Personhood

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    Bioethical Principles

    Abortion, Bioethics, and Personhood: A Philosophical Reflection Post Date: 11/19/2001 Bioethics Human Dignity Author: Francis J. Beckwith, PhD Abortion is the issue that first brought evangelical Christians and other cultural conservatives into the arena of bioethics. Although today bioethics is dominated by other issues that are perceived as more pressing, the answer to the philosophical question lurking behind abortion--Who and what are we?--turns out to be the key that unlocks the ethical

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    Normalisation and Resistance in the Era of the Image by

    female gaze, and dislike the Cher look. Rather, they would love their women chubby, round nose, no breast, or big breast and so on. The next article I chose is Fetal Fascinations: New Dimensions to the Medical-Scientific Construction of Fetal Personhood by Sarah Franklin. I chose this article because it is another article that talks about more problems women are facing. My first article was about women’s physical looks, and like that is not chanlledging enough for women; they now have to worry

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    The Black and White of Abortion

    pro-choice. Thomson, through the famous violinist example, argues women have the right to bodily autonomy, which is stronger than a fetus’s right to life. Warren, on the other hand, states fetuses are not persons because they do not attribute the five-personhood traits. In this paper I will agree and disagree with both philosophers, to a certain extent. Two central issues surround abortion. First, is it permissible to kill a potential human being? Most Christians believe that at the moment of conception

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    The Slaughter of Innocence

    objective science. Embyros and fetuses are fully and individually human from the point of fertilization. If this were not true, and if unborn children were not genetically-distinct human beings, there would be no need to even talk about rights of personhood. Removing a fetus would be the equivalent of pulling a tooth, however, this is not the case and the debate must be a part of the political arena.  Humans should be recognized as persons under the law. Humans are considered a person, if by nature

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    The Standard Formula of an Article in Applied Ethics

    which she calls a “person.” She proposes five distinct qualities of personhood, and contends that only persons are worthy of moral consideration. 3. Critical analysis of the theory and explanation of why it is superior to alternative theories or principles Warren argues that being genetically human is not a sufficient reason to deem someone worthy of moral consideration and then provides support for her five qualities of personhood. 4. Application of the theory to the case in question Warren asserts

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    Research

    respect of autonomy and how the Court is dealing with the notion of “personhood.” Decisions about ones own death is a very personal matter. In autonomy an competent person should have the right to choose. This, then leads to the question of “personhood.” In the Quinlan case the Court attempted to handle this matter. The Court said that even though Quinlan layed in a comatose state with minimal brain functions and her “personhood” was legally compromised she was still a person. I believe this aspect

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    To What Extent Does Rationality and Consciousness Constitute What It Means to Be a Person?

    just a ‘human being’. It can be stated that due to serious birth defects to the physical characteristics of a human being, they may not be qualified as a person; this idea is supported through the view of Mary Warren in which she states that ‘personhood involves communication’. According to this, someone who suffers from mutism and thus cannot communicate linguistically will not be classified as a ‘person’. As a consequence of the idea that someone is not a ‘person’ because of their inability

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    What Is a Person

    to see oneself as an entity). She concedes that there are cases in which a person may be considered a person if that being has several of these characteristics, but also states that in these marginal cases, the greatest benefit to society is that personhood is defined to ethically condone the most moral actions. For example, in the case of a mentally retarded human being who most likely has consciousness, motivation, and communication skills, that person should be considered a person as this person

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    Coporate Personhood

    Running Head: POWER FROM PEOPLE 1 Corporate Personhood: Taking Power from the People Cindy Sanders Everest University POWER FROM PEOPLE 2 We the People-scratch that. We the People and Corporations of the United States. Probably more accurate would be, we the corporations and then the people. The way current laws are perceived; corporations hold the power in democracy, and they are put above the actual people of the United States. This is because current laws state that corporations

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    Research Propropsal

    look at another website that will come from one of my school’s databases, Ebscohost. Ebscohost is a valid website to use because it provides indexing, abstracting, and full text to thousands of academic journals. I plan to use an article called Personhood in Nursing Homes (Hirst, Lane, & Reed, 2013). The last resource I plan to use is a book from the public library called Nursing Homes. These resources will all be used as primary resources. For my secondary resource I will be asking the public

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    Are Corporations People

    corporations are people or not. The constitution shield living beings from arbitrary government and endowed them with the right to speak assemble petition. The case of Santa Clara County vs. Southern pacific Railroad Co. was the beginning of corporate ‘personhood,’ under law. The defendant corporations are persons within the intent of the clause in the constitution of the United State. The Amendment forbids a state to deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protect of laws. (p. 118 U.S. 395) I

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    Work

    perspectives: Methodists and Catholics p. 16 ‘Ensoulment’, soul, and the sacredness of life p. 18 Religious views in conflict: liberalism and conservatism p. 19 Philosophical Problems in Abortion An argument against abortion p. 20 Personhood p. 21 A ‘person’ as rational and self-conscious: Peter Singer p. 24 Moral rights: the foetus and the mother p. 26 A woman’s right to an abortion: Judith Jarvis Thomson p. 28 ‘Why abortion is immoral’: Don Marquis p

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    John C Maxwell Leadership 101

    and different when compared to our Level 5 Hierarchy. Maxwell’s 5 levels of leadership are: Level 1- Position (Rights), Level 2-- Permission (relationships), Level 3- Production (Results), Level 4- People Development (Reproduction), & Level 5- Personhood (Respect). The paper compares and contrasts Maxwell’s 5 Levels of Leadership to the Level 5 Hierarchy Leadership model from class. John C. Maxwell- Leadership 101 Did you know that each of us influences at least ten thousand other people during

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    Abortion Argument

    of whether a human fetus possesses a right to live is strongly based on the idea of personhood and the assumption that human life begins at the stage of conception. If life were to begin at conception then every foetus possesses the rights to life similar to a typical human being. However, the rights of a typical human being are a consequence of his moral significance in a society. In the light of moral personhood, the morality of an individual is an offshoot of his actions and duties in a community

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    Demonstrate

    screen What impact, does the “personhood” theory have on intellectual property? | Insert audio text here (topic content)The third theory is a property based on the personhood theory. It suggests that when one creates or invents, the creation or invention is actually a part of the creator or the inventor. They were the parent of their creation; therefore, it becomes part of the way in which the creator actually perceives himself or herself. It is part of their personhood, their identity.In other words

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    Holy Spirit

    personal pronouns to describe the Holy Spirit, the modern depictions of the Spirit are often amorphous, lacking definition, and sometimes even pictures that do not infer personhood as much as substance, such as depictions of the Holy Spirit as a, “tounge of fire.” Some theologians have pointed to the scripture to attest to the personhood of the Holy Spirit in the same way as Jesus and the Father (with some scripture point to personal pronouns such as “he”) while others are more concerned with the function

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    My Choice Pro Choice

    Scientific studies confirm Pro-choice’s view, which is viability is personhood with heartbeat and brainwaves. Most of society believes human personhood begins in the early stages of pregnancy. Pro-life’s stance on conception has no facts to back it up, only religious theories. This is an important issue since we are talking about a possible human’s rights. It is incorrect to say that a fetus is a person or has personhood, since it lacks self-consciences. Not every human being is a person according

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    Abortion123

    of whether a human fetus possesses a right to live is strongly based on the idea of personhood and the assumption that human life begins at the stage of conception. If life were to begin at conception then every fetus possesses the rights to life similar to a typical human being. However, the rights of a typical human being are a consequence of his moral significance in a society. In the light of moral personhood, the morality of an individual is an offshoot of his actions and duties in a community

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    Abortion

    appropriate time, and in the case of rape, just put the past behind you and move on. The definition of abortion is the termination of pregnancy, not a baby. The personhood of the baby or the personality of the baby doesn’t show until the baby is born. There is no information that tells us if the baby has a personality within the womb. Personhood at conception is not a proven fact. The majority of women get abortions within the first trimester of pregnancy. At this point, the baby has the potential to

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    The Turing Triage Test

    intelligence leaves the character of the dilemma intact. That is, when we might sometimes judge that it is reasonable to preserve the continuing existence of a machine over the life of a human being. This is the ‘Turing Triage Test’. I argue that if personhood is understood as a matter of possessing a set of important cognitive capacities then it seems likely that future AIs will be able to pass this test. However this conclusion serves as a reductio of this account of the nature of persons. I set out

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    Bibl 104 Quiz 3 Answers

    that God is a person; this teaching is well inculcated into Christianity. Our very own personhood is related to God’s personhood. It will help me to change how I think of other human persons, get a proper understanding of what it means to be human and my thoughts on personhood. To properly understand human personhood, I must note that God himself is the premier person; he is the chief and first exemplar of personhood. Understanding God means understanding the qualities that we share with him. I can only

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    Euthanasia

    peaceful and lucid death who some agree to be moral while others consider the complex issues surrounding the procedure. These issues include religious perspectives such as the sanctity of life argument and concern for quality of life, autonomy and personhood. The sanctity of life proposal stands strong for those who adopt Judaeo-Christian values because they believe that God is the only one who can take or give life because he has created all humans imago dei (Genesis 1:27). It builds on this idea

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    Environmental Theories and Ethical Positions of Stakeholders

    possess cognitive abilities that the Nonhuman Rights Project believes are sufficient for legal personhood. “ Because of this, it would be hard to argue that an animal can be treated as a human when they do not have the same understanding ability as a human. Another ethical issue that may arise is that medical research can be hindered due to the release of animals from captivity. “Critics say legal personhood for animals is misguided, and even dangerous. They foresee a slippery slope in which a tightening

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    Catholics View on Abortion

    Viability can be defined in terms of the Court's use as the capacity of the fetus to live outside of the womb, with the aid of mechanical support. While this issue of viability exists as the main element the Court uses to grant fetal life the label of personhood, the actual point of viability is one that can be debated. Viability has been pointed out as a function of technology, and is therefore a variable instance that cannot be defined as any consistent point in a pregnancy. As viability exists as a

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    Sosc 1340

    Occupy Santa Clara notes: -Occupy is a movement against private corporations or personhood ones -“I’ll believe corporations are people when Texas executes one of them.” -Corporations in texas and across the country are recognized as legal persons make the process of dissolving them far easier and less costly than it would be - corporate personhood allows business firms to enter into contracts, to sue and be sued, to hire and fire workers, to own other corporations, and, most notoriously, to engage

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    Abotion

    until months, even years, after a baby is born. This creates a moral dilemma for the defender of abortion rights. Indeed, they inherently know what makes a human into a person, but they are also aware such individual personhood doesn't occur until well after birth. To use personhood as an argument for abortion rights, therefore, also leads to the argument that it should be okay to kill a 3-month-old baby since it hasn't obtained consciousness either. www.elroy.net Religion has a lot to say about

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    Personhood

    Sagine Joassin Professor Stanland PH-101 February 11, 2015 John Locke’s idea that the self is denoted by one’s self-consciousness, intelligence, and reflection is reflected in the researchers findings that Alzheimer’s patients maintained the idea of self. Locke argues that personal identity the ability to identify oneself as oneself. Personal identity is also known as consciousness or self-perception. Locke reasons that we perceive our self as our self over space and time. It is unchangeable

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    Personal Worldview

    life not only personally, but culturally as well (Shelley & Miller, 2006). Many components make up worldviews and different theories and suggestions as well. Things such as spirituality, pluralism, scientism, postmodernism, prime reality, human personhood, death and afterlife, epistemology, ethics, and human history all play important parts in a person or culture’s worldview. Spirituality often plays a big role in our worldview and can have many different meanings as well. One way to define spirituality

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    Steriods

    Anthony Coulson-Chandler CWID: 891799512 Dr. Hall Philosophy 100 Tu/Th 1-2:15 pm A Perfect Mind, Lost Without memory We are dependent on our memories. According to John Locke, memories give us personhood. In the movie Captain America Winter Soldier, Steve Rogers was a war hero that was frozen, then unfrozen decades later. Steve missed years of information and a lifetime of experiences. This surreal scenario portrays how hard it was for him to integrate into a new generation. This relates to

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    Abortion and Personhood

    | Abortion and Personhood | Do either Noonan or Warren offer good arguments with regard to the personhood status of the fetus? Why/why not? Noonan-fetus is a person at conception, only when it moves is it considered a human in old English, Warren- kind of something along the lines of even cancer cells are human and living therefore it is bad to kill them also Thompson has a grey area and is pro choice Sumner deals with suffering Marquis right to life but if there is no value then should

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    Abortion Essay

    of women to reproductive choice and freedom as to when they have children and the right to access a safe and legal abortion. The lack of agreement between religious views adds to the complexity and ultimately controversial nature of abortion. Personhood is another essential idea in the abortion debate. It is the idea that a foetus is a human being and should therefore be treated with the same respect and rights. Peter Singer makes the distinction between persons, human beings and potential human

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    Gcu Personhood Chart

    Personhood Chart This chart contains a grid for different philosophical anthropologies that answer the question of personhood. Complete the following chart in the context of defining what it means to be human according to Christianity, Materialism, and your own Personal View. Refer to the assigned reading for explanation of characteristics listed on the left. | Christianity | Materialism | Personal View | Relational | The building block of the church, the community. | Relationships built

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    Environmental Theories and Ethical Positions of Stakeholders

    possess cognitive abilities that the Nonhuman Rights Project believes are sufficient for legal personhood. “ Because of this, it would be hard to argue that an animal can be treated as a human when they do not have the same understanding ability as a human. Another ethical issue that may arise is that medical research can be hindered due to the release of animals from captivity. “Critics say legal personhood for animals is misguided, and even dangerous. They foresee a slippery slope in which a tightening

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    Abortion

    considered a fetus must: “have consciousness of objects and events, reasoning, self-motivated activity, capacity to communicate and the presence of self-concept and self-awareness.” Using these criteria, Warren determines that the fetus has not reached personhood and therefore, is not guaranteed the right to life. Thus, she believes that at least until birth the fetus has no moral status and a lacks a right to life. Warren’s argument may seem a bit flawed because her criteria do not provide a clear-cut

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    Abortion

    due to the fact that there are so many people with different perspectives on abortion and how it should be handled. Just because individuals see abortion one way others see it another. Religion, definition of abortion, pro-choice, pro-life, moral personhood, rape, and rights are things that will be discussed. Abortion is defined as the termination of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo, resulting in or caused by its death (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion)

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    Abortion

    protecting the health of the pregnant woman. Roe v. Wade legalized abortion in the United States, which was not legal at all in many states and was limited by law in others” (Lewis). Abortion arguments often originate because of conflicting idea about personhood, which is when life begins and a fetus becomes a person. In general, there are two sides. According to one view, human life begins at conception, which is the moment the female ovum is fertilized by the male sperm form and zygote. “From conception

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    A Feotus Is Not a Perosn

    Judith Jarvis Thompson listed the traits of personhood, including the ability to make rational decisions. It is certain that at birth babies do not have this ability, so perhaps cannot be considered to be people until a certain age of birth, however extreme this perspective may be. It is almost undeniable that a foetus is not a person. Even religious followers would struggle to argue against this, and in addition babies display few traits of personhood, even up to birth. A sensible time to assume

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    Yeaaaaah

    In parallel to the debate about moral rights, animal law is now widely taught in law schools in North America, and several prominent legal scholars[who?] support the extension of basic legal rights and personhood to at least some animals. The animals most often considered in arguments for personhood are bonobos and chimpanzees. This is supported by some animal rights academics because it would break through the species barrier, but opposed by others because it predicates moral value on mental complexity

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    Abortion Essay

    abortion is only punished if the mother can feel the baby moving. Similarly, there is a view that the Sanctity of Life does not apply to a foetus, as it is not recognised as a person. The difference between a foetus and a person is known as personhood. This creates a further moral dilemma in the terms of defining what a person is. Jack Mahoney put forward five criteria as to what makes up a person. These are: rationality, sentience, emotion, free-will and continuity . If the Sanctity of Life

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    Jgjhgh

    Examine and comment on the view that only a full human person is deserving of moral rights, with reference to the topic you have investigated The term personhood is often used to describe the point when life becomes an individual human that is entitled to rights. A person is a being that has certain qualities or abilities establishing personhood, which is otherwise defined by different authors in different scriptures and by different cultures. For a person to have rights means that they have a voice

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    Ethics

    theory of Preference Utilitarianism demonstrated the idea that only people who meet the criteria of personhood should be saved. Mary Anne Warren summarised these 5 criteria into consciousness and ability to feel pain, ability to make rational decisions, communication skills, self motivated activity and self awareness. From this, Singer said that people who do not meet these criteria of personhood should not be protected. From this, we can conclude that if someone was in a critical state, on a life

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    Dreamliner Case

    or to put simply, ethical is the “first cause” in regard to understand the nature and action of the individual. Problem Statement 1) The search for a definition of moral personhood which explains the moral-judgement-moral action gap For the past 10 years, researchers have worked to express definition of moral personhood and at the same time address the moral-judgment and moral-action gap. This gap represent the imbalance between an individual’s moral judgment and the action that follows this

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    Abortion and Utilitarianism

    Thomson claims in her article that women should have the right to choose to having an abortion under the assumption that personhood begins at the moment of conception (Thomson, 152). Common arguments for abortion come from the idea that personhood does not begin right at conception, but rather at a later point in the pregnancy and thus, abortion is acceptable because personhood has not officially started. Thomson acknowledges that a fetus becomes a person before birth because it acquires human characteristics

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    Personhood Chart

    Personhood Chart This chart contains a grid for different philosophical anthropologies that answer the question of personhood. Complete the following chart in the context of defining what it means to be human according to Christianity, Materialism, and your own Personal View. Refer to the assigned reading for explanation of characteristics listed on the left. Karlie Mast | Christianity | Materialism | Personal View | Relational | Jesus was born in to the human community, but was still able

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    Labor Management Relations

    Finally, the recommendation will be a compilation of data with a separate recommendation on how management and the labor force can work better with each other.   Management Issues As McGlothlin (2014, p. 125) noted, In Good Company: Corporate Personhood, Labor, and the Management of Affect in Undercover Boss, corporations more times than not don’t take the time to interact with their employees to see what’s working and what’s not. Interacting with your employees helps uncover draconic policies

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    Medical Ethics

    possessing personhood. Mary Anne Warren says first they must feel pain, second have reasoning, third have self-motivated activity, fourth have the capacity to communicate and five maintain a presence of self-concepts and self-awareness. This is the liberal view of abortion and a person does not need to possess all five of these traits. A fetus however, does not possess any of these traits in the liberal view. The conservative view counters these 5 ideas and believes these standards for personhood are set

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    Abortion

    rights. Mary Anne Warren has traits that she believes are the traits of personhood, these include consciousness, reasoning, self awareness…etc I believe these traits are important for a person. Warren admits that there is no precise definition for this criteria let alone universally valid behavioral criteria for deciding when they apply. Warren says that a fetus does not resemble these traits. Fetuses have some of the personhood traits and should have the same rights as a newborn baby. A fetus has

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    Property Law Essay

    the most convincing, due to the objectively quantifiable success of mixed-market economies in providing development for their societies compared to socialist command systems with minimal private ownership of property. Other justifications such as personhood, moral development, labour and desert are questionable due to the social conflict they would engender, while freedom is unlikely to be enhanced by private property. While private property is not sufficient to cure all of society’s property-related

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    Does Thomson’s Violinist Thought Experiment Demonstrate That, Even If the Fetus Is a Person with Full Moral Rights, Abortion Is Still Morally Permissible in Most Circumstances?

    The argument on whether abortion is morally permissible has been considered for years. Most philosophers incline to accept moral principle that it is always prima facie seriously wrong to end the life of a person in normal circumstances. The personhood of an embryo and foetus has somehow invoked another controversial issue on whether they are kind of beings, or persons, that it is seriously wrong, for any sake, to end their life. Both the anti-abortionist side and pro-choicers side can only give

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    Corporate Personhood

    Table of contents Introduction to Corporate Personhood…………………………………………………………………………………..1 Overview of Citizens United v. Federal Election Committee decision………………………………………2 Background of the parties who filed the suit and reasons for doing so……………………………………4 Arguments in favor of the decision………………………………………………………………………………………….5 Arguments against the decision……………………………………………………………………………………………..X Current events related to the decision…………………………………………………………………………………….X Future outlook on the decision…………………………………………………………………………………………………X

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