words: 717 - Pages: 3

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    Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship Between Gender and Religious Practice and Participation. 33 Marks.

    Many sociologists have different opinions and interpretations on gender and religious participation. Marxist Feminists would argue that religion is oppressing but is seen as patriarchal rather than a capitalistic. Armstrong argues that religion is still largely male dominated even though women participate more than men (57% of those attending a main church or denomination in 2005 were women). She argues this is shows women becoming marginalised, for example orthodox Jews forbid women priests. However

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    Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Difference in Patterns of Crime.

    Crime is the when an individual or group commit an act against the law. Deviance is an act that is against the social norm and is labelled as deviant. Official statistics have proven that 80% of all crimes are committed by males. However the study of criminology have tended to be dominated by males, therefore the studies are done by men about men. The official statistics suggest that gender is perhaps the most significant single factor in whether an individual is convicted of crime. The official

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    Assess Sociological Explanations for Gender Differences in Offending Rates

    Men are suspected, charged and convicted of crime of all types more than women. This pattern crosses all other social factors such as age, class, ethnicity and region. This is shown in the official statistics. In 2001, 167 per 10,000 of the male population were found guilty or cautioned for an offence, compared to 3.7 per 10,000 of the female population. There are different sociological explanations for why men seem to commit more crime than women. Men and women are socialised in different ways

    Words: 602 - Pages: 3

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    Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation.

    AQA Sociology questions on Gender and Education suggest 3 reasons for boys educational underachievement boys mature later, and overestimate their ability so don't work hard enough girls are more motivated and so work harder equal opportunities have benefited girls more than boys. Outline some of the reasons for the educational underachievement of boys there are many different reasons that can tell us why boys tend to underachieve in education. Some of these reasons include

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    Assess Realist Explanations of Crime and Deviance.

    occurred in the 70’s and 80’s in changing politics. The realist view is that crime is not just a social construction, but is a real problem that needs to be tackled. Realists believe that there has been a significant rise in the crime rate and favours a tough approach against it, as they think that other theories have failed to offer a solution to crime. The left realists Lea and Young attempt to give an explanation to street crime, committed by young people in urban areas. These sociologists took a victim

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    Outline and Assess Functionalist’s Explanations of the Role of the Education System in Society

    Outline and assess functionalist’s explanations of the role of the education system in society. As a theory which places heavy emphasis on the analysis of institutions and their relationship with society, especially with regards to the functions of institutions, Functionalists place a significant amount of focus on the education system. Functionalists believe that education has 3 basic roles. The first being socialistion, the second being to teach skills required by a modern industrial society and

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    Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems (33 Marks)

    set out to try and falsify theories, deliberately seeking evidence that would disprove them. If the evidence from an experiment or observation contradicts a theory and shows it to be false, the theory can be discarded and the search for a better explanation can begin. In science, knowledge claims live or die by the evidence. With regard to this, Popper argues that discarding falsified knowledge-claims is what enables scientific understanding of the world to grow as it is cumulative - it builds on the

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    Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems

    belief system is often used when referring to religious ideas whereas the term ideology is often used when referring to secular and political beliefs, for example, Marxism or capitalism. Feminists would argue that ideologies reinforce and legitimise gender inequalities as the ideas behind ideologies are patriarchal views used to control women. For example under capitalism women can be seen as products to raise the next workforce and to be a sponge for frustration that their husbands feel from work.

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    Outline and Assess the Marxist Approach to Crime and Deviance

    Outline and assess the Marxist approach to crime and deviance (50) Crime is defined as an act that is punishable by law. It is socially constructed, meaning society decides what is considered to be a crime. Deviance is a violation of society’s norms. Individuals decide what is and isn’t deviant based on their own norms and values, therefore, deviance can also be viewed as a social construct. What is considered to be a crime or act of deviance may differ from different cultures since crime and

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    Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation (21marks)

    1000 of the population, with 113 per 1000 for ‘blacks’. According to the British Crime Survey the majority of crime is intra-racial, with 88% of white victims stating that white offenders where involved, 3% claiming the offenders were black, 1% Asian and 5% ‘mixed’. In British prisons, the number of African-Caribbean prisoners is proportionately, 8 times higher than would be expected. Hall et al.’s study of street crime (‘mugging’), known as policing the crisis, shows a particular kind of Marxist

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    Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Differences in Achievement and Subject Choice. (20 Marks)

    achieving two or more A-levels or equivalent has increased from 20% in 1990 to 42% in 2006. Over the same time period, the percentage of males achieving the same level increased from 18% to 33%. On the other hand, there still continues to be a large difference in the choice of subjects by males and females. Even with the national curriculum being restrictive in the lower levels, meaning both male and females do the same subjects, when they get to a-levels and degree level, both male and females still

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    Outline and Assess Marxist Perspectives on Crime and Devianc

    Outline and assess Marxist perspectives on crime and deviance [50 marks] The term defiance covers a wide range of behaviour which deviates from the normal expectations of society and is viewed as ‘wrong’ and ‘bad’ but does not necessarily break the law however, some deviant acts may also be criminal. Crime is any activity that breaks the law of the land and is consequently subject to official punishment. Marx himself wrote very little about crime, but a Marxist theory of crime was first developed

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    Outline and Assess the View That Gender Differences in Educational Achievement Are Caused by Factors Outside School.

    Differences in educational achievement refer to the significant differences in educational success and failure. This difference can be found between the two genders where it is a fact that girls outperform boys in the education system; some may argue that this is a result of factors outside of school. The validity of this or whether the differences are caused by factors outside school will be discussed. One reason as to why it can be argued that gender differences in educational achievement are

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    Outline & Assess the View That Gender Differences in Education Achievement Are Caused by Factors Outside School (50m)

    Outline & Assess the view that gender differences in education achievement are caused by factors outside school (50m) Gender and educational attainment focuses mainly on how males and females perform differently in different subjects and their tendency to study different subjects. In recent years, females are attaining more than males while males are underachieving. This may be caused by factors outside school. Outside factors has caused girls to outperforming boys is due to girls attitudes

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    Assess the Explanations for Gender and Crime

    Outline and assess sociological explanations of gender difference in patterns of crime. In this essay, I am going to assess the patterns of crime committed by males and females. Many general theories tend to neglect gender as a factor influencing criminality. There is a common assumption that males often commit more crime than women. The study of criminology have tended to be dominated by males, therefore the studies are done by men about men. The official statistics suggest that gender is perhaps

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    Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations for the Types and Patterns of Green Crime. [21 Marks]

    Green crime is a form of crime caused by globalization. As item A suggests, there is a central debate running throughout green crime as to whether crimes against the environment should be treated as illegal despite legislation not being in place. As White (2008) suggests, green crime create more damage than much other crime, for example the Bhopal disaster in India, 1984 caused thousands of deaths due to chemical gas poisoning, yet the companies involved have never taken corporate responsibility

    Words: 651 - Pages: 3

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    Assess sociological explanations of the functions and forms of punishments of offenders. Note- Make sure the points link to the question. Don’t just talk about theory. Write about what it tells you about the forms and purposes of punishment. 1- Define punishment. There are many different forms such as…. There are also many different aims such as…. Punishment is the process that enforces a sentence/ penalty for a crime committed. It is one of the main ways sociologists believe we can prevent

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    Assess Right Realist Explanations of Both the Causes of Crime and the Solutions to Crime.

    elsewhere assess right realist explanations of both the causes of crime and the solutions to crime (21 marks) As suggested in item A, right realists explain crime to be a social problem requiring practical solutions. Realists focus on crime which is at the centre of public concern, for example street crime, violence and burglary; they are concerned with increasing measures of crime control. Wilson and Hernstein put forward a biosocial theory explaining the causes of crime; they argue crime is an activity

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    Assess Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide

    Uzochi Ihebuzor Assess different sociological explanations of suicide The study of suicide has a unique place in sociology because it was the subject that Durkheim chose to use in order to demonstrate that sociology had its own distinctive contribution to understanding human behaviour. Early Positivists such as Comte and Durkheim argued that sociology was a science therefore they believed that its studies should mirror that of the natural sciences. They advocated scientific and logical methods

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    Outline & Assess Socialogical Explanations of Age Inequality

    Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Age Inequality (40 Marks) Most theoretical explanations of age inequality focus on the inequalities faced by the youth and the elderly. Functionalists look at different roles taken on during ageing and have a positive outlook of the stages of ageing as it is believed to benefit society. In contrast, Marxists focus on an underlying class struggle and believe that age is a social construct made to uphold capitalism. However, the Weberian outlook is

    Words: 1614 - Pages: 7

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    Assess Explanations for Apparent Gender Differences in Involvement in Crime (21 Marks)

    Assess explanations for apparent gender differences in involvement in crime (21 marks) There are clear gender differences in the level of crime in society. In 2015 official statistics showed that male prison population was at 95%, with women prison population only 5%. The division in these figures may be due to several factors such as how crimes are actually recorded and the idea that males do commit more crimes that females and the male stream society that we are in. It may be believed that

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    Outline and Assess Feminist Explanations for Crime and Deviance

    Crime is a behaviour/act that goes against a society’s law, and therefore has legal consequences attached if broken, e.g. prison sentence, penalty charge. Deviance is an act/behaviour that goes against a societies norms and values, however is not against the law and therefore not punishable by law. It is a relative term dependent on different societies and their norms and values; what is considered deviant also changes over times, for example it used to be considered deviant for women to smoke, whereas

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood

    Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood The status of childhood has always been changing with time and in this day and age there are many views over the position of children, being confined, disciplined or controlled by the adult authority. Others say that they are growing up to fast and the distinction between the adults and children is overlapping. Some sociologists believe that childhood is socially constructed, that childhood

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    Sociological Reasons for Differences in Gender Choice

    Fiona Sociological reasons for differences in gender choice There are a number of reasons for the difference in subject choices, for example stereotyping, labelling, peer pressure, gender domain, etc. Firstly a reason for early socialisation is gender difference in subject choices, this is because early socialisation shapes children's gender identity. Patricia Murphy and Jannette Elwood (1998) show how these lead to different subject choices. Boys read hobby books and information texts, while

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    Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences in Educational Achievement

    Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in educational achievement. (20) Tony Lawson and Joan Garrod (2000) define ethnic groups as ‘people who share common history, customs and identity, as well as, in most cases, language and religion, and who see themselves as a distinct unit.’ When talking about culture we use terms such as customs, language and religion that is, about all of the things that are learned, shared and valued by a social group. It is a mistake to think of ethnic

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