Outline And Evaluate The Multi Store Model Of Memory 12 Marks

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    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model

    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model The working memory model (WM) explains why we can do two different tasks at the same time, but not two similar tasks. It replaced the idea of a unitary short term memory (STM) in the working memory model information is passed from STM to the central executive and this decides if the information is visual or auditory. Information is then passed to the corresponding store. The central executive is a key component of the WM. It directs information from

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    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model

    Outline and evaluate the working memory model In the working memory model, there are four main components; The central executive is the most important component as it is involved in problem solving and decision making. It controls attention and plays a vast part in planning and processing information from subsidiary systems and LTM. It is flexible and can process information. It has a limited capacity and can only contain a limited amount of information at one time, Secondly the phonological loop

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    Explain and Evaluate the Models of Abnormailty.

    own words what is meant by a 'model of abnormality'?[2] A: Models of abnormality each offers a different explanation for the origins of mental disorders. They are basically the conceptual models, each research and treatment adopted according to it. (b): Describe models of abnormality. [8] A: There are four type of models: Medical model (or Biological method), Psychodynamic model, Behavioral model and the Cognitive model. Medical model (or Biological model) is a view of abnormality that

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    Outline and Evaluate Biological Approach to Stress

    Outline and evaluate the Biological approach to abnormality The biological approach suggests that psychological disorders should be treated medically, as this model puts forward the idea that any psychological abnormality is causes by genetic factors and body malfunctions. The model as 4 different elements that may be the cause of psychological abnormalities; viral infections, biochemistry, brain damage, genetic factors. Several studies have been carried out by different researchers to investigate

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    Outline and Evaluate Research Into the Relationship Between the Immune System and Stress-Related Illness. (12 Marks)

    There has been a lot of research that suggests that the immune system can be severely affected by stress. Kiecolt-Glaser did an experiment to evaluate the effect of acute stressors on the immune system. She had a group of students who were about to have their medical exams. She took the blood sample one month before the exams and another during the exam period. She measured the NK cell activity to see how the immune system was effected and found that the NK cell activity had dropped significantly

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    Describe and Evaluate the Multi-Store Model of Memory.

    Describe and Evaluate the Multi-Store Model of Memory. Atkinson and Shiffrin proposed the Multi-store model of memory in 1968. The model had two distinct stores known as a Short-term store and a Long term store. The model also unravelled a stimulus from the environment known as the sensory register. The memory model elaborates three stages that take place from information passing to the sensory register then to the short-term memory and eventually stored in the long-term memory. The main features

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    The Multi-Store Model

    The Multi-Store Model Multi-store memory (MSM) illustrates the three memory stores which we apply to hold information we pick up - this idea was put forth by Atkinson and Shriffin (1968). The MMS consists of the sensory storage which holds the information collected by our senses. This type of memory store is continually receiving new data, but the majority of it is ignored. The information gathered only stays in the sensory store for a very short episode of time, it is either disregarded or if

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    Outline and Evaluate the Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology

    Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to psychopathology (12 marks) One assumption of the behavioural approach is that only behaviour is important and that this behaviour is learned through experience. The processes of this learning include classical conditioning where associations are made between one thing and the other. Operant conditioning where abnormal behaviour is reinforced or the social learning theory (SLT) where abnormal behaviours are learnt vicariously. For example, a child

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    Outline and Evaluate Definitions of Abnormality

    Outline and evaluate definitions of abnormality The first definition of abnormality is deviation from the social norm. This means that the person is not conforming to the expected and accepted patterns of behaviour in society. There are two types of social norms which can be broken by ‘not normal’ patterns of behaviour, Implicit and Explicit. Implicit rules are those which are implied, for example using cutlery to eat a roast dinner. Whilst there is no law stating that this must be done, it would

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    Outline and Evaluate the Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology

    Outline and Evaluate the Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology The behaviourist approach assumes that all behaviours are learnt. It suggests that there are three ways in which this learning can happen, these are classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning. The first method is classical conditioning this is when behaviour is learnt through association; via a stimulus and a response. This is an explanation for phobias, an abnormal behaviour can be learned by associating an

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    Outline and Evaluate the Multi – Store Model of Memory ( 12 Marks )

    Information from the environment enters sensory memory, encoded through one of the 5 senses depending on the type of information. If attention is paid to this information it will enter short term memory ( STM )which, according to Miller, has a capacity of 7+/- 2 bits of information. It can last up to 18 seconds, without rehearsal, according to Peterson and Peterson. Baddeley found that information in STM is encoded mainly acoustically, although Brandimonte showed that sometimes it is done visually

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    Outline and Evaluate Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development - 24 Marks

    Outline and evaluate Kohlberg’s theory of moral development (8+16 marks) Lawrence Kohlberg was influenced by Piaget’s theory of moral development where he also believed that the moral reasoning of children changes over time; he also used moral dilemmas to gather insight into the types of reasoning used by people as they mature. Kohlberg proposed six separate stages of moral development which he grouped together into three levels with the key points of this theory being that the stages are universal

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    Outline and Evaluate Research Into Personality Types and Stress Related Illness. (12 Marks)

    Outline and evaluate research into personality types and stress related illness. (12 marks) Friedman and Rosenman identified two types of personality that relate to individual responses to stress these were type A and type B. Type A personalities are said to be impatient, competitive, ambitious, aggressive, find it hard to relax. In contrast, type B personalities are the opposite, being less driven, more easy going, patient and able to relax. Friedman and Rosenman conducted a longitudinal study

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    Describe and Evaluate the Milgran Study (12 Marks)

    Describe and evaluate the Milgram study (12 marks) Milgram had set out a study for an attempt to test ‘the Germans are different’ and to see whether or not participants would have authority to a person of a higher position of authority. Milgram selected the participants he was using for the study by advertising for male participants to take part in a study of learning for Yale University. He offered a payment for $4.00 for an hour of the participant’s time for taking part. Milgram had paired the

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    Human Memory Model, Thinking, and Intelligence

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    Outline and Evaluate Evoloutionary Explanations of "The Attraction of Celebrity" (4+Marks)

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    Multi-Layered Security Outline Plan

    RICHMAN FINANCIAL INVESTMENTAND CONSULTING FIRM Multi-Layered Security Outline Plan IT Infrastructure Security Daniel Satterfield 7/1/2014 Identification of Risks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities along with proposed Security measures and controls   MULTI-LAYER SECURITY PLAN (OUTLINE) FOR RICHMAN INVESTMEN The following Multi-Layered Security Plan outline I am submitting for approval and implementation for Richman Investments, will provide a sound security plan for the firms

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    Outline and Evaluate Two Explanations of Conformity.

    Outline and evaluate two explanations of conformity. Normative social influence is a type of conformity compliance, where people behave in a way in which the majority are. This is where a large majority of people are able to indirectly control other people by making it difficult to oppose their views or opinions, thus making the minority feel pressured into complying. Although it may not change the minority’s opinions, some still conform to avoid social judgement and rejection of a large group.

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    The Working Memory Model

    The working memory model has three separate components. The central executive system allocates attention to different inputs and monitoring the operation of the other two components. The phonological loop has two sub-components, the articulatory control system, where information is rehearsed subvocally, and the phonological store, where speech input is held for a very brief duration. The third component, the visuo-spatial sketchpad deals with visual and spatial information coming either direct from

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    Outline the Policies That New Labour Have Introduced to the Education System Since 1997 [12 Marks]

    Outline the policies that New Labour have introduced to the education system since 1997 [12 marks] Labour governments since 1997 have sought both to reduce inequality of achievement and promote greater diversity, choice and competition within the education system. They believed that achieving these goals would also make Britain as a whole, more competitive in the global economy by turning the nation into a high skill, high wage society. The labour party has traditionally had a strong focus on promoting

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    Outline and Explain the Mutli Store Model of Memory

    Outline and explain the multi-store model of memory Akins and Shiffrin formed the multi-store model of memory (1968). They proposed that the process of remembering something is broken down into three stores; sensory, short-term and long term memory and 4 processes. The process beings with people receiving environmental stimuli, which enters into the sensory memory store consisting of our nose, ears, eyes, mouth etc. The sensory store has a large capacity as a large amount of information is received

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    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model.

    Outline and evaluate the Working Memory Model. The Working Memory Model (WMM) is a model of the STM. The WMM was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch when they carried out a Dual-task method experiment only to find that the MSM was too simple as it stated that the STM is only one store. The model shows that information is first received by the Central Executive. The Central Executive has overall control of the STM and it is multi-modal meaning it can process information from different senses. This information

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    Multi-Store Model

    AO1: Shriffin et al proposed the Multi-Store Memory model (MSM), a structural model composed of 3 separate stores: Sensory memory (SM), Short-term memory (STM) and Long-term memory (LTM). The sensory memory receives constant information from environmental stimuli through the senses. It stays in the SM for short periods because it receives little attention. However, if attention is focused on these stimuli, it becomes processed into the STM. Rehearsal maintains information in the STM but can

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    Outline and Evaluate the Functionalist View of the Role of the Family in Society (33 Marks).

    Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family in society (33 marks). Murdock, a functionalist, describes the family as a universal institution based on the nuclear family model. The functionalist view of the role of the family in society is that it maintains social order. The family is a tool for socialisation and a key social institution in sustaining the value that society works by consensus. Murdock identified four main functions of the family: sexual, reproductive

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    Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory

    Outline and evaluate the multi store model of memory (12 marks) Information from the environment is transferred through one of our five senses into the sensory memory (encoded depending on the type of information we receive). The sensory memory is a store suggested to be large in capacity but the duration the information is held for is the problem, lasting only fractions of a second. When attention is paid to information it enters the short term memory. According to Miller, the short term memory

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    Multi Store Model

    Outline and evaluate the Multi Store Model (12 marks) Atkinson and Shiffrin’s (1968) multi-store model of memory (MSM) shows the distinction between the separate unitary stores of sensory, short-term (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) and two processes (attention and rehearsal). All information passes through the system in a linear fashion. External stimuli/ information first enter the sensory store directly from our five senses. It remains in the sensory store for a maximum duration of around 2

    Words: 594 - Pages: 3

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    Outline and Evaluate Research Into Privation.

    Outline and evaluate research into Privation Privation is the failure to form an attachment, this may be due to extremely poor parenting or prolonged stays away from a potential attachment figure, e.g. whilst in hospital. One famous study on extreme privation is the case study of Genie: Genie was locked in a room by her father until she was thirteen and a half years old and never fully recovered and proceeded to lack social responsiveness. Her lack of recovery may be due to the fact that she was

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    Multi Store Model of Memory

    Outline and evaluate the multi-store model (12) | A01Atkinson and Shiffrin argued that there are three memory stores: 1. sensory store 2. short-term store 3. long-term storeAccording to the theory information from the environment is initially received by the sensory stores. (There is a sensory store for each sense.) Some information in the sensory stores is attended to and processed further by the short-term store. In turn some information processed in the short-term store is transferred

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    Outline and Evaluate the Multi-Store Model of Memory

    Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory The multi-store model of memory is a representation of the flow of information through the memory system. The information first flows through the sensory memory, then the short-term memory, and then the long-term memory. Information is detected by the sense organs and enters the sensory memory. If the information is not given attention then it is forgotten through trace decay. If the information is given attention then it goes to the short-term

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    Outline and Evaluate at Least Two Issues in Classifying or Diagnosing Schizophrenia (24 Marks)

    Outline and evaluate at least two issues in classifying or diagnosing schizophrenia (24 marks) One issue relating to the diagnosis and classification of sz is reliability. Inter-rater reliability is the extent to which psychiatrists can agree on the same diagnoses when independently assessing patients, and Test-retest reliability is the extent to which the tests used to deliver these diagnoses are consistent over time. DSM-III was designed to provide a more reliable system for classifying psychiatric

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    Describe and Evaluate the Biological Method of Psychopathology (12 Marks)

    Describe and evaluate the biological method of psychopathology (12 Marks) By Amy Smith The biological model (which is also known as ‘the somatic model’) assumes that all psychological disorders are physical illnesses. This model of psychopathology labels mental disorders like this and therefore has both positive and negative outcomes. The biological model states that the causes of mental disorders are normally down to one or more of the following four; genetics, neurotransmitters, infections and

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    Outline and Evalute the Working Memory Model (12)

    Outline and evaluate the working memory model. The working memory model was proposed in 1974 by Baddeley and Hitch, who felt that Atkinson and Schifrin’s multi store model, was too simplistic, therefore the working memory model acted as an alternative, unlike the multi store model the working memory model presents short term memory stores because it focuses on the short term memory. The term working memory is used by Baddeley and Hitch to refer to the part of the memory that is active, for example

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    Evaluation of the Multi-Store Model

    The multi-store of memory was proposed in 1968 by Atkinson & Shiffrin, it suggests that memory is a flow of information through a series of systems. There are three distinct stages of the system; sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Information passes through each stage of the system in a linear fashion by maintenance rehearsal. Also, external stimuli, like hearing the headline for the day's news, first enters the sensory memory in an uncoded form where they are registered for

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    Outline and Evaluate Research Into Conformity

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    Outline and Evaluate Realist Approaches to Crime (50 Marks)

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    Outline and Evaluate Psychological Research Into Biological Methods of Stress Management (12 Marks)

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    To Outline and Evaluate Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment (1969) (12-Mks)

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    Outline and Evaluate Research Related to Facts About Short Term Memory (Coding, Capacity and Duration of Memory)

    There are two main types of memory, short term and long term memory; short term memory has a limited capacity and duration. Capacity is, the amount of information someone can store in their memory. The capacity of short term memory is between 5-9 things. Coding is the format of which things are stored in our memory. Duration is the amount of time we can remember something for. Short term memory has duration of between 18-30 seconds. There have been various amounts of research done by different people

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    Outline and Evaluate One Psychological Explanation and One Biological Explanation of an Eating Disorder. [24 Marks]

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    Outline and Evaluate the Role of Genes and Hormones in Gender Development (24 Marks).

    Outline and evaluate the role of genes and hormones in gender development (24 marks). The biological approach of gender development believes that an individual’s gender is decided at the same time that their sex is decided. An individual’s gender is influenced by their chromosomes and hormones. The pair of sex chromosomes dictates whether the foetus will be male or female. The female chromosome pair is XX and the male chromosome pair is XY. At about 6 weeks, the Y chromosome develops the gonads

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    The Multi-Store Memory Model

    Outline and evaluate the multi store memory model of memory The multi-store model of memory as proposed by Atkinson and shiffrin states that memory has 3 stores (sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory) and 2 processes (attention and rehearsal). Information enters the sensory memory through our senses according to the environmental stimuli. This information is register for a brief second and then decays unless we pass attention to it and when we do it moves to the short term memory

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    Outline and Evaluate Circadian Rhythms

    Describe and evaluate research into circadian rhythms (8+16) Research into circadian rhythms has assessed the effects of isolating participants from external time cues (exogenous zeitgebers) on our 24 hour cycles, and suggesting that an internal body clock (endogenous pacemaker) creates a free running sleep/wake cycle rhythm of 25 hours. Siffre (1975) * Case study of his own experiences in an underground cave for 2 months. Without any exogenous zeitgebers such as light or cues to guide him

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    Describe and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory

    Describe and evaluate the Multi Store Model of memory. Refer to evidence in your answer. Atkinson and Shiffrin created the Multi Store Model in 1968. It is a model showing where information is stored and how it is transferred between the Short Term Memory and the Long Term Memory. The MSM suggests that the memory is made up of three separate stores (sensory memory, STM and LTM) all three of these stores have different capacities. The sensory store has a large capacity but it is still limited,

    Words: 471 - Pages: 2

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    Multi Store Model of Memory

    Outline and Evaluate the Multi – Store Model of Memory ( 12 marks ) Information from the environment enters sensory memory, encoded through one of the 5 senses depending on the type of information. If attention is paid to this information it will enter short term memory ( STM )which, according to Miller, has a capacity of 7+/- 2 bits of information. It can last up to 18 seconds, without rehearsal, according to Peterson and Peterson. Baddeley found that information in STM is encoded mainly

    Words: 484 - Pages: 2

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    Outline and Evaluate Working Memory Model

    Shiffrin's (1968) Multi-Store model of memory was extremely successful in terms of the amount of research it generated. However, it became apparent that there were a number of problems with their ideas concerning the characteristics of short-term memory. Baddeley and Hitch (1974) developed an alternative model of short-term memory which they called working memory. Baddeley and Hitch (1974) argue that the multi-store model is too simplistic. Instead of all information going into one single store, there are

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    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model (12 Marks)

    Outline and evaluate the working memory model (12 marks) Baddeley and Hitch proposed that memory has 4 components. The central executive, phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer. The central executive decides how to share out and direct attention to incoming information. The phonological loop can be thought of as a maintenance rehearsal mechanism for retaining verbal information. It is sub-divided into two other components, the phonological store (inner ear), which holds

    Words: 424 - Pages: 2

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    Multi Store Model Essay

    Discuss the multi-store model of memory (12 Marks) The multi-store model of memory was suggested by Atkinson and Shiffrin, in order to explain how memory works. Memory is a system which is vital to our survival. For psychologists, memory covers processes called; encoding, storage and retrieval. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) suggested that memory is made up of a series of stores. The stores differ in their encoding, storage and retrieval characteristics.

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    Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model Essay

    The working memory model (Baddeley and Hitch 1974) replaced the idea of a unitary STM, it suggests a system involving active processing and short term storage of information. The working memory model consists of four components which each have a different job. The Central executive (CE) is the key component and can be described as attention. It has a limited capacity and controls two ‘slave’ systems that also have limited capacity. The function of the CE is to direct attention to particular tasks

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    Working Memory Model by Baddely

    Discuss the working memory model The working memory model was proposed by Baddeley & Hitch as an alternative to the multi-store model of memory. It has been developed to directly challenge the concept of a single unitary store for short-term memory. It is divided into four components, being the central executive, phonological loop ( which includes the two sub components , auditory and articiulatory store) episodic buffer and the visuo spatial sketch pad. The most important component is the central

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    Outline and Evaluate the Breakdown of Relationships

    Outline and evalute the breakdown of relationships A01- Duck skills maintenance A02-Shavier, Rofhling IDA- gender bias PA- ccet - china A01-rollie and duck -stages of breakdown A02 - Tashiro and Frazier A03- methological flaws IDA - determinsitic Duck suggested that relationships breakdown due to various of reasons, such as lack of skills. This means that people in the relationships have a lack of interpersonal skills to make eachother mutally satisfyimg, if a person lacks interpersonal

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