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    Quiz Notes

    organization creates a synergistic environment in which all members contribute to their maximum potential and the advantages of diversity can be fully realized. Homogeneity – everything is the same Similarity – everything is somewhat like each other Parochialism – narrow thinking Ethnocentrism – tendency to judge others by standards of one’s group or culture, which are seen as superior Heterogeneity – there is variation Similarity and difference – there is some level of variation Equifinality – broad

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    Clash of the Titans

    to be fixated on its internal dynamics and less focused outward as it moves up the economic ladder. China's cultural tendencies toward solipsism and a Leninist political system that feels threatened by some global trends only add to this growing parochialism. Another recent shift has been the renewed centrality of the state. Yasheng Huang, a scholar at MIT, notes that during the 1980s and early 1990s, China's growth was mostly led by the rural, private sector. More recently it has been driven by the

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    B&B Chapter 28

    involving conflict between a parent and its foreign subsidiary. Visible in the case are common attributes of managerial behavior in a decentralized organization. The attributes are both positive (motivation, initiative) and negative (suboptimization, parochialism, indecisiveness). Dealing with these behaviors forces students to consider issues about organizational design and control system administration. Because of the breadth of issues raised, this is an excellent review case. Many students will become

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    Mgt 400 Case

    straightforward, and the context has less impact on how such information is likely to be spoken and interpreted Individuals interpret communication on the basis of one’s own cultural norms 6. What is parochialism? What is ethnocentrism? What is the difference between the two? Parochialism is a belief that the only way to do something is the way it’s done in one’s own culture (may not know there are other ways) The Ethnocentric view holds that an individual or a firm believe that their own

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    Impacts of Globalisation

    people via the analysis of particular environments including the economic, cultural, technological and sustainable environments. Each factor, having considerable correlation with each other will delve into issues including anti-capitalist backlash, parochialism and geocentric attitudes, technological acquaintance and the eco-effectiveness of decisions made by leadership. The analysis indicates that challenges managers face from globalisation in managing people and organisations will need to be addressed

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    Coke Cola in India

    India and U.S. both speak English, because of different value, culture and social environment, miscommunication may exists; on the plus side, it is the best way to understand the need or complain of Coke's consumers. (1) MNCs should overcome Parochialism--view the world through their own perspectives, and the simplification--the process of exhibiting the same orientation toward different culture groups. Because doing things the same way in foreign markets as they are done in domestic markets may

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    Scope of Political Science

    American political scientists and the innovations they have introduced has greatly influenced the nature and subject matter of our study. The approach to the traditional theory of Political Science, as they call it, is criticised on grounds of parochialism and formalism. The focus of study in the past, it is explained, tended to be primarily on institutions and their legal norms, rules and regulations, or on political ideas and ideologies rather than on performance, interaction and behaviour. The

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    Management Frameworks - Four Frame Analysis

    has to be diligent in order to ensure its matrix structure doesn’t impair its ability to implement sophisticated strategies (Barlett&Ghoshal, 1990). Maintaining strategic nimbleness while coordinating between divisions requires “eliminating parochialism, improving communications, and weaving the decision-making process into the company's social fabric” (Barlett&Ghoshal, 1990: 138). The goal is a symbolic one aimed at building a matrix of corporate values and priorities (Barlett&Ghoshal

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    Organizational Behavior

    Parochialism has a great impact on our view of the world. Although we welcome learning about other cultures and meeting people from other cultures, it easier to do it from the comfort of our own home. It is easy to be inside the giant melting pot waiting for everyone else to assimilate. It makes one wonder at how many social problems could be solved by learning about the many diverse cultures around us rather than trying to wipe our differences away. The global career assessment opened our

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    Singer's Levels of Analysis

    variables" → muddles explanation to a certain extent * disadvantage: introduces issue of national perception of objective factors vs. simply "objective factors" as causation for phenomena * danger: this over differentiation may produce Ptolemaic parochialism * what is this?? tendency to attribute these differences as virtues of one's own nation and vices of others (eps. adversary at time) * e.g. "we-they" interpretation during Cold War period in America * Effectiveness in predicting:

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    Review and Discussion Question

    orientation where the firm’s own interests are blended with the culture of France and most countries in EU and the firm uses the flexible manufacturing technology. 3. In what way are parochialism and simplification barriers to effective cross-cultural management? In each case, give an example. * Parochialism is the tendency to view the world through one’s own eyes and perspectives. As one's perspective is influenced by patterns of thought and personal experience fostered by their own cultural

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    International Journal of Business and Managemen

    elimination of managerial parochialism, stereotyping, and ethnocentric behavior in relating with members of staff. An analysis of the growth of multinational corporations in the wake of globalization (Chaney & Martin, 2011; Cook & Cook, 2011) highlighted several factors that have been instrumental to the inability of managers to succeed in international assignments. Among these factors are negative perceptions, ethnocentric predisposition, cultural imperialism, and parochialism in evaluating a multicultural

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    Towards a Non-Western Perspective on Scientific Knowledge

    its modern phase, is the paradigm for any viable theoretical reflection on science. Such parochialism renders the whole Western standpoint inadequate and unilluminating at best, and dishonest and misleading at worst. We have seen how this parochialism is reflected in the philosophical, sociological and historiographical dimensions of the Western standpoint. We have also tried to expose how this parochialism has rendered ay genuine understanding of science impossible, and has essentially served as

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    Canada, a Cultural Analysis

    “Unlettered, ignorant of the world outside of Quebec, and content with their lot,” (Igartua, 2008, p.106). According to Leisure Research by Canadians and Americans: One Community or Two Solitudes by E.L. Jackson, both Canada and the United States parochialism have been manifested in many different ways, which include differences in “Types of objections and questions addressed in research, disciplinary origins, assumptions about the nature of leisure, intellectual traditions, and diverging pictures of

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    Chapter1 Case

    management styles to become similar to one another * Self-Reference Criterion—the subconscious reference point of one’s own cultural values. Many people in the world understand and relate to others only in terms of their own cultures. * Parochialism—occurs, for example, when a Frenchman expects those from or in another country to automatically fall into patterns of behavior common in France * Ethnocentrism—describes the attitude of those who operate from the assumption that their ways of

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    defined as an attempt to describe emotions and does so by concluding that these are a set of self-gratification, vanity and selfish principles. The effect of narcissism is so spread out that it has managed to cut through ethnic, racial and even parochialism. The governing principles of this are the personality as defined by Sigmund Freud. Narcissists say that, human beings are all about the ID which is the wild, primitive and instinctive man, and the Ego which is the human, or emotional part of man

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    Marketing Research

    University Faisalabad 69 1 Telenor’s Management Project Chapter No. 4 Managing in a Global Environment Learning outline Use this learning outline as you read and study this chapter What’s your global perspective? • • Define Parochialism Contrast Ethnocentric, Ethnocentric, Geocentric attitude toward the global business. Doing Business Globally • Contrast Multination, Multidomestic, Global, Borderless organization. Managing in a global environment • Explain how the

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    so the women could be part of the working class, and for them to embrace the academic area. The last key of influences is the intensification of globalization: “becoming a salient concern in a field previously characterized by a high degree of parochialism.” Influence of culture is present on the recent activity of anthropology, history, sociology. I believe that in America, culture really is a high form of expressing identity. Media has a huge role in this phrase. For example there is this forum

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    Justice, Equality, and Rights

    renunciation of claim (b) is an even more radical departure from the natural rights tradition.31 But it is needed, according to Rawls, to ensure that human rights do not merely reflect parochial Western values.32 Now, of course, the problem of parochialism in natural rights thought has traditionally been addressed, or preempted, precisely by insistence on (b). Different natural rights theorists have, of course, propounded different views of the precise nature of the relevant moral reasoning that

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    Topic 4 Managing The Environment What’s Your Global Perspective? • Parochialism - viewing the world solely through your own perspectives, leading to an inability to recognize differences between people. • Ethnocentric Attitude - the parochialistic belief that the best work approaches and practices are those of the home country. Other Global Perspectives • Polycentric Attitude - the view that the managers in the host country know the best work approaches and practices for running their

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    Changes are perceived as cost cutting; * Apparently directionless change or change lacking in cohesion - a series of programmes; * Insecurity/uncertainty - people distancing themselves; * No reduction in internal rivalry, turf wars, or parochialism; * Changes being imposed top-down. Empowerment: “You can’t give it, people have to want it” From an organizational point of view “empowerment” denotes to the process which enables or enhances everyone’s participation and an improved goal

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    Why China Plays Hardball

    ethnocentric state of thinking in matter of inferring in terms of take it or leave it. Parochialism is demonstrated in the article where Gettler (2013) states “There have been lots of instances where Chinese factories have substituted components into a production run.” leaving global corporations indecisive and not retain a trustworthy source between the organization and the Chinese manufacturers. Parochialism and ethnocentrism should be avoided when trying to retain as a successful manager in negotiating

    Words: 1657 - Pages: 7

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    Huygtuy Tygtjuy

    one another • Self-Reference Criterion - The subconscious reference point of one’s own cultural values. Many people in the world understand and relate to others only in terms of their own cultures. 11 Culture’s influence on Management • Parochialism – This occurs when one views the world solely through one’s eyes and perspective, for example, when a Frenchman expects those from or in another country to automatically fall into patterns of behavior common in France • Ethnocentrism – Refers to

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    The Legitimacy of Islam in Pakistan

    Pakistan’s separation included Moulana Abul Kalam Azad (a top ranking member of National Congress Party), and Moulana Husain Ahmad Madani (President of Jami'at Ulama Hind). It was reasoned that over time sanity and reason would prevail over the parochialism through which Indian politics took place (Cohen, 2004). Demographic Evidence The popular view is that a majority of Muslims migrated from the areas that were assigned to India and travelled to Pakistan. This is however a misconception. This

    Words: 3884 - Pages: 16

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    International Management Finals

    automatically fall into host-country patterns of behavior? A) geocentrism B) nationalism C) parochialism D) ethnocentrism Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 96 Chapter: 3 Skill: Concept 21) Which of the following terms refers to the belief that the management techniques used in one's own country are best no matter where or under what conditions they are applied? A) geocentrism B) nationalism C) parochialism D) ethnocentrism Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 96 Chapter: 3 Skill: Concept

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    communication arises from parochialism—assuming that the ways of your culture are the only ways of doing things. It is parochial for traveling American businesspeople to insist that all of their business contacts speak English, whereas it is ethnocentric for them to think that anyone who dines with a spoon rather than a knife and fork lacks proper table manners. • Ethnocentrism is the tendency to believe one’s culture and its values are superior to those of others. • Parochialism assumes the ways of

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    Eng Essay

    Black-Marketing 6. Nepotism 7.Adultration 8.Overpopulation 9. Drug-Adduction 10.Bribary 11.Illiteracy 12. Beggary 13. Dishonesty 14. Economic Crisis 15. Poverty 16. Provincialism 17. Ethnic violence 18.Hording 19.Dowrey 20.Parochialism 21.Secterianism 22.Religious Extremism 23.Propegunda 24.hypocrisy 25.Superstitious 26.Barbarism Shakespeare has said, “What a piece of work man is!”. In this line he has beautifully exalted man. But the same man is facing many

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    Fostering Openness, Knowledge, and Integration Across Countries

    locate the headquarters of one of its global business units in Caracas quickly ran into problems and had to be revised. 9. Defining and cultivating a set of core values throughout the corporation: A strong one-firm culture can help override parochialism despite the diversity of locations and market conditions. A number of professional service firms provide good examples. 10. Opening up across organizational boundaries: To frame the problem as one of creating openness within the organization

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    which might take place among different members or groups who belong to the nation. Nations themselves are historical creations of capitalism. It was the climbing bourgeoisie whose premiums requested the toppling of primitive or other precapitalist parochialism and the production of a solitary business sector, single government and single dialect over a substantial domain. Making the conditions for industrialists to succeed made countries. It ought to consequently not be shocking that patriot philosophy

    Words: 2261 - Pages: 10

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    Moto Coming to America

    clusters of countries that are culturally similar. This figures shows the 10 clusters that were found. The GLOBE research suggests companies may find it easier to expand into more similar cultures than into those that are dramatically different. Parochialism occurs when a person expects those from another culture to automatically fall into patterns of behavior common in his/her own culture. Ethnocentrism describes the attitude of those who operate from the assumption their ways of doing things are

    Words: 497 - Pages: 2

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    Advertising in China

    the most powerful in terms of advertising influence for targeted regions and they play a crucial role in promoting commercial success. The media in these areas are tightly controlled by local government for both political and business reasons. Parochialism is a serious problem. Apart from local government policies, regions play a unique role in promoting local products. This involves the practical exclusion of competitors’ products from other regions. Some local newspapers and a few at this level

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    International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior Review Questions

    blinders, lack of cultural self-awareness, projected similarity and parochialism. People’s interpretation of the external world depends largely on the assumptions they made based on their cultural background, however, the diversity in cultural background have people fail to accurately interpret the behavior from other countries. Besides, lack in cultural self-awareness will cause easily misunderstandings. Projected similarity and parochialism both reflect the tendency that people adhere to their own thoughts

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    Expansion of Bp

    advantage over its rivals. Businesses are changing and becoming more and more global due to international competition and competitive strategy. Domestic industries are shifting to global or multinational corporations in order to overcome country parochialism. Competition should be at a global platform, rather than on a country-by-country basis because competition fosters development and efficiency. Creating a global brand, such as BP did in a short period of time, poses several problems to a corporation

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    Death Men’s Path

    place and culture. It should come from specific people and how their history got involved in their past and present situations. The second problem is that ideological universality that critics find is simply a synonym for the “narrow self-serving parochialism of Europe”. In The Education of a British-Protected Child, Achebe involves both his personal history and the themes he has treated all his writing life. The author states, “it is a gross crime for anyone to impose himself on another, to seize his

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    partnership and collaborative working Inconsistent leadership, lack of trust, poor risk management and an ‘institutionalised’ blame culture Basic skills shortages, lack of experience in decision making and excessive use of gate keepers Insularity, parochialism (”not invented here” syndrome) and the pursuance of personal interest rather than the common good No formal recognition of appropriate and proportionate ‘out of court’ or alternative disposals Fragmented and dysfunctional systems and processes

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    Strategic Marketing

    department. This also shows how fixated he is on pursuing his goal whereby he is unable to see the consequences of his actions. He believes his duty is to get Dale interested irrespective of the other persons perspective which relates to parochialism. Parochialism is the term given to someone with a narrow viewpoint without a global perspective and valuing ones own interests also implying the total ordering of values (Tomaney 2013, 659). In this case, Chris is not valuing the organization ethical

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    Mediocrity the Only Thriving Industry in Nigeria

    influence, apply pressure, and manage authority in an attempt to have a powerful effect on our situation, those with unquestionable character, commonly or privately recognized and acknowledged not to have been subjected to doubt, distrust, egoism, and parochialism, those with radical view, without prejudice, ethnic bigotry, religious subjectivity and nepotism, those who not only belief in the act of uniting but also in the result of uniting, those with value, who will regard individual live and property

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    Human Behavior in Organization

    needs before business matters like China, Korea and Japan.  Low-context cultures: tend to rely on written rules and legal documents, conduct business first and value expertise and performance like Germany, US and Scandinavian countries.  Parochialism: it means that the people see the situation around them from their own perspective. They may fail to recognize key differences between their own and others’ cultures.  Ethnocentrism: occurs when people are predisposed (talented) to believe

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    is required to help improve delivery systems. The state also should encourage policies that support cooperation and the provision of services. The main impact of cooperation among APNs, agencies and other healthcare stakeholders is that will set parochialism aside and prioritize patient care as a shared responsibility. The general public deserves no less (Freshwater, 2002). In conclusion, the role of APNs continues to change to accommodate the changing societal needs, and care needs as consumers

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    Collaboration Between Apns, Other Healthcare Professionals, and Agencies

    is required to help improve delivery systems. The state also should encourage policies that support cooperation and the provision of services. The main impact of cooperation among APNs, agencies and other healthcare stakeholders is that will set parochialism aside and prioritize patient care as a shared responsibility. The general public deserves no less (Freshwater, 2002). In conclusion, the role of APNs continues to change to accommodate the changing societal needs, and care needs as consumers

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    American Constitution Law

    power to order subordinate courts or government officials to perform actions required by law. The scope of this jurisdiction is narrow. It only focuses on the above-mentioned categories and suits between states. Its function is to eliminate the parochialism and bias of state and lower federal courts. Appellate jurisdiction has a wider scope. It involves cases in law, equity, and treaties made; cases of maritime jurisdiction and admiralty; cases between U.S States; cases between citizens and a state;

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    Management and Organizations

    B) incompatibility between profits and spirituality C) lack of openness with stakeholders such as customers and suppliers D) absence of employee empowerment Chapter 3 Managing in a Global Environment 1) Americans tend to suffer from parochialism. 2) Managers with an ethnocentric attitude do not trust foreign employees with key decisions or technology. 3) Managers with a polycentric attitude tend to view every foreign operation as difficult and hard to understand. 4) The polycentric

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    Managing Across Cultures The World of International Management: Apple v. Samsung Comparing Corporate Culture The Strategy for Managing across Cultures Strategie Predispositions Meeting the Challenge Cross-Cultural Differences and Similarities Parochialism and Simplification Similarities across Cultures Many Differences across Cultures Cultural Differences in Selected Countries and Regions Döing Business in China Döing Business in Russia Döing Business in India Döing Business in France Döing

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    Mkt Research

    marketing effort on the right track. Japanese corporations’ reluctance to hire non-Japanese executives reflects a kind of provincialism that now poses hazards in an era of global markets. Their approach to market research could reinforce this parochialism because it focuses management attention on products and markets that the company already knows well—rather than on potential markets and industries. In their intensive channel monitoring, Japanese business leaders may see only narrow paths and

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    Cross Cultural Dilemmas

    similar to UK. However, it turned out as rationally different situation while Arun had conversations with the Korean company’s personnel. First of all, the Korean company and Arun, both parties failed to recognize the difference between them, (i.e. parochialism) hence the negotiation didn’t work. Secondly, both party assumed that their usual practices are best, (i.e. ethnocentrism) so there was a gap of communication and lack of understanding each other. Another perspective from Arun is that, he couldn’t

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    Mid Term

    differences that might exist among people. One the first issues supervisors must deal with is the perception of : As D: foreigners 5. The concept of when we see things slowly through our own eyes and within our perspectives called: As C: parochialism 6. Critical to the success of supervising others in the global village is understanding: As A: cultural environment 7. Research undertaken by Geert Hofstede found that country’s culture had a major effect on employees’ work related:

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    units with the assistance needed in addressing local demands. Third, the multinational must give the subsidiary more autonomy so that it can respond to changes in local demands. Cross-Cultural Differences and Similarities Parochialism and Simplification Parochialism is the tendency to view the world through one’s own eyes and perspectives. This can be a strong temptation for many international managers, who often come from advanced economies and believe that their state-of-the-art knowledge

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    expectations and therefore the on-the-job behavior of individuals and groups. 2- Managers must develop cultural sensitivity to anticipate and accommodate behavioral differences in various societies. As part of that sensitivity, they must avoid parochialism – an attitude that assumes one’s own management techniques are best in any situations or location and that other people should follow one’s patterns of behavior. 3- From his research in 50 countries, Hofstede proposes four underlying value

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    no good to compete with Western civilization in its own field. Tagore was critical of imperial arrogance and its capacity to inflict misery and injustice on the world, and he was convinced that the misplaced notion of nationalism only fomented parochialism and chauvinism. In their self- arrogance the British came to India and other countries to convert their “hunting grounds” into “cultivated fields” with the sole purpose of plunder and exploitation. He found it ironical that the myth of the advancement

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    interpretations. Both the categories and the meanings we attach to them are based on our cultural background. Sources of cross-cultural misinterpretation include subconscious cultural "blinders," a lack of cultural self-awareness, projected similarity, and parochialism. Subconscious Cultural Blinders. Because most interpretation goes on at a subconscious level, we lack awareness of the assumptions we make and their cultural basis. Our home culture reality never forces us to examine our assumptions or the extent

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