Plato'S And Aristotle'S Views On Knowledge

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    Plato's Cave

    What does Plato’s analogy of the cave tell us about human beings? Plato's analogy of the cave is intended to explain our journey to knowledge which is the purpose of philosophy. He does this by comparing an average person to someone who has been confined to an isolated life in a cave with the ability to only look at the shadows casted on the wall. This is used to represent the limitation of the human mind and their inability to look beyond their senses. The prisoner is enslaved to a life of

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    Plato's Philosophy

    Gradiene S. Tandoc Mariah Janey Vicente PLATO’S WORKS and WRITINGS Plato wrote extensively and most of his writings survived. His works are in the form of dialogues, where several characters argue a topic by asking questions of each other. Why do you think Plato choose this form of writing (dialogue)? These may be the possible reasons: 1. This form allows Plato to raise various points of view and let the reader decide which is valid. 2. The use of character and conversation allowed

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    Explain the Concepts of Plato's Forms

    Explain the concepts of Plato’s forms (25 marks) Plato believed in two worlds, the sensible world and the intelligible world. Within the intelligible world there exists the realm of forms which possesses true knowledge and perfection. The realm of Forms is eternal, unchanging, there are abstracts of a perfect object and organisms (human beings or animals), meaning there is a perfect abstract of a chair in the intelligible world which possess a certain value which cannot be possessed in the sensible

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    Plato's Cave and the Matrix

    1. Reflect upon Plato’s account of the experience of the prisoner who is freed from his chains in The Republic. Do you agree with Morpheus in the Matrix that most people prefer to remain in the prisons of their minds? Please show evidence that you have carefully read the primary text(s) and viewed the film clip(s). The intent of this paper is to display the scope of the question “what is reality?” in relation to Plato’s arguments in ‘The Republic’ and the theories and inferences put forth in the

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    Plato's Infinate Wisdom

    Running head: PLATO’S INFINATE Plato’s Infinite Wisdom Student Paper February 23rd, 2008 The University of Montana-Western Plato’s Infinite Wisdom Plato was, and remains a very influential and relevant Greek philosopher that lived between (427 and 347 B.C.E) (Stevenson and Haberman, 2004). Plato was extremely diverse and accomplished in his lifetime achievements. His rise to fame began as a student of the great philosopher Socrates, but progressed into many other dignified

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    Plato's Apology

    I. Introduction to the argument Socrates makes to the people of Athens during his trial A. Accusations 1. Does not believe in gods 2. Corrupting the youth of Athens II. Socrates – the man A. Who was he? B. Background of his life Plato's “The Apology” is an interpretation of the speech Socrates gives at the trial in which he is charged with not believing in the gods that the city of Athens believes in and corrupting the Athenians youth. He argues that he does not know the answers

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    Plato’s View on Life and How One Acquires Knowledge

    25 February 2013 Plato’s View on Life and How One Acquires Knowledge Plato is a well-known, intellectual Athenian philosopher that was born into an aristocratic family. Due to his family’s wealth, Plato was able to receive some of best education available to Athenians. When Plato was a pupil, he became infatuated with his Sophist Socrates. Socrates was a Greek philosopher and he was known to preach endlessly about his ideas and theories to anyone that would listen. Plato’s most renowned work comes

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    Plato's Justice

    Justice played a very important role in Plato’s philosophy. After criticizing different theories of justice he came up with his own. He said that justice is a “human virtue” which makes a person good. Individually justice can make a person good and self-consistent. And socially it can bring a harmony to a society. So Plato’s idea of justice is all about virtue and goodness. Plato also believed that justice was an essential part of an ideal society. Because it could bring more light and cure

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    Plato's Conception of Divinity

    TOPIC OF ASSIGNMENT: “PLATO’S CONCEPTION OF GOD AND HOW IT IMPACTED HIS VIEWS ON LITERATURE” Plato considers God as having perfect goodness; and that the fundamental reality exists in the mind of god who directs other souls to spread righteousness in the world; every soul is responsible for its actions therefore it must do goodness to become like god in order to get an ideal society. Plato refutes literature, especially poetry, on the basis of this conception. He believes that purpose of creating

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    Knowledge Management and Its Relevance in the Livestock Industry

    Knowledge Management in the Livestock Industry William Afedu Annan University of Phoenix Knowledge and Self-management in the Livestock Industry The branch of philosophy which is concerned with nature and scope of knowledge and deals with the acquisition of knowledge with reference to any particular subject matter is termed as epistemology. Epistemology is a study which is connected to the notion of truth, belief and justification. These assertions are supported by Powell (2001)

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    Explain Plato’s Analogy of the Cave. (25 Marks)

    Explain Plato’s analogy of the cave. (25 marks) The analogy of the cave is written in Plato’s famous book known as Republic. It is one of the three similes he uses to illustrate his theory of Forms. Plato uses analogy to help describe philosophical difference between physical world and the difference of the world of forms. In short the analogy explains to others about the physical world as nothing but full of illusion. He describes the true reality is to be found in the eternal unchanging world

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    The Guardians in Plato’s Republic

    Therefore, guardians are considered to be as moral experts that have a philosophical thinking, which means that they have the necessary knowledge to ask the right questions about human life and assess what is best for the society as a whole. They are compared to dogs for their intelligence, loyalty, courage and strength; and they are supposed to educate in Plato’s Society in order to establish justice. They need to establish a good educational system that fulfills the needs of every social class according

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    Aristotle's Polity

    many extraordinary thinkers emerged from places such as Greece and Athens. One of these great individuals was Aristotle. He had the benefit of being taught by Plato. Aristotle was able to gain knowledge directly from Plato as well as from what Plato had learned from his teacher, Socrates. The time of Aristotle’s birth allowed him the unique opportunity to stand on the shoulders of two philosophical giants, Plato and Socrates. In his work, Politics, he examined the advantages and disadvantages of different

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    The Guardians in Plato's Republic

    are required to exhibit wisdom so that ‘a whole city established according to nature would be wise because of the smallest class and part in it, namely the governing or ruling one. And to this class, belongs a share of the knowledge that alone among all the other kinds of knowledge is to be called wisdom.’ (428e-429a) The wisdom enjoyed by the rulers would be used to ensure that the city has ‘good judgement and [be] really wise.’ (428d) The guardians (soldiers) of Kallipolis would be educated in order

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    Explain Plato's Analogy of the Cave

    Explain Plato’s analogy of the cave. Plato’s cave analogy of the cave it this because it is a simple story that has a metaphorical meaning. Plato uses this analogy to show the link between the physical world and the world of forms. Plato thinks that this analogy helps people to understand why the physical world is all an illusion. Only true reality can be found in the world of forms, in which everything is unchanging. Plato’s analogy is set in a cave, the cave is meant to represent the physical

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    Plato's Cave

    ts 4. What is your understanding of Plato’s ‘Allegory of the Cave’? Plato’s Allegory of the Cave illustrates the long and arduous journey that is undertaken on the road to true enlightenment. The influence of Socrates is prevalent throughout the text. Socrates, who was Plato’s mentor, was ‘committed to a life that cultivated wisdom’. (Lecture Notes) The pursuit of Truth (The Allegory of the Cave) is one way in which we become wise. I agree with the Allegory to a certain extent. I do believe that

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    Plato's Unjust Society

    essay, I will argue that Plato’s suggestion of diminishing families by having the Guardians take away and raise the children of the city is in fact, unjust. The point that Plato is addressing seems unfair to the citizens that reside in the city. It also seems a little unnecessary. First Aristotle critiques Plato’s argument by stating that when children are raised by the community, they will not be taken care of because “what is common to many is taken least care of.”1 Plato’s reasoning behind the

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    Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy

    Edmond Mak Professor Bradley ENGL-103-192 27 April 2011 Aristotle’s Theory of Tragedy When one thinks of Aristotle’s theory of tragedy, some works that might come to mind include Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, or the many works written by Shakespeare such as Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, or Macbeth. A common feature that all of these works share is that they were all written around and/or before the sixteenth century. One might be surprised, however, to discover that stories are still being written

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    Aristotle's Ethics

    Aristotle's Ethics Aristotle discusses what the greatest good could be. He begins by saying, “Every craft and every investigation, and likewise every action and decision, seems to be aimed at some good.” This means that Aristotle thinks that everyone’s actions in life are directed at something greater, something that they are striving for. I believe this to be a really strong point of the thesis because it seems in life that everything you do, you are aiming for something else. With every decision

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    Angelina McDay Philosophy 1010 On The Fence There are many different theories out there on the topic of knowledge and what it is. These theories fall under two different categories; rationalism and empiricism. When asked which theory I feel answers the question of what knowledge is, I find that I cannot commit to just one. Rather I feel that a combination of Descartes and Locke’s theory of knowledge fits with my own beliefs. Since I cannot commit to strictly one theory I am on the fence about it, but

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    Plato’s Cave

    Simon Blackbum on Plato’s cave Plato was one of the followers of Socrates. The most famous dialogue called “The republic” describes his perfect world that is utopia. He believes that the physical world is illusion and knowledge is directed towards the good thing around the world. “Allegory of the cave ” found in the republic and appearances the theory of forms, that is explains life as composed of two worlds. The physical world is known thorough our experience or sense, and mental world is know

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    Plato's Theory of Forms

    When the prisoner begins to differentiate between the world of forms and the world of taught perceptions where everything is just a copy he returns to the cave to teach the others of his knowledge. The other prisoners reject his teachings and decide that it is best to remain underground. This demonstrates Plato’s belief that all teachers and leaders of society should be philosophers as they live in the world of forms and have a true understanding of life. It also suggests that philosophers are the

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    Aristotle’s Philosophy and the Social Issue of Poverty

    Stagira, a small town on the northern coast of Greece that was once a seaport. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis. Aristotle’s father, Nicomachus, was court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II. Although Nicomachus died when Aristotle

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    “How Valid Are These Criticisms, in Your View?” (10 Marks)

    Plato’s The Realm of The Forms, found in his dialogue ‘The Republic’ is a theory with many criticisms formed of it. I would agree that there are many flaws to Plato’s Theory of The Forms. Although there have been many philosophers defending his theory, I would still argue that the weaknesses outweigh these counter arguments, and that these criticisms are definitely valid. Some may try to defend criticisms posed in Parmenides by Plato himself, that the Theory of The Forms is ambiguous and lacking

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    What Is Knowledge

    class and carefully dipping my toes into the realm of epistemology, I thought of knowledge as something pretentious. Something that studious people would keep in their arsenal, something that seldom gave teachers their undeserved arrogance. After my first philosophy class, I was not proven wrong but I was proven to be oblivious. The word "Knowledge" bared so many meanings and implications that it left me hanging clueless. The

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    Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

    ------------------------------------------------- PLATO’S ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE ------------------------------------------------- (flow of events) Plato's allegory of the cave describes a group of prisoners living in a dark cave. They are bound in chains preventing them from moving easily. Being stuck in the same place and position all the time, they have nothing to do but stare at the wall in front of them. A fire casts a light against that wall on a platform in the cave. While people on the

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    Plato's Beliefs

    Paradox of Inquiry.” The argument appeared to be very mature and developed, but Plato critiqued it harshly. His response to the objection is as follows, one cant come to know something that they did not already know; inquiry never produces new knowledge, but only recalls things that it already knows. The objection made by Meno can be restated as if one knows what they’re looking for, inquiry is unnecessary; if one does not know what they’re looking for, inquiry is impossible; therefore, inquiry

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    Plato's Allegory of the Cave

    Plato's Allegory of the Cave is a tale of truth and reality versus ignorance. It is an analyzation of human perception and can be applied to modern life. Allegory of the Cave also presents the difference of being closed minded versus being open minded. It shows the advantages gained to those who are open minded. It also presents the disadvantages and how ignorant one sounds when one is closed minded. Plato's Allegory of the Cave takes place in a dark cave. There are prisoners in shackles with

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    Plato's Republic

    more than the advantage of the stronger-- it does not pay to be just.Justice is a conventon imposed on us, and it does not benefit us to adhere to it. The rational thing is to ignore it. - Socrates 1. This promotes injustice as a virtue. In his view, life is like a continual competition to get more. And whoever is most successful has the most virtue? Thats bullshit! mathematicians dont compete with others, etc 2. In order to reach any of Thrasymachus' goals, you must atleast be moderately just

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    Plato's and Aristotle's Views on Knowledge

    09/17/2010 Plato's and Aristotle's Views on Knowledge Plato and Aristotle view knowledge and the process whereby it is obtained. They both point out that many epistemological concepts which they believe where knowledge comes from and what it is actually. Most of them have been astonished me in certain ways, but I found that rationalism and "wisdom consists in knowing the cause which made a material thing to be what it is" make the most sense to me regarding the nature of knowledge. As the following

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    Explain Plato's Theory of the Analogy of the Cave

    Explain Plato’s analogy of the cave ‘The analogy of the cave’ appears in Plato’s Republic. The analogy is concerned with Epistemology which focuses on gaining knowledge through reason- without the senses. This is also called a priori knowledge. Plato was taught by a Greek philosopher called Socrates. Socrates didn’t trust society and he believed that we don’t know the truth and that the truth doesn’t exist in this world, because everything changes here. Plato’s views on society are shown within

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    Aristotle’s Model: the Play as a Whole

    Aristotle’s Model: The Play as a Whole In Aristotle’s Poetics, Aristotle emphasizes three major elements of a good play: plot, character, and thought. To be more specific, in an Aristotelian play, thought sets the cause of action with character as emotion developer based on plot as the basic form. Besides these three main factors, the idea that a play should be a complete whole is also the basis of the Poetics (Aristotle 61). Therefore, when comparing the choices Lobby Hero by Kenneth Lonergan and

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    Plato's Cave Analysis

    The Cave •In Plato’s theory, the cave represents people who believe that knowledge comes from what we see and hear in the world – empirical evidence. The cave shows that believers of empirical knowledge are trapped in a ‘cave’ of misunderstanding. The Shadows •The Shadows represent the perceptions of those who believe empirical evidence ensures knowledge. If you believe that what you see should be taken as truth, then you are merely seeing a shadow of the truth. In Plato’s opinion you are

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    A.) Aristotles Theory of the Four Causes B.) “Aristotle’s Theory of the Four Causes Is Convincing” Discuss.

    a.)  Aristotle’s Theory of The Four Causes. Aristotle argues for and explains the four causes in his books ‘Physics’ and ‘Metaphysics’. He claims that there are only four causes (or explanations) needed to give evidence for change in the world. A complete explanation of the change of any object will use all four causes. These causes are; material, formal, efficient and final. Aristotle understood that each of the four causes was necessary to explain the change from potentiality to actuality.

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    Review of Plato's the Allegory of the Cave

    In Plato's "The Allegory of the Cave," Socrates tells an allegory of the hardship of understanding reality. Socrates compares a prisoner of an underground cave who is exploring a new world he never knew of to people who are trying to find a place of wisdom in reality. According to Socrates, most people tend to rely on their senses too much and believe the world as it is appeared to our sight. In order to free our souls from this mental prison, Socrates suggests that we should go through a phase

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    True Knowledge

    Akarsh Trivedi Term paper Plato’s theory of forms, also knows as his theory of ideas, states that there is another world that exists. This world is separate from the world that we live in. Plato calls this world the eternal world. The theory that he proposes is that objects in the physical world merely resemble perfect forms in the ideal world, and that there perfect forms can be the object of true knowledge. Through out his work Plato makes the distinction between objects that are real and

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    A Biblical View of Science, Technology, and Business: Do Utilitarian’s Agree with These Biblical Views?

    A Biblical View of Science, Technology, and Business: Do Utilitarian’s Agree with These Biblical Views? Utilitarianism was originated by Epicurus in ancient Greece and is the doctrine that an action is right as long as it promotes happiness, usefulness, and overall pleasurableness. If the action inflicts pain than it is not seen as right. Many of these ideas adapted well with the all of the modernization and changes that were occurring in the technology, science, and business world during the

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    Aristotle's Polis

    ARISTOTLE'S POLIS: NATURE, HAPPINESS, AND FREEDOh1 Ideologists of all stripes seem to have difficulty dealing with t h e foundations of what is loosely called the ""Western tradition," t h a t is, the body of knowledge that has come down to us from Athens a n d Jerusalem. Of course, these days Jerusalem is simply ignored. T h e classical tradition, however, must be dealt with. Yet it is frequently so transfigured that what emerges is what the ideologist wishes u s t o see, rather than what

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    Aristotle's Four Causes

    Aristotle’s four causes Aristotle's Theory of the Four Causes is a theory that explains how everything that is observed in the world appears to have existed through cause and effect. The point is that these four causes can encompass an objects complete description, such as what it's made of, what it looks like, what made it and its purpose. The Causation theory is the basis for much of Aristotle's work, including Physics, Metaphysics, and The Politics. They clearly define Aristotle's way of studying

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    Aristotle’s Account of Pleasure

    Aristotle’s Account of Pleasure We are a pleasure driven society always waiting to be amused. Self indulgence is a very natural aspect of human life. Does pleasure affect our lives? Will it make us happy at the end? Well, Aristotle will let us know what it means to be happy and have a good life in the Nicomachean Ethics. In the process, he reveals his own account of pleasure as well as other philosophers opposing views on the subject. The author highlights the key them by telling us that

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    Aristotle's Teaching on Natural Law

    Give an account of Aristotle’s teaching about Natural law Aristotle was the first practitioner to contribute to the creation of Natural Law as inspired by his mentor Plato he developed the relationship between Natural and conventional justice and outlined the use of Natural inclinations in Natural law. In this essay I will outline Aristotle’s contribution to Natural law. Aristotle’s works, Nicomanchean Ethics and The Politics illustrate the close between legal and political philosophy. In Nicomanchean

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    Order Code 81593300 Aristotle's and Plato's Beliefs About the Soul

    both had different views on the idea of soul and body, Plato’s way of viewing this was that the soul was one of the most important and yet single parts of a person which had its core values in the moral concept with ideas, he also believed in the afterlife of a being. But this was not the case with Aristotle, who was more interested in the world as a physical structure and its forces that came with it, he was more observant in his theories which were different from Plato’s view that was basically

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    Plato's Cave

    Explain the analogy of the cave in Plato’s republic (25 marks) Plato, 428-347 B.C., was an Athenian philosopher who lived in Ancient Greece. In 407 B.C. he became a pupil and friend of Socrates. After living for a time at the Syracuse court, Plato founded (c.387 B.C.) near Athens the most influential school of the ancient world, the Academy, where he taught until his death. The “Republic” is one of Plato’s greatest books that he has written. Plato’s presents one of the most famous analogies in

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    Plato's Middle Period Epistemology

    Plato's Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology 1.0. The Background to Plato’s Metaphysics The author Silverman, Allan (2014) of this article titled Plato’s Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology wrote about how Plato first began to annotate his own points on metaphysics and epistemology. As we all knew, Plato’s definition of things are heavily influenced by his teachers Heraclitus (c.540 B.C.-480-70) Parmenides (c.515 B.C.-449-40) and especially Socrates (470 B.C-399). However only

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    Applying Material from Item a and Your Knowledge, Evaluate the View That Gender Difference in Levels Achievement Are the Product of Factors Outside of School.

    Applying material from item A and your knowledge, evaluate the view that gender difference in levels achievement are the product of factors outside of school. Some gender patterns in educational achievement suggest that in the past boys used to exceed girls in all subjects, but, in fairly recent times girls have exceeded boys and are achieving generally better grades and levels than boys in all subjects. Some sociologists agree that gender differences in achievement are based on factors outside

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    Aristotle's Idea of Philia as Foundation for Human Relationships

    light of Aristotle’s concept of philia. The term philia is one of the three Greek words—the other two are eros and agape —that are used for the word love. Eros is often understood today as erotic love. In the Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, eros in Greek thought connotes desire, longing, disequilibrium, and is generally sexual in nature (1996). And in Plato’s philosophy, eros is the natural desire in all men to seek the eternal form of beauty—the kind of beauty that only exists in Plato’s world

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    Summary of Aristotle's Poetics

    Aristotle’s Poetics I have been fortunate enough to have read Aristotle’s Poetics numerous times, from a variety of different aspects. This fascinating piece of literature opens up a new way of thought in terms of analyzing literary context together with art; it is amazing that Aristotle was so well disposed in terms of literary analysis given his time period. Aristotle is able to expand our understanding of that which is being reflected through art. In his poetics, Aristotle also shows us how

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    “a Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of Social Phobia Among the Adolescent in Selected College at Tumkur with a View to Develop a Health Education Module .”


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    Plato's Republic

    Analyzing Locke’s Empirical View Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Analyzing Locke’s Empirical View Introduction In his theory, Locke tries to explain the source and the limits of human knowledge. According to Locke, knowledge is gained from sensation and reflection, it is very different from opinion and belief, and its certainty can only be achieved through intuition, sensation and reason. His essay on human understanding is divided into four books. Book I explain that there are

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    Plato's Allegory

    Plato’s Allegory Plato is known today as one of the greatest philosophers of all time, allowing him a prominent place in the history of philosophy. To fully appreciate Plato's ideas and viewpoint, it is important to understand his contributions to rationalism and his perception of human knowing. It is also essential to know and appreciate how his Allegory of the Cave depicts rationalism and human knowing, and parallels Christian thought. Finally, comparing and contrasting Plato’s worldview with

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